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Publication numberUS3311297 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 28, 1967
Filing dateApr 6, 1965
Priority dateApr 6, 1965
Publication numberUS 3311297 A, US 3311297A, US-A-3311297, US3311297 A, US3311297A
InventorsPhillips Edwin R, Williamson Robert G
Original AssigneeSperry Rand Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Selective punching mechanism
US 3311297 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 28, 1967 R. G. WILLIAMSON ETAL 3,331,297

SELECTIVE PUNCHING MECHANISM 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 6, 1965 F'g- 2 INVENTORS @@0525 SM www an@ LM @L fm @W ma w DT.. ER E B O Dn March 28, 1967 R, G. WILLIAMSON ETAL 33H29? SELECTIVE PUNCHING MECHANISM Filed April 6, 1965 2 Sheer,s-SheerI 2 2 6 V Fig. 4 28 United States Patent 3,311,297 SELEC'ITVE PUNCHING MECHANTSM Robert G. Wiliamson, Norwalk, Conn., and Edwin R.

Phillips, Rosemont, Pa.; said Wiiliiamson assigner to Sperry Rand (lor-poration, New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware Filed Apr. 6, 1965, Ser. No. 445,970 21 Claims. (Cl. 234-114) This invention relates to selective punching mechanisms and more particularly to a punching mechanism wherein the punch is driven by a cyclically operated drive means through a selectively operated interposer.

Many present day punching mechanisms have the individual punches thereof selectively operated by means of the selective insertion, between a punch and a cyclically operated drive means, of a connecting member called an interposer. Mechanical arrangements for inserting an iuterposer between the punch and the punch drive member generally have the drawbacks of being noisy, slow, and susceptible to serious vibration problems. Those mechanical insertion devices which have been considered to be high-speed have not been suitable for heavy duty punching mechanisms. This is because they have a relatively short insertion stroke whereby the interposer is not fully inserted between the punch and the punch drive.

Electrically inserted interposers are generally faster and quieter than mechanical insertion mechanisms. The electrical devices, however, are still limited to a short insertion stroke hence they too are unsuitable for heavy duty punches.

In some instances pneumatic or hydraulically driven interposers have been both fast and silent as well as providing a long stroke capability. This, then, is the present state of the art. For an interposer to be either pneumatically or hydraulically driven the entire punching mechanism must provide a uid tight system. This, of course, necessitates low manufacturing tolerances which result in high production costs.

lt is a principal object of this invention, therefore, to provide a punching mechanism with all the advantages of one having a fluid actuated interposer ibut which does not require a fluid-tight punch and punch-drive housing.

An additional object is to provide a punching mechanism having a high speed and long stroke intemoser capability and still having a relatively simple punch and punch drive mechanism.

A further object of the invention is to provide a punching mechanism wherein the punching loads are not required to be transmitted by means of pivots or flexures.

A further object of the invention is to provide a high speed punch that has an extremely simple actuating and restoring mechanism for the interposers.

ln modern day data processing equipment there is a great need for high speed, silent, heavy duty punches. The data processing machines, however, have many types of auxiliary power systems. That is, some employ vacuum lines for one purpose or another, other machines have hydraulically 4driven actuators, and still others use air pressure to accomplish certain machine functions. It is a further object of this invention, therefore, to provide a punching mechanism that is adaptable to either hydraulic, pneumatic, or vacuum operated equipment.

This invention has a typical application in the type of punching mechanism in which a punch drive' means is cyclically operated. Motion of the punch drive, however, is only transmitted to a punching member when an interposer is inserted between the drive and the punch. In accordance with the principle of the invention the interposer is inserted by means of an interposer drive member. A means is provided for causing the interposer to adhere gilg'? atented Mar. 28, 1h67 to its drive member when the punch drive is in a neutral or non-drive position. The interposer drive member is selectively driven by a iluid means whereby it is capable of a long stroke. With this structure the interposer itself is isolated from the iluid drive source from whence it derives its insertion force. When it is desired that a punching operation take place the fluid driving means is selected to drive the interposer drive member; the drive member, to which the interposer is adhered, inserts the interposer lbetween the punch drive and the punch member; the next punch cycle of the punch drive forces the interposer to disengage from the interposer drive and force the punch member to undergo a punching stroke. A punch return means then forces the punch and interposer back to a neutral position where the interposer once again adheres to the interposer drive. The interposer drive and interposer may then be withdrawn from the punching mechanism, whereupon a subsequent similar punching operation may take place.

