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Publication numberUS3320761 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 23, 1967
Filing dateMay 12, 1965
Priority dateMay 12, 1965
Also published asDE1501052A1
Publication numberUS 3320761 A, US 3320761A, US-A-3320761, US3320761 A, US3320761A
InventorsRobert B Gelbard
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Single evaporator, single fan combination refrigerator
US 3320761 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1967 R. B. GELBARD 3,320,761

SINGLE EVAPORATOR, SINGLE FAN COMBINATION REFRIGERATOR Filed May 12, 1965 5 ShGQtS-Sh'fitl I NVENTOR. RoBERT B. GELBARD H\$ AT'r HEY y 1967 R. B. GELBARD 3,320,761

SINGLE EVAPORATOR, SINGLE FAN COMBINATION REFRIGERATOR Filed May 12, 1965 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 7O #53 FIG, 4 H. I, n INVENTOR.

f 2! g i ROBERT E. GELBARD :THL'JYUJ: L 0 I l 1 1m. 51 52 W ms ATTORJOQY May 23, 1967 R. B. GELBARD 3,320,761

SINGLE EVAPORATOR, SINGLE FAN COMBINATION REFRIGERATOR Filed May 12, 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 I N VENTOR. ROBERT B. GELBARD HtS ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,320,761 SINGLE EVAPORATOR, SINGLE FAN COMBINATION REFRIGERATOR Robert B. Gelbard, Louisville, Ky., assiguor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Filed May 12, 1965, Ser. No. 455,227 7 Claims. (Cl. 62-480) The present invention relates to household refrigerators and is more particularly concerned with a combination refrigerator, that is a refrigerator including a freezer compartment and a fresh food compartment, both of which are cooled by circulating air from the two compartments over a single evaporator employing a single fan to accomplish the circulation.

Combination refrigerators including a single evaporator and a single fan for circulating air from the freezer and fresh food compartments over the evaporator are well known. In the operation of such refrigerators, a major portion of the refrigerated air from the evaporator is directed into the freezer compartment while a smaller portion is directed into the fresh food compartment. In addition to the cost advantage resulting from the employment of a single evaporator and a single fan for refrigerating two separate compartments, such refrigerators have the additional advantage of permitting automatic defrost of the evaporator which is normally contained within an evaporator chamber outside of or separate from both of the storage compartments without significantly disturbing the temperatures of those compartments.

In keeping with the low cost objective of such systems, various means have been used or proposed for providing automatic temperature control employing a single thermostat for maintaining the two compartments within their desired operating temperature ranges. Cycling the refrigerant compressor as a function of the evaporator temperature has been proposed but this may allow fresh food freeze-up when the fresh food load is suddenly relieved or abrupt freezer loads such as ice freezing are imposed. Control from the normally small acceptable temperature swing of the fresh food compartment air has been found to be difiicult due to the excessive number of compressor overloads induced and the low thermal mass of the high efficiency, low cost evaporators employed which can result in high freezer temperatures when the refrigerator is operated in low ambient temperatures. While such changes in usage conditions may be offset by including a manually operable fresh food air adjustment, such manual adjustment has to be made frequently; which is not in keeping with the marketing tradition of a fully automatic control for a household refrigerator.

In many refrigerators of this type now on the market, no attempt is made to avoid the above-mentioned difficulties while in others, at additional cost, thermally operated automatic dampers are provided for regulating the supply of cool air to one or both compartments in accordance with the cooling requirements thereof.

One object of the present invention is to provide a combination refrigerator in which a single fan circulates air over a single evaporator to maintain the two compartments at their respective below and above freezing temperatures and a single control is arranged to provide fully automatic operation to maintain the two compartments at their proper operating temperatures over a wide range of ambient temperature and load conditions.

Another object of the invention is to provide a two compartment refrigerator in which the compartments are maintained within their desired above and below freezing temperature ranges by means of a forced air cooling system including a single evaporator over which air is circulated and which includes a single control means responsive to both compartment cooling requirements.

A further object of the invention is to provide a refrigerator including a freezer compartment and a fresh food compartment, means for cooling the compartments comprising a single evaporator and a single fan for circulating air from the compartments over the evaporator and returning refrigerated air to the compartments and control means arranged to be responsive to the temperature of mixture of recirculated fresh food compartment air and cooled air supplied to that compartment from the evaporator.

