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Publication numberUS3323399 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 6, 1967
Filing dateMar 17, 1965
Priority dateMar 17, 1965
Publication numberUS 3323399 A, US 3323399A, US-A-3323399, US3323399 A, US3323399A
InventorsGerstein David E, Krautheim Leonard A, William Orr
Original AssigneeLever Mfg Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for slitting rolls of material
US 3323399 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 6, 1967 D- E. GERSTEIN ETAL 3,323,399

APPARATUS FOR SLITTING ROLLS OF MATERIAL Filed March 17, 1965 a Sheets-Sheet 1 .H, mm M a a Q G 2 H 2 2 June 6, 1967 D. E. GERSTEIN ETAL 3,323,399

APPARATUS FOR SLITTING ROLLS OF MATERIAL s Sheet-Sheet 2 Filed March 17, 1965 INVENTORS LEONARD A. KRAUT DAVID E. GERSTEI BY WILLIAM ORR w oE QQ NN &\

J1me 1967 D. E. GERSTEIN ETAL 3,

APPARATUS FOR SLITTING ROLLS OF MATERIAL Filed March 17, 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet Z United States Patent C 3,323,399 APPARATUS FOR SLITTING ROLLS F MATERIAL David E. Gerstein, Forest Hills, N.Y., and Leonard A.

Krautheirn, Haledon, and William Orr, Ho Ho Kus,

Nl, assignors to Lever Manufacturing Corporation,

Paterson, NJ., a corporation of New York Filed Mar. 17, 1965, Ser. No. 440,458 12 Claims. (Cl. 82101) The present invention relates to machines for slitting wide webs or sheets of material such as paper and the like and more specifically to machines which slit or partoif narrow spools of paper from a wide roll of such material. Although the invention Will be described in connec- .tion with the cutting of rolls of paper, it will be obvious .that the invention has broader application and may be employed in the cutting of other materials such as rolls of fabric.

One part of such a machine is the paper roll carrying member commonly known as a mandrel. The mandrel is caused to rotate and with the paper roll secured to it imparts rotary movement to .the paper roll. The rotating paper roll is exposed to a cutting tool having a direction of cutting transverse to the longitudinal axis of the mandrel and the paper roll. The mandrel itself, .the means by which the mandrel is mounted and the means by which the paper roll is secured to the mandrel may all take various forms and configurations. In one of the more common arrangements, the mandrel is so mounted as to be driven at one end with the opposite end cradled in a yoke and free to rotate. The paper roll is secured to the mandrel through a driving head which rotates with the mandrel and which carries prongs which are inserted into the paper roll and its central core. In another arrangement, the mandrel is so constructed as to be radially expendable. Upon expansion of this mandrel, the central core is firmly grasped without a marring of the paper. A great number of other arrangements, besides the two just described are possible or are already in use.

Many of the techniques for mounting the mandrel involve the application of compressive forces to the ends of the mandrel. It has been found that the application of compressive forces is apt to cause two undesirable effects. One is that the mandrel vibrates and the other is that the mandrel becomes bowed. It should be pointed out that the mandrel is apt to vibrate even without the application of compressive forces; for example, where the mandrel is merely cradled at one end in a yoke. It is apparent that both vibration and bowing of the mandrel may result in difficulty in cutting the paper roll along with the resulting cuts being of various and improper SlZCS.

Heretofore, in order to inhibit such vibration, supporting rollers have been used engaging the outer perimeter of the paper roll being cut. Such supporting rollers, however, smudge and smear materials such as carbon-less duplicating material.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a new and improved apparatus for slitting rolls of paper into multiple narrow spools.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a new and improved mandrel mounting arrangement for a machine which slits rolls of paper into multiple narrow spools.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a mandrel mounting arrangement which is simple in construction, easy to maintain, and not subject to the shortcomings mentioned above.

There are provided in a machine for slitting rolls into multiple narrow spools in accordance with the present invention a roll carrying member and means for subjectice ing this roll carrying member to a condition of tension. Also included are means for securing a roll of material to the roll carrying member and means for driving the roll carrying member to effect a turning of the roll of material.

For a better understanding of the present invention, together with other and further objects thereof, reference is bad to the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, and its scope will be pointed out in the appended claims.

Referring to the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a side elevation view of a paper roll cutting machine and a mandrel mounting arrangement according to the present invention;

'FIG. 2 is an enlarged view, partly in cross-section, of the tailstock portion of the machine shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the mandrel gripping mechanism of the apparatus shown in FIG. 2 taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 4;

FIG. 4 is a cross-section view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a view taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 1 with the paper roll removed; and

FIG. 6 is a view taken along the line 66 of FIG. 2 showing the tailstock portion of the machine in the position of engagement with the mandrel, and, in dotted lines, its position when disengaged from the mandrel.

