US 3329144 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 4, 1967 P. c. LIMAN 3,329,144
CAST PROTECTOR FOR ARMS AND LEGS Filed Sept. 5, 1964 ZVVENTOR. p, T 1 257253 6, [my M ga United States Patent C) 3,329,144 CAST PRGTECTOR FOR ARMS AND LEGS Peter C. Liman, New York, N.Y. (Garth Woods Apts., Garth Road, Scarsdale, NY. 10583) Filed Sept. 3, 1964, Ser. No. 394,161 2 Claims. (Cl. 12882) This invention relates to a garment for waterproofing a cast or bandage applied to a persons arms or legs.
The access of water to a cast or bandage used to protect an arm or leg, will impair the treatment of the injured member, and can also cause deterioration of the bandage or cast. Accordingly, it is extremely important to prevent the access of water to such a cast or bandage. The existing devices for accomplishing this result, are subject to various problems, and it is therefore the primary object of this invention to provide such a garment which will appropriately solve all the problems previously encountered, and thereby permit a person to conveniently protect a cast or bandage enclosed on the leg.
Accordingly, a primary feature of this invention is to provide a garment of the class described hereinabove, which can be conveniently worn, and which will etfectively prevent the access of water to the cast or bandage.
A further object of this invention is to provide a garment of this class which will be securely mounted on a persons body, thereby effectively preventing displacement.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a garment of this class which will have effective means for preventing the entry of water to the interior of the garment.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a garment of this class which can be conveniently secured by an interlocking device with means preventing water from gaining access to the interlocking device.
Additional objects and advantages of this invention will become more apparent from the following description and claims, by referring to the drawings which are briefly described as follows:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of the protective garment as applied to a foot cast.
FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of the garment shown in FIGURE 1 in the closed position as worn by the user.
FIGURE 2A is a cross-sectional view of the special zipper which is used to prevent the entry of water.
FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of a protective garment of the class described herein-above, especially designed to protect bandaged or cast-inclosed arms.
FIGURE 3A is a cross-sectional view along plane 3A of FIGURE 3, showing special peripheral construction of the garment interior.
FIGURE 4 is a perspective view of another modification of the garment especially adapted to protect cast or bandage-inclosed arms.
Referring to FIGURE 1, the protective waterproof garment is shown comprising a bag-like enclosure made of plastic, rubber, or other waterproof flexible material. The garment 10 has a longitudinal and peripheral opening 11 which circumscribes the open end of the garment through which the person inserts the cast 12. Opening 11 is provided with a special zipper closure 12 which starts at 13 and terminates at 14. When the zipper is closed, as seen better in FIGURE 2, it will completely surround the persons leg somewhere above the knee according to the length of the cast. To prevent displacement of the garment while it is being worn, due to movement or the weight of the garment itself, a special flap 15 is provided at the upper end of the garment wherein it is attached by means of a snap attachment 16. The flap 15 has prongs displacement of the access 3,329,144 Patented July 4, 1967 17 which are fastened into the snap 16 in the usual man: ner. Flap 15 is mounted about a persons belt 18 by means of its outer end 19 which is looped about: the belt 18, and then fastened to the main body of the flap 15 by means of snaps 20. Thus, it is seen that the garment can be very readily secured to a persons belt and worn without danger of being displaced or dislodged. The belt 18 may also be integral with the protector.
In FIGURE 2, additional fastening loops 21 and 22 are seen, which are secured about the garment by snaps 23 and 24 respectively. Loops 21 and 22 further secure the garment about the leg, thereby, aiding in preventing displacement of the garment, and in increasing the waterproofing features.
In FIGURE 2A which shows a cross-section of the zipper 12, it is seen that the said zipper is provided with special means for protecting the entry of Water through the zipper. The waterproofing feature includes an outer cover 25 and a co-acting inner cover 26; the said covers are overlapping and the inner cover 26 is adapted to fit snugly into a groove 27 formed on the under side of cover 25. In addition, a fastening ridge 28 is provided on the outer side of the cover 26, for the purpose of securing the outer cover 25. Thus, when the zipper is closed, inner cover 26 will naturally be forced into groove 27, and outer cover 25 will fall into place beneath the semi-rigid ridge 28, thereby forming a waterproof interlock to prevent access of the water to the zipper. To prevent slipping, the garment is serrated at the bottom.