Additional objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description and the features of novelty which characterize the invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming part of this specification.

In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a two temperature refrigerator including a freezer compartment and a fresh food compartment. For the purpose of maintaining both of the compartments at their proper operating temperatures, there is provided a single evaporator contained within an evaporator chamber separate from the two compartments. By means including a single fan, air is withdrawn from each of the compartments, passed in heat exchange relationship with the evaporator and the refrigerated or cooled air from the evaporator is supplied in separate air streams to the two compartments. The refrigerated air supplied to the fresh food compartment is discharged through a nozzle into a mixing hood or chamber so designed that a proportioned amount of fresh food cabinet air is drawn into the mixing chamber by the aspirating effects induced by the air from the nozzle and becomes mixed therewith within the chamber before passing out of the chamber into the fresh food compartment. The operation of the fan and a refrigerant condensing unit for supplying condensed refrigerant to the evaporator are controlled by means of a thermostat including a sensing element subjected to the temperature of the mixed air within the mixing chamber. The mixing chamber is further so constructed and arranged that when the refrigerant condensing means and fan are deenergized at a predetermined low temperature of the mixed air, the sensing element will sense the temperature of the air within the fresh food compartment and will re-energize the condensing means and fan at a predetermined maximum fresh food compartment air temperature.

For a better understanding of the invention reference may be had to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIGURE 1 is a vertical side elevational view through a refrigerator embodying the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of a portion of the refrigerator illustrated in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken generally along lines 3-3 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is a wiring diagram for the refrigerator shown in the previous figures;

FIGURE 5 is a somewhat schematic front view of another embodiment of the present invention; and

FIGURE 6 is a vertical side sectional view of the refrigerator of FIGURE 5.

With reference to the drawings, there is shown a refrigerator comprising insulated walls defining an upper freezer compartment 1 intended to operate at a temperature below freezing and a lower fresh food compartment 2 adapted to operate at an above freezing temperature of about 35 to 40 F. The two compartments are separated by an insulated partition 3. The access opening to the freezer compartment 1 is closed by means of an insulated door 4 while the access opening to the fresh food compartment 2 is closed by means of a door 5. A machinery compartment 6 in the lower portion of the cabinet contains the refrigerant condensing component of a refrigera- 0 tion system including a hermetic motor-driven compressor 7 and a condenser 8.

In the illustrated embodiment of the invention, the single evaporator 9 for refrigerating the two compartments 1 and 2 is contained within an evaporator chamber 10 formed within the insulated partition 3. It is to be understood that the compressor 7, the condenser 8, suitable flow restricting means (not shown) and the evaporator 9 are connected in closed series flow relationship to form the usual closed refrigerant circuit.

For the purpose of maintainingthe two storage cornpartments 1 and 2 at their desired operating temperatures, air streams from these two compartments are'passed over the evaporator 9 and the refrigerated or cooled air returned to the compartments by means of a single fan generally indicated by the numeral 12. More specifically, the inlet portion or end 14 of the evaporator chamber 10- is connected by means of a relatively large louvered inlet 15 at the forward end of the partition 3 to the freezer compartment 1 and the major portion of the air cooled or refrigerated by the evaporator 9 is returned to the freezer compartment though an air passage 16. This air leaving the passage 16 flows into the rear end of a tunnel 17 provided in the bottom of the freezer compartment for the storage of one or more freezing trays 18 and passes from the tunnel through a plurality of louvers 19' provided in the side walls of the tunnel and a second set of louvers 20 provided in the top wall of the tunnel adjacent the front thereof. The access opening at the front of tunnel 17 is closed by a solid pivoted door 21.

Air from the fresh food compartment 2 enters the inlet end 14 of the evaporator chamber 16 through one or more passages or ducts 22 which are relatively small as compared with inlet 15 Where it becomes mixed with the air flowing into the evaporator chamber through the inlet 15 before passing over the evaporator 9. A relatively small portion of the cooled refrigerated air flowing from the rear or outlet end of the chamber 10 passes downwardly through an outlet passage 24 supplying cooled air to the fresh food compartment.