Referring to FIG. 1, the invention includes a mandrel or paper roll carrying member 10. Although shown as a single continuous solid shaft in the drawing, mandrel 10 may take any of the various other forms which are well known to those skilled in the art.

The invention also includes means for subjecting the mandrel 11 to a condition of tension. Such means may include a pair of chucks 11 and 12 disposed at opposite ends of the mandrel 10, for grasping and supporting the mandrel.

To achieve the desired condition of tension in the mandrel 10, an outward force is applied to at least one of the chucks 11 or 12 along the longitudinal axis of the mandrel. For the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, chuck 11, at the headstock, is held in place and an outward force is applied, at the tailstock, by a drive 13 directly to the chuck 12 in the direction of the arrow 14. It should be pointed out that the condition of tension may be created by applying oppositely directed forces at both the headstock and the tailstock to both of the chucks 11 and 12, respectively.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged view, partly in cross-section, of the tailstock of the machine shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 2 illustrates the mandrel 10 being held by the chuck 12 with the mandrel in a condition of tension. Referring to FIG. 2, an air or hydraulic cylinder 15, suitably mounted on the housing 16 of the tailstock, has a lever 17 pivotally connected to the piston rod 18 of the cylinder at a pivot point 19. The lever 17 has a cam surface 17a which bears against a cam follower 20 rotatably mounted on a bearing shaft 21 extending through a support shaft 22. Shaft 22 is slidingly fitted within the housing 16. The lever 17 pivots about a pivot point 23 on the housing 16. In operation, as the cylinder piston rod 18 moves to the right, lever 17 rotates in a clockwise direction about pivot point 23 and pushes against the cam follower 20 so that the shaft 22 is moved to the left, thereby applying a condition of tension to the mandrel 10. As the cylinder piston rod 18 moves to the left, the condition of tension is released since now lever 17 rotates counter-clockwise and the shaft 22 is permitted to move to the right until the condition of tension is released.

A second cylinder 23, also suitably mounted on the housing 16, is provided to impart relatively large movements to the shaft 22 necessary during the striking or unstriking of the mandrel 10. A lever 24, pivotally mounted on a pivot point 25 on a frame extension 16a which is rigidly connected to the housing 16, has one end which pivots about pivot point 21 and another end pivotally con nected to the piston rod 26 of the second cylinder 23. As the piston rod 26 moves to the left, lever 24 pivots clockwise and the shaft 22 is moved to the right. As the piston rod 26 moves to the right, the lever 24 pivots counterclockwise and the shaft 22 is moved to the left.

In actual operation, the cylinder 23 is actuated so as to move the shaft 22 to the right to permit striking the mandrel in the chuck 12. After the requisite adjustments have been made on the chuck 12, the cylinder 23 is actuated so as to draw shaft 22 to the left. At this point, cylinder is actuated, and, in the manner previously described, moves the shaft 22 further to the left, thus applying tension to the mandrel.

It is preferable to provide a second lever, similar to lever 17 and a second cam follower, similar to the cam follower 20 on the opposite side of the machine housing 16. These additional elements would be mounted in the same way as the corresponding elements on the front side of the machine and serve the same purposes.

As shown in FIG. 1, a control unit 65 which is provided with an OFF-ON switch lever 66, is secured to the machine. A switch 67 actuates the cylinder 23 to move the shaft 22 to the right as above described.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the chuck 12 and its associated components taken along line 33 of FIG. 4, while FIG. 4 is a cross-section view taken along line 44 of FIG. 3. Referring to FIGS. 3 and 4, the chuck 12 is seen to be in its opened condition ready to receive the knob end 1011 of the mandrel 10. The knob end 10a is guided through a conical opening in a guide member into a cavity or opening 31. A set of jaws 32, 32 secured to a set of jaw supports 33, 33 by means of aplurality of screws 34 close upon the knob end 10a and firmly grasp the knob end as a sleeve 35 is moved toward the right. The sleeve 35 and the jaw supports 33, 33 are so shaped that when the sleeve is moved to the left, the jaw supports pivot about pivot points 36, 36 in the direction of the arrows shown adjacent the chuck to release the knob 19a and when the sleeve is moved to the right, the jaw supports pivot in a direction opposite to the direction of the arrows to grasp the knob. The guide 30 is secured to one of the jaws, the lower one for the embodiment being described, by means of screw 37. Pivot points 36, 36 correspond to the axes of bearing shafts 38, 38 upon which the jaw supports 33, 33 are mounted. Bearing shafts 38, 38 also pass through corresponding bores in a rigid support member 39. Support member 39 is secured to a cylindrical member 40 by means of screws 41, 41. The support shaft 22, running through the housing 16 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, has a narrowed section 42 and a partially threaded guide section 43 which fits into a guide recess within the support member 39.

