US 3325038 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
5mm 1967 E. .1. FERNEY RAIN GUTTER DEBRIS RECEIVER Filed July 22, 1964 INVENTOR. EUGENE J. FER/YE) ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,325,038 RAIN GUTTER DEBRIS RECEIVER Eugene J. Ferney, 2561 S. Myrtle St., Seattle, Wash. 98108 Filed July 22, 1964, Ser. No. 384,448 7 Claims. (Cl. 128-7) The gutters at the eaves of houses collect such debris as leaves, seeds, and much dirt, in the course of a season, and unless the same is cleared before rains commence, downpipes or screens are likely to become clogged. Indeed, such debris continues to collect during the rainy season, and the gutters need cleaning then at rather frequent intervals.
The debris is always black and dirty, and it and the leaves, seeds, etc., which it contains should not be thrown onto lawns, flower beds, porches etc., beneath the gutters, nor should the gutters be hosed out, for this splashes it onto painted surfaces, but the debris should be collected and properly disposed of, in such manner that it does not fall upon and deface painted surfaces or underlying areas. To do this the householder must climb a ladder, carrying a receptacle such as a bucket, in one hand, and a clean-out tool, perhaps a large spoon, in the other hand, and while balancing on the ladder must use his two hands to do the job of cleaning and collecting. Not only is this precarious, for he has no hands by which to hold onto the ladder, but the bucket is not conveniently held close to or beneath the gutter, but usually in the general vicinity -of the gutters outer edge. A gap is left between the gutter and the bucket, and debris is bound to miss the bucket and to fall, or to be thrown upon the householder.
By the present invention it is my object to provide a receptacle that not only hangs from and extends in part to the height of the front edge of the gutter, but extends beneath that edge far enough that no debris can spill between the receptacle and the gutter, and any drip down the gutter is caught. Thereby the householders hands are free, one to use the clean-out tool and the other to hold on, besides which there is no accidental spilling.
Since careless use of the clean-out tool might cause some debris to spill over the front wall of the receptacle, it is a further object to lessen the chance for such spillage to occur, by locating the upper edge of this front wall approximately at the level of the gutters front edge, where it does not obstruct the work, nor risk slopping over the front wall.
It is also an object to provide stabilizing means upon the receptacle, for contact with some part of the gutter, as it hangs therefrom (especially if the receptacle is balanced to swing inwardly), whereby the receptacle is unlikely to he accidentally tilted and to spill collected debris, although it can be tilted outwardly purposely to remove the receptacle from the gutter.
These and other objects will appear more fully as this specification proceeds. The invention is shown in an illustrative embodiment, but modifications will be suggested hereinafter.
FIGURE 1 is an isometric view, showing the receptacle in position of use, hung from a gutter, the gutter and the building elements being shown in section.
FIGURE 2 is a face view of the receptacle, broken back and shortened, and FIGURE 3 is an end view thereof.
The receptacle, generally designated by the numeral 1, is shown in FIGURE 1 hanging from a gutter G which lies beneath the edge of roof shingles S, to catch rain that runs down the sloping roof. The gutter G represents a common wooden trough, and would be drained by a downspout or drainpipe, not shown. The invention can,
Patented June 13, 1967 of course, be used with thin metal propriate change in details.
The receptacle is preferably an elongated tray-like structure, wholly open at its top. It can be suspended from the front edge of the gutter G by hook means, such as the hooks 10 rising above its ends 11. It is preferred that there be two (or more) such hooks, for this assists in stabilizing the receptacle and aligning it with the gutter, although a single, centrally located hook would usually be adequate for support, if not for proper positioning. It is important that the hooks be located intermediate the front wall 12 of the receptacle and its back wall 13-the terms front and back referring to the disposition of the walls as the operator sees them. As shown, the hooks are located nearer the back wall 13. This location insures that the back wall 13 will lie well inwardly of the front of the gutter, and the front wall 12 well outwardly of the vertical plane occupied by the upper front edge of the gutter; see FIGURE 3. This disposition of the receptacle in use disposes the receptacle more or less centrally beneath the aforesaid edge of the gutter although somewhat balanced to swing inwardly, especially by debris collected in the front portion of the tray. Debris scooped from the gutter or running down the front wall thereof cannot possibly fall between the gutter and the receptacle, but must fall into the receptacle.
