|Publication number||US3327701 A|
|Publication date||Jun 27, 1967|
|Filing date||Jun 13, 1966|
|Priority date||Jun 13, 1966|
|Publication number||US 3327701 A, US 3327701A, US-A-3327701, US3327701 A, US3327701A|
|Inventors||Smith David Gibbons|
|Original Assignee||Moffats Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (27), Classifications (9), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
D. G. SMITH June 27,1967
I HINGE MECHANISM 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. DAVID GIBBONS SMITH BY W 19M ATTORNEYS 6 6 9 l 1 7d 1 e V n .12.3 U J d I e i|4 1 1 a if il ltI'IIIII Ill ill l ll llll|l lll F 5 8 9 June 27, 1967 SMlTH 3,327,7Q1
HINGE MECHANISM Filed June 1.3, 1966 3 Sheets-Sheet INVENTOR. DAVID GIBBONS SMITH jwfigyz ATTORNEYS June 27, 1967 D. G. SMITH HINGE MECHANISM Filed June 13, L966 5 Sheets-Sheet Z Pr I I l H 10 ll M H g l Al" 11- h M I ll 8 g I :1 Li W N I I T 0 g I A m I I I I i l I m AH H fi v m 1 '1 aka 0 211" [1TH E l 0] I, O v- Q' I l I N 7 MHIWHH.
I 5 W W wr LO LO HI. I
' INVENTOR. H I $9 DAVID GIBBONS SMITH lay W ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,327,701 HINGE MECHANISM David Gibbons Smith, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, assignor to Moiiats, Limited, Weston, Ontario, Canada Filed June 13, 1966, Ser. No. 556,932 7 Claims. (Cl. 126194) This invention relates to hinge mechanisms and is particularly concerned with means for providing a releasable hinged connection between a hinged member and a support. The invention constitutes an improvement over the hinge mechanisms described in United States Patent 2,842,117 of July 8, 1958, and United States Patent 3,067,736 of Dec. 11, 1962, issued to the same assignee as the assignee of the present application.
The hinge mechanism of the present invention is particularly suitable for use in cooking stoves for the purpose of supporting the oven door, although other applications of an analogous nature are envisaged. As is well known, the interior of the oven of a cooking stove requires periodic cleaning and the presence of the door, when in the open position, renders the interior of the oven less accessible than might be desired. Accordingly several attempts have been made to provide removable doors so that the interior of the oven in readily accessible for cleaning purposes.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a robust hinge mechanism which is carried by the hinged member and is adapted to constitute a readily releasable connection between the latter and its support.
A hinge mechanism in accordance with the present invention comprises a hinge plate pivotally connected to the hinged member and having a projecting arm which co operates with and is releasably secured by a retaining socket mounted on the support, the projecting arm carrying a locking abutment adapted to engage a cooperating locking formation in the retaining socket and a manually releasable catch for preventing relative displacement be tween the locking abutment and the cooperating forma tion.
In a cooking stove having an oven with a door which is hinged about a horizontal hinge line, as described below, the hinged member will be constituted by the oven door and the support will be the wall of the oven itself.
One preferred embodiment of the invention, as applied to a cooking stove, will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a cut-away perspective exploded view of a portion of the oven door and stove body;
FIGURE 2 is a side elevation of the hinge mechanism taken in section through the oven door and stove body, the door being closed and securely mounted on the stove bod a FIGURE 3 is a view similar to FIGURE 2 showing the door partly open and the hinge mechanism immobilized;
FIGURE 4 shows a detail of the hinge mechanism when the hinge mechanism is immobilized and the door is partly disengaged from the stove body; and
FIGURE 5 shows a detail of the hinge mechanism when the door is in the broil position.
Referring now to the drawings and in particular to FIGURE 1, the stove body, which constitutes the support of the present invention and is indicated generally at 10, comprises a sheet metal structure providing at each side of an oven an inner wall 11, which forms the inner surface of the oven, an outer wall 12, which forms the ex ternal surface of the stove body, and a frontwall 13 which constitutes the peripheral rim of the oven opening. The walls 11, 12 and 13 are extended to form the top, bottom and back of the oven in the conventional manner and the hollow space between the walls is filled with heat insulating material.
