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Publication numberUS3328062 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 27, 1967
Filing dateJul 26, 1965
Priority dateJul 26, 1965
Also published asDE1553559A1, DE1973303U
Publication numberUS 3328062 A, US 3328062A, US-A-3328062, US3328062 A, US3328062A
InventorsPaul B Geiger, Russell C Geiger
Original AssigneeHobart Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Latch mechanism
US 3328062 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 27, 1967 P. B. GEIGER ETAL LATCH MECHANISM 2 Sheets-$heet 1 Filed July 26, 1965 INVENTORS PAUL B. GEIGER 8 BY RUSSELL C. GEIGER 9% f :ATTORNLEHYS FIG-3 June 1967 P. B. GEIGER ETAL LATCH MECHANISM 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 26, 1965 INVENTORS EIGER 8: C. GEIGER PAUL B. G RUSSELL BY ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,328,062 LATCH MECHANISM Paul B. Geiger and Russell C. Geiger, Troy, Ohio, assignors to The Hobart Manufacturing Company, Troy, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Filed July 26, 1965, Ser. No. 474,666 Claims. (Cl. 292-123) This invention relates to a latch mechanism for a washing machine such as a dishwashing machine, and more particularly, to a latch mechanism for retaining the door of a front loading type dishwashing machine and for compressing a resilient seal spaced between the door and the tank defining the cleansing chamber to prevent the escape of steam and the cleansing spray.

Specifically, the present invention is directed to a latch mechanism for a front loading dishwashing machine having a door operable between a vertical closed position and a horizontal open position. Commonly, a resilient seal strip formed from a rubber or vinyl material is fastened around either the inside of the door or the forward portion of the tank and is adapted to be compressed upon closing of the door to seal the door tightly with the tank for preventing the escape of steam produced by the hot water employed and the cleansing liquid which is sprayed throughout the chamber during the operation of the machine.

It has been found desirable to provide a latch for locking the door to the tank which is actuated by natural movements of the hand and which will also draw the door tightly against the tank to compress the resilient seal in response to a relative light manual force applied to the handle of the latch. Furthermore, it has been found desirable to provide a latch mechanism having a step actuation whereby the first movement in unlocking the latch is operable to actuate a switch to open the electrical circuits leading to the motors for the timer and the power spray system, but does not permit the door to be opened until a further movement of the latch mechanism is made. This two-step movement or operation from a locked position to a neutral position and then to an open position has also been found desirable to eliminate substantially the chances for accidentally opening of the door during operation of the spray system whereby the cleansing spray is directed out of the cleansing chamber onto the floor or the operator.

Accordingly, one primary object of the present invention is to provide a novel latch for a dishwashing machine wherein the latch is opened by the natural operation of lifting a projecting handle, but if an excessive force is employed on the handle it would not open the door and break the liquid tight seal but instead, would tend to hold the door closed.

As another object, the present invention provides a latch mechanism as described above, wherein the closing of the latch can be accomplished by substantially a constant force acting downwardly on the projecting handle which produces an increasing clamping force between the an open position wherein the latch disengages to permit opening of the door.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a latch for a front loading dishwashing machine, as described above, wherein the latch mechanism is adapted to be fitted to the door as a subassembly thus providing for convenient and economical assembly of the latch.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description, the accompanying drawings and the appended claims.

In the drawings;

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a front loading type dishwashing machine which is provided with a latch mechanism constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged elevational sectional view of the latch mechanism mounted within the dishwasher door and showing the latch mechanism as viewed along the line 2-2 of FIG. 6, in the locked position whereby the resilient seal is compressed to form a liquid tight seal between the door and the tank;

FIG. 3 is another enlarged elevational section view of the latch mechanism employed on the machine of FIG. 1 and showing the latch mechanism in the neutral or intermediate position;

FIGURE 4 is a third enlarged elevational section view of the latch mechanism formed according to the invention and showing the mechanism in the open position with the door slightly open;

FIG. 5 is an exploded view of the latch mechanism illustrating the assembled relationship of the components; and

FIG. 6 is a rear elevational view of the latch mechanism according to the invention.

