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Publication numberUS3328022 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 27, 1967
Filing dateDec 10, 1964
Priority dateDec 10, 1964
Publication numberUS 3328022 A, US 3328022A, US-A-3328022, US3328022 A, US3328022A
InventorsGeorge D Miller
Original AssigneeColight Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vacuum holder
US 3328022 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jun 27, 1967 G. D. MILLER VACUUM HOLDER Filed Dec. 10, 1954 INVENTOR.

' 0602176 0 Miller AUQANEY.

United States Patent 3,328,022 VACUUM HOLDER George D. Miller, Troy, Ohio, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Colight Inc., Minneapolis, Minn., a corporation of Minnesota Filed Dec. 10, 1964, Ser. No. 417,356

6 Claims. (Cl. 269-21) This invention relates in general to sheet or film holding devices and more particularly to improvements in a holding device which utilizes a vacuum source as the means for holding a sheet or the like in a fiat plane for photographic or other purposes.

A principal object of the present invention is to provide a vacuum type sheet or film holding device which is extremely simple and economical to manufacture and which will accommodate sheets or films of different sizes.

Another object is to provide a vacuum type sheet holder capable of holding a sheet or the like in a perfectly flat plane.

Another object is to reduce the amount of vacuum required to hold sheets or the like in a fiat plane.

Another object is to provide a vacuum type sheet holder which is readily and easily adjustable to accommodate sheets of different sizes.

A further object is to provide a vacuum type sheet holder which is quickly operable to hold a sheet in place.

The present invention accomplishes the above objects by mounting a foraminous member, preferably a woven mesh screen member, over a series of nested Wall sections upstanding from a base and slideably positioning a vacuum tube in aligned openings in the wall sections to apply vacuum to one or more vacuum compartments formed by such wall sections so as to limit the application of vacuum to those compartments over which a sheet is mounted.

The manner in which the above and other objects of the invention are accomplished will be readily understood on reference to the following specification when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a plan view of the improved film holding device with parts broken away to illustrate its construction.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmental side elevation view, partly in section, and taken substantially along the line 22 of FIG. 1.

In reference to the drawing, the sheet holding device, indicated generally by the numeral 10, comprises a base member 11 which is rectangular in shape and is preferably formed of an aluminum casting. Formed integrally with the base member 11 are a plurality of nested upstanding wall sections 12 which together define nested compartments 13. The upper edges of the wall sections are machined to present a perfectly level surface to receive a woven mesh screen type sheet support member 14. Such construction presents a rigid body which resists warping during assembly of the device or during handling.

The support member 14, which is similar to window screen material, is prestretched over a suitable frame (not shown) and is then stretched over the upper edges of the wall sections 12 and is firmly attached about the perimeter of the base 11 to the upper surfaces of adjustable tension frame members 15. For this purpose, each edge of the member 14 is clamped between a respective frame member 15 and a clamp strip 19 by screws 29. This results in a precisely flat sheet supporting surface.

Screw threaded into each frame member 15 are a plurality of adjusting bolts 16. These bolts pass through projecting bosses 17 all of which are integrally formed on the perimeter of the frame 11 below the frame members 15. When adjustment of the member 14 is deemed 3,328,022 Patented June 27, 1967 "ice necessary to maintain the same in a taut or drum-like condition, the bolts 16 are advanced to draw frame members 15 downwardly thereby applying an even tensioning force to the member 14 to present a fiat sheet supporting surface.

The material of member 14 is preferably of such mesh and Wire size as to properly support a sheet or film in a fiat plane against atmospheric pressure upon partial evacuation of air from therebelow.

Because of the relatively large overall open area presented by a woven or mesh type screen material, in comparison with that presented by a sheet in which holes are drilled or otherwise formed, a relatively lower vacuum force need be applied to adequately hold the sheet material in place. Also, such mesh type screen material is far less expensive than sheets in which holes are formed. Further, since such screen material presents a series of round wires forming the openings and since the open area is greater than the closed area, there is little tendency for such openings to clog with accumulated dust or dirt partcles. On the other hand, in prior art supports formed of sheet material in which small holes are drilled, dust particles tend to collect in the holes over a period of time thus reducing the size of such openings and the effectiveness of the vacuum applied therethrough.

A tube 21 of generally rectangular cross section is slideably mounted in a series of aligned openings 22 in the various wall sections 12. These openings 22 are lined with sealing grommets 23 of felt or the like which serve as bearing surfaces for the tube 21 and also serve to suitably seal the various compartments 13 from one another. Secured to the outer end of the tube 2.1 is a rubber hose 24 which is attached to a suitable source of vacuum (not shown).

During operation, when it is desired to support a sheet or film 25 (dotted lines, FIG. 2) having an area roughly equal to the smaller compartment 13a, the tube 21 is slid inward to its position illustrated in FIG. 1. Thus, when vacuum is applied it will be restricted to compartment 13a and this will serve to hold the film or sheet 25 perfectly fiat against the screen 14. If a larger film or sheet is to be supported such as one approximating the size of the wall section 131, the'tube is slid outward until it resumes its dotted line position 21, FIG. 1, wherein it terminates adjacent the opening formed in such wall section 131, thus applying vacuum to the four compartments 13a through 13d to hold the film thereabove flat against the support member 14 as mentioned above.

