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Publication numberUS3317923 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 9, 1967
Filing dateAug 27, 1965
Priority dateAug 27, 1965
Publication numberUS 3317923 A, US 3317923A, US-A-3317923, US3317923 A, US3317923A
InventorsDaisy O Levi
Original AssigneeDaisy O Levi
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Reversible garment with interlocking seams and method for making the same
US 3317923 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

D. o. LEVI 3,317,923 REVERSIBLE GARMENT WITH INTERLOCKING SEAMS May 9, 1967 AND METHOD FOR MAKING THE SAME 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 27, 1965 FIN SHED 0e PRINTED 6/05 INVENTOR. 0. 4 E v4 BY v May 9, 1967 D. o. LEVI 3,317,923

REVERSIBLE GARMENT WITH INTERLOCKING SEAMS AND METHOD FOR MAKING THE SAME Filed Aug. 27, 1965 s Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. 04/3 y 0. LEI/l,

47'7'O e/VEYS'.

May 9, 1967 D. o. LEVI 3,317,923

REVERSIBLE GARMENT WITH INTERLOCKING BEAMS AND METHOD FOR MAKING THE SAME Filed Aug. 27, 1965 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR. 04/5) 0. A E V/,

United States Patent REVERSIBLE GARMENT WITH INTERLOCK- ING SEAMS AND METHOD FOR MAKING THE SAME Daisy 0. Levi, Goulds, Fla. (6270 NW. 37th Ave., Miami, Fla. 33147) Filed Aug. 27, 1965, Ser. No. 483,142 2 Claims. (Cl. 2-227) This invention relates to the general field of wearing apparel and, more specifically, the instant invention pertains to clothing such as, for example, slacks, shorts, pedalushers, and trousers for men, women and children, as well as bathing suits.

One of the primary objects of the instant invention is to provide reversible clothing such as shorts, as illustrated and described herein, the shorts being attractive in appearance and ornamental in design, and in addition thereto, the shorts will be wearable on both sides and which may be, if desired, provided with a different appearance on each side.

A further object of the instant invention is to provide reversible shorts with either side out since both sides comprise finished sides.

Another object of this invention is to provide reversible shorts having interlocking seams and wherein a slide fastener or other closure means of conventional construction may be incorporated in either the front or back sides of the garment, as desired.

This invention contemplates, as a stillfurther object thereof, the provision of a reversible garment which may be manufactured through the practice of a given series of operational steps.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a garment of the type generally described supra, the garment being non-complex in construction and assembly,

inexpensive to manufacture, and which is durable in use.

It is still another object of this invention to provide a reversible garment having interlocking seams and panels, the panels being held against inadvertent shifting relative to one another.

Other and further objects and advantages of the instant invention will become more manifest from a consideration of the following specification when read in conjunction with the annexed drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a plan view of a pair of panels illustrating stitching steps to assemble the same to form a section of the front side of the garment;

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged fragmentary detail crosssectional view, FIGURE 2 being taken on the vertical plane of line 22 of FIGURE 1, looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIGURE 3 illustrates the panels of FIGURE 1 as being turned inside-out relative to one another and comprising a second step in the manufacture of the garment;

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged detail cross-sectional view, FIGURE 4 being taken substantially on the vertical plane of line 44 of FIGURE 3, looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIGURE 5 is a plan view of the panels shown in FIG- URE 3 associated with a second pair of panels and illustrating a further step in the manufacture of the garment;

FIGURE 5A is a fragmentary plan view of a pair of front panels partially assembled to accept a slide fastener, all according to a modification of this invention;

FIGURE 6 is an enlarged fragmentary detail crosssectional view, FIGURE 6 being taken substantially on the vertical plane of line 6-6 of FIGURE 5, looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIGURE 7 is an enlarged fragmentary cross-sectional view, FIGURE 7 being taken substantially on the horizontal plane of line 77 of FIGURE 5, looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIGURE 8 illustrates a further step in the manufacture of the garment wherein the second panels have been turned inside-out relative to one another and the two pairs of panels unfolded to form the unfinished front side section of the garment;