In the drawings, which illustrate a preferred embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 1 shows a front loading type dishwashing machine including generally, a cabinet 10 having a top 12 and front lower panel 13. Access to the dishwasher is provided by the door 14 which is suitably hinged at the bottom to permit the door to move from the vertical closed position shown in FIG. 1 to a horizontal open position. The latch 15 according to the present invention is supported within the door by a frame member 17 (FIG. 2) connected to the inner door panel 19 at the top center portion of the door, as shown in FIG. 1.

A handle member 20 including a T-shaped handle 22 and a cam member 24 connected rigidly together by the round stud 26 and the screw 27, is pivotally mounted to a channel type support bracket 30 by a pin 32 providing a horizontal axis of rotation for the handle member 20. The support bracket 30, in turn, is removably secured to the frame member 17 of the door 14 by .a suitable screw extending through the holes 33 formed in each of the four tabs 34. As shown in FIG. 1, the T-shaped handle 22 projects outwardly through an opening formed in the decorative trim plate 35 extending across the upper portion of the door 14. The handle portion 20 is adapted to pivot about the pin 32 from the downwardly extending closed position (FIG. 2) to an outwardly extending neutral position (FIG. 3) where the door is released from the sealed position of FIG. 2, to a slightly higher position as shown in FIG. 4 enabling the door to be opened to a horizontal position. Pivotally mounted to the bracket 30 directly above the handle portion 20 is a rocker member 38 which is retained by the pin 40 extending through the holes 41 (FIG. 5) formed within the sides 43 and 44 of the support bracket 30.

Mounted on each side of the cam member 24 eccentric to the axis of rotation, is a roller 46 which is supported by the pin 48 extending through the opening 49 formed within the cam member. As the cam member 24 is rotated by the vertical movement of the handle 22, the rollers 46 are adapted to engage the pair of curved cam surfaces 52 formed along the underneath side of the rocker member 38 causing the rocker member to pivot about the pin 40. Extending from the top portion of the rocker member 38 are a pair of cars 55 (FIG. having aligned openings 56. which are adapted to pivotally support a catch member 58 having ears 59 defining aligned openings 62. As illustrated in FIG. 5, the ears 59 of the catch member 58 are mounted between the ears 55 of the rocker member 38 and are adapted to receive the pin 64.

A torsion spring 66 (FIG. 2) is mounted on the pin 40 and serves to bias the rocker member 38 in a clockwise direction so that when the latch mechanism is in a neutral position, the tabs 69 (FIG. 5) extending from the rocker member 38, are adapted to engage the edges 71 of the support bracket 30 to provide a stop against further clockwise rotation of the rocker member 38. Thus, when assembled, the ends 73 of the torsion spring 66 are retained within the notches 74 formed in the underneath edge of the tabs 75 extending inwardly from the sides 43 and 44 of the support bracket 30.

In a similar manner, the coil type torsion spring 77 (FIG. 2) mounted on the pin 64 and between the ears 59 (FIG. 5) of the catch member 58, serves to bias the catch member 58 in an upward counterclockwise direction causing the engaging portion 80 to extend through the opening 82 formed within the top edge portion 83 of the inner door panel 19.

When the door'is moved from an open to a closed position, the leading cam surface 85 (FIG. 3) of the catch member 58 extends through the opening 82 and engages the rounded forward edge 87 of the cleansing tank 89 causing the catch member 58 to pivot downwardly or clockwise. As the door 14 is closed further, the projecting portion 80 of the catch member snaps upwardly through the strike opening 90 for-med within the top forward portion of the tank 89. As shown in FIG. 3, the opening 90 in the tank 89 and the catch member 58 are so spaced that at the position of the door when the portion 80 snaps into the opening 90, the resilient seal 93 which is fastened around the edge of the inner panel 19 by a series of screws 95 extending through a clamping plate 96, touches the seat portion 181) of the tank 89.

To close the door further and compress the seal 93, the handle 22 is pushed downwardly thereby rotating the handle member counterclockwise causing the rollers 46 to engage the cam'surfaces 52 and thereby rotate the rocker member 38 in a counterclockwise direction. In rotating counterclockwise, the rocker member 3 8 carries with it the catch member 58. However, since the portion 80 is received within the opening 90, the catch member 58 remains substantially stationary and the rocker member 38 pivots about the pin 64 causing the door 14 to move towards the tank 89 as a result of the connection between the-rocker member 38 and the support bracket by the pin 40.

