US 331466 A
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2 Sheets-Shet 1.
J. R. WHITNEY.
No. 331,466. Patente Dec. 1, 1885..
N. PETERS, Phnwuwn hen Washington, u. c
2 SheetsSheet :2.
J. R. WHITNEY.
No. 331,466. Patented. Dec. 1, 1885..
N. PETERS. Pnuio-Lhho m nur. Washin ton, DV 0.
lUsiirsn Srarss JOHN R. WHITNEY, OF RADNOR, PENNSYLVAUA.
SPECIFICIMILION forming part of Letters Patent Ho. 3313-3-56, dated December It 1.585.
Application filed August '20, 1885. Serial X0. 174,992.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN R. HITNEY, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Radnor, in the county of Delaware and State of Pennsylvania, have invented cer tain new and useful Improvements in Hanging WVindows, &c., of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to that class of windows, doors, panels, 820., which are designed to swing sometimes from one side or edge and sometimes from the other. It is adapted to the ordinary doors of rooms, closets, wardrobes, &c., and to ordinary window-sash; but it is specially intended to be applied to railroadcar windows, so that they may safely be opened from either side, according to the directionin which the car is moving.
It consists of a combination of bolts endlevers so connected that by the act of withdrawing the bolts on one side'those on the opposite side are securely inserted into their sockets to form pintles or hinges, and by the act of opening are securely locked in their places, all of which are constructed as hereinafter set forth.
In the drawings, Figure l is a front. view with part of the facing of the sash or door removed. Fig. 2 is a section on the line 1 20f Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3 4 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a section of an alternate form of the connecting-levers B, Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a section on the line 1 2 of Fig. 4;. Fig. 6 is a section on the line 3 4 of Fig. 4. Fig. 7 is a section on the line 5 6 of Fig. 1. Fig. 8 is a section of one of the bolts A just above its point or end. Fig. 9 is a top view of the guiding and socket plates E and F. Fig. 10 is an alternate plan for moving the bolts A.
In my invention I place upon each side or edge of the sash or door the bolts A, so arranged that by one motion of a knob or han dle, II, they may be simultaneously withdrawn from or inserted into their respective sockets in the sill and lintel of the sash or door frame. These movements may be effected by a rocking shaft, as shown on line 5 6, Fig. 1, and in Fig. 7, or by a rack and pinion, as shown in Fig. 10, or by any other method in common use. These bolts thus arranged may be inserted into mortised recesses in the frame of the sash or door, as shown in Figs. 2 and 7 5 or (No model.)
they may be inclosed in suitable cases and at tached to either the inner or outer face of the frame. in providing their rounded and pointed ends on one or more sides with flakes or lugs, as shown at a, Figs. 1 and 8. At each corner of the sash or door are placed the guiding-plates F. These are bored and slotted, as shown in Figs. 1 and 9, to correspond to the shape of the bolts A, which they receive and guide. At each side of the sill and lintel of the sash or door frame are inserted the socketplates F, bored and slotted to correspond with the guiiiling-plates IE. By this arrangementit will be readily seen that when the bolts at one side are thrust through their guiding-plates E into and through the socket-plates Fin the sill and lintel they will form pintles or hinges upon which the sash or door may turn, and when the opposite side s opened the ilukes or lugs a will pass beyond the socket-plates F, as shown at a, Fig. 3, and f, Figs. 1 and 4, thus securely locking these bolts so that they cannot be withdrawn until the opened side is again closed.
To connect the bolls so that the movement of those on one side shall affect those on the opposite side, I use one or more connectinglevers, B, Fig. 1. These levers are pivoted in the center, and at each end are secured to the bolts A by a linlrconnection, as shown at 0, Fig. 1; or they may be forked at their ends and rest upon pins or lugs upon the bolts, as shown at d, Figs. 4, 5, and 6; or they may pass into and rest in suitablyslotted hearings in the bolts A. These lovers, like the bolts, may be inserted into mortised recesses in the frame of the sash or door; or they may be inclosed in suitable cases and attached to either the in side or outside face of the frame, as circumstances may require. They may be used at both the upper and lower sides of the sash, or one alone may be used at either the upper or lower side, as may be preferred.
With the bolts and levers thus constructed and connected, when the sash or door is closed and secured at both sides, the leversB will lie horizontally and the points of all the bolts A will be well inserted into their respective sockets, F. If, then, it is desired to open the sash or door at either side,the knob or handle H on that side is turned,so as to withdraw the The peculiarity of these bolts consists g corresponding bolts A from their sockets ,F in the sill and lintel. They will then occupy the positions shown by the dotted lines on the right-hand side of Fig. 1. At the same time, by means of the connecting-links O, the levers B are made to change their positions to B and B, as shown by the dotted lines, Fig. 1, and the attached bolts on the opposite sides are thus forced deeper into their sockets, so that their projecting fiukes or lugs a pass beyond the plates F into recesses in the plates or into cavities bored in the sill and lintel, as shown atf, Figs. 1 and 4. As the sash or door is then swung out from the fran1e,these flukes or lugs pass under the plates F, as shown by the dotted lines at a, Fig. 3, and the bolts are securely locked on that side and cannot be withdrawn until the opened side is again closed. At the same time this locking effectually pro vents the bolts on the opened side from being jarred out of their places. Thus by this reciprocating action of the levers B the movement of the bolts on one side causes a corresponding movement, but in the opposite direction, of the bolts on the opposite side, and it becomes impossible to open one side of the sash or door without at the same time securely hinging and locking the opposite side. I am thus enabled to hold the sash or door securely in its position at all tiines,and swing it out at either side whenever required. In the case ofa railroad-car window, the distance to which either side may be opened can be controlled and regulated by any ordinary form of hooks, or sliding bars and latches, or thumbscrews.
In constructing the sash or door the two side edges should be rounded and .the frame correspondingly grooved, as shown.in Figs. 3 and 7, and these grooves may be lined with felt or other soft substance, as described in Patent No. 321,266, issued to me June 30, 1885.
In the case of railroad-car windows the sash may be also provided with shutters on the upper and lower edges, to shut into pockets in the sill and lintel, and the sill and lintel may be widened and extended, so as to form continnous guard-rails, as described in said Patent No. 321,266.
I am aware that the use of bolts as pintles or hinges on each side of a sash or door is not new, and also that pivoted levers are in common use. I therefore do not claim either separately as my invention; but
I claim 1. The combination, with a sash, door, pane1, &c., fitted to an inclosing-frame, of sliding bolts on opposite edges of said sash, door, panel, 850., all connected together by one or more connecting and pivoted levers, by which the movement of the bolts on one side simultaneously operate and control the movement of those on the opposite side, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination, with a sash, door,'panel, &c., fitted to an inclosing-frame, of bolts on opposite sides of said sash, door, panel, 8m, the bolts on opposite sides being connected to move simultaneously, but in opposite directions, and provided at their ends or points with one or more projecting dukes or lugs, substantially as set forth.
3. The combination, with a sash, door, panel, &c., fitted to an inclosing-frame, ofguidingplates E on each corner of said sash, door, panel, 850., and socket-plates F, said guiding and socket-plates being bored and slotted to correspond with and to receive and guide the bolts and their projecting fiukes or lugs, sub stantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JOHN R. WVIIITNEY. Witnesses:
WVM. A. BEDDING,
S. SPENCER CHAPMAN.