To achieve the disconnect required between the nonrotating shaft 22 and the rotating cylindrical member 40 which actually carries the rotating chuck 12, a plurality of roller bearings 44 are provided. Instead of using only one roller bearing, two are provided so as to furnish axial stability along the narrowed section 42 of shaft 22. A nut 45 engages the threaded portion of the guide section 43 and is tightened to provide the proper bearing between the surfaces contacted by the roller bearings 44.

The apparatus shown in FIG. 3 serves as an effective means for supporting and grasping the mandrel 10 under a condition of tension and still effects the required disconnect between the non-rotating support shaft 22 and the rotating mandrel.

The invention further includes means for securing a roll of paper to the mandrel 10. Referring to FIGS. 1 and 5, such securing of the paper roll may be accomplished by means of a plurality of pron s adapted to penetrate the end portion of a paper roll 60. The driving chuck 11 has a plurality of radial T-slots 51 in which riders 52 are slidably mounted. The riders S2 carry the prongs 50. The riders 52 may be locked in driving or engaged position by convenient means such as rack and pinion assemblies 53, thereby insuring positive drive of the paper roll 20. In addition, there may also be provided axially extending prongs (not shown) which are adapted to engage the central core of the paper roll.

The jaws 54 carried by the driving head of chuck 11 may engage the extended head of the core of the paper roll when desired, whereby the paper roll will be engaged on the exterior by the prongs 5t) and at the core by the jaws 54. At this end, the mandrel may be held by mechanism similar to the grasping mechanism of the chuck 12 shown in FIG. 3, or the mandrel may be threaded at this end and secured into a threaded aperture providied in the housing of the head stock 61 of this driving en The invention additionally includes means for driving the mandrel 10 to effect a turning of the paper roll 60. This drive in the form of rotary motion, is achieved by applying a rotary driving force to at least one of the chucks 11 or 12. For the embodiment shown in the drawing, the driving force is imparted to chuck 11 through a drive mechanism contained in a housing 61. This drive mechanism may be the same mechanism, with any necessary, suitable modifications, which is provided for the driving head 26 in U.S. Patent 3,083,601 assigned to the same assignee.

A cutting tool 62 shown without the suitable support and conveying mechanism is also shown in FIG. 1. This cutting tool moves transverse to the longitudinal axis of the mandrel 10 to effect the cutting of a spool and moves parallel to the longitudinal axis of the mandrel to a new position for the commencement of new cuts.

To unload the cut rolls of material and re-load a new roll, it is only necessary to disengage the tailstock from the mandrel. The depression of switch 68 in the control box 66 (see FIG. 1) causes the shaft 22 to retract. The shaft engages a microswitch 16b which activates an air cylinder 69 causing a rod 70 to pull the entire tailstock over to the position shown in dotted lines in FIG. 6. The mandrel is then exposed and easily accessible. The cut roll may be removed from the mandrel and a new roll placed thereon.

While there has been described what is at present considered to be the preferred embodiment of this invention, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the invention and it is, therefore, aimed to cover all such changes and modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. In a machine for slitting rolls into multiple narrow spools:

a roll carrying member;

means for subjecting said roll carrying member to a condition of tension;

means for securing a roll of material to said roll carrying member;

and means for driving said roll carrying member to effect a turning of said roll of material.

2. In a machine for slitting rolls of paper into multiple narrow spools;

a paper roll carrying member;

means for applying a tensive force to said roll carrying member along its longitudinal axis;

means for securing a roll of paper to said roll carrying member;

and means for driving said roll carrying member to effect a turning of said roll of paper.

3. In a machine for slitting rolls of paper into multiple narrow spools:

a mandrel;

a chuck disposed at one end of said mandrel and rigidly grasping said mandrel;

means for applying an outward force to said chuck along the longitudinal axis of said mandrel thereby subjecting said mandrel to a condition of tension;

means for securing a roll of paper to said mandrel;

and means for driving said mandrel to effect a turning of said roll of paper.

4. In a machine for slitting rolls of paper into multiple narrow spools:

a mandrel;

means for applying a tensive force to said mandrel along its longitudinal axis;

means for securing a roll of paper to said mandrel;

and means for applying a rotating driving force to said mandrel to effect a turning of said roll of paper.