The door of the oven, which constitutes the hinged member of the present invention and is indicated generally at 14, comprises a hollow sheet metal structure having an outer sheet metal shell 15a and an inner wall 15 which cooperates with the oven opening to close the latter, a peripheral sealing strip 16 of deformable heat resistant material being secured to the wall and being adapted to seal against the front wall 13 of the stove body. The door is stiffened by vertical angle members, such as 17, secured to the inside of the wall 15 and the interior of the door structure is insulated in accordance with conventional practice.
The door 14 is detachably mountable on the stove body 10 for pivotal movement about a horizontal hinge line with respect to the oven opening. Rigidly secured to the angle member 17 is a vertical bar 18, to the lower end of which a hinge plate 19 is pivotally connected by a hinge pin 20, the horizontal hinge line extending through the axes of the pin 20 and a corresponding hinge pin at the opposite edge of the door 14. The hinge plate 19 lies in a vertical plane, and is of cranked formation, an arm 21 of the hinge plate extending horizontally in a direction transverse to the hinge line and projecting through a slot 22 in the inner wall 15 of the door 14. A link 23 is pivotally connected at one end to the hinge plate at 24, and the other end of the link is connected by a coiled tension spring 25 to a fixing member 26 welded to the wall 15 of the door 14. The arrangement is such a to bias the door in a clockwise direction about the horizontal hinge line, with respect to the hinge plate 19, thereby biasing the door into its closed position.
The lower edge of the projecting arm 21 is formed with a wedge-shaped locking abutment 27 having a sloping leading edge 27a and a vertical rear edge 27b, this locking abutment being adapted to engage a cooperating locking formation in the stove body as described hereinafter. Also mounted on the arm 21 is a manually operable sliding carrier plate 28, one end of which is turned out to provide a finger gripping portion 29 and the other end of which is turned in to provide a guiding abutment 30 which slides in a longitudinal guide slot 31 in the arm 21. The carrier plate 28 also carries a transverse pin 32 which slides in an elongated slot 33 in the arm 21 aligned with the guide slot 31. The pin 32, which constitutes a catch member and is operable in the manner described below, is movable between a first position at which the abutment 30 engages one end of the slot 31 (FIGURE 1) and a second position at which the abutment 30 engages the other end of slot 31, the slot defining the limits of movement of the catch member. The lower end of the link 23 is formed with a detent 34 which engages the transverse pin 32 or catch member when the latter is in its second position as shown in FIGURE 4.
The arm 21 of the hinge plate 19 is adapted to cooperate with a retaining socket 35 which is rigidly mounted within the side wall of the stove body 10. The retaining socket 35 comprises a channel-shaped member which is mounted horizontally, one end of the member being welded to a flange of an angle member 36 secured to the front wall 13 of the stove body by bolts 37, and the other end of the member being secured to a fixing lug 38 which is welded to wall 11 of the stove body. In order to facilitate assembly of the retaining socket during manufacture, the lug 38 is formed with an elongated screw-receiving slot which receives a fixing screw 39. At its forward end the retaining socket 35 provides an entry aperture 40 in the form of a vertically elongated slot, to receive the arm 21, the entry aperture being located behind an aperture 41 in the front wall 13 of the stove body.
The channel-shaped member constituting the retaining socket 35 has upper and lower edges 42, 43 each of which includes an aperture 44, 45, herein referred to as a locking aperture, and the mouth of the channel is formed with a pair of opposed vertical flanges 46, 47. Each flange provides a horizontal edge 48, 49, and is tapered to provide a sloping edge 50, 51 between the forward end of said horizontal edge and the entry aperture 40. Towards the rear end of the retaining socket 35 is a stamped out lug or ear 52 constituting an abutment stop for the end of the hinge plate arm 21.
As will be readily understood the locking aperture 44 serves no useful purpose in the case of the particular retaining socket illustrated, but the symmetrical construction of the retaining socket is convenient in that it enables identical sockets to be used at opposite sides of the stove body.
In order to mount the door 14 on the stove body, the end of the hinge plate arm 21 is inserted through aperture 41 so that it enters the entry aperture 40 of the retaining socket, and is slid home so that the end of the arm engages the abutment stop 52 and the locking abutment 27 drops into the locking aperture 45. The sliding carrier plate 28 is next operated to bring the pin 32 into engagement with the horizontal lower edge of the vertical flange 46, against which it abuts so that the arm 21 cannot be lifted and hence the locking abutment 27 cannot be displaced from the locking aperture 45. The door cannot, therefore, he accidentally detached from the stove body.