Another provision against spilling or splashing or debris lies in the height of the receptacles front wall 12. By raising its upper edge approximately to the level of the gutters front edge, as can be seen in FIGURE 3, any tendency to spill or splash debris outwardly is countered by the extra height of the wall 12. This wall 12 can be apertured at 14 for a hand hold, whereby the receptacle can be slide along the gutter as the cleaning progresses.
As has been noted, the location of the hooks 10 assists in stabilizing the receptacle, even if it hangs free. Preferably, it does not hang free, but is balanced to tilt inwardly, as already noted. It is held against accidental tilting, and in generally level disposition, by stabilizing means upon the receptacle that contact some part of the gutter. The particular point or line of contact with the gutter is not highly important, but as shown, a contact element 15, such as an extension upwardly of the back wall 13, is positioned and of a size to contact the bottom of the gutter. This prevents the receptacle 1 from being swung inwardly by its inherent balance, empty or filled, or by pressure against its front wall 12, from its level position of use. The same result could be obtained by making contact with the front wall of the gutter, although since gutter exterior shapes vary this would not be quite as satisfactory. If the gutter is of sheet metal, or otherwise departs materially from the form of a wooden gut-ter, the contact elements might be positioned accordingly, or be adjustably mounted upon the receptacle. The objective is to keep the receptacle more or less level in use, and to prevent its accidental tilting, or its tilting due to on balance by debris collected in the front portion of the receptacle. Nevertheless, when filled, it can easily be swung outwardly to disengage its hooks 10.
It will be clear that in use the receptacle 1 is hooked over the front edge of the gutter G, and hangs stably in a level disposition. The householder, on his ladder, can manipulate a clean-out tool with one hand, and hold onto the ladder with the other hand. As he raises debris from the gutter, should he tend to spill it, the extra-height front wall 12 prevents its spilling or splashing outside the receptacle, and it all runs into the receptacle. The extention of the receptacle inside the front edge of the gutter insures that no debris will fall between the gutter and the receptacle. The elongated form and raised end walls of the receptacle minimizes the possibility of dropping or throwing debris beyond the ends of the receptacle. As
gutters, with ap- 3 the work progresses lengthwise of the gutter, the receptacle can be pulled along, until filled, whereupon it is easily unhooked and removed for disposal of its contents.
I claim as my invention:
1. In combination with a roof gutter supported at an eaves of the roof, a refuse receptacle suspended on the gutter for receiving refuse removed by an operator standing, for example, in a position facing the eaves, opposite the gutter, said receptacle having a bottom tray section which is disposed below the gutter and characterized with front and back portions, as the operator sees it, the back portion of which is disposed directlly beneath the gutter and equipped with means for contacting the under side of the gutter, and the front portion of which is disposed on the opposite side of the vertical plane occupied by the upper front edge of the gutter, with respect to the main body of the gutter itself, and open at the top, so as to receive the refuse as it is removed over the aforesaid edge of the gutter, there being hook means on the receptacle which extend upwardly from the front portion of the tray section and loosely engage over the aforesaid edge of the gutter so as to cooperate with the contact means in suspending the tray section in the aforesaid manner below the gutter.
2. The combination according to claim 1 wherein the front wall of the receptacle, as the operator sees it, is raised above the level of the back portion of the tray section, and laterally opposed to the gu ter, so as to form a splash plate for the protection of the operator.
3. The combination according to claim 2 wherein the end walls of the front portion of the tray section, as the operator sees it, are also raised above the level of the back portion of the tray section, intermediate the front wall of the receptacle and the gutter, so as to form a splash enclosure for the protection of the operator.
4. The combination according to claim 2 wherein the upper edge portion of the front wall of the receptacle is apertured to form a handhold for the operator.
5. The combination according to claim 2 wherein the hook means are formed on the end walls of the front portion of the tray section, as the operator sees it.
6. The combination according to claim 1 wherein the back portion of the tray section is also open at the top.
7. The combination according to claim 1 wherein the hook means are slidably engaged over the upper front edge of the gutter so as to enable the receptacle to be moved along the length of the gutter While it remains suspended therefrom.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 768,364 8/1904 Hines 220-18 X 2,090,176 8/1937 Besancon 211-88 X 2,314,118 3/1943 Bisson 211-88 X 2,892,561 6/1959 Frank 220-94 X THERON E. CONDON, Primary Examiner.
GEORGE E. LOWRANCE, Examiner.