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Publication numberUS3315864 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 25, 1967
Filing dateJun 9, 1965
Priority dateJun 9, 1965
Publication numberUS 3315864 A, US 3315864A, US-A-3315864, US3315864 A, US3315864A
InventorsMartin Roy M, Wilson Calvin L
Original AssigneeReynolds Metals Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tubular member and container made therefrom
US 3315864 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 25, 16? R. M. MARTIN ET AL. 33,315,864

TUBULAR MEMBER AND CONTAINER MADE THEREFROM Fil ed June 9, 1965 2, Sheets-$heet 1 Kama 5i www Wm INVENTORS ATTORNEYJ A xrifi 25, 11%? R. M. MARTIN ET AL 3,315,864

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ATTORNEY6 United States Patent 3,315,864 TUBULAR MEMBER AND (IONTAINER MADE THEREFROM Roy M. Martin, Henrico County, and Calvin L. Wilson, Chesterfield County, Va., assignors to Reynolds Metals Company, Richmond, Va., a corporation oi Delaware Filed June 9, 1965, Ser. No. 462,666 7 Claims. (Cl. 229-45) This invention relates to improved helically wound tubular members and containers and packages made therefrom and to improved methods and apparatus for making such tubular members.

The present invention constitutes an improvement of commonly-assigned application Ser. No. 275,146, filed Apr. 23, 1963, now Patent No. 3,247,869. In that application there are described certain prior art practices for making composite container bodies and a new construction and method of making the same wherein capillary action at the end closures of such composite containers is substantially eliminated so that the containers are readily adapted to package moisture-bearing products and the like.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a helically wound tubular member having an improved helical joint between the strip of liner material and the strip of body material which obtains all of the advantages of the tubular member disclosed in the aforesaid application and provides for the eifetcive elimination of moisture seepage throughout the life of the container without the necessity of providing two overlapping plies of strip material in the body of the container.

Another object of the present invention is the provision of a method of making a tubular member or the like including improved procedures for forming the helical joint between adjacent convolutes of the liner and body material.

Still another object of the present invention is the provision of an apparatus for making a tubular member of the type described including improved means for depositing a band of liquid material, such as hot melt or the like, to a composite liner and body strip of material during the formation of the helical joint of the tubular member.

These and other objects of the present invention will become more apparent during the course of the following detailed description and appended claims.

The invention may best be understood with reference to the drawings, wherein an illustrative embodiment is shown.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a schematic view illustrating the method and apparatus of the present invention for making the improved tubular member of the present invention;

FIGURE. 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the line 2-2 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken along the line 3-3 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 4 is a sectional view taken along the line 44 of FIGURE 3;

FIGURE 5 is a sectional view taken along the line 5-5 of FIGURE 3;

FIGURE 6 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken along the line 6-6 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of a container package embodying the principles of the present invention, with parts broken away for purposes of clearer illustration;

FIGURE 8 is an enlarged, fragmentary sectional View of a portion of the container wall indicated by the circle in FIGURE 6 showing a modified form of liner material; and

ICC

FIGURE 9 is a view similar to FIGURE 8 showing a still further modified form of liner material.

Referring now more particularly to FIGURE 1, there is shown therein schematically apparatus for making a tubular member in accordance with the principles of the present invention. In general, the apparatus is constructed of conventional components, except as hereinafter set forth, and includes the usual cylindrical forming mandrel 10 fixedly mounted in cantilevered fashion to a supporting means 12 adapted to have liner, body and label strips of material 14, 16 and 18 respectively, helically wound thereon to continually produce container body stock 20 that is continuously rotated and axially advanced to the right on the mandrel Ill, as by an endless belt mechanism 22 of the conventional construction. The apparatus also includes the conventional cutting mechanism, generally indicated schematically at 24, which is operable to cut the body stock 20 advancing from the mandrel 10 into individual tubular members 26.

Also in accordance with conventional practice, the individual tubular members 26 are subsequently fed to conventional equipment Where the ends are: flanged and a bottom closure cap 28 (see FIGURE 7) is secured to one end of the tubular member to form an open top container. The open top container is then filled with a desired material 29 (see FIGURE 7) preferably liquid, as, for example, oil, citrus juices and the like, and sealed therein by engagement of a top closure cap 30 (see FIGURE 7) on the open top of the container, the latter all in conventional fashion.