As the rollers 46 move up the cam surfaces 52 of the rocker member 38 from the neutral position shown in FIG. 3 towards the locked position of FIG. 2, it can be seen that as a result of the increasing leverage, the counterclockwise torque produced on the rocker member 38 increases substantially even though the counterclockwise torque on the handle member 20 is substantially constant. Without this increasing leverage produced by the latch mechanism, it would require an undesirable increasing force on the handle 22 to compress the seal uniformly around the door to the deformed configuration as shown in FIG. 2.

To retain the handle member 20 in its downward locked position as shown in FIG. 2, the rollers 46 are adapted to pass slightly over center on the curved cam surface 52 whereby the clockwise torque on the rocker member 38 produced by the spring 66 and the pull on the catch member 58 produces a counterclockwise torque on the handle member 20. Thus, when the handle member 20 is rotated clockwise manually to the neutral position shown in FIG. 3, the rollers 46 pass back over center whereby the torsion spring 66 forces the handle member 20 in a clockwise direction until the tabs 69 (FIG. 5) extending from the rocker member 38 engage the edge portion 71 of the support bracket 30. At this point, the counterclockwise torque produced by the weight of the handle 22 is sufficient to retain the handle portion 20 in the position shown in FIG. 3.

When it is desired to open the door 14 of the dishwashing machine, the handle 22 is lifted causing the handle member 20 to rotate clockwise from the neutral position of FIG. 3 to the position shown in FIG. 4 until the surface 104 of the cam member 24 (FIG. 4) engages the support bracket 30 to form a stop. During this movement, the center portion of the pin 48 engages the finger 106 extending from the link member 108 having an upper portion 189 which extends through a slot 111 formed within the catch member 58 and is connected thereto by the pin 113. The lower portion 115 of the link member 108 is guided within a groove 117 (FIG. 5) formed within the cam member 24 and also by the pin 118 extending through the slot 119 formed within the lower portion of the link member 108. Thus, when the pin 48 engages the finger 186, the link member 108 rotates the catch member 58 clockwise to disengage the projecting portion from the opening formed within the tank 89. As soon as the upward manual force is released on the handle 22, the handle member 20 rotates counterclockwise back to its neutral position shown in FIG. 3. This is caused both by the weight of the handle 22 assisted by the upward force on the finger 106 caused by the relatively light counterclockwise torque on the catch member 58 produced by the torsion spring 77.

To provide an interlock for the electrical system of the dishwashing machine so that the operation of the cycle can be interrupted by any desired spot within the cycle, a lever 120 is rigidly mounted to the end of the pin 32 which, in turn, is secured by a suitable pin 121 (FIG. 6) to the cam member 24 for rotation therewith. When the handle member 20 is rotated clockwise from the locked position of FIG. 2 to the neutral position of FIG. 3, the lever 120 rotates with the handle member 20. By means of a suitable linkage including a tension spring 121, the end of the lever 120 is connected to the cancel bar 122 of a push button control switch, schematically illustrated at 123, which is also mounted within the door 14 having an exposed push button (FIG. 1). The rotary movement of the lever 120 to the neutral position cancels the buttons and opens the switch so that the electrical circuit to the motors for the timer and the wash system are opened. When it is desired for the operation of the cycle to resume, the push button switch 123 is again manually closed and thereby completing the electrical circuits.

From the above description and the drawings, it becomes apparent that the latch mechanism according to the invention provides several advantages. For example, if the operator inadvertently lifts the handle 22 from the locked position of FIG. 2 directly to the completely unlocked position of FIG. 4, the upward force on the handle 22 tends to urge the door 14 closed rather than opening the door. As a result, the operator is unlikely to break the contact between the resilient seal 93 and the seat portion before the spray system stops. By natural operation of the latch, however, only a light upward force will normally be applied to the handle 22 which causes the rollers 46 to pass over center and the handle member 20 to be rotated to the neutral position of FIG. 3. In this position, the catch member 58 is still engaged within the opening 90 and the resilient seal 93 is still in contact with the seat 100 around the edge of the door 14. Then, as mentioned above, to open the door, it is necessary to lift the handle 22 by a further amount until the handle reaches the position of FIG. 4. The handle 22 is then pulled outwardly causing the door 14 to move to its horizontal open position. I