FIGURE 9 is an enlarged fragmentary detail crosssectional view, FIGURE 9 being taken substantially on the horizontal plane of line 99 of FIGURE 8, looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIGURE 10 is a plan view illustrating two pairs of panels adapted to comprise the back side of the garment and showing initial stitching steps in the assembly thereof;

FIGURE 11 illustrates a still further step in the manufacture of the garment wherein the joined panels as shown in FIGURE 10 have been opened and superimposed upon one another and secured together by certain lines of stitches;

FIGURE 12 is a plan view showing a further step in the assembly of the component elements of the garment and stitching made subsequent thereto;

FIGURE 13 is an enlarged fragmentary detail cross-sectional view, FIGURE 13 being taken substantially on the horizontal plane of line 13-13 of FIGURE 12, looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIGURE 14 is an enlarged fragmentary detail crosssectional view, FIGURE 14 being taken substantially on the vertical plane of line 14-14 of FIGURE 12, looking inthe direction of the arrows;

FIGURE 15 is a fragmentary plan view illustrating the manner in which one line of stitches is applied to the "garment as assembled in FIGURE 12;

installing a slide fastener in the garment, the garment being turned from its position shown in FIGURE 17;

FIGURE 19 is a perspective view of the completed garment turned 180 from its position shown in FIG- URE 18; and

FIGURE 20 is an enlarged fragmentary detail crosssectional view, FIGURE 20 being taken substantially on the horizontal plane of line 2020 of FIGURE 19, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Referring now more specifically to FIGURE 19 of the drawings, reference letter G designates, in general, a garment constructed in accordance with the teachings of this invention, the garment in this instance comprising a pair of reversible dress shorts. To manufacture the garment or shorts G, a first pair of fabric panels 40, 42' are 'cut from a pattern (not shown), which, when incorporated in the finished garment G, form a two-ply hip and legengaging section 44 at one side of the front of the garment'G (see FIGURE 3). The two panels 40, 42 are of identical configuration and each panel is formed with a finished and unfinished side 40a, 40b and 42a, 42b, respectively, or if desired, these sides may be printed or unprinted (see FIGURE 1). Preferably, the panels 40, 42

are congruent with respect to one another and are stitched together (see FIGURES 1 and 2) as at 46, adjacent the waist edges 40c, 42c, and a similar line of stitches 4'8 joins the panels 40, 42 adjacent the unfinished lower leg edges 40d, 42d. The joined panels 40, 42 may now be turned inside-out to form the two-ply fabric hip and legengaging front section 44 to which reference has been made above.

Reference numerals 50, 52 (see FIGURE 5) denote a second pair of fabric panels identical in size and shape as the panels 40, 42. The panels 40 and 50 are cut from the same fabric material as are the panels 42, 52 and, as is seen in FIGURE 5, the section 44 is superimposed on the finished side 50a of the panel 50 with the finished sides 40a, 50a facing one another. The panel 52 is now superimposed over the section 44 with its finished side 52a disposed in face-to-face engagement with the finished side 42a of the panel 42. As is seen in FIGURES 5, 6 and 7, the arrangement of the section 44 relative to the panels 50, 52 is such that the same are congruent relative to one another with all adjacent edges of the panels 40, 42, 50 and 52 arranged flush with one another with the exception of the now finished upper waist edge 54 of the section 44 (see FIGURES 3 and 5) and its now finished lower leg edge 56. The unfinished side 5212 is, thus, remotely-disposed relative to the unfinished side 50]). As seen in FIGURE 5, the finished waist edge 54 extends parallel to, but spaced inwardly from the unfinished waist edges 50c, 52c and the finished lower leg edge 56 extends parallel to, but spaced inwardly from the unfinished lower leg edges 50d, 52d, respectively. With the panels 50, 52 so arranged, the panels 40, 42, 50 and 52 are all now connected together by a single line of front center stitches 58 (see FIGURE 5).

