Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3322118 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 30, 1967
Filing dateJul 13, 1964
Priority dateJul 13, 1964
Publication numberUS 3322118 A, US 3322118A, US-A-3322118, US3322118 A, US3322118A
InventorsLois Sotherlin
Original AssigneeLois Sotherlin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Protective sleeve for elbow or heel
US 3322118 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 30, 1967 1 SOTHERLIN 3,322,118

PROTECTIVE SLEEV FOR ELBOW OR HEEL Filed July 13, 1964 INVENTOR. LOIS SQTHERL//v United States Patent O 3,322,118 PROTECTIVE SLEEVE FOR ELBOW OR HEEL Lois Sotherlin, 607 W. th St., San Bernardino, Calif. 92410 Filed July 13, 1964, Ser. No. 382,073 1 Claim. (Cl. 12S-149) The present invention relates to a new and useful protective sleeve that is adapted to be worn on the elbow or foot of a bed patient to protect and cushion the skin on the corner of the elbow or at the back of the heel, so that it will not become tender and painfully sensitive from constant pressure and frictional contact with the bedding.

Patients who are confined to bed for extended periods of time during illness or convalescence frequently develop bed sores on the elbows and heels owing to pressure of the elbows and heels against the bottom sheet on the bed, and to frictional rubbing of the sheet against these parts each time the body is moved. A similar condition -occurs frequently in wheel-chair patients, who must sit for long periods of time with elbows resting on the arm rests. In either case, the condition sometimes becomes extremely painful, and is a source of much discomfort and distress to the patient.

Heretofore, it has sometimes been necessary to bandage the elbows of bedridden patients to protect them from the bedding, but this is not a satisfactory solution to the problem, as a bandage that is thick enough to cushion the elbow properly is too bulky for comfort, and tends to restrict movement of the arm. Also, a bandage that is wrapped too snugly around the arm may constrict circulation somewhat, causing discomfort. Moreover, it is time-consuming and troublesome to remove or replace bandages.

The primary object of the invention is to provide a protective sleeve for cushioning and protecting the elbow or heel, which can be pulled onto the arm or foot as quickly and as easily as a mitten or a sock might be pulled on.

Another object of the invention is to provide a protective sleeve that affords a maximum of cushion directly over the point of the elbow or at the back of the heel, where it is needed, and a minimum of bulk elsewhere, so that there is no objectionable restraint of movement, or uncomfortable constriction.

A further object of the invention is to provide a protective cushioning sleeve for the elbow or heel, that is highly absorbent so that it will absorb perspiration, and readily washable so that it can be kept sanitary at all times.

These and other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon consideration of the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a protective sleeve embodying the principles of the invention, showing how it is worn on the elbow;

FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional view of the same, taken at 2-2 in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a somewhat enlarged, fragmentary sectional view taken at 3 3 in FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary sectional view, taken at 4-4 in FIGURE 1; and

FIGURE 5 is a perspective view, showing how the sleeve of the invention is worn on the foot to protect the heel.

In the drawings, the protective sleeve of the invention is seen to comprise a tubular knit sleeve of cotton or other absorbent fiber, which may be at knit (or stockinet knit) for the greater portion of its length, with elastic Fice ribbed cuffs 11 and 12 at the ends thereof. Preferably, the knit tube 10 is turned in on itself from one end to form a double thickness sleeve, having an outer layer 13 and an inner layer 14. At the other end of the tube, the ends of the outer and inner layers 13 and 14 are folded inwardly on themselves and stitched together vat 15, as best shown in FIGURE 4.

On one side of the tube 10 about midway between its ends, the uniform stockinet knit is interrupted by a wedgeshaped insert portion 16, which is shaped to form an out! wardly protruding bulge, similar to the heel on a sock. Enclosed between the outer layer 13 and inner layer 14, in the area of the insert portion 16, is a round, slightly cupped, foam rubber pad 18, the edges of which are tapered down to a feather edge. The pad 18 is preferably adhered to the outer layer 13 of the tube by a spot of cement 20 applied to the convex outer surface of the pad at the center thereof. In this way, the pad is held in place, and is prevented from slipping with respect to the knit tubing.

The outwardly bulged insert portion 16 and the slightly cupped foam rubber pad 18, with its tapered edges, give a contoured sleeve that smoothly fits the normally slightlybent elbow, and accommodates itself to any movement of the arm. While the dimensions of the invention are not critical, and might vary with the size of the patient, I have found that for the average adult, a sleeve that is about 7 inches long and about 41/2 `inches wide when lying at and relaxed, is about right. The contoured foam rubber pad 18 should be about 31/2 to 4 inches in diameter and about 1A to 1/2 inch thick at its center.

If desired, the knit tubing 10 might be made in a single thickness of material except for a partial lining covering the inner surface of the foam rubber pad 18. Either the full lining shown in the drawing (i.e., inner layer 14) or the partial lining mentioned above could be knit to provide a reinforced heel area directly over the point of the elbow, similar to the insert portion 16, if desired for longer wear.

If it is desired to use the invention to protect and cushion the heel, the knit sleeve 10 is pulled onto the foot as shown in FIGURE 5, with the insert portion 16 and cushion pad 18 at the back of the heel. When worn in this manner, the sleeve of the invention provides fully cushioned protection for the heel.

While I have shown and described in considerable detail what I believe to be the preferred form of my invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made without departing from the principles of the invention as set forth in the following claim.