Another important advantage of the latch is the relatively light downward force required on the handle 22 to close the door 14 until the seal '93 is compressed at all places where it is in contact with the seat portion 100. This results from the increasing leverage which is produced when the handle 22 is pushed downwardly until the rollers 46 pass across the center of the cam surfaces 52 formed on the rocker member 38. Also, by mounting the latch in the top center of the door 14, the pull exerted by the latch member 58 between the door 14 and the tank 89, results in a substantially uniform compression of the resilient seal 93 extending between the door 14 and the seat portion 100 of the tank 89.

While the form of apparatus herein described constitutes a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to this precise form of apparatus, and that changes may be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention which is defined in the appended claims.

We claim:

1. A latch mechanism for a washing machine having a cleansing tank and a door operable between a vertical closed position and a horizontal open position and having a resilient seal adapted to be compressed between the door in the closed position and the tank for preventing the escape of the cleansing spray, said latch mechanism comprising, a support bracket adapted to be mounted on the door, a rocker member pivotally mounted on said support bracket, a catch member adapted to project from the top edge of the door to engage strike means connected to the tank, means for pivotally mounting said catch member to said rocker member a predetermined distance from the pivotal axis of said rocker member, a handle member pivotally mounted on said support bracket and having a portion adapted to extend outwardly from the front side of said door and adapted to be moved manually in a generally vertical direction causing said handle member to rotate between a locked position and an open position, spring means for biasing said rocker member to said neutral position, cam means associated with said handle member for pivoting said rocker member by applying an increasing torque to said rocker member in response to a substantially constant torque applied to said handle member by a generally vertical force on said handle portion causing said catch member to draw the door tightly against the tank with an increasing force for uniformly compressing the seal, and means extending between said catch member and said handle member for withdrawing said catch member from the strike means when said handle member is rotated from said locked position to said open position.

2. A latch mechanism for a washing machine having a cleansing tank and a door operable between a vertical closed position and a horizontal open position and having a resilient seal adapted to be compressed between the door in the closed position and the tank for preventing the escape of the cleansing spray, said latch mechanism comprising a support bracket adapted to be removably mounted on the door, a rocker member pivotally mounted on said support bracket and having a cam surface formed thereon, a catch member formed from a plastic material and adapted to project from the top edge of the door to engage a strike opening from within the tank, means for pivotally mounting said catch member to said rocker member a predetermined distance from the pivotal axis of said rocker member, a handle member pivotally mounted on said support means and having a detachable handle portion adapted to extend outwardly from the front side of said door and adapted to be moved manually in a generally vertical direction causing said handle member to rotate between a locked position and an open position, spring means for biasing said rocker member to said neutral position, roller means mounted on said handle member for pivoting said rocker member by engaging said cam surface on said rocker member to produce an increasing torque on said rocker member in response to a substantially constant torque applied to said handle member by a generally vertical force on said handle portion causing said catch member to draw the door tightly against the tank with an increasing force for uniformly compressing the seal, and linkage means extending between said catch member and said handle member for withdrawing said catch member from the strike means when said handle member is rotated from the locked position to the open position.

3. A latch mechanism for a washing machine including a cleansing tank having a front opening, a door pivotally connected to said tank adjacent the lower edge of said opening and movable between a vertical closed position across said opening and a horizontal open position, strike means on said tank at the upper edge of said opening, and a resilient seal adapted to be compressed between the door and the tank; said latch mechanism comprising support means adapted to be mounted on said door, a handle member including a portion adapted to extend outwardly from said door, means pivotally mounting said handle member on said support means for closing and opening movement of said portion toward and away from the door about an axis adapted to extend generally parallel to the pivot axis of the door, a rocker member mounted on said support means for pivotable movement on an axis extending generally parallel to the pivot axis of said handle, a catch member mounted on said rocker member for pivotable movement on an axis extending generally parallel to the pivot axis of said rocker member and including a projecting portion adapted to extend from said door for engaging said strike means, means operable by opening movement of said. handle member for retracting said catch member from said strike means, and means connected to said handle member for pivoting said rocker member in response to complete closing movement of said handle member for causing said catch member to draw said door tightly against said seal.

