|Publication number||US3330305 A|
|Publication date||Jul 11, 1967|
|Filing date||May 4, 1966|
|Priority date||Mar 9, 1964|
|Also published as||DE1535395A1|
|Publication number||US 3330305 A, US 3330305A, US-A-3330305, US3330305 A, US3330305A|
|Inventors||Bartosek Vladimir, Svaty Vladimir|
|Original Assignee||Elitex Zavody Textilniho|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (6), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 11, 1967 v. sv 'Y ETAL 3,330,305
SHUTTLE RECEIVING A P \ING APPARATUS FOR GRIPPER SHUTT LOOMS Filed May 4, 1966 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 BY A 4 M um f 94% ATTORNEY July 11, 1967 v, sv -r ETAL 3,330,305
SHUTTLE RECEIVING AND PICKING APPARATUS FOR GRIPPER SHUTTLE LOOMS Filed May Q, 1966 4 Sheets-Sheet Z 3,5 11 1' J, J a 74/ July 11, 1967 v. svATY ETAL SHUTTLE RECEIVING AND PICKING APPARATUS FOR GR IPPER SHUTTLE LOOMS 4 Sheets-Sheet Filed May 4, 1966 K ..E.r-. I? m Jana/M 1 7 United States Patent 3,330,395 SHUTTLE RECEIVING AND PICKING APEARATUS FOR GRIPPER SHUTTLE LGOMS Vladimir Svaty, Liberec, and Vladimir Bartos'elr, Brno, Czechoslovakia, assignors to Elitex, Sdruzeni Podniku Textilniho Strojirenstvi, Liberec, Czechoslovakia Filed May 4, 1966, Ser. No. 554,257 iaims priority, application Czechoslovakia, Mar. 9, 1964, 1,355/64 7 Claims. (Cl. 139-125) The present invention is a continuation-impart application of our copending application Ser. No. 437,833 filed March 8, 1965.
The present invention relates to a weft inserting apparatus and method, and more particularly to an apparatus and method for operating a shuttle provided at one end with a gripper for the weft thread which is to be inserted into a warp shed.
Gripper shuttles are known to which the weft thread is supplied by a thread supply guide when the shuttle is at one side of the loom outside of the shed, whereupon the shuttle is picked through the shed and draws the gripped weft through the same until arriving at the other end of the shed. It is, of course, necessary to return the gripper shuttle to the initial position, and the prior art provides two different constructions serving this purpose.
In accordance with one type of gripper shuttle looms, the gripper shuttle is always inserted into the shed from one side of the loom, and when the gripper shuttle has arrived at the other side of the shed, it is transported along a path outside of the shed back to its initial position. Before the shuttle is transported, the gripper releases the inserted weft thread, and the weft thread is inserted again into the gripper of the shuttle before the shuttle enters the shed. This weft inserting apparatus employs a shuttle with only one gripper.
In a second type of gripper shuttle looms, the shuttle has two grippers. From a first supply of thread, a weft thread is inserted on one side of the loom into one gripper of the shuttle, whereupon the same travels through the shed and drags a first weft thread through the same. When the shuttle arrives at the other end of the shed, the weft thread is released by the respective gripper, While another Weft thread is inserted from a second supply into the second gripper whereupon the shuttle travels in the opposite direction through the shed inserting a weft thread from the second supply.
Looms of the first type have the disadvantage that several grippers must be used which simultaneously circulate about an endless path so that one shuttle, for example, passes through the shed While another, or several other shuttles travel outside of the shed toward the initial inserting position. The transporting operation is slow, and rather complicated. Another disadvantage is that only one weft supply is used for the weft threads, so that no weft change is possible, unless a special weft change device is used for inserting weft threads into the gripper of the shuttle.