In accordance with the present invention, means are provided for automatically and continuously mixing the refrigerated air flowing through the outlet 24 with air from the fresh food compartment 2 before it is introduced into the compartment 2. In the illustrated embodiment of theinvention, this mixing is accomplished in a portion of a console member generally indicated by the numeral and illustrated in greater detail in FIGURES 2 and 3 of the drawing. This console member is positioned adjacent the top and rear walls of the compartment 2 at the outlet end of the passage 24 and as shown in FIG- URES 2 and 3 of the drawing it includes side wall portions 32 and 33 which along with the front wall 34 thereof and the rear wall 35 of the fresh food compartment 2 form a mixing chamber 36. The upper and lower ends of the walls 32 and 33 diverge outwardly as shown in FIGURE 2 of the drawing and the refrigerated air from the passage 24 is introduced into the upper flared portion of the chamber 36 through a nozzle member generally indicated by the numeral 39. In the illustrated embodiment of the invention, the nozzle 39 is split into two portions and each portion includes a damper 40 for regulating the flow of air through the nozzle and thereby adjusting the relative proportions of the cooled air supplied to the two compartments. A control wheel 41 having a portion extending through the forward front wall 34 of the console provides means for manually adjusting the positions of the dampers 40.

The upper flared portion of the mixing chamber 36 is in communication with the fresh food compartment 2 through a plurality of louvered inlet passages or openings 43 provided in the upper portion of the member 30 and the lower flared end 45 opens directly into compartment 2. By aspirator action, the air flowing through the nozzle 39 discharging into the chamber 36 at a point intermediate its inlet and center portion draws a proportioned amount of fresh food cabinet air into the mixing chamber 36 through the passages 43 where it mixes with the cooled air from the nozzle before being discharged through the outlet passage 45.

A control thermostat generally indicated by the numeral 47 is also housed within the console 30 in a chamber 56 to one side of the chamber 36. The knob or wheel 48 for adjusting the operating temperature of the thermostat 46 partially extends through a slot 49 in the front wall 34 of the console 30 for manual regulation or adjustment of the thermostat while the control capillary 50 connected to the thermostat bellows 51 has its sensing portion 52 disposed within the chamber 36 where it is responsive to the temperature of the air therein. Preferably the portion 52 of the control capillary is mounted beneath the sloping bottom portion of the wall 33 out of line with the nozzle 39 and a deflector wall 53 within the chamber 36 is provided for directing a portion of the mixed air flow ing from the mixing chamber 36 into contact therewith. The thermostat 47 is generally maintained at about the same temperature as the fresh food air within the com.- partment 2 by the natural circulation of that air through the side louvers 55 and some of passages 43. To prevent sweating, the chamber 36 or at least the front wall 34 exposed directly to the fresh food compartment air is lined with or formed of a suitable heat insulating material 57.

During operation of the fan 12, moisture contained in the air passed over the evaporator 9 and particularly the air from the fresh food compartment 2, condenses and forms a layer of frost on the evaporator 9. It is therefore necessary to remove the layer of frost periodically in order to maintain the evaporator at its proper operating efficiency. To this end, there is provided a defrost heater 60 in heat exchange relationship with the evaporator 9, which heater is periodically energized to warm the evaporator 9 to defrost temperatures.

The control circuitry for controlling the operation of the heater 6i) and both the normal and defrost operation of the refrigerator is illustrated inFIGURE 4. The control circuit is designed to initiate a defrost cycle after a predetermined period of compressor operation; To this end there is provided adefrost timer 61 including a timer motor 62 connected across the supply lines 63 and 64 through the thermostat 47. The timer 6]. includes a double throw switch operated by the timer motor 62 and including a first contact 65 which is normally engaged by switch arm 66 to complete a circuit through the thermostat 47 energizing both the fan 12 and the compressor 7 when the thermostat 47 calls for cooling. The timer 61 is designed so that at predetermined intervals the timer switch operates to move switch arm66 from contact with contact 65 into engagement with a contact 68 thereby opening the circuit to the fan 12 and the compressor 7 and closing a circuit including the defrost heater 60 for a period of time suflicient to assure defrosting of the evaporator 9. The energization of heater 60 is also under the control of a defrost control switch 69 sensing a temperature within the chamber 10 and designed to open the heater circuit at an above freezing temperature indicating complete defrosting action. After a suitable period, the timer 62 moves the switch arm 66 to open the heater circuit and close the fan and compressorcircuit through the contact 65 thereby returning the refrigerator to a normal or cooling cycle of operation.