As is seen in FIGURES 5-7, the front center stitches extend through the several panels adjacent their respective front center edges 40e, 42a, 50e and 52a. Thereafter, the panels 50, 52 adjacent their respective upper edges 50c, 520 are joined by a line of stitches 60. In a similar manner, the panels 50, 52 are connected together adjacent their respective lower leg edges 50d, 52d by the line of stitches 62. It should be here noted that the stitches 60, 62 do not connect the upper finished edge 54 nor the lower leg edge 56 of the section 44 with either of the panels 50 or 52. The joined panels 50, 52 are now turned inside-out by drawing the free outer side edges 401, 42 and 50f away from the free edge 52 and fold ing the panel 52 behind the panel 50. At this point, the two-ply section 44 now overlies the two panels 50, 52 and the section 44 is now unfolded away from the panels 50, 52 along the line of stitches 58, thereby giving rise to a second two-ply hip and leg-engaging front section 64 (see FIGURE 8). As is seen in FIGURE 8, the two sections 44, 64 are disposed in side-by-side relationship relative to one another and are connected together by the line of stitches 58. The step of turning the panels 50, 52 insideout and the subsequent step of unfolding the sections 44 and 64 gives rise to the finished upper waist edge 66 of the front section 64, and, of course, the finished lower leg edge 68. The two front sections 44, 64 taken together comprise the front side 69 of the garment or shorts G (see FIGURES 17, 18 and 19).

The back side of the garment or shorts G is formed from third and fourth pairs of identical panels 70, 72 and '74, 76 (see FIGURES and 13). The panels 70, 72 are formed from the same material as are the panels 40, 42, and the panels 74 and 76 are formed from the same material as are the panels 42, 52. Each of the panels 7 0, 72, 74 and 76 is gathered at 78 adjacent their respective unfinished upper waist edges 70c, 72c, 74c and 760, respectively, and are stitched by the lines of stitches 80, all in the conventional manner, to form the darts 82 (see FIGURES 10, 17, 18 and 19).

The panels 70, 72 are superimposed one against the other with their respective finished sides 70a, 72 confronting one another with their respective unfinished sides 70b, 72b lbeing remotely-disposed with respect to one another. The two panels 70, 72 are now stitched to gether adjacent their back center edges 70c, 726 as by the line of back center stitches 84 (see FIGURES l0, l1 and 12). As is seen in these figures, the line of stitches 84 extends from a lower crotch center portion '85 to a point adjacent to, but spaced from the unfinished upper waist edges 70c, 720. The panels 74, 76 are now superimposed against one another in a congruent manner with their respective finished sides 74a, 76a being adjacent one another, and their unfinished sides 74b, 76b being remotelydisposed relative to each other. The two panels 74, 76 are joined together adjacent their respective back center edges 74e, 762 by a line of back center stitches 86 which extends from the lower crotch center portion 87 (see FIGURE 16) to a point adjacent to, but spaced from the unfinished upper waist edges 74c, 760.