5. In a machine for slitting rolls of paper into multiple narrow spools:

a mandrel;

a chuck disposed at an end of said mandrel and rigidly grasping said mandrel;

means for applying a tensive force to said mandrel along its longitudinal axis;

means for securing a roll of paper to said mandrel;

and means for applying a rotating driving force to said mandrel to effect a turning of said roll of paper.

6. In a machine for splitting rolls of paper into multiple narrow spools:

a mandrel;

a pair of chucks disposed at opposite ends of said mandrel, at least one of which rigidly grasps said mandrel;

means for applying an outward force to said chuck along the longitudinal axis of said mandrel thereby subjecting said mandrel to a condition of tension;

means for securing a roll of paper to said mandrel;

and means for applying a rotating driving force to at least one of said chucks to effect a turning of said roll of paper.

7. In a machine for slitting rolls into multiple narrow spools:

a machine frame;

a roll carrying member;

a chuck coupled to said machine frame through roller bearings and disposed at one end of said roll carrying member for rigidly grasping said roll carrying member;

means for applying an outward force to said chuck along the longitudinal axis of said roll carrying member thereby subjecting said roll carrying member to a condition of tension;

means for securing a roll of material to said roll carrying member;

and means for driving said roll carrying member to effect a turning of said roll of material.

8. In a machine for slitting rolls of paper into multiple narrow spools:

a machine frame;

a mandrel;

a pair of chucks coupled to said machine frame through roller bearings and disposed at opposite ends of said mandrel, at least one of which rigidly grasps said mandrel;

means for applying an outward force to said chucks along the longitudinal axis of said mandrel thereby subjecting said mandrel to a condition of tension;

means for securing a roll of paper to said mandrel;

and means for applying a rotating driving force to at least one of said chucks to effect a turning of said roll of paper.

9. In a machine for slitting rolls of paper into multiple narrow spools:

a machine frame;

a mandrel;

first and second support shafts individually slidable within said machine frame in a direction along the longitudinal axis of said mandrel;

a first chuck coupled to said first support shaft through roller bearings and disposed at one end of said mandrel for rigidly grasping said end of said mandrel;

a second chuck coupled to said second support shaft through roller bearings and disposed at the opposite end of said mandrel for rigidly grasping said opposite end of said mandrel;

means for applying an outward force to at least one of said chucks through its associated support shaft along .the longitudinal axis of said mandrel thereby subjecting said mandrel to a condition of tension;

means for securing a roll of paper to said mandrel;

and means for applying a rotating driving force to at least one of said chucks to effect a turning of said roll of paper.

10. The apparatus of claim 9 wherein the tensioning means include a fluid layer rigidly aflixed to the machine frame and lever means pivotally mounted on the machine frame and connected between the fluid cylinder and one of the support shafts.

11. In a machine for slitting rolls of material into multiple spools:

a roll carrying member; a chuck disposed at one end of said roll carrying member and rigidly grasping said roll carrying member;

means for applying an outward force to said chuck along the longitudinal axis of said roll carrying member thereby subjecting said roll carrying member to a condition of tension;

means for securing a roll of material to said roll carrying member;

means for driving said roll carrying member to effect a turning of said roll of material; and means for disengaging said chuck from said roll carrying member to effect the removal of said roll of material.

12. In a machine for slitting rolls of material into multiple spools:

a roll carrying member; 7

a chuck disposed at one end of said roll carrying member and rigidly grasping said roll carrying member;

means for applying an outward force to said chuck along the longitudinal axis of said roll carrying member thereby subjecting said roll carrying member to a condition of tension;

means for securing a roll of material to said roll carrying member;

means for driving said roll carrying member to effect a turning of said roll of material; and

means for moving said chuck out of engagement with said roll carrying member to effect disengagement therefrom.

No references cited.

WILLIAM W. DYER, IR., Primary Examiner.

HARRISON HINSON Examiner,

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3861252 *Mar 4, 1974Jan 21, 1975Judelshon IndustriesAir chuck for roll slitting machine
US3861253 *Dec 26, 1973Jan 21, 1975Unipat Corp Of America IiRoll tape cutting machine
US5170684 *Mar 4, 1992Dec 15, 1992Lofstrom Roger JCore cutter device
US5271137 *Jan 22, 1993Dec 21, 1993James River Paper Company, Inc.Method of forming a coreless paper roll product
US5453070 *Jul 12, 1994Sep 26, 1995James River Paper Company, Inc.System for manufacturing coreless roll paper products
US5916343 *May 21, 1998Jun 29, 1999Huang; Fu-ChuanThermo-shrinking film cutting mechanism for a labeling machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification82/101, 82/47
International ClassificationB26D3/16, D06H7/04, D06H7/00
Cooperative ClassificationD06H7/04, B26D3/16
European ClassificationD06H7/04, B26D3/16