Defrost water collecting in the drain pan at the bottom of the chamber 10 during defrost flows downwardly through a drain opening 72 and into a trough 73 from which it is discharged onto the rear wall 35. This water flowing downwardly along the back wall 35 of the cabinet ultimately flows out of the fresh food compartment through a drain 74 for evaporation in suitable means (not shown) in the machinery compartment 6.

When the compressor 7 is supplying condensed refrigerant to the evaporator 9 and the fan 12 is operating to circulate 'air from the two compartments 1 and 2 over the evaporator 9, the major portion of the air issuing from the chamber 10 passes upwardly into the freezer compartment 1 while a relatively smaller portion flows through the outlet passage 24 into the mixing chamber 36. The refrigerated air flowing through the passage 24 and the nozzle 39 into the chamber 36 becomes mixed with a proportioned amount of fresh food cabinet air drawn into the chamber 36 through the passages 43. The control capillary 52 positioned in the lower portion of the chamber 36 senses the temperature of this air mixture and when that temperature reaches a predetermined minimum, the thermostat 47 operates to de-energize the timer motor 62, the fan 12 and the compressor 7.

During the period that the compressor 7 and the fan 12 are off, the temperature within the compartment 2 gradually increases. This increase in temperature is transmitted to the capillary control portion 52 by natural circulation of fresh food compartment air through the chamber 36 with the result that the sensing capillary 52 ultimately senses the temperature of the fresh food compartment air. The location and mounting of the capillary 52 on the spider support 70 formed integrally with the front wall 34 or in heat conducting relationship with the console 36 provides a way of adjusting the warm-up cycle of the capillary element 70. The degree of thermal mass linked to the capillary 72 is governed by the design of the support 70. The warm-up response to the capillary 52 is adjusted to minimize motor overloads that might otherwise result from the rapid warm-up of the capillary 53 induced by door openings during the compressor ofl? cycle. When the capillary is warmed to a predetermined high temperature, the thermostat 47 operates to again energize the fan, compressor 7 and timer motors and this energization continues until the sensing element 52 again senses a lower predetermined temperature of the mixed air flowing in contact therewith in the chamber 36.

Whenever the timer 61 initiates a defrost cycle and the thermostat 47 operates to complete a circuit through the timer motor access lines 63 and 64, the defrost heater 60 is energized through the contact 68 and the normally closed defrost terminating switch 69. During the defrost operation, the timer is designed to continue energization of the heater 60 for a predetermined interval as for example about 20 minutes. This period is selected to assure complete removal of all frost from the evaporator regardlessof the frost conditions thereof. However, if the defrosting is accomplished in a shorter time, the defrost terminating switch69, sensing a defrost temperature, opens the circuit including the heater, 60 and thereby limits the amount of heat supplied to the evaporator. Following a defrost period, the timer again completes a circuit through the compressor 7 and the fan 12 and as the thermostat 47 is already calling for cooling operation, the compressor and fan operate until the temperatures sensed by the sensing element are at a predetermined lower value.

, By placing the sensing element 52 in a position tosense the-temperature of the mixed air within the chamber 36, the control is actually responsive to or senses the existing temperature within both the fresh food compartment 2 and the freezer compartment 1. In other words, it senses both the fresh food compartment and. the freezer com partment loads and will terminate a refrigerating cycle only when both are satisfied. Sensing of the fresh food .compartment air is accomplished by the circulation of a controlled amount of air from that compartment through the chamber 36 during operation of the fan 12. The sensing of freezer compartment load or temperature results from the fact that the temperature of the air flowing from the evaporator chamber is'dependentnot only upon the temperature at which the evaporator is operating but also upon the temperature of the air flowing into the evaporator chamber. Since most of this air flows from the freezer compartment through the relativelylarge air inlet 15 and since the amount of cooling provided by the evaporator 9 is relatively constant, the temperature of the air flowing from the evaporator chamber 10 varies directly with the temperature of the freezer compartment air introduced into the chamber. The temperature of the outgoing air or specifically the portion thereof which passes into the mixing chamber 36 through the supply passage 24 thus reflects freezer temperature. Therefore the compressor and the fan continue to operate until both the freezer and fresh food compartment requirements are met.