The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following more particular description of preferred embodiments of the invention as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

ln the drawings:

PEG. l is a perspective view of a plural punch mechanism with a portion of a side thereof broken away;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the punching mechanism shown in FIG. l taken on a plane through the center of one of the punch mechanisms at time during a punch cycle when the punch drive is in a neutral position and the interposer is withdrawn;

FG. 2a is a cutaway portion of FIG. 2 showing the area around the interposer drive in more detail.

FlG. 3 is similar to FiG. 2 at a time during a punch cycle when the punch drive is in a neutral position and the interposer is inserted;

FIG. 4 is also similar to FIG. 2 but at a time during the punch cycle when the punch drive, interposer, and punch itself are undergoing a punching stroke;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged portion of FlG. 2 which has been broken out to show an alternative means for causing the interposer to adhere to the interposer drive member.

One embodiment of the invention will now be briefly described with reference to FlGS. 2 and 2a of the accompanying drawings. A punch drive member 2 has one end thereof slidably inserted in a punch guide channel 3 of a punching lblock 4. A spring 6 is restrained between the punching block and a head 8 located on the other end of the punch drive member 2 and urges the punch drive member upwardly into engagement with a cam l@ mounted on a shaft l2 and which is driven by a means not shown. Also slidably located within the punch guide channel 3 and directly below the punch drive member 2 is a punch 14. A retaining ring le is mounted about the punch i4 in a groove 1S. A punch retainer channel 2li, in the lower part of the punch block 4, surrounds the punch 14 and accommodates a spring 22 which embraces the punch. The spring 22 is restrained between a lower surface 24 of the punch channel and the lower surface of the retainer ring 18 thereby urging the punch 14 in an upward direction.

On the right side of the punch block 4 is an interposer channel 26 extending from a fluid entry tube 28 into the punching channel 3. An interposer drive member 30 is slidable within the interposer channel 26. A limit cap 32 is integral with the interposer drive member 30 and extends into a limiting groove 34. Hence, sliding motion of the interposer drive member is limited by motion of the cap 32 as it strikes ends 36 and 38 of the limiting groove 34. A ila-nge 4t? of the huid tube 28 is pressed against O ring 42 by a threaded cap 44 which is screwed into a tapped counter I.bore 46. The cap is also sealed against the side of the punch block by an O ring 4S. The opposing surfaces of the interposer channel 26 and the interposer drive member 33 as well as the cap 38 are ground to provide a fluid seal between fluid chamber 58 and a spherical interposer 52.

In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 2, 2a, 3, and 4 the spherical interposer 52 is of a paramagnetic material and the end portion 54 of the interposer drive member 3l) is permanently magnetic. Hence, the interposer adheres to the interposer drive member by means of the magnetic forces between the two.

A die block 56 has a die opening 58 located directly below lthe punch '14. An article to be punched 60, such as a unit record card or a tape is driven by rollers e2 between the punch block 4 and the die block 56 so that downward motion of the punch 14 against the force of the spring 22 will cause a hole .to be punched in the article 6G.

On the left hand side of the punch block in FIG. 2 is an optional interposer restore mechanism 79. In the embodiment thereof shown in FIG. 2, an armature has one end 72 thereof extending into an interposer restore channel 74, and the other end thereof extending through a solenoid 76 and terminating in a head portion 78. When current is applied to the leads of the solenoid the head of the armature overcomes a spring 82 and the other end of the armature is extended slightly into .the punching channel 3.

Having described the structure of one embodiment of the punching mechanism of the invention a punching operation cycle will now be described with reference to FIGS. 2, 2a, 3, and 4.

A cam shaft 12 is driven by a means not shown so that cam 10 cyclically forces the punch drive member 2, against the force of spring 5, into the punch guide channel 3. As shown in FIG. 2, the motion of the punch drive member will not have any effect upon punch 14. Rollers 62 are operated in synchronism with the cam shaft drive means so that an article to be punched 6% has predetermined portions thereof between the die opening 58 and the punch 14 as the punch drive member approaches the lower portion of its stroke.

If it is desired to punch a hole in one of the predetermined locations on the article 66 the interposer 5-2 is selectively inserted between the punch drive member and the punch as shown in FIG. 3.

In order to insert the interposer between the punch drive member and the punch, iluid pressure is selectively applied to the uid entry means 28. Mechanismsl for selectively applying fluid pressure to an entry tube such as 28 are well known in the art and therefore will not be further described herein. It should be noted, however, that the selective application of fluid pressure should be in synchronism with the cam shaft drive means and the article feed rollers 62.

