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Publication numberUS3321850 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 30, 1967
Filing dateJun 10, 1964
Priority dateJun 10, 1963
Publication numberUS 3321850 A, US 3321850A, US-A-3321850, US3321850 A, US3321850A
InventorsAlfred Coker, Edgar Coker
Original AssigneeAlfred Coker, Edgar Coker
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Studs for boots or shoes
US 3321850 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 30, 1967 A. COKER ETAL STUDS FOR BOOTS OR SHOES Filed June 10, 1964 Fig.5.

2 Fig.4.

mqF-zizqm B MAsoN, MLEHMAHVE ALFRED COKER EbG- COKE)? N, Air/1B URN 144, ATTaR/Y'E y s United States Patent ()fiice 3,3Zlfi5fi Patented May 30, 1967 3,321,850 STUDS FOR BOUTS R SHOES Alfred Coker, 10 Ridgewa Weston Favell, Northampton, England, and Edgar Cotter, 53 i Wellingborough Road, Northampton, England Filed June 10, 1964, Ser. No. 373,913 Claims priority, application Great Britain, June 10, 1963, 23,108/63 Claims. (Cl. 36-67) The invention relates to studs and in particular to the attachment of studs to the soles or heels for boots or shoes.

Studs fitted to boots or shoes often work loose during use, and it is among the objects of the present invention to overcome this disadvantage.

According to the present invention there is provided a stud having a member for location between the welt or inner layer and the sole or heel of a boot or shoe, and an element including a spike or projection for engagement with the member. Preferably, the member and the element with the spike or projection are pressed into locking engagement and such engagement is made stronger during use due to pressure exerted on the spike or projection by the wearer of the boot or shoe.

Various preferred constructional forms of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIGURE 1 is an exploded view of the stud according to the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is an assembled view, partly in section, of the stud of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is an exploded view of a stud according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIGURE 4 is an assembled view of the stud of FIG- URE 3, partly in section;

FIGURE 5 is an exploded view of a stud according to yet another embodiment of the present invention; and

FIGURE 6 is an assembled view, partly in section, of the stud of FIGURE 5.

In FIGURES 1 and 2, there is shown a stud composed of two main parts, one part has a disc shaped portion l with a spike or projection 2 extending from one side and a tube 3 extending from the other side. The other part is provided by a disc 4 having a projection 5 formed with a central hollow bore 6. The central bore 6 of the projection 5 may have parallel side walls or may be of conical shape which converges towards the free end, or may have a portion 8 adjacent the disc 4 which is of greater diameter than the open end of the bore 6, and as shown in FIGURE 2 there may be provided an upstanding member or anvil 9 within the projection 5 adjacent the disc 4. (By upstanding is meant a member which lies proud of the disc surface.) The anvil 9 may be provided by a separate conical shaped member, by a projection formed integral with the disc 4, or by any other conveniently shaped member, such as by a tube or prism.

To assemble the stud to a sole or heel It) for a boot or shoe, the disc 4 is disposed between the welt or inner layer and the sole or heel 1G with the projection 5 located in an aperture 11 in the sole or heel lit. The aperture 11 corresponds in shape to the external shape of the projection 5. The tube 3 is inserted within the bore 6 of the projection 5 and as pressure is exerted, between the two parts, the member or anvil 9 is pressed into the bore of the tube 3 so as to expand the tube 3 into contact with the internal bore of the projection 5 thus locking the stud in position and at the same time the disc shaped portion 1 of the stud is pressed into contact with the outer surface of the sole or heel 10.

In FIGURES 3 and 4 is shown an alternative construction where the stud again is provided by two parts, one

part has a mushroom shaped washer 21 which has proecting from one side a spike or projection 22 and a two prongecl bifurcated shank 23 projecting from the other side of the washer 21. The other part has a housing 24 projecting from a disc shaped member 25 which may be provided with one or more projections (not shown) which when in position between the sole or heel 26 and inner member (not shown) of a boot or shoe, bite into the sole or heel 26 of the boot or shoe and prevent rotation of the housing 24. The part of the housing 24 adjacent the member 25 has a conical part or anvil 28 and adacent the widest part of the conical part 28 on opposite sides of the housing 24, are apertures 27. When the bifurcated shank 23 is inserted within the housing 24 it abuts against the conical part 28 and the shank 23 is splayed outwardly so that each prong of the shank 23 passes through an aperture 27 and thus lock the part of the stud in position.

FIGURES 5 and 6 show a further construction of a stud which has a member provided with a head 31 and a hollow stem 32 which in use projects through an aperture 33 in a sole or heel 34 of a boot or shoe. Between the welt (not shown) and the sole or heel 3d is a washer 35 provided with a central aperture 36 through which the hollow stem 32 passes and the end of the stem 32 is burred or turned over and locked against the washer 35. The dome-shaped head 31 has a countersunk portion ll surmounted by a circumferential wall 37 which is inclined towards the free end of the head 31. The stud proper is formed by a mushroom shaped flange 38 provided on one side with a spike or projection 39 and on the other side with a stem 46. The stem 40 is inserted in the bore of the hollow stem 32 and, on pressure being exerted on the spike or projection 39 the mushroom shaped flange 33 is locked within the countersunk portion 36 of the head 31 thus securing the spike or projection 39 in position. Instead of the head 31 having a countersunk portion so that the flange 38 is locked by the wall 37 there may be provided peripheral portions or tags (not shown) which turn over and lock the flange in position.