The looms of the second type are of simpler construction, since no transporting mechanism is required, and the use of two shuttles permits a weft change. On the other hand, the shuttles of these looms have to be provided with two grippers permitting weft insertion on both sides of the loom, and furthermore, the shuttle must have two pointed ends for spreading the warp threads of the shed during picks in opposite directions. However, due to the fact that both ends of the shuttle have to be pointed, it is difi'icult to pick the same by a blow to its trailing end, and on the other hand, the pointed ends render it difiicult to place the two grippers in such a manner as not to interfere with the Warp threads during ice travel through the shed. Both types of looms have a common disadvantage. In order to secure the minimum length of weft ends on the selvedges of the fabric, a special, very complicated device must be used. This device shifts the end of the weft thread from the fabric edge, where the weft thread end is gripped by the device, to a threading position so that the weft end must be shifted a distance equal to the distance between the two gripping points of the gripper. If such a device is not provided, the weft end must be returned into the fabric by bending, which is tolerable only for a very limited number of fabrics.
It is the object of the present invention to overcome the disadvantages of known apparatus for inserting Wefts into sheds by gripper .shuttles, and to provide weft inserting apparatus using a shuttle with a single gripper, and being inserted from both sides of the shed.
Another object of tie invention is to provide a very simple method for weaving by means of a gripper shuttle.
Another object of the invention is to provide a loom with extremely simple, reliable, and sturdy apparatus for reversing a gripper shuttle.
Another object of the invention is to provide apparatus for picking a gripper shuttle which can be added to existent looms without substantial reconstruction.
Another object of the invention is to turn a gripper shuttle after each pick so that the same end of the shuttle leads during travel through the shed in opposite directions.
With these objects in view, the present invention provides a weft inserting apparatus and method which is particularly suited for a loom employing a gripper shuttle.
A shuttle is picked through a shed from one side of the loom to the other so that one end of the shuttle leads, the shuttle is automatically turned on the other side of the loom and the shuttle is again picked with the same end leading from the other side of the loom to its initial position where it is again turned 180 before the following pick.
One embodiment of the invention comprises a shuttle having a leading end and a trailing end, and preferably a gripper at the trailing end; a pair of turnable shuttle boxes on opposite sides of the loom; and reversing means for turning the shuttle boxes.
The reversing means are operated for turning at least the shuttle box holding a picked shuttle 180. The shuttle arriving in the shuttle box has its leading end pointing outwardly so that the turned and reversed shuttle is in a position in which the leading end points inwardly toward the other shuttle box. When the shuttle is now moved through the shed, a weft thread held by the gripper of the shuttle is inserted into the shed. The shuttle arriving at the other end, enters the shuttle box with its leading end pointing outwardly, and when the other shuttle box is now turned 180, the shuttle is again reversed and placed in the proper position for being inserted into the shed in the opposite direction.
In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the two shuttle boxes are connected for simultaneous rotation, and are reciprocated in angular 180 movements. The shuttle boxes preferably have diametrically extending grooves for receiving the shuttle and for holding the same during Weft insertion and before the pick.
The novel features which are considered as characteristic for the invention are set forth in particular in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, both as to its construction and its method of operation, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be best understood from the following description of specific embodiments when read in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of one eming to FIG. 1 with some of the elements omitted, and
illustrating the apparatus in another operational position;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view corresponding to FIG. 2, but illustrating the apparatus in a third operational position;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view corresponding to FIG. 2, but illustrating the apparatus in a fourth operational position;
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view illustrating a modified embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary perspective schematic view illustrating a shuttle box drive according to the invention;
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary front elevation, partially in section, illustrating a part of the loom structure; and
FIG. 8 is a side elevation, partially in section, illustrating the structure of FIG. 7.
Referring now to the drawings, the loom has heddle frames 3a and 4a controlling warp threads 3 and 4 to form sheds 2. As shown in FIG. 7, a reed 5 is carried by the horizontal beam 51 of a slay 58 which is mounted for angular movement on a control shaft 52 driven from the main shaft of the loom. Slay 50 carries support por- 'tions 53 on opposite sides of the reed 5 provided with i a blunt end provided with a gripper 17 for a weft thread.
The shuttle disclosed in the U.S. Patent 3,844,884 may be used.
