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Publication numberUS3315727 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 25, 1967
Filing dateSep 16, 1963
Priority dateSep 16, 1963
Publication numberUS 3315727 A, US 3315727A, US-A-3315727, US3315727 A, US3315727A
InventorsMorton L Clark
Original AssigneeMorton L Clark
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sunshade for ceiling construction
US 3315727 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aprifi 25, 1967 M. L. CLARK SUNSHADE FOR CEILING CONSTRUCTION 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 16, 1963 INVENTOR.

United States Patent 3,315,727 SUNSHADE FOR CEILING CONSTRUCTION Morton L. Clark, 514 Manatee Ave. W., Bradenton, Fla. 33505 Filed Sept. 16, 1963, Ser. No. 309,083 12 Claims. (Cl. 160-84) This invention relates to ceiling constructions of rooms, patios and the like wherein transparent panels are provided to permit the passage of daylight and sunlight into the interior.

In such ceiling constructions, a major problem is that during some periods of the day and seasons of the year, the intensity of the sunlight passing into the interior is so great as to make it extremely uncomfortable to remain in the interior. In addition, when the interior is sealed, the sunlight tends to provide excessive heat further making the interior uncomfortable.

It is an object of this invention to provide a simple and inexpensive sun shade construction which can be readily moved into and out of position beneath the transparent panels of the ceiling to effectively minimize the passage of light to the interior thereby making the interior more comfortable.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary top plan view of a ceiling embodying the invention.

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the line 2-2 in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional View similar to FIG. 2 showing the sun shade in retracted position.

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view on an enlarged scale taken along the line 44 in FIG. 1.

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of a corner of the sun shade construction shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary plan view on an enlarged scale of one of the sun shades utilized in the ceiling construction shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary sectional view on an enlarged scale taken along the line 77 in FIG. 1.

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 5, the construction embodying the invention comprises a ceiling which is made of spaced parallel frame members 11) connected by end frame members 11. Transparent panels 12, which may be made of either rigid or flexible plastic, are provided on the frame members 10 and 11 thereby producing a transparent ceiling. In order to make the interior more comfortable during the times when the light in the interior is extremely intense or the heat from the sun is extremely intense, sun shades 15 are provided between the frame members 10. Each sun shade comprises parallel guide wires '16 that extend between the end frame members 11 and are fastened thereto by eye screws 17. The guide wires 16 are spaced from and parallel to the frame members 10. A plurality of rods 18 having openings 19 therein are threaded 0n the guide wires and movable longitudinally thereon.

A flexible cover 19 of opaque reflective material such as Dacron cloth is mounted on the rods so that when the rods are moved back and forth on the guide wires 16, the sun shade is extended (FIG. 2) and retracted (FIG. 3).

Specifically, as shown in FIG. 5, the ends of the cover 19 are folded as at 20 and stitched as at 21, 22 to define pocket 23 intowhich the ends of the rods 18 extend. The double fold on the longitudinal edges of the rods tends to stiffen the cover so that the edge of the cover thereby tends to engage the sides 24 of the frame members 10 and provide a seal against the entry of light when thev sun shade is extended.

As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the means for extending and retracting the sun shade comprises a bar 25 which is 3,315,727 Patented Apr. 25, 1967 fastened to one of the end members 11 by pins 26 and nuts 27 extending through the bar and to the cover 'by an endmost pocket 28. This fastens one end of the sun shade within the ceiling between the members 10. A similar bar 29 is fastened to the other end of the cover by pockets 30 and a flexible cord 31 is connected to the bar 29. The flexible cord is trained over a single pulley 32 at one end and over a pair of pulleys 33 at the end adjacent the fixed bar 25. When the cord is pulled in one direction, the bar 29 and in turn the rods and the sun shade are collapsed or retracted to the position shown in FIG. 3 and when the cord is pulled in the other direction, the sun shade is extended to the position shown in FIG. 2.

It can be appreciated that, depending upon the nature of the flexible cover, the amount of light entering the interior can be controlled. For example, if the cover is completely opaque, then all the light passing into the interior will be excluded. On the other hand, if the cover is translucent, the light passing into the interior will be diminished. The term opaque in this application and the claims is intended to cover any flexible material which will diminish the intensity of the light passing therethrough into the interior. An important feature of the invention is that the flexible cover is made of a material that reflects ultraviolet and infrared rays. The term reflective as used in this application and the claims is intended to cover any flexible material which will diminish the passage of ultraviolet and infrared rays therethrough.

Another feature of the invention is that when the sun is not shining, during the winter, the positioning of the flexible cover causes the creation of a dead air space between the transparent panels 12 and the flexible cover that serves as a heat barrier and prevents the passage of heat outwardly. Since the flexible cover is made of a reflective material, it tends to reflect any ultraviolet and infrared rays back into the interior.

It can thus be seen that there has been provided a ceiling construction wherein a sun shade can be moved into and out of position to control the passage of light to the interior in response to the variation in light and sun intensity. The structure is eflicient and relatively inexpensive.