The two panels 74, 76 are now unfolded about their center line of stitches 86 with the panels 74, 76 opening left-to-right, respectively, to expose their respective finished sides 74a, 76a. The panels 70, 72 are now unfolded about their respective back center stitches 84 with the panels 70, 72 being opened left-to-right to expose their respective finished sides 70a, 72a (see FIGURE 11). The two pairs of joined and unfolded panels 70, 72 and 74, 76 are now superimposed against one another in a congruent arrangement with the finished side 70a facing the finished side 76a and with the finished side 72a confronting the finished side 74a. The two panels 70, 76 are now joined together by the line of stitches 88 adjacent their respective unfinished upper waist edges 70c, 76c and, similarly, the panels 72 and 74 are connected together adjacent their respectiveunfinished upper waist edges 72c, 740 as by the line of stitches 90. In a like manner, the unfinished lower leg edges 70d, 76d and 72d, 74d are connected together as by the line of stitches 92, 94, respectively. This, in effect, forms an integrally connected hip and leg-engaging back garment section 96 open at its remotely-disposed sides between the adjacent unfinished outer side edges 70], 76 and 72 74 The front section 44 is of two-plies, as described above, and is passed inwardly through either of the open sides of the section 96 with the finished side 42a of the panel 42 facing the finished side 76a of the panel 76, and with the finished side 52a of the panel 52 facing the finished side 74a of the panel 74. Similarly, the finished side 40a of the panel 40 is juxtaposed relative to the finished side 70a of the panel 70 and the finished side 50a of the panel 50 confronts the finished side 72a of the panel 72.

In this association, the outer side edges 40f, 42f, 70 and 76 of the panels 40, 42, 70 and 76, respectively, are arranged flush with one another and are secured together in a four-ply stitch 98. The unfinished side edges 50 52 72 and 74f of the panels 50, 52, 70 and 74, respectively, are also arranged flush with one another and are secured together in a four-ply stitch 100. The unfinished inner side edges 40g, 42g, 70g and 76g are now arranged flush with one another as in a group as are the unfinished inner side edges 50g, 52g, 72g and 74g. The groups of edges are now swung away from each other in the direction of the arrows of FIGURE 15, the side edges of each group being parallel with one another, so that all of the edges of both groups fall in a common plane as is shown in FIGURE 15. As these groups of edges are so moved relative to one another, the lower center crotch portions 102, 104 of the joined panels 40, 42 and 50, 52 (see FIGURE 16) become coincident with the lower crotch center portions 85, 87. To reduce the thickness of the garment G in this area, the joined panels 70, 72, 74 and 76 are folded to place their unfinished edges 70c, 72c, 74c and 76a to one side of their respective stitches 84, 86 while the unfinished inner side edges 40 42 50) and 52 of the panels 40, 42., 50 and 52 are disposed on the other side thereof.

The two groups of panels 40, 42, 70, 76 (reference being made to FIGURES 15 and 16) and 50, 52, 72 and 74 are now sewed together in a single continuous line of stitches 106 which extends parallel to, but spaced inwardly from the unfinished groups of inner side edges 40g, 42g, 70g, 76g and 50g, 52g, 72g, 74g. After this last-mentioned line of stitches has been applied, the lower leg portions are released and one side of the garment G as thus far assembled now takes the appearance shown in FIGURE 12, the other side thereof being a mere image. It should be here noted that as the line of stitches 106 is applied, it extends between the remotely-disposed groups of outer side edges 401, 42g, 70 76] and 50), 52 72 74f, and traverses and locks with the lines of stitches 84, 86 (see FIGURES 15 and 16).

The unconnected adjacent portions of the unfinished back center edges 70c, 72e and 74e, 762, respectively, cooperate to form front center openings 108, 110, which, reference being made to FIGURES 12 and 17, are adapted to be closed by mean-s to be described.

The adjacent pairs of panels 70, 76 and 72, 74 are now drawn away from one another over the finished upper waist edges 54, 64 of the front section 44 (see FIGURE 17) and are folded downwardly. This separation of the pairs of panels 70, 72 and 74, 76 serves to widen the openings 108 and 110, and the operator now turns the entire unfinished garment inside-out through either of the openings. This results in the formation of the finished upper waist edge 112 at the upper ends of the joined panels 72, '74 and the finished upper waist edge 114 at the upper ends of the joined panels 70, 76. Simultaneously, the finishedv lower leg edge 116 of the panels 72, 74 is also formed as is the finished lower leg edge 118 of the panels 70, 76.

Assuming that the reversal was made through the opening 1 10, the openings 8, 110 now fall behind the front section 44, but assume their respective positions shown in FIGURE 18 after the garment, at this stage of its manufacture, has been turned 180 from its position of FIGURE 17.