The above-described apparatus and method of forming individual tubular members and utilizing such individual tubular members as a part of a material package is generally described in the aforesaid copending application. The improvement of the present invention is directed more particularly to the formation of an improved composite Web of liner and body material 32 and the helical wind ing of the same on the mandrel to form an improved helical joint in the container body stock. As best shown in FIGURES l and 2, the composite web of liner and body material 32 is formed from the strip of liner material 14 and the strip of body material 16, each of which, as shown, is supplied in the form of a roll in accordance with conventional practice.

As best shown in FIGURE 2, the strip of liner material 14 includes a pair of opposed sides 34 and 36 and opposed ends 38 and 4d. The strip of body material 16 includes opposed sides 42 and 44 and skived marginal end portions 46 and 48 terminating in end edges 50 and 52. The skived marginal end portions are formed in any conventional fashion, each marginal end portion being beveled or tapered from the side 44 to the side 42, the taper terminating in a thin end edge 50 and 52. Preferably, the marginal edge portion 46 has a taper somewhat wider than the taper of the marginal edge portion 48. For example, in a preferred embodiment the Width of the marginal end portion 46 may be A inch, whereas the marginal end portion 48 is inch.

In forming the composite web material 32, the strip of liner material 14 is laminated to the strip of body material 16 with the sides 36 and 42 respectively in abutting engagement, with the end edge 38 of the liner strip spaced outwardly from the adjacent end edge 50 of the body strip and with the end edge 40 of the liner strip disposed inwardly of the end edge 52 of the body strip.

As best shown in FIGURE 1, the lamination of the liner and body strips is accomplished by any suitable means as, for example, an adhesive roller device 54 positioned to apply suitable adhesive to the side 36 of the liner strip between the supply roll thereof and a pair of nip rollers 56 which serve to move the adhesive applied 3 side 36 of the liner strip into engagement with the side 42 of the body strip.

After the two strips have passed through the nip rollers 56, the end edge 38 of the liner strip which is disposed outwardly of the associated end edge 50 of the body strip is engaged by a suitable folding device, such as a plow 58, which is constructed and arranged to fold the end edge 38 against the skived marginal end portion 46 of the body strip at a position adjacent the associated end edge 50 but spaced slightly inwardly therefrom. The folding plow is adapted to form a spaced loop which is subsequently formed, as by cooperating rollers 60, with a fold 62 which is spaced from the adjacent end edge 50 of the body material.

The present apparatus also includes a novel mechanism for applying a band 76 of sealer material, preferably in the form of a hot melt of conventional formulation, on the web at a position along the end edge 40 of the liner strip. As shown, the band applying mechanism includes a nozzle, generally indicated at 66, having its lower end portion formed with a rearward inclined surface 68 terminating in a horizontal edge 70, having a notch 72 formed adjacent one end thereof. The nozzle 66 includes an outlet opening 74 communicating with the central portion of the inclined surface 68 at a position above the edge surface 70. The outlet opening is connected to a source of hot melt material, schematically illustrated at 77 in FIGURE 1, from which a continuous supply of hot melt material is fed through the outlet opening 74, as by a metering valve or the like, schematically illustrated at 78 in FIGURE 1.

As best shown in FIGURES l and 35, the web 32 is fed to the mandrel with the side 34 of the liner strip 14 facing upwardly. The nozzle 66 is disposed above the web of material at a position closely adjacent the mandrel with the notch 72 above the end edge 40 and the edge surface '70 extending outwardly and in a direction opposed to the direction of movement of the web, as best shown in FIGURE 3, toward the end edge 52. of the body strip 16. In this way, as the web 32 moves beneath the nozzle 66, the edge surface 7t serves to doctor the hot melt material issuing from the outlet 74 into a film formation 80 onto the side 42 of the marginal end portion 48 of the body strip. The notch 72 serves to interrupt the doctoring surface 70 so that the band of hot melt material applied to the web 32 includes an integral bead formation 82 overlying the end edge 40 which is integral with the film formation 80 overlying the side 42 of the end portion 48 the body strip.

