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Publication numberUS3324768 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 13, 1967
Filing dateMay 22, 1950
Priority dateMay 22, 1950
Publication numberUS 3324768 A, US 3324768A, US-A-3324768, US3324768 A, US3324768A
InventorsEichelberger Robert J
Original AssigneeEichelberger Robert J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Panels for protection of armor against shaped charges
US 3324768 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

3%? R. J. EICHELBERGER 3,324,768

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PANELS FOR PROTECTION OF ARMOR AGAINST SHAPED CHARGES Filed May 22, 1950 gwwzm tw Ember c J. Eichelber'ger" MQQMYL Elam/ United States Patent 3,324,768 PANELS FOR PROTECTION OF ARMOR AGAINST SHAPED CHARGES Robert J. Eichelberger, Pittsburgh, Pa., assignor to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army Filed May 22, 1950, Ser. No. 163,386 2 Claims. (Cl. 89-36) The very effective penetration of armor plate by the jet from shaped charges when detonated at the proper stand-off distance, is well known. This phenomenon, known as the Munroe effect, forms the basis for a number of weapons which have proven very effective against armored combat vehicles and which have presented a serious problem to counteract,

It is therefore the principal object of this invention to provide protective panels, which may be used, as an outer covering or layer for the armor of combat vehicles and ships to absorb the energy of Munroe jets from shaped charges.

More particularly it is an object to provide panels which may be applied over the armor of combat tanks to enable such vehicles to better resist, withstand and combat the heretofore serious offensive power of weapons employing shaped charge projectiles.

Another object is to provide a panel of the type aforesaid, which will confine the shattering effect of a shaped charge to a relatively small area and which will thus reduce the damage produced thereby.

A still further object is to afford panels which will provide as much protection against Munroe jets for the basis armor of a combat vehicle as the same thickness of homogenous armor three times as heavy.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become obvious after a study of the following detailed description in connection with the accompanying drawing wherein FIG. 1 is a cross section through one form of protective panel using glass spheres or marbles,

FIG. 2 is a cross section through a second form of panel using glass plates,

FIG. 3 is a cross section through a third form of the invention using glass blocks, and

FIG. 4 is a cross section of a form of panel using protective sheets of vitreous material.

In FIG. 1 the panel, generally identified at 1, comprises two outer layers 2 and 3 which are preferably of relatively thin metal, separated by an intermediate layer consisting of a number of glass balls or marbles 4 separate and immobilized with relation to one another, by a filler of shock absorbing material 5 such as 85% magnesia, pitch or asphalt.

In FIG. 2 the panel 6 consists of outer layers 7 and 8 which may be of the same material as in FIG, 1, separated by ain intermediate layer consisting of glass plates 9 embedded in a filler 10 of 85 magnesia or bitumen, as in FIG. 1. As shown, the glass plates are arranged in overlapping relation so that penetration of a shaped charged jet is not possible without encountering at least a number of the plates.

In FIG. 3, the outer layers 11 and 12 of the panel 14 may be of relatively thin sheet metal separated by glass blocks 13 rectangular in cross section and embedded in a filler of the same material as in FIGS. 1 and 2.

In FIG. 4, I have shown the panel 15, embodied in "ice the form of outer sheathing 16 and 17 separated by alternate layers of glass 18 and shock absorbing or fibrous material 19.

The glass elements, whether spheres, plates, blocks or sheets, may be of inexpensive soda lime glass.

In using the panel, each panel will preferably be made up in outline and contour to cover a predetermined area of armor plate likely to be struck by a shaped charge projectile. Each panel will be secured in place by bolting in place, or by tabs formed with or attached to the outer metal layers such as 1 and 2. These tabs may be attached to the armor or other portion of the vehicle to overlie the otherwise vulnerable area.

The invention therefore comprehends an inexpensive and easily attached and replaceable panel which will effectively absorb the energy from a shaped charge jet and thereby afford material added protection to the vehicle and operating personnel, without an excessive increase in weight. The panels may be quickly detachable so that in event one is struck, it can be replaced in the field. When struck by the jet from a shaped charge, only the glass objects in the immediate vicinity of the jet will be shattered so that a given panel may remain useful.