The final step in the manufacture of the garment G resides in the installation of a zipper-type slide fastener for simultaneously closing the openings 108 and 110. This is accomplished .by reverting toward each other as at 120, 122 and 124, 126 the now superimposed unconnected portions of the center edges 702, 76a and 72e, 74c which extend between the finished upper waist edges 112, .114, respectively, and the upper ends of the stitches 84, 86. A pair of elongated flexible zipper tapes 128, 130, respectively, are now inserted between the reverted portions 120, 122 and 124, 126 after which these reverted portions and adjacent portions of their associated panels are connected together by the lines of stitches 132, 134. The tapes 128, 130 are provided with confronting teeth 136, 1138 which are alternately locked together or unlocked from each other in the conventional manner, by a slide fastener 140 when manuallyoperated by either of a pair of pull tabs 142 (only one being shown) mounted on opposite sides of the slide 146}. The openings 108 and 110 are, thus, alternately closed and opened as desired.

FIGURE 5A illustrates one step in the manufacture of a modified garment G wherein the slide fastener elements are installed at the front of the garment. In this figure, elements finding their counterparts in the embodiment described in detail above bear the same reference numeral, but to which has been added a prime mark. The modification teaches the same invention and steps of manufacture with the exception that in the modification the stitching steps for connecting the two pairs of panels 40, 42 and 50, 52 and the two pairs of panels 70, 72 and 74, 76 are reversed, as are the steps of superimposition. Thus, and by way of partial example only, the pair of panels '40, 42', forming a part of the structure of the front section 44, are only joined along their unfinished front center edges 40'e, 42'e from the center crotch portion 102' to a point adjacent to, but spaced from, their respective unfinished upper waist edges 40'0, 42'c. The joined back panels would, of course, have their connecting seams extending from their respective center crotch portions to their unfinished upper waist edges.

Having described and illustrated two embodiments of this invention in detail, it will be understood that the same are offered merely by way of example, and that this invention is to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. A reversible legged garment comprising a front side section and a back side section, said sections being superimposed on one another and arranged congruent with respect to each other, said sections each having adjacent upper waist edges, opposite lower leg edges, remotelydisposed pairs of side edges, center edges extending in wardly from said upper waist edges toward said lower leg edges, lower inner leg edges extending inwardly from said lower leg edges toward said center edges and connecting at their inner ends with the inner ends of said center edges to define crotch portions, each of said sections being formed of two plies of fabric materials, each of said plies including a pair of side-by-side panels, said upper waist edges of each of said front and back sections being joined in a two-ply seam and their lower leg edges joined in a two-ply seam, said sections at their remotely-disposed side edges being joined in a four-ply seam, each of the panels of said plies of said front section having their adjacent center edges joined in a four-ply seam extending from the upper waist edge of said front section to its said crotch portion, the center edges of each pair of panels of each of the plies of the back section being connected, respectively, in a two-ply seam extending from said crotch portions to points adjacent to but spaced from its said waist edge, the portions of the plies of said back section left unconnected by said last named seam being reverted with the adjacent pairs of edges opposite the adjacent pairs of edges of opposite plies being secured in a four-ply seam, means releasably connecting the reverted center edges of said opposite plies of said back section, and said plies of said front and back sections being connected in a fourply arrangement by a continuous line of stitches extending along said lower inner leg edges of said sections, said last-named line of stitches extending from the lower leg edges at one side of said garment to the lower leg edges at the other side of said garment, said last-named line of stitches interlocking said crotch portions and interlocking with said seams joining said back center edges and said front center edges.