Because of the relatively small amount of vacuum necessary to properly hold a sheet in position, adequate holding will be effected in the corners and throughout the area of such sheet.

Also, it will be noted that the tube 21 may be readily and quickly adjusted lengthwise to apply vacuum to the desired number of compartments depending upon the size of the sheet to be supported.

Although the invention has been described in detail and certain specific terms and languages have been used, it is to be understood that the present disclosure is illustrative rather than restrictive and that changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention as set forth in the claims appended hereto.

Having thus described the invention, what is desired to be secured by United States Letters Patent is:

1. A vacuum holder for sheets or the like,

comprising a base having nested wall sections upstanding therefrom to form a plurality of vacuum c0mpartments,

a foraminous support member extending over said wall sections,

said Wall sections having aligned openings therein,

and a tube adapted to be connected to a source of vacuum,

said tube being slideable endwise through said openings whereby to apply vacuum to one or more of said compartments.

2. A vacuum holder for sheets or the like,

comprising a base having nested wall sections upstanding therefrom to form a plurality of vacuum compartments,

a foraminous support member extending over said wall sections,

said wall sections having aligned openings therein,

a tube adapted to be connected to a source of vacuum,

said tube being slideable endwise through said openings whereby to apply vacuum to one or more of said compartments, and

sealing means surrounding said openings to form sliding seals between said wall sections and said tube.

3. A vacuum holder for sheets or the like,

comprising a base having nested wall sections upstanding therefrom to form a plurality of vacuum compartments,

a flexible support member of Woven mesh material extending over said wall sections,

a frame tensioning member slideable over an outer one of said wall sections,

means attaching said support member to said tensioning member,

means for adjusting said tensioning member along said outer wall section whereby to stretch said support member over said wall sections,

and means for selectively applying vacuum to one or more of said compartments.

4. A vacuum holder for sheets or the like,

comprising a base having nested wall sections upstanding therefrom to form a plurality of vacuum com- 'partments,

a flexible foraminous support member extending over said wall sections,

tensioning means slideable over an outer one of said wall sections,

means attaching said support member to said tensioning means about the periphery of said outer wall section,

means for moving said tensioning means along said outer wall section and toward said base whereby to maintain said support member taut in all directions in the plane of that portion thereof extending over said nested Wall sections,

and means for selectively applying vacuum to one or more of said compartments.

5. A vacuum holder for sheets or the like,

comprising a base having nested wall sections upstanding therefrom to form a plurality of vacuum compartments,

a flexible foraminous support member extending over said wall sections,

said wall sections having aligned openings therein,

a vacuum tube adapted to be connected to a source of vacuum,

said tube being slideable endwise through said openings whereby to apply vacuum to one or more of said compartments,

frame means encompassing the outer one of said wall sections and slideable therealong,

means attaching said support member to said frame means around the periphery of said outer wall section, and

means for moving said frame means toward said base whereby to maintain said support member taut in all directions in the plane of that portion thereof which extends over said wall sections.

6. A vacuuum holder for sheets or the like,

comprising a fiat base having a plurality of nested wall sections upstanding therefrom to form a plurality of nested vacuum compartments,

a flexible Woven mesh screen member extending over said wall sections,

said wall sections having aligned openings therein,

a tube adapted to be connected to a source of vacuum,

said tube being slideable endwise through said openings whereby to apply vacuum to one or more of said compartments,

tensioning members independently movable along the outer one of said wall sections,

means attaching said screen member to said tensioning members, and

means for moving said tensioning members toward said base whereby to maintain said screen member taut in all directions in the plane of that portion thereof which extends over said wall sections.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,814,233 12/1957 Anander 248-363 RICHARD H. EANES, JR., Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2814233 *Aug 27, 1956Nov 26, 1957Powers Chemco IncFlexible sheet support for photographic device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4113538 *Aug 24, 1976Sep 12, 1978Green Russell WMethod of and means for mounting labels
US4468017 *May 7, 1982Aug 28, 1984The Gerber Scientific Instrument CompanyVacuum zone control valve
US4981345 *May 15, 1990Jan 1, 1991The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space AdministrationSample holder support for microscopes
US5857667 *Oct 25, 1996Jan 12, 1999Samsung Aerospace Industries, Ltd.Vacuum chuck
US6422548 *Aug 14, 2000Jul 23, 2002M&R Printing Equipment, Inc.Adjustable zoned vacuum bed
US6496249 *Jan 19, 2001Dec 17, 2002Sharp Kabushiki KaishiExposure apparatus
US8506363 *Dec 23, 2009Aug 13, 2013Ebara CorporationSubstrate holder and substrate holding method
US20100267317 *Dec 23, 2009Oct 21, 2010Ebara CorporationSubstrate holder and substrate holding method
Classifications
U.S. Classification269/21
International ClassificationB25B11/00, G03B27/64, B66C1/02
Cooperative ClassificationB66C1/0281, B66C1/0231, B66C1/0293, G03B27/64, B25B11/005
European ClassificationB66C1/02U, B66C1/02R, B66C1/02L, B66C1/02, B25B11/00C, G03B27/64