The same principles that are used in providing a garment for legs, is also employed by this invention to provide waterproofing members for cast-inclosed arms, for example, in FIGURE 3, we see the adaptation which is used in connection with a persons arm. The protective garment for the arm comprises an enclosure 30 adapted to receive cast-inclosed arm, a zipper closure 31, and an opening 32, for the purpose of mounting the garment on the user. It is to be noted that the zipper 31 is of the same construction as that shown in FIGURE 2A, in that it incorporates the herein-above described waterproofing features. In addition, there is an aperture 33 adapted to encompass a persons neck in the conventional turtleneck design. A loop 34 is aflixed to the garment at one end 35, and is adapted to encircle the turtle neck portion at least once, and then be secured to the main body of the garment at a snap fastener 36. The encircling loop 34 therefore performs the dual function of preventing 'of water to the interior of the garment. In addition, when the loop is fastened about the neck, it will cause tension, causing the surrounding opening 32 to be pressed into a tight snug fit against the persons body. An additional feature to prevent the garment from being dislodged, is a belt 37 which is secured to the garment at one end, and this encompasses a persons body and is inclosed by a buckle 38. The loop 34 and the belt 37 is preferably made of the same light flexible waterproof material as is used in forming the garment. However, the choice of material is variable in accordance with the particular material used in forming the garment.
Inasmuch as previous garments do not adequately provide for peripheral waterproof protection, a special fea ture for positively preventing the access of water to the interior of such protective garments is included in the instant invention for use both in connection with the arm and leg protectors.
Referring to FIGURE 3A, this special construction can be more readily understood. It includes an outer finger 40 which extends the full periphery of the aperture 3-2 (see FIGURE 3) or aperture 14 (see FIGURE 2). Finger 40 has a generally flat flexible surface 41 adapted to con-tact in a sealing manner along the persons body line 42. An inner finger 43 similarly formed and spaced from finger 40, is provided on the inner side of the periphery forming a space 44 therebetween. To prevent flexible fingers 43 and 40 from coming together, there is provided a fairly rigid separator 45 lodged in the throat of space 44. Accordingly, it is then apparent that space 44 will be maintained under all conditions. This special construction more positively prevents the entry of Water into the interior of the garment because firstly, of the fiat contact of the flexible finger 40, the space 44, and the finger 43, water which may seep past finger 40' will then be trapped in space 44, and by gravity, run along separator 45 in a general downward direction. At the lowest point of the garment, a seepage hole 46 is provided through the finger 40, whereby most of the water that will gain access to space 44, will be drained therefrom. Finger 43 further prevents the seepage of water to the interior of the garment, and because of the more rigid construction of supporter 45, the water will be induced to drain along its harder surface and out the seepage hole 46. In FIGURE 4, further modification is seen which incorporates generally all the features of FIGURE 3, with the further addition of a special belt 50. The said belt is attached to an extension 51, having slots 52 through which the belt extends, and is retained to the garment. As in the previous form, a buckle 53 is provided to secure the belt snugly in place. The waterproof feature shown in FIGURE 3A extends the full outer periphery 54, and is also provided in the turtle neck area 55. In other Words, all peripheral portions of the garment which comes in contact with the persons body line is provided with the waterproofing feature of FIGURE 3A in either the arm or leg embodiment. Similarly, all zippers used in these garments are provided with the interlocking features of FIGURE 2A.
It is now quite apparent that this invention provides a waterproof protective garment which can be easily mounted and worn Without danger of dislodgment and which will positively prevent the access of Water to the interior of the garment or to the zipper enclosures used therefor.
It is to be further understood that additional forms and embodiments of this invention may be designed without departing from the scope of this invention as defined by the claims Which follow.
1. A garment for enclosing and sealing a body member comprising a flexible enclosure having a lower compartment with a closed end adapted to receive the extremity of the body member and an upper portion having a longitudinal opening with sealing means extending from the lower compartment to an upper peripheral aperture having peripheral sealing means, said garment being adapted to receive the member when the portion is open longitudinally and to fit sealingly about the member at the peripheral aperture when the opening is closed and Wherein the peripheral sealing means comprises spaced flexible fingers separated by an intervening rigid member.
2. A garment as in claim 1 wherein the opening is closed by a zipper with overlapping interlocking means for sealing the zipper from external communication.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,980,486 11/1934 King et al. 12883.5 2,229,575 1/1941 Kaplan 368.1 2,244,871 6/1941 Guinzburg 259 2,423,354 7/1947 Van Hoesen 388.5 2,594,809 4/1952 Sanders 128-94 2,661,739 12/1953 Caskey 128-83.5 2,896,216 7/1959 Spewak 2-46 2,956,561 10/1960 Houde 12 8-835 3,068,861 12/1962 Hoopes 12883.5
FOREIGN PATENTS 877,507 12/ 1942 France.
RICHARD A. GAUDET, Primary Examiner.
J. W. HINEY, Assistant Examiner.