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Publication numberUS331533 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 1, 1885
Filing dateJan 5, 1885
Publication numberUS 331533 A, US 331533A, US-A-331533, US331533 A, US331533A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
o connor
US 331533 A
Abstract  available in
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Mode.)



No. 331,533'f Patented Dee. 1, 1885.

N. PETERS, Pnominhoywmr. wnshingxm D. C,

i'IINTTED STaTns Tricia.


P E W G U A R D SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent 1\To. 331,533, dated December 1,V 1885. y Application filed January 5, 1885. Serial No.152,104. (No model.)

To @ZZ whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, M Ici-mm. E. OCoNNoR, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city of Brooklyn, county of Kings, and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Pew- Guards; and I hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification.

My said invention relates to a method and means for guarding church pews or seats by substituting in place of a looking pew-door a locking chain or guard, so adjusted as to prevent intrusion; and my invention consists in placing across the entrace to church pews, chairs, or hall-seats a ilexible chain and hasp connected with a hasp-catch lock permanently laffixed to the pew, chair, or seat, adjusted to lock by insertion of the chain-hasp into asimilar hasp-lock affixed to the door-jamb, seatback, or arm-rest of the adjoining pew, chair, or seat, and so placed that when locked the hasp or guard chain will prevent intrusion.

In the drawings, Figure 1 represents an elevation View of two church pews or seats, showing the guard-chain locked across the doorway or entrance to the same, in which A A are end sections of pews. B B are the pewlocks permanently affixed, and C O are the guard-chains (connected to each one of the pew-locks) and the hasps of which are locked into the next lock on the adjoining pew. The dotted lines Z show the method of locking the guard-chain of each pew-lock by inserting its hasp into its own lock when not in use as a guard.`

Fig. 2 shows a plan view on the line 2 2 inside of the pew-lock, showing the holding-seotion of the guard-chain C permanently connected to the pew-lock by the screw-pin f, passing through the pin-hole o, and also the hasp-section c of the guard-chain C2, locked into position by the locking-catch E, and Fig. 3 shows a cross-section through the pew-lock on a line through the key-hole and the key D in position for inserting in the lock.

The pew-catch lock consists of a box-case, B, containing a spring latch or catch, E, ad-

justed to lock by simply inserting the chainhasp c in the lock through the orifice c2. The locking-catch E is pivoted loosely to the lockcase by the pin g, and rests in an inclined position against a bearing-spring, e', against the resistance of which the hasp,being pressed or shoved against the wedge of the locking-catch, enters the lock until catched, and is then locked by the spring forcing the catch into the hasp-eye and holding it there. The locking-catch E carries an arm or pin, against which the blade d of the key D comes into contact with when the key is in position, and forces the catch down until the hasp-eye is released from the wedge of the latch holding it, and is thereby unlocked. An apronshield, x, is so placed on the inside of the key-hole as to prevent anything but a flange-key being used to shove or press down the pin e for unlocking the chainhasp. j

The box-case of the lock is covered in by a plate-piece held by lugs, and the lock is secured in position, whenever required, by two screws, f f, passing through the screw-holes, as shown.

The guard-chain O consists of a link-chain, wire rope, or wound or twisted cord (preferably a link-chain covered with leather, cloth. or other suitable materiaD'having in one end an open link, staple, or eye-plate, as shown by c', by which, when inserted in an opening in the box-case, it is held in place by the pin or holding-screw f passing through it. (It may be disconnected from the lock and fastened to any other suitable position.) The chain C has on the other end a hasp bar or plate, c, with a slot, eye, or opening in it adjusted to receive the locking-catch when inserted in the opening c2, adjusted to receive it.

The method of adjustment and application of the several relative parts of both the pew lock and guard are so simple and obvious as not to require explanation.

In the drawings similar letters designate similar parts.

I. am aware that chains with hooks, hasps, and staples and catch-locks or padlocks have been long in use for fastenings, and therefore do not claim such; but I am not aware that a flexible hasp-chain,when connected with and forming a part of a pew or catch lock constructed as described, has ever been used for the purpose or in the manner designated; and the peculiar feature of my invention consists in connecting a lock-hasp guard-chain in such IOO manner that it will form a part of a pew or catch or hasp adapted to 100k into the next Catch lock constructed in the manner shown seat lock, substantially as deserbed. and described, and adj usted to be used in the New York, December 8, 1'884.

manner` designated. MICHAEL E. OCONNOR. 5 What I therefore elairn as my invention is- W'itnesses:

In combination with aV pew or seat 100k, a L. M. MOUSANTO, guard-chain secured thereto7 and having aI J. W. GERATY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3992057 *Feb 3, 1975Nov 16, 1976Gary Weldon StudebakerSimplified adjustable chair for children with cerebral palsy
Cooperative ClassificationB60N2/20