The application of the band of hot melt material 76 in the position and formation described above is preferred and provides anoptimum sealing characteristic. First, by applying the band of hot melt material to the moving web 32 just prior to the movement of the web in helical formation onto the mandrel, it minimizes the exposure of the hot melt material to atmospheric conditions between the point of application and the point when the hot melt material must perform its sealing function. Second, the formation of the band of hot melt material with integral film and bead formations provides optimum heat transfer characteristics for the different materials which may be involved in the liner strip and body strip while at the same time insuring an effective seal between both types of material. For example, the liner strip preferably includes a metallic material which is capable of dissipating considerably more heat than paper material, and the band of hot melt material which engages the metallic portion is in a thicker bead formation as distinguished from the thinner film formation which engages the paper material. Moreover, the bead formation covers the end edge 40 tending to fill in any void which might be caused by the interior corner formed thereby in the joint. More over, the hot melt material in the bead formation will spread in a direction toward the fold 62 when the joint (1. is formed. This insures a moisture-tight, liner-to-liner seal at the joint without the necessity of directly applying the hot melt material to the liner adjacent the fold. Such an operation, which is obviated by the present invention, requires production accuracy which is difficult to secure in actual operation. It will be noted that any spillage of hot melt material beyond the fold 62 will be deposited on the mandrel during operation, an occurrence which prevents the proper movement of the strips thereover.

It will be noted that the web 32 is fed to the mandrel 10 in a helical formation so that the skived marginal end portion 46 of the body strip is disposed in lapped relation with the side 42 of the skived end portion 48 and the portion between the fold 62 and end edge 38 of the liner strip in lapped relation with a marginal portion of the liner strip adjacent the end edge 40. The joint thus formed, as shown in FIGURE 6, not only provides the necessary liner-to-liner seal on the interior surface of the tubular member formed but provides a join-t which is smooth with respect to the overall body wall so as to insure a proper seal to the end closure caps 28 and 30. Additionally, the body strip-to-body strip seal, which is formed at the same time as the foilto-foil seal with the application of a single band of hot melt material, provides the joint with a strength which is greater than the strength of the web itself. It has been found that structural failure of the tubular member will occur at a position other than the joint. Consequently, it is not essential, in accordance with the present invention, to provide an additional strip of body material overlapping the joint thus formed.

While the present invention is not limited to a tubular member formed of one ply of body material, a one-ply tubular member made in accordance with the principles of this present invention has been shown in tests to perform with the same degree af satisfaction as a two-ply container formed in the conventional manner. The present invention thus provides economy in manufacture in the elimination of a ply of body material and the attendant costs in handling the same during manufacture.

The material which may be utilized for the liner strips, body strips and label strips in accordance with the principles of the present invention, are generally of a conventional nature. Since the tubular member of the present invention is particularly suited for pack-aging liquid material it is important that the interior surface of the tubular member be provided by a liquid imprevious' material. A preferred material in this regard is an aluminum containing foil, which, as shown in FIGURE 6, constitutes one ply of a laminate forming the liner strip, the other ply of the laminate being paper or the like. It will be understood that other types of lining material may be used such as a plain sheet of metallic foil, a

sheet or film of plastic material as shown in FIGURE 8,

plastic coated paper as shown in FIGURE 9, or other impervious material. The body material is preferably of paper stock while the label material is preferably of an aluminum laminate.

The thickness of the various strips are also in accordance with conventional practice. However, it should be understood that the present invention contemplates the formation of a tubular member from a single sheet of body material which may be generally of the same thickness as one sheet of a prior art type container utilizing two overlapping sheets of body material.

It thus will be seen that the objects of this invention have been fully and effectively accomplished. It will be realized, however, that the foregoing specific embodiment has been shown and described only for the purpose of illustrating the principles of this invention and is subject to extensive change without departure from such principles. Therefore, this invention includes all modifications encompassed within the spirit and scope of the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A tubular member comprising a helically wound web of material including a first strip of material having opposed sides and opposed skived marginal end portions terminating in opposed end edges, and a second strip of material disposed against the inner side of said first strip and having opposed end edges, one of said end edges of said second strip being disposed against the outer side of of the adjacent marginal end portion of said first strip in such a manner that said second strip forms a folded loop the fold of which is spaced from the adjacent end edge of said first strip, the opposite end edge of said second strip being disposed against the inner side of said first strip in inwardly spaced relation to the adjacent end edge thereof, said strips being secured in helically wound relation with the portion of said second strip between said fold and the adjacent end edge thereof and the adjacent skived marginal end portion of said first strip lapping a portion adjacent the opposite end edge of said second strip and the adjacent marginal end portion of said first strip.