At the time when uid pressure is applied to `fluid chamber 50 Vthe interposer drive and the interposer are in the positions shown in FIGS. 2 and 2a. The interposer adheres to .the surface 54 of the interposer drive -means by virtue of the magnetic forces therebetween. Preferably, because of the luid seal between the limit cap 32 and the limiting groove 34 none of the nid from chamber 56 is permitted into the portion of the interposer channel 26 occupied by the spherical interposer. Gnce the pressure is fully applied to the chamber t) the interposer drive member 30 moves to the left in FIG. 2 until the limit cap 32 abuts the end 36 of the limiting groove 34 as shown in FIG. 3. At 4this time the spherical interposer is fully in position between the punch drive member and the punch.

lDuring the neXt revolution of the cam the punch drive member is driven downwardly (FIG. 4) com-pressing spring 6 and removing the spherical interposer 52 from its magnetic adherence to the interposer drive member 30. As the interposer is driven downwardly in FIG. 4 it in turn drives the punch downwardly compressing the spring 22 and causing a punched segment 84 to be removed from the punched article 60.

As the cam continues its revolution the springs 22 and 6 force the punch interposer, and punch drive members respectively `upwardly as shown in FIG. 3. When in this position the interposer is once again magnetically attracted to the interposer drive member and adheres thereto. At this time a relatively negative hydraulic pressure is applied to the chamber 50 whereby the interposer drive member and the interposer move to the right in FIG. 3 until the limit cap strikes the end of the limiting groove at which time the entire cycle is completed and the mechanism is returned to the starting position of FIG. 2.

If the optional interposer restore mechanism 7i) is employed, the solenoid 76 is timed to be briefly energized when the interposer is returned to its neutral position after the punching stroke. In this manner the armature moves to the right in FIG. l and nudges the interposer into engagement with the interposer drive member. So long as a relatively small spherical interposer is used, there is little likelihood that the interposer will require this aid in adhering to the interposer drive member. However, as will be described shortly, when a larger cylindrical interposer is used, this feature takes on added importance.

From the above description of a preferred embodiment of the invention it can be seen that the long stroke capabilities of hydraulic actuation have been obtained while at the same time the need for a fluid tight punching chamber has been eliminated. This results in a silent, high speed, heavy duty punching mechanism having much lower fabrication costs than hydraulically actuated punches of the prior art.

u It will also be appreciated that repairs and maintenance of the punching unit can be accomplished without the necessity for draining and subsequently bleeding a hydraulic system. It will similarly be understood by those skilled in the art that any huid system, such as a pneumatic system for example, could be used in place of the hydraulic system herein described.

Having described the struct-ure and operation of a preferred embodiment of the invention an alternative embodiment of a means for causing the interposer to adhere to the interposer drive member will now be described with reference to FIG. 5. The structure of FIG. 5 is in all respects similar to that of FIGS. 2, 3, and 4 except for the structural and coactive relationships between an interposer drive member and a cylindrical interposer 92. The interposer drive member has an axial bore 94 running for part of its depth and is connected by a cross bore 95 to a circumferential groove 98. The groove 98 is connected to a vacuum channel 104) extending through the punch block 4 to a vacuum source not shown. As the interposer drive member is driven back and forth, in the manner described above, the groove 98, and hence bores 94 and 95 are continually connected to the vacuum. The vacuum at the end 192 of the interposer ydrive member sucks the interposer 92 into adherence with the interposer drive member. In this manner the interposer drive selectively inserts the interposer into the punching chamber as shown in FIG. 5 and also withdraws the interposer from the punching chamber after the punch driVemember returns to its neutral position upon completion of a punching stroke.

The interposer used in FIG. 5 is cylindrical rather than spherical as previously described. The spherical interposer provides only point contact between the punch drive member 2 and the punch 14. While this is generally suitable for most punching needs it is sometimes desirable for very heavy duty punching operations to have greater than a point contact. The cylindrical interposer 92, shown in FIG. 5, provides a line contact between the punch drive member 2 and the punch 14. This not only provides a greater contact area and hence has better wear characteristics, but also provides Iless opportunity for any cauting of the punch drive and punch members. In this manner the machining tolerances of the punching elements may be even greater.

In the event that a cylindrical interposer is used it may be desirable to assist it into an adhering position with the interposer drive member after it is returned to its neutral position upon completion of a punching cycle. One means for assisting the interposer into its adhering position is shown, and has already been described in connection with FIGURE 2. That type of interposer restorer is little more than the old type of electrically actuated interposer. That is, to assist the interposer into its adhering position an electrically controlled armature is used to nudge the interposer to the right in FIG. 2. Because the stroke of the armature need be only very slight its force is strong enough and its motion rapid enough to accomplish this limited function.