The proportioning of the amounts of air flowing to the fresh food compartment and to the freezer compartment is manually controlled by adjustment of the dampers 40 'but once set this control need not be adjusted through most customer usage conditions. Also since the sensing element 52 is positioned within the lower portion of the chamber 36, it is shielded from momentary temperature fluctuations within the fresh food compartment 2 resulting, for example, from ambient air entering the compartment 2 during the brief periods the door is opened.

FIGURES 5 and 6 illustrate an embodiment of the present invention as applied to a refrigerator in which the freezer compartment is positioned below the fresh food compartment and the two compartments are maintained at their desired operating temperatures by the circulation of air over an evaporator generally positioned in the rear portion of the freezer compartment. More specifically, there is illustrated a refrigerator comprising a fresh food compartment and a freezer compartment 31 separated by an insulating partition 82. A housing 83 in the rear portion of the freezer compartment 1 contains an evaporator 84 and generally separates the evaporator from the compartment 81. A single fan 85 is employed to circulate air from the two compartments through the evaporator housing and over the evaporator and to return the circulated air to the two compartments. The fan 85 draws freezer compartment air through an air inlet passage 86 in the form of an elongated slot in the bottom of the housing 83 and supplies cooled air to the freezer compartment through an air outlet 88 positioned in the upper portion of the freezer compartment 81. A portion of the refrigerated air from the evaporator 84 is conducted from the fan 85 upwardly through a duct 90 into an aspirator means generally indicated by the numeral 91 positioned in the upper portion of the fresh food compartment 80. The aspirator 91 is similar to that shown in FIGURES 2 and 3 of the drawing except that it is inverted. It comprises a nozzle 92 at the outlet end of the duct 90 which discharges refrigerated air into the interior of a housing 93 where the refrigerated air becomes mixed with some recirculated fresh food air entering the housing through louvers 94. The mixed air is discharged into the fresh food compartment 80 through an outlet 95. Air from the fresh food compartment 80 is withdrawn through a duct 97 show in FIGURE 5 of the drawing, which duct connects the lower portion of the fresh food compartment with an upper portion of the evaporator housing 83. This air from the fresh food compartment passes downwardly through a portion of the evaporator 84 and then upwardly through another portion to the fan 85.

A single control similar to that employed in the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIGURES l, 2 and 3 of the drawing and responsive to the temperature of the mixed air within the housing 93 controls the operation of the refrigerant condensing means supplying condensed refrigerant to the evaporator 84.

While there has been shown and described specific embodiments of the present invention, it will be obvious that it is not limited thereto. It is therefore intended by the appended claims to cover all such modifications as will occur to one skilled in the art to which the invention relates. i

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

' 1'. 'A refrigerator comprising:

a freezer compartment,

a fresh food compartment,

:an evaporator chamber and an evaporator in said chamber,

refrigerant condensing means for supplying condensed refrigerant to said evaporator,

lair circulating means including a single fan for circulating air from both of said compartments through :said evaporator chamber and conducting a first stream of air from said chamber to said freezer compartment and a second stream of air from said chamber to saidfresh food compartment,

means for mixing said second stream of air with air from said fresh food compartment prior to introduction thereof into said fresh food compartment,

.and control means responsive to the temperature of the mixed air prior to the introduction thereof into said fresh food compartment for controlling said refrigerant condensing means.

.2. A refrigerator comprising:

a freezer compartment,

.a fresh food compartment,

.an evaporator chamber and an evaporator in said chamber,

:refrigerant condensing means for supplying condensed refrigerant to said evaporator,

a mixing chamber having inlet and outlet passages communicating with said fresh food compartment,

:air circulating means including a single fan for circulating air from both of said compartments through said evaporator chamber and conducting -a first stream of air to said freezer compartment and a second stream of air to said mixing chamber,

:said mixing chamber-including means for introducing said second stream of air into said chamber between said inlet and outlet passages for mixing said second stream of air with airtentering said mixing chamber through said inlet passage from said fresh food compartment,

:and control means responsive to the temperature of the mixed air in said mixing chamber prior to the flow thereof through said outlet passage for controlling said refrigerant condensing means.