2. A method for making a reversible legged garment having a front side section and a back side section with each of said sections being formed of a lurality of panels of fabric materials, and wherein each of said panels includes an upper waist edge, an oppositely-disposed lower leg edge, an inner center edge extending from said waist edge toward said lower leg edge, and a lower inner leg edge extending inwardly from said lower leg edge toward said center edge and intersect the inner end of said center edge to form a crotch portion therebetween, said method comprising the steps of congruently superimposing a first pair of panels having identical configurations, stitching together said first pair of panels by independent lines of stitches at their respective superimposed upper waist and lower leg edges, turning said first pair of panels inside-out about their respective lines of stitches, a second pair of panels having configurations identical to the configurations of said first pair of panels, superimposing one panel of said first pair of panels in congruent relationship on one panel of said second pair of panels, superimposing the second panel of said sec-ond pair of panels on the second panel of said first pair of panels in congruent relationship relative thereto, stitching together said first and second panels of said second pair of panels adjacent their respective upper waist and lower end edges, stitching together the inner center edges of said first and second pairs of panels, turning said second pair of panels inside-out, unfolding said first and second pairs of panels from one another along said stitches connecting said center edges of said first and second pairs of panels, said unfolded first and second pairs of panels comprising said front section of said legged garment wherein said front section of said legged garment is formed of two plies of fabric materials, third and fourth pairs of identical panels, superimposing said first panels of said third and fourth pairs of panels on their respective second panels in congruent relation relative to one another, stitching together said first and second panels of said third and fourth pairs of panels at their respective inner center edges from said crotch portions to points adjacent to but spaced inwardly from their respective upper waist edges leaving the unconnected portions of said center edges of said third and fourth pairs of panels free and forming openings therebetween, opening said first and second panels of said third and fourth pairs of panels about said stitches connecting their respective center edges to expose the formerly adjacent sides thereof and superimposing these sides of said third and fourth pairs of panels against one another in congruent relation relative to one another, stitching together the superimposed upper waist edges and lower leg edges of said first and second panels of said third and fourth pairs of panels, inserting said front section through either of the unconnected end edges of said superimposed third and fourth pairs of panels in congruent relationship relative thereto, stitching together the adjacent outer side edges of said front side section with the adjacent outer side edges of said third and fourth pairs of panels, said stitching comprising a four-ply seam, arranging the inner side edges of said first, second, third and fourth pairs of panels at each side of the garment flush with one another and arranging the crotch portions thereof substantially coincident with each other, moving said inner side edges into a common plane, stitching said inner side edges in a single continuous four-ply line of stitches from said inner leg edges at one side of the garment across said crotch portions, across said stitches connecting adjacent pairs of center edges of said pairs of panels and to said lower leg edges at the other side of said garment, turning said front section and the first and second panels of said third pair of panels inside-out through said openings to juxtapose said first and second panels of said fourth pair of panels against said first and second panels of said third pair of panels in congruent relation relative thereto, said juxtaposed first and second panels of said third and fourth pairs of panels forming the back section of said legged garment, reverting the free edges of said center edges of said third and fourth pairs of panels, inserting fastening means between each pair of adjacent reverted edges, and stitching together each adjacent pair of reverted edges and said inserted fastening means.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,759,192 8/1956 Levi 2227 PATRICK D. LAWSON, Primary Examiner.

H. H. HUNTER, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2759192 *Dec 18, 1953Aug 21, 1956Levi DaisyInterlocking seams reversible garments and method for making the same
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3425063 *Nov 8, 1965Feb 4, 1969Brown Mary LucilleWearing apparel
US3710394 *Jul 28, 1971Jan 16, 1973G TriceMethod of making a reversible garment
US4310929 *May 1, 1980Jan 19, 1982Finlay Susan LReversible running shorts
US4860386 *Dec 7, 1988Aug 29, 1989Mary Ann MartinMethod of making an enclosed sleeve
US7251840 *May 6, 2004Aug 7, 2007Bayer John JDouble reversible clothing
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/227, 2/DIG.200
International ClassificationA41D1/08, A41D15/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10S2/02, A41D15/005, A41D1/08
European ClassificationA41D1/08, A41D15/00C