2. A tubular member as defined in claim 1 wherein the marginal end portion os said first strip adjacent said one end edge of said second strip is wider than the opposite marginal end portion of said first strip.

3. A tubular member as defined in claim 1 wherein said second strip of material comprises a laminate including a ply of aluminum containing metallic foil, plastic film, or coated paper, said foil ply forming the interior surface of said tubular member.

4. A tubular member as defined in claim 1 wherein said second strip of material comprises a film of plastic material.

5. A tubular member as defined in claim 1 wherein said second strip of material comprises plastic coated paper, the plastic coating of said paper forming the interior surface of said tubular member.

6. In a container for receiving liquid or the like including a tubular member and a bottom closure secured to the bototm end of said tubular member, the improvement which comprises said tubular member comprising a helically wound Web of material including a first strip of material having opposed sides and opposed skived marginal end portions terminating in opposed end edges, and a second strip of material disposed against the inner side of said first strip and having opposed end edges, one of said end edges of said second strip being disposed against the outer side of the adjacent marginal end portion of said first strip in such a manner that said second strip forms a folded loop the fold of which is spaced from the adjacent end edge of said first strip, the opposite end edge of said second strip being disposed against the inner side of said first strip in inwardly spaced relation to the adjacent end edge thereof, said strips being secured in helically wound relation with the portion of said second strip between said fold and the adjacent end edge thereof and the adjacent skived marginal end portion of said first strip lapping a portion adjacent the opposite end edge of said second strip and the adjacent marginal end portion of said first strip.

7. In a liquid-containing package including a tubular member, end closure caps secured to each end of said tubular member and a quantity of liquid within said tubular member between said end caps, the improvement which comprises said tubular member comprising a helically wound web of material including a first strip of material having opposed sides and opposed skived marginal end portions terminating in opposed end edges, and a second strip of material disposed against the inner side of said first strip and having opposed end edges, one of said end edges of said second strip being disposed against the outer side of the adjacent marginal end portion of said first strip in such a manner that said second strip forms a folded loop the fold of which is spaced from the adjacent end edge of said first strip, the opposite end edge of said second strip being disposed against the inner side of said first strip in inwardly spaced relation to the adjacent end edge thereof, said strips being secured in helically wound relation with the portion of said second strip between said fold and the adjacent end edge thereof and the adjacent skived marginal end portion of said first strip lapping a portion adjacent the opposite end edge of said second strip and the adjacent marginal end portion of said first strip.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,698,532 1/1929 Brooks 93-46 1,973,317 9/1934 Hurley 229- 2,848,151 8/1958 ONeil 229-4.5 3,099,378 7/1963 Schroeder 229- 3,198,416 8/1965 Hickin et al. 229-14 3,247,869 4/ 1966 Boegershausen 138- 144 FOREIGN PATENTS 829,443 6/ 1938 France.

GEORGE O. RALSTON, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1698532 *Aug 9, 1926Jan 8, 1929Nat Paper Can CompanyMethod of making fibrous containers
US1973317 *Oct 14, 1932Sep 11, 1934Aluminum Co Of AmericaContainer
US2848151 *Oct 6, 1954Aug 19, 1958Safe Pack Container CoSealed container
US3099378 *Jan 18, 1961Jul 30, 1963American Can CoContainer
US3198416 *Sep 10, 1962Aug 3, 1965Packaging Corp AmericaMethod of preventing wicking and moisture and vapor absorption and penetration in paperboard cartons, and cartons produced by such method
US3247869 *Apr 23, 1963Apr 26, 1966Reynolds Metals CoHelically wound tubular member
FR829443A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3428239 *Oct 7, 1966Feb 18, 1969Int Paper CoSpiral wound can for packaging beverages under substantial pressure
US4343427 *Mar 18, 1980Aug 10, 1982Sonoco Products CompanyComposite container with balloon fold
US6270004 *Aug 30, 1999Aug 7, 2001Sonoco Development, Inc.Tubular composite containers having unsupported film liners and methods and apparatus for making same
US6761675Apr 19, 2001Jul 13, 2004Sonoco Development, Inc.Tubular composite containers having unsupported film liners and methods and apparatus for making same
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/4.5, 493/299
International ClassificationB31C3/00
Cooperative ClassificationB31C3/00
European ClassificationB31C3/00