Another embodiment of a means for assisting the interposer into its adhering position is shown in FIG. 3. Therein, air is supplied through tube 104 into a channel 106 in the punch block of FIG. 3. Again, although this assisting force is not satisfactory for use in inserting and withdrawing the interposer itself, it is adequate to perform the limited requirements placed upon it in the embodiment just described.

The invention as described thus far has been shown as being embodied only in a single punching element. The invention is not limited thereto, however, but may be employed with equal utility when plural punches are used as shown in FIG. 1. Therein, the shaft 12 is journalled in end housings 168, 110. As the cam rotates the heads 8 are cyclically driven downwardly against the forces of the springs 6. As an article to be punched is driven through slot 112 it passes under the punch 14 and over the die block 56. Depending upon which of the interposers S2 are inserted by the means described above, selected portions of the article will be punched.

While the invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the foregoing and other changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:

l. In a selective punching mechanism having a punching member movable within a guide means and a cyclically operated punch drive means for transmitting motion to said punching member through a selectively inserted interposer so that said punching member moves from a neutral position to a punching position when said interposer member is inserted between said punch drive means and said punching member, the combination comprising:

an interposer drive member;

a fiuid drive means for driving said interposer drive member from a first position to a second position and back to said first position when said punching member is in said neutral position;

an interposer member located in the path of said interposer drive member and movable with said interposer drive means, said interposer drive member being adapted to insert said interposer between said punching member and said punch drive means when said punch member is in said neutral position;

and means for causing an adherence between said interposing member and said interposer drive member that is sufficient to cause said interposer member to follow said interposer drive member back to said first position but insuiiicient to resist motion of said punch drive means as it moves from said neutral position to said punching position.

2. The device described in claim 1 wherein said fluid drive means is pneumatic.

3. The device described in claim 1 wherein said fiuid drive means is hydraulic.

4. In a selecitve punching mechanism having a punching member movable within a guide means and a cyclically operated punch drive means for transmitting motion to said punching member through a selectively inserted interposer so that said punching member moves from a neutral position to a punching position when said interposer member is inserted between said punch drive means and said punching member, the combination comprising:

a magnetic interposer drive member;

a fluid drive means for driving said interposer drive member from a first position to a second position and back to said first position when said punching member is in said neutral position;

a paramagnetic interposer member located in the path of said interposer drive member and movable with said interposer drive means, said interposer drive member being adapted to insert said interposer between said punching member and said punch drive means when said punching member is in said neutral position;

whereby the magnetic forces between said interposer drive member and said paramagnetic interposer cause said interposer to adhere to said drive member.

5. In a selective punching mechanism having a punching member movable within a guide means and a cyclically operated punch drive means for transmitting motion to said punching member through a selectively inserted interposer so that the punching member moves from a neutral position to a punching position when said interposer member is inserted between said punch drive means and said punching member, the combination comprising:

an interposer drive member;

a fluid drive means for driving said interposer drive member from a rst position to a second position and back to said first position when said punching member is in said neutral position;

an interposer member located in the path of said interposer drive member and movable with said interposer drive means, said interposer drive means being adapted to insert said interposer between said punching member and said punch drive means when said punching member is in said neutral position;

a vacuum supply means;

and means for continually connecting said vacuum supply means to the end of said interposer drive member nearest to said interposer as said interposer drive member moves from said first to said second position whereby said vacuum adheres said interposer to said interposer drive member when said punch drive means is in said neutral position.

6. The device described on claim 4 wherein said interposer is spherical.

7. The device described in claim 5 wherein said interposer is spherical.

8. The device described in claim 4 wherein said interposer is cylindrical.

9. The device described in claim 5 wherein said nterposer is cylindrical.

10. In a selective punching mechanism having a plurality of punching members each movable within a guide means and cyclically operated punch drive means for transmitting motion to said punching members through related selectively inserted interposers, wherein said punching members are moved from a neutral position to a punching position when a related interposer member is inserted :between the punch drive means and said related punching mem-ber, the combination comprising:

an interposer drive member associated with each of said interposers;

a fluid drive means for selectively driving selected ones of said interposer drive members from a first position 7 to a second position and back to said first position Iwhen the punching members are in said neutral position; an interposer member located in the path of each of said interposer drive members and movable with the associated interposer drive member, said interposer drive member being adapted to insert the selected interposer between the related punching member and said punch drive means when the related punching member is in said neutral position;

and means for causing an adherence between each of said interposing members and the associated interposer drive members that is suicient to cause said interposing member to follow the associated interposer drive member back to said rst position but insuicient to resist motion of said punch drive means as it moves from said neutral position to said punching position.