3. A refrigerator comprising:

a freezer compartment,

:a fresh food compartment,

.an evaporator chamber and an evaporator in said chamber,

refrigerant condensing means for supplying condensed refrigerant to said evaporator,

a mixing chamber in said fresh food compartment having inlet and outlet passages communicating with said fresh food compartment,

air circulating means including a single fan for circulating air from both of said compartments through said evaporator chamber and conducting a first stream of air to said freezer compartment and a second stream of air to said mixing chamber,

said mixing chamber including a nozzle means for receiving said secondair stream and discharging said second air stream into said mixing chamber between said mixing chamber inlet and outlet passages where by discharge of air from said nozzle means into said mixing chamber induces air from said fresh food compartment to flow through said inlet passage into said mixing chamber to mix with said second air stream,

andcontrol means in said mixing chamber in the path of the mixed air flowing to said fresh food compartment for controlling the operation of said condensing unit.

4. A refrigerator comprising insulated walls defining a cabinet and an insulated partition dividing the interior of said cabinet into a freezer compartment and a fresh food compartment having access openings at the front of said cabinet,

an evaporator chamber within said partition and separate from said storage compartments,

said chamber having an inlet portion and an outlet portion and an evaporator positioned within said chamber between said portions,

air inlets respectively connecting said freezer compartment and said fresh food compartment to said inlet portion,

means for conducting air from the outlet portion of said evaporator chamber to said compartments comprising a single fan means having aninlet connected to said outlet portion and outlet ducts discharging cooled air from said chamber into said freezer compartment and said fresh foodcompartment,

a mixing hood having an inlet passage communicating with said fresh food compartment and an outlet passage spaced from said inlet passage and communicating with said fresh food compartment,

a nozzle connected to the outlet duct to said fresh food compartment and being disposed within said hood between said inlet and outletpassages whereby discharge of air from said nozzle into said mixing hood induces air from said fresh food compartment to flowthrough said inlet passage into said hood to mix with said cooled air,

means for proportioning the air flowing to said freezer and fresh food compartments from said evaporator chamber comprising means associated with said nozzle for regulating the amount of air introduced into said mixing hood,

manually adjustable means for controlling the posi tion of said control means,

a refrigerant condensing means for supplying refrigerant to said evaporator,

and temperature responsive means positioned between said nozzle and said outlet passage for controlling the operation of said refrigerant condensing means.

5. A refrigerator comprising:

a freezer compartment,

a fresh food compartment,

an evaporator chamber having an evaporator therein,

air inlets connecting each of said compartments to said chamber,

air supply conduits connecting said chamber with each of said compartments,

a single fan for circulating air from said compartments over said evaporator,

means for mixing the air supplied to said fresh food compartment with fresh food compartment air and introducing the mixed air into said fresh food compartment comprising:

a mixing chamber including an inlet passage and an outlet passage connecting said chamber to said fresh food compartment,

a nozzle connected to the supply conduit to said fresh food compartment, said nozzle having its outletend positioned Within said mixing chamber between said inlet and outlet passages whereby the flow of air through said nozzle induces circulation of fresh food compartment air through said mixing chamber and the mixing thereof with the air from said nozzle,

refrigerant condensing means for supplying condensed refrigerant to said evaporator,

control means for controlling the operation of said condensing means and said fan including a temperature sensing means positioned in said mixing chamber and responsive to the temperature of the mixed air therein,

said mixing chamber being positioned relative to said fresh food compartment so that when said fan is deenergized, air within said fresh food compartment will be circulated by natural convection through said chamber in heat exchange relation with said sensing means,

said sensing means being supported in heat exchange relationship with a wall of said mixing chamber exposed to the air in said fresh food compartment.