Instead of there being a push fit, the bore of the stem 32 and the surface of the stem 40 may be threaded so that the flange will lock within the countersunk portion of the dome shaped head when the two stems are screwed fully home. With this construction the flange would be loose and free to rotate about the shank provided between the stem and the spike or projection.

A washer (not shown) for example of synthetic plastics material may be inserted between the disc 4 or the washer 21 of the stud and the sole or heel in any of the constructions shown in FIGURES 1, 2 and 3.

The tip of the spike or projection may be in the form of a cylinder, a pyramid, a dome or like configuration.

In use, due to the further pressure exerted by the wearer of the boot or shoe the parts of the stud are pressed further into locking contact and thus the stud will not inadvertently work loose.

We claim:

1. A stud for securement to the bottom of a shoe or like member and comprising a first par-t having a first portion adapted to extend through an aperture in the shoe bottom member and having a flange-like portion connected thereto and adapted to engage the inner surface of said bottom member to retain said first part from pulling through said aperture, said first part including radially recessed means in said first portion and anvil means centrally of said radially recessed means; and a second part including a head with a ground engaging projection extending from one side thereof and having an anchoring portion opposite said projection adapted to be driven against said anvil means and be spread radially outwardly into locking engagement within said radially recessed means.

2. A stud as set forth in claim 1 wherein said first portion comprises a cylindrical skirt opening outwardly of said shoe bottom member when assembled, and said radially recessed means comprises a radial groove in the side wall of said-skirt adjacent the inner end thereof, and said anvil means comprises an upstanding projection within the inner end of said skirt.

3. A stud as set forth in claim 2 wherein said second portion is generally cylindrical and is adapted to be driven against said anvil and spread outwardly to interlock within said radial groove.

4. A stud as set forth in claim 1 wherein said radially recessed means is defined by apertures in said portion of said first part, and wherein said anchoring portion is bifurcated so that the bifurcations are spread through the last mentioned apertures when said parts are assembled.

5. A stud as set forth in claim 1 wherein said first part includes a disc member defining said anvil means bounded by a peripheral wall, said radially recessed means being defined in said peripheral Wall, the anchoring portion of said second part adapted to engage within the peripheral recess when said parts are assembled.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Little.

Plant 3667.5

Pierce 3667.5 Golden 36-67.5 Albee 36-675 Bartel 36-67.5 Riddell 3667.5 X

Fuller 3667.2 Klein et a1 36-67.5 X Bernstein 36-67.5 Holt.



A. R. GUEST, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US487238 *Jan 26, 1892Dec 6, 1892 The norhis peters co
US1433411 *May 31, 1922Oct 24, 1922Anthony Plant EugeneStud for footwear
US1687634 *Nov 12, 1926Oct 16, 1928Spalding & Bros AgCleat for sport shoes
US1827514 *Jan 20, 1931Oct 13, 1931Golden Daniel JAthletic shoe
US1899300 *Dec 18, 1928Feb 28, 1933Koehler Mfg CoDetachable cleat
US1982588 *May 8, 1933Nov 27, 1934Judson L Thomson Mfg CoSpike for sport shoes
US2040186 *Oct 17, 1931May 12, 1936Riddell John TAthletic shoe sole plate
US2053906 *Mar 1, 1935Sep 8, 1936Fuller Clarence WSpike for golf shoes
US2222747 *Jul 2, 1940Nov 26, 1940Klein Peter JosephSpike device
US2689417 *Nov 5, 1951Sep 21, 1954Bernstein Joseph RandolphGolf spike assembly
US2745197 *Sep 9, 1954May 15, 1956Danielson Mfg CompanyMid-sole construction
CH165809A * Title not available
GB593982A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4414763 *Sep 20, 1982Nov 15, 1983Messrs. Adidas Sportschuhfabriken Adi Dassker KgSole for a sports shoe or boot
US6154984 *Jun 28, 1999Dec 5, 2000Adam; John M.Golf shoe cleat
US6338208 *Sep 29, 1999Jan 15, 2002Concurrent Technologies CorporationShort shoe spike
US8176660Jul 30, 2009May 15, 2012Nike, Inc.Customizable stud for an article of footwear
US8656614Apr 5, 2012Feb 25, 2014Nike, Inc.Customizable stud for an article of footwear
US20110099847 *Nov 1, 2010May 5, 2011Pedro Eduardo Koe-KrompecherTemporary Removable Sole with Removable Cleats
U.S. Classification36/67.00R
International ClassificationA43C15/00, A43C15/16
Cooperative ClassificationA43C15/164, A43C15/161
European ClassificationA43C15/16C1, A43C15/16A