I claim:

A protectiver sleeve for use by a patient confined to wheel chair or bed, for the purpose of cushioning the elbow or heel, comprising:

a tubular knit sleeve of a size to it snugly over the arm or foot of the patient, said sleeve being stretchable in either direction and being knit of a moistureabsorbent yarn;

said sleeve being formed with a double thickness and having an inner layer and an outer layer;

the ends of said sleeve being formed with rib-knit cuffs for maximum stretchability and snug iit;

at least the outer layer of said sleeve being knit to provide an outwardly bulged generally spherically curved portion on one side thereof corresponding to the heel of a sock, said outwardly bulged portion being formed approximately midway between the ends of said sleeve;

a generally round, slightly cupped pad of foam rubber disposed within said sleeve between said inner and 3 4 outer layers thereof, and positioned with the convex References Cited side of the pad facing outwardly and contacting the UNITED STATES PATENTS inner surface of said outwardly bulged portion of said sleeve, said convex side having substantially 2449410 9/1948 Pohnsky 2"204X 3,189,919 6/1965 Chase 2-24 X the same spherical curvature as said outwardly 5 bulged portion; the concave side of said pad being inwardly faced to FOREIGN PATENTS receive the point of the patients elbowor heel, and 534,930 12/ 1956 Canada.

the edges of saidtpad tapering to feather edges; and 6,552 1896 Great Britain. cement means securing said pad to said outer layer 10 Y only of said sleeve, whereby said pad is prevented JORDAN FRANKLIN, Primary Examinerfrom a slipping or shifting out of place and said inner layer of said sleeve may move relative to said pad. A' R- GUEST Assistant Examine

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2449410 *May 10, 1947Sep 14, 1948John PolinskyProtective device for horses' legs
US3189919 *Dec 5, 1963Jun 22, 1965George Frost CompanyCushioned protector
CA534930A *Dec 25, 1956August L SchultzKnee brace or stabilizer
GB189606552A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3648291 *Jul 6, 1970Mar 14, 1972William A BraddockProtective garment for bedridden people
US3937218 *Jul 29, 1974Feb 10, 1976Medical Specialties, Inc.Decubitus pad
US3990440 *Jun 16, 1975Nov 9, 1976Medical Specialties, Inc.Body protecting method
US4099269 *Jan 28, 1977Jul 11, 1978Miroslav Joseph PornerProtective device
US4150442 *Jun 12, 1978Apr 24, 1979Alba-Waldensian, IncorporatedElbow or heel protector
US4292263 *Aug 27, 1979Sep 29, 1981Zimmer Usa, Inc.One-piece with a fabric; molding
US4315504 *Jan 26, 1981Feb 16, 1982Dm Systems, Inc.Elbow suspension device
US4484360 *Oct 13, 1983Nov 27, 1984Spectrum Sports, Inc.Shin guard and method of making
US4484361 *Oct 13, 1983Nov 27, 1984Spectrum Sports, Inc.Knee and elbow pad and method of making
US4504054 *Sep 16, 1981Mar 12, 1985Jackson Emanuel LElbow brace for bowlers and golfers
US4922929 *Aug 31, 1989May 8, 1990Dejournett Richard LPadded elbow brace
US5419161 *Apr 15, 1994May 30, 1995Beiersdorf AgArticular bandage having waxy structure inserts
US5640714 *Sep 29, 1995Jun 24, 1997Wacoal Corp.Lower leg protection garment formed from materials having strong and weak straining forces
US5642525 *Dec 8, 1995Jul 1, 1997Ketola; Linda J.Elbow protective garment
US6192519Mar 19, 1999Feb 27, 2001Kathleen L. CoalterAthletic sports pad
US6279160 *Feb 4, 2000Aug 28, 2001Asics CorpKnee and elbow protector
US6360748 *Nov 17, 2000Mar 26, 2002Handle With Care, Inc.Apparatus and method for safely maintaining an extended restraining hold on a person
US6507955Aug 9, 2001Jan 21, 2003Mcdavid Knee Guard, Inc.Athletic protective pad
US6517507 *Nov 13, 2000Feb 11, 2003Caron FahertyWrist guard for alleviating repetitive strain disorder by computer operators
US6574799 *Aug 23, 2001Jun 10, 2003Archie R. DonaldsonAnti-osteoarthritis and anti-hypothermia garment
US6665876 *Nov 1, 2001Dec 23, 2003James O. NewmanCombination protective sleeve and head wear
US6996848Dec 12, 2002Feb 14, 2006Donaldson Archie RAnti-osteoarthritis and anti-hypothermia garment and device
US7056299 *Sep 10, 2004Jun 6, 2006Brown Medical IndustriesDevice for heel shock absorption, swelling, and pain treatment
US7636950 *Sep 30, 2005Dec 29, 2009Nike, Inc.Article of apparel with zonal stretch resistance
US7975634 *Sep 29, 2008Jul 12, 2011Kirsten DuganBaby legging with knee pad and patch
US8353886 *Dec 15, 2005Jan 15, 2013Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Male hygienic article and dispenser therefor
US8601613Nov 24, 2009Dec 10, 2013Nike, Inc.Article of apparel with zonal stretch resistance
DE102010006459A1 *Feb 1, 2010Aug 4, 2011Amoena Medizin-Orthopädie-Technik GmbH, 83064Kleidungsstück
DE102010006459B4 *Feb 1, 2010Dec 6, 2012Amoena Medizin-Orthopädie-Technik GmbHKleidungsstück
WO1986004811A1 *Feb 8, 1986Aug 28, 1986Weihermueller & VoigtmannEpicondylic bandage
WO1992005756A1 *Oct 8, 1991Apr 16, 1992Smith & NephewWound dressing
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/892, 128/881, 2/239, 2/16, D29/121.1, 2/24
International ClassificationA61F13/10, A61F13/06
Cooperative ClassificationA61F13/069, A61F13/101
European ClassificationA61F13/10E, A61F13/06D9