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Publication numberUS3311195 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 28, 1967
Filing dateOct 12, 1965
Priority dateOct 12, 1965
Publication numberUS 3311195 A, US 3311195A, US-A-3311195, US3311195 A, US3311195A
InventorsSinger Murray
Original AssigneeSinger Murray
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety guard for pool ladder
US 3311195 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 28, M slNGER SAFETY GUARD FOR POOL LADDER Filed Oct. 12, 1965 United States Patent 3,311,195 SAFETY GUARD FOR POOL LADDER Murray Singer, Massapequa, N.Y. (4626 N. 28th Court, Hollywood, Fla. 33023) Filed Oct. 12, 1965, Ser. No. 495,142 1 Claim. (Cl. 182-230) This invention relates to a safety guard for swimming pool ladders.

The use of ladders for swimming pools, especially for use with the large size plastic pools is dangerous to small children who may climb the ladder and fall therefrom into the pool.

This invention is shown and described by means of an illustrative embodiment thereof shown in the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the safety guard shown in use on a ladder such as is commonly used with outdoor plastic pools, the ladder being in outline,

FIG. 2 is a rear view of the guard on the ladder, and

FIG. 3 is a detail cross section view of a hook used to secure the safety guard to the ladder.

Turning to the drawing, a flat preferably plywood or aluminum board is provided with a suitable length to cover several steps of the ladder and With a suitable width to cover the steps of said ladder. The board is preferably smooth surfaced on both sides and of suitable thickness so as to be of relative light weight, yet rigid and not susceptible to warping.

The board 10 may be painted any desired colors which may be colors of a Warning nature such as red or yellow.

The board 10 is thus of a rectangular configuration. It is provided wtih a pair of lifting handles 11 adjacent the top edge 12. The handles are located a suitable distance from the bottom edge 13 so that child can not reach them.

Any of the conventional handles obtainable in the trade are operable in this invention.

The rear of the board is provided with clip hooks 14, preferably three in number.

As shown in FIG. 3, the hook is provided with a flat portion 15 which is provided with an aperture to reach a rivet 16 to engage the board 10 in a permanently secured manner.

The hook 14 made of flat strap metal and is also provided with an integral horizontal portion 17 which is at such an angle to the flat portion 15 as to engage a step 18 of a ladder 19 in a planar manner.

The hook 14 is also preferably provided with an integral depending curved portion 20 to effect a spring like snap action over the step 18 and thereby engage the 3,311,195 Patented Mar. 28, 1967 step 18 in a locked relationship with the curved portion 20 being disposed in part beneath said step.

The board 10 is preferably provided with three hooks 14 but safety boards having but two or even one hook are operable for securing to a ladder because of the force of gravity on the board when in operable positions.

Securing hooks of a design other than that shown are operable, so that hooks having a planar flat depending portion in lieu of the curved depending portion 20 are operable.

The hooks 14 are preferably made of corrosion resistant metal but they can be made of suitable plastic material. The board 10 itself may be made of plastic material if desired.

The hooks are preferably of a clamping configuration and they may be adjustable to different sized steps.

The safety guard of this invention is not to be limited to the illustration shown but it covers all boards which deny a foothold on the ladder.

What i claimed is:

As an article of manufacture, a safety guard for swimming pool ladders comprising a flat smooth planar board of a length to cover several ladder steps and of substantially the width of the ladder, handle means disposed on the front surface of said board adjacent the top edge thereof and a plurality of spaced-apart Z-shaped spring hooks, each hook having a top suitably sloped apertured flat portion adapted to fixedly engage the board in planar relationship, said top portion being integral with a flat middle portion of a length substantially equal to the Width of a ladder step and adapted to engage said step in planar relationship, said middle portion being integral with a fiat suitably curved depending spring portion adapted to be disposed in snap lock relationship behind said ladder step with the curved portion seizingly engaging the step with extension beneath said step thereby providing a safety lock thereto.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 271,509 1/1883 Nolton 182121 X 577,693 2/1897 Rodgers et al l82-29 2,432,206 12/ 1947 Mott 182-421 3,225,863 12/1965 Ludlow 182-77 FOREIGN PATENTS 15,061 12/ 1926 Netherlands.

REINALDO P. MACHADO, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US271509 *Oct 9, 1882Jan 30, 1883 Trestle or platform attachment for ladders
US577693 *Oct 15, 1896Feb 23, 1897 Sylvania
US2432206 *Jul 22, 1946Dec 9, 1947Howard Mott JohnLadder step
US3225863 *Jun 4, 1964Dec 28, 1965Ludlow Howard TSafety ladder
NL15061C * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4126206 *Oct 20, 1977Nov 21, 1978Sunset Ladder CompanyLadder guard
US4805736 *May 26, 1988Feb 21, 1989Fabrication Specialists, Inc.Disappearing ladder
US4991691 *Jun 22, 1990Feb 12, 1991Brawer David BStair barrier
US5065840 *Nov 5, 1990Nov 19, 1991Lloyd CadiganSwimming pool safety ladder
US5421428 *Nov 1, 1993Jun 6, 1995Ingles; Jack G.Ladder guard
US5441126 *Feb 25, 1994Aug 15, 1995Orrick; JamesLadder guard
US6364057 *Oct 3, 2000Apr 2, 2002Guy R. CornejoLadder shield for stepladders
US6516546 *Aug 28, 2000Feb 11, 2003Louisville Ladder Group, LlcDisplay placard for ladders
US8505687 *Nov 24, 2010Aug 13, 2013Dominic J. AllamPlay structure safety device
US8616334 *Jul 22, 2008Dec 31, 2013Larry D. AllredApparatus, system, and method for ladder step prevention device
US8720644 *Aug 1, 2012May 13, 2014Tony Floyd NaranjoAboveground pool child ladder safeguard device
US20100018801 *Jul 22, 2008Jan 28, 2010Allred Larry DApparatus, system, and method for ladder step prevention device
US20120125714 *Nov 24, 2010May 24, 2012Dominic AllamPlay Structure Safety Device
US20130031841 *Aug 1, 2012Feb 7, 2013Tony Floyd NaranjoAboveground Pool Child Ladder Safeguard Device
US20130117923 *Nov 16, 2011May 16, 2013William TonerPool Ladder Safety Cover
EP0336315A1 *Mar 31, 1989Oct 11, 1989Söll GmbhDevice for preventing non authorised persons from climbing a ladder
U.S. Classification182/230, 182/129, 182/106
International ClassificationE06C7/18
Cooperative ClassificationE06C7/006, E06C1/18, E06C7/18
European ClassificationE06C1/18, E06C7/00B, E06C7/18