4. A latch mechanism as defined in claim 3 wherein said means for pivoting said rocker member comprises a curved cam surface formed on said rocker member, and roller means mounted on said handle member for engaging said curved cam surface of said rocker member.

5. A latch mechanism as defined in claim 3 wherein said retracting means for said catch member includes a link pivotally connected to said catch member and means on said link adapted to be engaged by said handle member during opening movement thereof, and spring means extending between said catch member and said rocker member for biasing said portion of said catch member outwardly of said door.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,186,795 1/ 1940 Anderson.

2,256,447 9/1941 Burke 292-223 3,011,816 12/1961 Van Noord 292- X 3,173,715 3/1965 Roethel 292-123 FOREIGN PATENTS 1/ 1964 Germany. MARVIN A. CHAMPION, Primary Examiner. RICHARD E. MOORE, Examiner,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2186795 *Oct 18, 1937Jan 9, 1940Winters & Crampton CorpLatch
US2256447 *May 5, 1939Sep 16, 1941Nat Lock CoRefrigerator latch
US3011816 *Sep 19, 1960Dec 5, 1961Jervis CorpLatch mechanism
US3173715 *Oct 16, 1961Mar 16, 1965John H RoethelDoor lock
DE1161785B *Jan 9, 1961Jan 23, 1964Licentia GmbhTuerverschluss
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3415961 *Sep 26, 1966Dec 10, 1968Whirlpool CoLatch mechanism
US3841677 *May 19, 1972Oct 15, 1974Gen ElectricCombination latching and switching mechanism
US4033616 *Jun 1, 1976Jul 5, 1977Keystone Industries, Inc.Automotive vehicle door retarding and closing mechanism
US4593945 *Mar 14, 1984Jun 10, 1986The Stanley WorksOven latch assembly
US4750503 *Jun 20, 1986Jun 14, 1988The Stero CompanyLatch mechanism for front-loading commercial warewasher
US4995313 *Mar 15, 1988Feb 26, 1991Welbilt CorporationSteam processor
US5174618 *Dec 9, 1991Dec 29, 1992Maytag CorporationDoor latch assembly
US5603538 *Jan 12, 1995Feb 18, 1997Pella CorporationCasement window sash locking system
US5630438 *Apr 15, 1996May 20, 1997Premark Feg L.L.C.Collapsible door for a warewasher
US5810403 *Sep 17, 1996Sep 22, 1998General Electric CompanySnap latch assembly for a dishwasher
US6390518 *Aug 15, 2000May 21, 2002Maytag CorporationLatching mechanism for an appliance door
US6527315 *Dec 22, 2000Mar 4, 2003Whirlpool CorporationDoor latch for a dishwasher
US6893061 *Oct 26, 2001May 17, 2005General Electric CompanyMethods and apparatus for securing a dishwasher door
US7210711 *Nov 6, 2001May 1, 2007Emz-Hanauer Gmbh & Co. KgaaDoor lock
US7216944 *Aug 15, 2001May 15, 2007General Electric CompanyDishwasher door assembly
US7552738 *May 19, 2005Jun 30, 2009Lg Electronics Inc.Dishwasher and door locking device for the same
EP0727178A2 *Feb 9, 1996Aug 21, 1996YMOS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT IndustrieprodukteLocking assembly for the door of a dishwashing machine
EP1486604A2 *Feb 20, 2004Dec 15, 2004Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Door locking mechanism
EP2458057A1 *Nov 29, 2010May 30, 2012Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.Appliance handle assembly and method for mounting such assembly to an appliance
EP2690366A1Jul 26, 2012Jan 29, 2014Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.Appliance with locking device
WO2007110442A1 *Mar 29, 2007Oct 4, 2007Arcelik AsA locking mechanism for a household appliance
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/123, 292/242, 292/DIG.690
International ClassificationA47L15/42
Cooperative ClassificationY10S292/69, A47L15/4259
European ClassificationA47L15/42J6A
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 21, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: HOBART CORPORATION, WORLD HEADQUARTERS BUILDING, T
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:HOBART INTERNATIONAL INC., A CORP. OF OHIO;REEL/FRAME:004080/0758
Effective date: 19820528