In order to release the hinge mechanism from the retaining socket, for the purpose of removing the door 14, the door must first be opened to provide access to the carrier plate, as shown in FIGURE 3, and the carrier plate is slid outwardly to withdraw the catch member or transverse pin 32 to its second position at which it is disengaged from the lower edge of the flange 46. In this second position the catch member also engages the detent 34 at the lower end of link 23, thereby limiting clockwise movement of the latter and immobilizing the hinge mechanism. The door 14 can now be raised as illustrated in FIGURE 4, the locking abutment 27 thus being lifted from the aperture 45. In this position the hinge mechanism can be readily withdrawn from the retaining member 22, and the door 14 thereby detached from the stove body.
The outer edge of the link 23 is provided with a hook abutment 53 which engages a fixed stop pin 54 when the door 14 is in its fully opened position and prevents further opening of the door. The stop pin 54 is fixed to the bar 18 rigidly mounted Within the door body, and this bar also carries a roller 55 which is adapted to engage with a cam formation on the inner edge of the link 23.
This cam formation includes a first detent or notch 56 which the roller 55 engages When the door is in its closed position as shown in FIGURE 2, and a second detent 57 which the roller 55 engages when the door is in its partly open or broil position as shown in FIGURE 5. When the door is moved towards its fully open position, against the bias of spring 25, the roller 55 engages a straight portion 58 of the link 23 and the movement of the door is limited only by the engagement of the abutment 53 with the stop pin 54.
It will be appreciated that although only one hinge has been described and illustrated, in an application to an oven door of a cooking stove as described two hinges would be required, the second hinge being of identical construction to the first and being mounted on the opposite edge of the door.
What I claim as my invention is:
1. Means for detachably mounting a hinged member to a support for pivotal movement about a horizontal hinge line comprising a hinge plate pivotally connected to the hinged member and extending therefrom in a direction transverse to said hinge line, the hinge plate lying in a substantially vertical plane, a locking abutment projecting from the lower edge of the hinge plate, a movable catch member mounted on the hinge plate, and a retaining socket rigidly mounted on the support for receiving and releasably securing the hinge plate, the retaining socket comprising a horizontally mounted channel-shaped member having upper and lower edges and providing a vertically elongated entry aperture for the hinged blade, said lower edge providing a locking aperture positioned to engage said locking abutment and said upper edge carrying a vertical flange with a horizontal lower edge cooperating with said movable catch member, said catch member being movable between a first position at which it engages the lower edge of said vertical flange whereby to prevent lifting of the locking abutment out of the locking aperture and a second position at which it is disengaged from said lower edge whereby to permit lifting of the locking abutment from the locking aperture and hence removal of the hinged member from the support.
2. Means for detachably mounting-a hinged member to a support according to claim 1, wherein the movable catch member comprises a pin which is carried by a slidable carrier mounted on the hinge plate for longitudinal sliding movement thereon, means being provided for limiting the extent of sliding movement of the carrier on said plate.
3. Means for detachably mounting a hinged member to a support according to claim 2, wherein the slidable carrier is formed with a first transverse projection accessible for manual operation of the carrier, and a second transverse projection engaging with a longitudinal guide slot in said hinge plate.
4. Means for detachably mounting a hinged member to a support according to claim 1, wherein the retaining socket includes an abutment stop spaced from the locking aperture by a distance such that the locking abutment engages the locking aperture when the hinge plate abuts against said stop.
5. Means for detachably mounting a hinged member to a support according to claim 1, wherein said vertical flange is tapered between one end of the horizontal lower edge thereof and said entry aperture.
6. Means for detachably mounting a hinged member to a support according to claim 1, wherein the hinged member is biased in one direction, relative to the hinge plate, about said hinge line by means comprising a link pivotally connected at one end to the hinge plate and connected at its other end to the hinged member by a tension spring, the link carrying a detent which, when the hinged member is pivotally moved to a predetermined position about said hinge line and the catch member is moved to its disengaged position, cooperates with the catch member so as to maintain the hinged member in said predetermined position against the spring bias.