I claim:

1. In a ceiling structure, the combination comprising a translucent ceiling, a retractable sun shade construction comprising parallel guide wires extending adjacent said ceiling,

a plurality of movable transverse rods having openings therein adjacent and spaced from the ends thereof, said guide wires being threaded through said openings in said rods,

21 flexible opaque reflective panel,

means fastening said opaque panel to said rods,

means fastening one endmost rod to said ceiling,

and means engaging the other endmost rod of said plurality of rods and moving said rods toward and away from said first-mentioned endmost rod to collapse and extend said sun shade.

2. The combination set forth in claim 1 wherein said meansfor fastening said opaque panel to said rods comprises a plurality of inwardly facing pockets along each longitudinal edge of said opaque panel,

the ends of said rods extending into said pockets.

3. The combination set forth in claim 1 wherein said means for fastening said opaque panel to said rods comprises a fold along each longitudinal edge of said opaque panel,

said fold being sewn to provide a plurality of inwardly facing pockets,

the ends of said rods being engaged with and extending into said pockets.

4. The combination set forth in claim 1 wherein said means moving said second-mentioned endmost rod toward and away from said first-mentioned endmost rod comprises a double pulley adjacent said first-mentioned endmost rod,

a single pulley adjacent the second-mentioned endmost rod when the sun shade is extended, and flexible means trained over said pulleys and connected to said second-mentioned endmost rod for moving said second-mentioned endmost rod toward and away from said first-mentioned endmost rod.

5. In a ceiling structure comprising a translucent ceiling, a retractable sun shade construction comprising parallel guide wires extending adjacent said ceiling,

a plurality of movable rods having openings therein adjacent and spaced from the ends thereof,

said guide wires being threaded through said openings in said rods,

a flexible opaque reflective panel,

means fastening said opaque panel'to said rods.

6. The combination set forth in claim 5 wherein said means fastening said opaque panel to said rods comprises a plurality of inwardly facing pockets along each longitudinal edge of said opaque panel,

the ends of said rods extending into said pockets.

7. The combination set forth in claim 5 wherein said means fastening said opaque panel to said rods comprises a fold along each longitudinal edge of said opaque panel,

said fold being sewn to provide a plurality of inwardly facing pockets,

the ends of said rods being engaged with and extending into said pockets.

8. In a ceiling construction, the combination comprising a plurality of parallel generally horizontal frame members and transparent panels extending between said frame members, a retractable sun shade comprising a pair of guide wires fixed to said ceiling and extending between and parallel to said frame members,

a plurality of movable relatively rigid transverse rods having openings therein adjacent and spaced from the ends thereof through which said guide wires are trained,

a flexible opaque reflective panel,

means for fastening said opaque panel to said rods,

the width of said panel being greater than the distance between the frame members such that the longitudinal edges of said opaque panel frictionally engage the sides of said frame members of said ceiling when the opaque panel is in extended position thereby substantially sealing the edges against the frame members and preventing the passage of light to the interior through said transparent panel.

9. In a ceiling construction, the combination comprising a plurality of parallel generally horizontal frame members and transparent panels extending between said frame members, a retractable sun shade comprising a pair of guide wires fixed to said ceiling and extending between and along said frame members,

a plurality of movable transverse rods having openings therein adjacent and spaced from the ends thereof through which said guide wires are trained,

a flexible opaque reflective panel,

means fastening said opaque panel to said rods comprising a plurality of inwardly extending pockets in the longitudinal edges of said opaque panel into which the ends of said rods extend,

the width of said panel being greater than the distance between the frame members such that the longitudinal edges of said opaque panel frictionally engage the sides of said frame members of said ceiling when the opaque panel is in extended position thereby substantially sealing the edges against the frame members and preventing the passage of light to the interior through said transparent panel.

10. In a ceiling construction, the combination comprising a plurality of parallel generally horizontal frame members and transparent panels extending between said frame members, a retractable sun shade comprising a pair of guide wires fixed to said ceiling and extending between and parallel to said frame members,

a plurality of movable transverse rods having openings therein adjacent but spaced from the ends thereof through which said guide wires are trained,

a flexible opaque reflective panel,

means fastening said opaque panel to said rods,

a first bar fixed to said frame members,

means fastening said bar to said ceiling,

a second bar trained on said wires,

means fastening said panel to said bars,

means engaging and moving said second bar toward and away from said first-mentioned endmost bar to collapse and extend said sun shade,

the width of said panel being greater than the distance between the frame members such that the longitudinal edges of said opaque panel frictionally engage the sides of said frame members of said ceiling when the opaque panel is in extended position thereby substantially sealing the edges against the frame members and preventing the passage of light to the interior through said transparent panels.