As best seen in FIGS. 1 and 6, each shuttle box 7 and 8 has a peripheral circular surface provided with projecting sprockets 14 engaging holes in a belt which passes about the peripheries of both shuttle boxes and over guide rollers 12 and 13, and as best seen in FIG. 1, the upper and lower runs of the endless belt 10 are located above 4 of the loom, the angular reciprocation of the shuttle boxes is synchronized with the motions of the heddle frames 3a and 4a, see FIG. 1, and with the reciprocating motion of reed 5.
Referring again to FIG. 7, end portion 54 of the loom p the piston rod 73a of piston 73. Conduits 75a and 75b connect cylinder chambers on opposite sides of pistons 73 and 77 with each other. When shaft 52 is rotated, piston 73 is reciprocated and presses a fluid medium, such as air, into chamber 76a of cylinder 76 while reducing and below the fabric 6 and shed 2 so that no interference with the weaving operation is possible. As best seen on the left side of FIG. 6, belt 10 is narrower in axial direction than each shuttle box 7, 8 and does not cover the open ends of grooves 9. Sprockets 14 do not permit axial displacement of belt 10.
Holes 11 are arranged in two separate groups in the regions of shuttle boXes 7 and 8, and the lower run of the belt 10 has a single perforation 10a engaged by a drive arm 15 which is reciprocated in the longitudinal direction of the belt, that is parallel to the weft threads, by drive means shown in FIG. 6. Control shaft 52 carries a fixed bevel gear 55 meshing with another bevel gear on the shaft of a cam 56 and drive arm 15 has a follower portion 15a carrying a cam follower roller engaging the periphery of cam 56 due to the action of a spring 58 which is secured to the stationary frame of the loom. During rotation of control shaft 52, .cam 56 moves drive arm 15 to the left, and permits then movement of the drive arm in an opposite stroke by spring 58. The lower run of belt 10 will perform a corresponding reciprocating motion, and the entire belt 10v/ill reciprocate and cause angular reciprocation. of shuttle boxes 7 and 8, and the height of the projecting portion of cam 56 is selected so that shuttle boxes 7 and 8 turn simultaneously an angle of 180 for each stroke'of drive arm 15, and turn in clockwise direction as viewed in FIG. 6 when drive arm 15 moves to the left, and in counterclockwise direction when drive arm a 15 moves to the right.
the pressure in chamber 74a, conduit 75b, and chamber 76b so that piston 77 and piston rod 78 are urged toward the groove of the shuttle box 7, but cannot move since end portion 62a of a rod 62 blocks piston rod 78. Piston rod 78 is aligned with groove 9 and serves to pick a shuttle located in groove 9 through a warp shed, when rod 62 releases piston rod 78, as will be explained hereinafter. Consequently, members 79 to 79 constitute picking means, and a corresponding picking means is'located on the other side of the loom and driven in timed relation with the illustrated picking device, as will be explained hereinafter.
A cam 60 is secured to shaft 52 and rotates with the same. Rod 62 carries a cam follower roller 61 engaging the periphery of cam 60 unded the actionof a spring 64 which abuts slay portion 53 and a fixed abutment 63 on rod 62. Rod 62 is guided in a tubular guide 53a secured to slay portion 53, and has a free end 620 located between picking member 78 and groove 9 of shuttle box 7 with a slanted face opposite groove 9 of shuttle box 7. Rod portion 62a stops movement of a shuttle arriving in groove 9 after traveling through the shed, but when a pick by picking member 78 is to take place, stop portion 62a and rod '62 are withdrawn from picking member 78 by spring 64 while cam follower roller 61 engages a low circular portion of cam 60. The increased pressure in chamber 76a now rapidly moves picking member 78 until the same engages and picks the shuttle. The air is pushed out of chamber 76b through conduit 75b into chamber 74a in which the pressure was reduced. Crank 72 continues its turning movement and pulls piston 73 down into chamber 74a so that; air is pressed through 'conduit 75b into chamber 76b and piston 77 is pushed back. 7
Referring now to FIGS. 1 to 4, in the position of FIG. 1, a pick from the left to the right has just been completed, and shuttle 1 was received by groove 9 of shuttle box S in a position in which its pointed end 16 points outwardly and away from thefabricand the other shuttle box 7. The pointed end of the shuttle was stopped by the timely raising of stop portion 62a, not shown in FIGS. 1 to 4, which was raised by the respective cam 60 into the region of the outer end of groove 9 in shuttle box 8. During this pick from the left to the right, the shuttle moved with its pointed end 16 leading through a shed 2, dragging a weft thread held by gripper 17 at its trailing end through the shed so that the reed 5 will now beat the inserted weft into the fell of fabric 6.