7. Means according to claim 1, wherein said lower edge of the channel-shaped member carries an upwardly extending vertical flange opposing the vertical flange carried by said upper edge andsaid upper edge is provided with a locking aperture, the vertical flanges and locking apertures being symmetrically disposed with respect to a horizontal median plane of the channel-shaped member.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,780,219 2/1957 Polloch 126-194 3,072,117 1/ 1963 Stoligrosz 126-191 3,150,658 9/1964 Ferland 126191 KENNETH W. SPRAGUE, Primary Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2780219 *||May 18, 1953||Feb 5, 1957||Tappan Stove Co||Closure mechanism for oven doors|
|US3072117 *||Aug 5, 1960||Jan 8, 1963||Whirlpool Co||Hinge structure|
|US3150658 *||Feb 19, 1962||Sep 29, 1964||Hupp Corp||Range door construction|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3889654 *||Dec 26, 1973||Jun 17, 1975||Kelvinator Inc||Self-locking oven door hinge|
|US5025776 *||May 18, 1990||Jun 25, 1991||The Stanley Works||Door mounted hinge for oven doors and the like|
|US6035848 *||Jul 1, 1998||Mar 14, 2000||Whirlpool Corporation||Oven and range door lock mechanism|
|US6397836||Feb 27, 2001||Jun 4, 2002||The Stanley Works||Damped oven door mounting assemblies|
|US6453510||Sep 21, 2000||Sep 24, 2002||Mansfield Assemblies Co.||Single link dual-contact point hinge assembly|
|US6539581 *||Mar 29, 2000||Apr 1, 2003||Faringosi-Hinges S.R.L.||Hinge for furniture and the like, with movable arm arranged inside the fixed arm|
|US6968597 *||Jun 2, 2003||Nov 29, 2005||Mansfield Assemblies Co.||Hinge assembly having improved stop|
|US6986187 *||May 20, 2003||Jan 17, 2006||Mansfield Assemblies Co.||Hinge assembly with glide member|
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|US7765643 *||Mar 26, 2007||Aug 3, 2010||Nuova Star S.P.A.||Connection for hinge|
|US7934290||Dec 21, 2006||May 3, 2011||C.M.I. S.R.L.||Door hinge device with fulcrum at variable position|
|US8584321||Apr 29, 2010||Nov 19, 2013||Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.||Door hinge for opening and closing a door of a domestic appliance|
|US9072422||Jan 30, 2012||Jul 7, 2015||General Electric Company||Dishwasher appliance with a detachable door|
|US9211050 *||Mar 27, 2009||Dec 15, 2015||Bsh Hausgeraete Gmbh||Stationary household appliance, in particular a dishwasher|
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|US20030221285 *||Jun 2, 2003||Dec 4, 2003||Mansfield Assemblies Co.||Hinge assembly having improved stop|
|US20070119021 *||Nov 10, 2006||May 31, 2007||Habegger Jeffrey D||Hinge assembly and door mounting system including same|
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|EP2249085A1||May 8, 2009||Nov 10, 2010||Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.||Door hinge for opening and closing a door of a domestic appliance|
|EP2362049A3 *||Feb 1, 2011||Jun 25, 2014||BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH||Household appliance, in particular cooking oven|
|EP2372059A1 *||Mar 31, 2010||Oct 5, 2011||Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.||A door hinge device for an oven cavity of a cooking oven|
|WO2007072206A2 *||Dec 21, 2006||Jun 28, 2007||Cmi Srl||Door hinge device with fulcrum at variable position|
|WO2010127803A1 *||Apr 29, 2010||Nov 11, 2010||Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.||Door hinge for opening and closing a door of a domestic appliance|
|International Classification||F24C15/02, E05D3/06|
|Cooperative Classification||E05D3/06, E05Y2900/308, E05Y2201/416, F24C15/023|
|European Classification||E05D3/06, F24C15/02B2|
|Aug 26, 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CAMCO INC., 185 WRIGHT AVE., WESTON, ONTARIO, M9N
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:GSW INC.;REEL/FRAME:004163/0226
Effective date: 19830629
|Jul 13, 1981||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GSW INC.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:GSW LIMITED-GSW LIMITEE;REEL/FRAME:003883/0501
Effective date: 19801001