As several modifications will occur to those skilled in the art, the foregoing specification should not be taken in a limiting sense for it is my desire and intention to reserve all variations and modifications falling withn the scope of the subjoined claims.

Having now fully disclosed the invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A panel for protecting armor plate from the effects of shaped charge jets, comprising, first and second imperforate metallic sheets united in spaced parallel relation, a plurality of solid glass objects of flat plate form in the space between said sheets, and shock absorbent material filling the interstices between said objects and sheets, said material, sheets and objects being united to form a unitary panel, said objects being arranged in overlapping relation between said sheets.

2. An armor panel for protection from the effects of shaped charge jets, comprising first and second steel sheets mounted in spaced parallel relation, a matrix of shock absorbing material positioned between said first and second steel sheets, and a plurality of discrete glass bodies embedded in said matrix, each of said discrete glass bodies separated from every other glass body and from said steel sheets by said matrix, said glass bodies being arranged in a plurality of rows in overlapping relation to present a continuous barrier to said shaped charge jet.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 952,877 3/1910 Coles. 1,364,620 1/ 1921 Draney. 1,501,373 7/1924 Ronk. 1,546,403 7/ 1925 Raven 10984 X 2,348,130 5/ 1940 Hardy 109-84 FOREIGN PATENTS 707,058 6/ 1941 Germany. 537,254 6/ 1941 Great Britain.

BENJAMIN A. BORCHELT, Primary Examiner.

SAMUEL BOYD, Examiner.

S. C. BENTLEY, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
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US952877 *May 28, 1909Mar 22, 1910Sherard Osborn Cowper-ColesArmor-plate.
US1364620 *Jul 14, 1916Jan 4, 1921Bitoslag Paving CompanyPavement
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3431818 *Apr 26, 1965Mar 11, 1969Aerojet General CoLightweight protective armor plate
US3804034 *May 9, 1972Apr 16, 1974Boride Prod IncArmor
US3930452 *Sep 19, 1973Jan 6, 1976Glaverbel-Mecaniver S.A.Impact resistant panels
US4179979 *May 10, 1967Dec 25, 1979Goodyear Aerospace CorporationBallistic armor system
US4534266 *Mar 6, 1979Aug 13, 1985Aluminum Company Of AmericaComposite armour plating
US4760611 *Aug 20, 1986Aug 2, 1988Aluminum Company Of AmericaArmor elements and method
US4911061 *Mar 22, 1989Mar 27, 1990General Dynamics Land Systems, Inc.Composite ceramic armor and method for making same
US4945814 *Jul 8, 1985Aug 7, 1990Aluminum Company Of AmericaMolded composite armor
US5469773 *Sep 23, 1965Nov 28, 1995The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The ArmyLight weight armor
US5686689 *May 17, 1985Nov 11, 1997Aeronautical Research Associates Of Princeton, Inc.Lightweight composite armor
US6311605 *Nov 20, 1998Nov 6, 2001Gerd KellnerArrangement for protection against shaped changes
US6581504 *Dec 14, 2001Jun 24, 2003Paul CaronPassive armor for protection against shaped charges
US7472637Nov 14, 2005Jan 6, 2009Massachusetts Institute Of TechnologyHierarchical material assemblies and articles for use in projectile impact protection
US7543523Oct 1, 2001Jun 9, 2009Lockheed Martin CorporationAntiballistic armor
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US9310169Sep 1, 2011Apr 12, 2016Amsafe Bridport LimitedTextile armour
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US20060249012 *Nov 14, 2005Nov 9, 2006Sai SarvaHierarchical material assemblies and articles for use in projectile impact protection
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US20120024138 *Jul 30, 2010Feb 2, 2012Schott Diamondview Armor Products, LlcArmor panels having strip-shaped protection elements
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US20160145865 *Nov 24, 2015May 26, 2016Foster-Miller, Inc.Protective panel
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Classifications
U.S. Classification89/36.2, 109/83, 109/84, 109/80
International ClassificationF41H5/00, F41H5/04
Cooperative ClassificationF41H5/0414, F41H5/0492
European ClassificationF41H5/04H, F41H5/04C