11. The device described in claim 10 wherein said uid drive means is pneumatic.

12. The device described in claim 10 wherein said iiuid drive means is hydraulic.

13. The device of claim 10 wherein said interposer drive members are magnetic and said interposers are paramagnetic whereby the magnetic forces between said interposer drive members and said paramagnetic interposer cause said interposers to adhere to said drive members.

14. The device of claim 13 wherein said interposers are spherical.

1S. The device of claim 13 wherein said interposers are cylindrical.

16. The device of claim 10 including a vacuum supply means; and means -or continually connecting said vacuum supply means to the ends of said interposer drive members nearest to said interposers as said interposer drive mem-bers move from said first to said second positions, whereby said vacuum tends to cause said interposers to adhere to said interposer drive members when said punch drive members are in said neutral position.

17. The device of claim 16 wherein said interposers are spherical.

18. The device of claim 16 wherein said interposers are cylindrical.

19. In a selective punching mechanism having a punching member movable within a guide means and a cylically operated punch drive means for transmitting motion to said punching member through a selectively inserted interposer so that said punching member moves from a neutral position to a punching position when said interposer member is inserted between said punch drive means and said punching member, the combination comprising:

an interposer drive member;

a uid drive means for driving said interposer drive member from a rst position to a second position and back to said first position when said punching member is in said neutral position;

an interposer member located in the path of said interposer drive member and movable with said interposer drive means, said interposer drive member being adapted to insert said interposer between said punching member and said punch drive means when said punch member is in said neutral position;

means for causing an adherence between said interposing member and said interposer drive member that is suflicient to cause said interposer member to follow said interposer drive member back to said first position but insufficient to resist motion of said drive means as it moves from said neutral position to said punching position;

and means operative when said interposer is returned to said neutral position from said punching position for urging said interposer towards said interposer drive means, whereby the adherance between the interposer and the interposer drive member is aided.

20. A selective punching mechanism comprising:

a punch block;

a die block located adjacent to said punch block;

a guide means extending from said punch block into said die block;

a punch drive member movable within said guide means;

a punch located in said guide means substantially coaxially with said punch drive member and adapted to have the punching end thereof moved into the die block portion of said guide means;

means for cyclically driving said punch drive means from a neutral position to a punching position;

means urging Vsaid punch drive member towards said neutral position;

an interposer drive member;

a fluid drive means adapted to drive said interposer drive member from a rst position to a second position and back to said rst position when said punch drive member is in said -neutral position;

an interposer member located in the path of said interposer drive member and movable with said interposer drive member, said interposer drive member being adapted to insert said interposer lbetween said punch drive means and said punch member when said punch drive means and said punch member are in said neutral position;

means urging said punch member towards said neutral position, said last named means being overcome by said punch drive means when said interposer is inserted between it and said punch drive means, said punch thereby undergoing a punching stroke by being driven through said guide means from the punch lblock into said die block, said means urging said punch and said punch drive member into said neutral position being operative to return said interposer to said neutral position after said punching stroke;

and means for causing said interposer to adhere to said interposer drive member so that the adherence is sufcient to cause said interposer member to follow said interposer drive -member back to said first position, but insuficient to resist motion of said punch drive means as it moves from said neutral position to said punching position.

21. The apparatus of claim 20 including means for urging said interposer from said neutral position towards said interposer drive means.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,022,000 2/1962 Millis 234--114 3,059,844 10/1962 England 234-115 2,073,519 l/1963 Booth 234- WLLIAM S. LAWSON, Prmaly Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2073519 *Feb 8, 1932Mar 9, 1937Locke Insulator CorpArc extinguishing insulator
US3022000 *Jul 2, 1957Feb 20, 1962Texas Instruments IncMultiple punching machine for paper tape, cards, etc.
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3659779 *Mar 26, 1970May 2, 1972IbmPunch mechanism
US4685613 *Sep 16, 1986Aug 11, 1987Frank SchambreReciprocable tool mounting module
US5036574 *Oct 31, 1989Aug 6, 1991Ushio Co., Ltd.Multiple piercing apparatus and method
US5144872 *Jul 29, 1991Sep 8, 1992Ushio Co., Ltd.Multiple punching press
US7086582 *May 9, 2002Aug 8, 2006Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.Sequential punch press with complementary sliding plates
WO1990011876A1 *Apr 5, 1990Oct 18, 1990Tecflex LtdPunches
Classifications
U.S. Classification234/114, 234/116, 234/115, 83/572
International ClassificationB26F1/04, B26F1/02
Cooperative ClassificationB26F1/04
European ClassificationB26F1/04