11. In a ceiling construction, the combination comprising a plurality of parallel generally horizontal frame members and transparent panels extending between said frame members, a retractable sun shade comprising a pair of guide wires fixed to said ceiling and extending between and parallel to said frame members,

a plurality of movable transverse rods having openings therein adjacent and spaced from the ends thereof through which said guide wires are trained,

a flexible opaque reflective panel,

means fastening said opaque panel to said rods,

means engaging one endmost rod and fastening it to said ceiling,

means engaging and moving the other endmost rod toward and away from said first-mentioned endmost rod to collapse and extend said sun shade,

the width of said panel being greater than the distance between the frame members such that the longitudinal edges of said opaque panel frictionally engage the sides of said frame members of said ceiling when the opaque panel is in extended position thereby substantially sealing the edges against the frame members and preventing the passage of light to the interior through said transparent panel.

12. In a ceiling construction, the combination comprising a plurality of parallel generally horizontal frame members and transparent panels extending between said frame members, a retractable sun shade comprising a pair of guide wires fixed to said ceiling and extending between and along said frame members,

a plurality of movable transverse rods having openings therein adjacent and spaced from the ends thereof to which said guide wires are trained,

a flexible opaque reflective panel,

means fastening said opaque panel to said rods comprising a plurality of pockets in the longitudinal edges of said opaque panel into which the ends of said rods extend,

means engaging one endmost rod and fastening it to said ceiling,

means engaging and moving the other endmost rod toward and away from said first-mentioned endmost rod to collapse and extend said sun shade,

the width of said panel being greater than the distance between the frame members such that the longitudinal edges of said opaque panel frictionally engage the sides of said frame members of said ceiling when the opaque panel is in extended position thereby substantially sealing the edges against the frame mem' bers and preventing the passage of light to the in- 1,728,074 9/1929 Nicholas 16084 terior through said transparent panels. 1,752,610 4/ 1930 McSpadden 16084 1,899,062 2/1933 Steffen 160-84 References Cited y he Ex miner 2,031,157 2/1936 Gilson 160120 UNITED STATES PATENTS 5 2,068,853 1/1937 Foehrenbach et a1 52--63 626,475 6/1899 Andrews 160-243 743,039 11/1903 Scott n- 52 63 FRANK L. ABBOTT, Przmaly Exammer.

1 144 5 1915 L h fl 1 27 J. L. RIDGILL, AssistantExaminer.

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3481073 *Jun 20, 1967Dec 2, 1969Sunnyside Nurseries IncDaylight control means in greenhouses
US3628007 *Oct 14, 1969Dec 14, 1971Rolf Gunnar Erland RosenbergCheckered grid preferably for use as antidazzle screen at fluorescent tube fittings
US3765134 *Aug 10, 1970Oct 16, 1973Gilchrist TConstruction of rigid tensioned frame structure
US4064648 *Feb 23, 1976Dec 27, 1977Roll-Out Insulation Systems, Inc.Weather responsive insulation system for greenhouses and the like
US4280306 *Jun 4, 1979Jul 28, 1981Vojin MilinicConvertible enclosure for buildings and areas
US4468900 *Nov 6, 1981Sep 4, 1984Chenel Guy GFalse ceiling element
US4557310 *Apr 15, 1983Dec 10, 1985Castellaw Gerald JMovable sun shade system
US4665964 *Oct 5, 1983May 19, 1987Zommers G JurisFoldably extensible and collapsible track-mounted shade device for skylight-type window
US4683933 *Jul 16, 1984Aug 4, 1987Inside Outfitters, Inc.Motor driven shade lowering and raising mechanism for atrium walls
US6182737 *Apr 9, 1999Feb 6, 2001Toto Kogyo Company, Ltd.Sheet opening/closing and spreading apparatus
US6192642Apr 10, 2000Feb 27, 2001Hunter Douglas Inc.Cladding system and panel for use in such system
US6199337Nov 20, 1996Mar 13, 2001Hunter Douglas Inc.Cladding system and panel for use in such system
US6427409Feb 14, 2001Aug 6, 2002Hunter Douglas Inc.Cladding system and panel for use in such system
US7246468Mar 21, 2003Jul 24, 2007Forbis Sr Jack RShade assembly for storage tank and method of use thereof
US8356652 *Jun 26, 2008Jan 22, 2013Shadefx Canopies Inc.Retractable sun shade
US8701737 *Nov 8, 2010Apr 22, 2014LDM Products, IncRetractable computer rack aisle roof
US20100252207 *Jun 26, 2008Oct 7, 2010Peter WestgarthRetractable Sun Shade
US20110108207 *Nov 8, 2010May 12, 2011LDM Products, Inc.Retractable computer rack aisle roof
US20120118355 *Nov 12, 2010May 17, 2012Solopower, Inc.Flexible solar shell and support structure for use with rooftops
Classifications
U.S. Classification160/84.6, 52/63, 52/22
International ClassificationA47H5/14
Cooperative ClassificationE04F10/0607, A47H5/14, A01G9/22
European ClassificationA01G9/22, E04F10/06D, A47H5/14