6. A refrigerator comprising:

a freezer compartment,

a fresh food compartment,

an evaporator chamber having an evaporator therein,

air inlets connecting each of said compartments to said chamber,

air supply conduits connecting said chamber with each of said compartments,

a single fan for circulating air from said compartments over said evaporator,

means for mixing the air supplied to said fresh food compartment with fresh food compartment air and introducing the mixed air into said fresh food compartment comprising:

a mixing chamber including an inlet passage and an outlet passage connecting said chamber to said fresh food compartment,

a nozzle connected to the supply conduit to said fresh food compartment, said nozzle having its outlet end positioned within said mixing chamber between said inlet and outlet passages whereby the flow of air through said nozzle induces circulation of fresh food compartment air through said mixing chamber and the mixing thereof with the air from said nozzle,

refrigerant condensing means for supplying condensed refrigerant to said evaporator,

control means for controlling the operation of said condensing means and said fan including a temperature sensing means positioned in said mixing chamber and responsive to the temperature of the mixed air therein,

means for proportioning the amounts of air supplied to said compartments from said evaporator chamber,

said mixing chamber being positioned relative to said fresh food compartment so that when said fan is de-energized, air within said fresh food compartment will circulate by natural convection through said chamber in heat exchange relation with said sensing means,

said sensing means being supported on a wall of said mixing chamber exposed to the air in said fresh food compartment so as also to be affected by the temperature of said wall as affected by the temperature of the air in the fresh food compartment.

7. A refrigerator comprising:

a freezer compartment,

a fresh food compartment,

an evaporator chamber having an evaporator therein,

air inlets connecting each of said compartments to said chamber,

air supply conduits connecting said chamber with each of said compartments,

a single fan for circulating air from said compartments over said evaporator,

means for mixing the air supplied to said fresh food compartment with fresh food compartment air and introducing the mixed air into said fresh food compartment comprising:

a mixing chamber including an upper passage and a lower outlet passage connecting said chamber to said fresh food compartment,

a nozzle connected to the supply conduit to said fresh food compartment, said nozzle having its outlet end positioned Within said mixing chamber between said upper and lower passages whereby the flow of air through said nozzle induces circulation of fresh food compartment air in said mixing chamber through said upper passage and the mixing thereof with the air from said nozzle,

refrigerant condensing means for supplying condensed refrigerant to said evaporator,

control means for controlling the operation of said condensing means and said fan including a temperature sensing means positioned in said mixing chamber and responsive to the temperature of air therein,

said mixing chamber being positioned relative to said fresh food compartment so that when said fan is deenergized, air within said fresh food compartment will be circulated by natural convection through said passages and said chamber in heat exchange relation with said sensing means.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,015,215 1/1962 Tobey.

3,020,733 2/1962 Hubacker 62-419 X 3,050,961 8/1962 Mann 62419 3,090,209 5/1963 Hubacker 624 14 X 3,093,981 6/1963 OGrady 62-408 3,105,364 10/1963 OConnell 62156 3,107,502 10/1963 Herndon 62414 X 3,110,158 11/1963 Kuhn 62156 3,126,716 3/1964 De Witte 62-419 X MEYER PERLIN, Primary Examiner.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3466891 *Sep 6, 1967Sep 16, 1969Amana Refrigeration IncCombination freezer and refrigerator with fast freezing means
US3572049 *Sep 22, 1969Mar 23, 1971Gen Motors CorpElectrical assembly for a refrigerator
US3599442 *Sep 22, 1969Aug 17, 1971Gen Motors CorpUnitary fan evaporator assembly
US4009589 *Jan 2, 1976Mar 1, 1977General Electric CompanySingle evaporator, single fan combination refrigerator with independent temperature controls and method of adjustment
US4009590 *Jan 2, 1976Mar 1, 1977General Electric CompanySingle evaporator, single fan combination refrigrator with independent temperature controls
US4009591 *Jan 2, 1976Mar 1, 1977General Electric CompanySingle evaporator, single fan combination refrigerator with independent temperature controls
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US5347820 *Aug 10, 1993Sep 20, 1994Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Mounting arrangement for a refrigerator deodorizer
US5722248 *Nov 9, 1995Mar 3, 1998Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Operating control circuit for a refrigerator having high efficiency multi-evaporator cycle (h.m. cycle)
US5771701 *Nov 9, 1995Jun 30, 1998Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Operating control circuit for a refrigerator having high efficiency multi-evaporator cycle (H.M. cycle)
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Classifications
U.S. Classification62/180, 62/207, 62/443, 62/419
International ClassificationF25D17/04, F25D17/06
Cooperative ClassificationF25D2317/067, F25D17/045, F25B2500/31, F25D17/04, F25C2400/10, F25D2400/04, F25D17/065
European ClassificationF25D17/06A1