In this position of the shuttle,'the inserted weft thread is cut off, and a new weft thread inserted into the gripper, preferably by apparatus disclosed inthe copending application Svat y Serial No. 437,506, or by other well known apparatus, and it will be understood that theinsertion of a weft thread into a gripper shuttle is not an object of the present invention.
When a weft thread has been inserted into the gripper of the outwardly pointing shuttle, drive means 56, 5 15, turn both shuttle boxes simultaneously in counterclockwise direction first to the intermediate position of FIG. 2 and then to the position of FIG. 3 in which grooves 9 are again aligned with each other and with a picking member 78, so that shuttle 1 in shuttle box 8 is reversed and points inwardly toward the other shuttle box 7 and the fabric. The trailing end of the shuttle holds a weft thread clamped in its gripper 17, and is lo cated aligned with and in the proximity of the respective picking member 78. Control shaft 52 turns to a position in which the pistons 73 and 77 of the picking means are actuated and rod 62 releases picking member 78 so that picking member 78 is moved against the blunt end of shuttle 1 in shuttle box 8 and drives the same across the shed so that the shuttle travels from the right to the left as viewed in FIG. 3 and enters groove 9 of shuttle box 7 whereby the insertion of the weft thread gripped by the shuttle is completed.
Cam 60 causes at the right moment raising of the stop portion 62a adjacent shuttle box 7 so that the 'shuttle is stopped. Suitable brake means of known construction may slow down the shuttle before it is stopped. The force of the picking blow is selected so that the shuttle is slowed down sufficiently by the brake means, and does not bounce back from the slanted face of rod 62.
The gripped weft thread is cut oif, anda new weft thread inserted into the gripper in a manner which is not an object of the invention. Thereupon, drive arm performs a reciprocating stroke to the left so that both shuttle boxes 7 and 8 are turned 180 and the turning of shuttle box 7 reverses the position of the shuttle therein, so that the pointed end of the shuttle points toward the shed, and the gripper end is located in the region of the picking means 78 so that during the following pick toward the right as viewed in FIG. 4, the pointed end of the shuttle leads and the gripper end holding the weft end trails. This operation is repeated during each following pick so that the drive means, and particularly drive arm 15, belt 10 and shuttle boxes 7 and 8 constitute reversing means for turning one shuttle in the embodiment of FIG. 1, and two shuttles in the embodiment of FIG. 5 an angle of 180 after each pick so that one end of each shuttle leads during all picks and the other end of the shuttle trails during all picks.
FIG. 5 illustrates a modified embodiment of the invention which is applied to looms with double sheds. Warps and 21 form a first shed 23, and warps 21 and 23 form a second shed 24, the warps being operated by conventional heddle frames. A reed 28 beats inserted wefts into the fabric 27. Two shuttle boxes 29 and 30 are mounted on opposite sides of the loom and the fabric for turning movement, .as described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 4, each shuttle box having two parallel grooves 31 and 32 normally extending in weft inserting direction and being, respectively, located at the levels of the sheds 23 and 24. A pair of gripper shuttles and 26 is provided which are picked in opposite directions and respectively cooperate with grooves 31 and 32 of the two shuttle boxes 29 and 30.
The shuttle boxes are provided with projecting sprockets, not shown, as described with reference to FIG. 1, and turned 180 by reciprocating reversing drive means, as described with reference to FIG. 1 and FIG. 6.
At the beginning of the operation, shuttle 25 is located in slot 31 of turnable shuttle box 29, and shuttle 26 is located in groove 32 of shuttle box 30. The shuttles are simultaneously picked by picking means aligned with the respective grooves, and travel with the pointed ends leading in opposite directions through the sheds 23 and 24. At the end of the pick, and when the two weft threads dragged by the shuttles have been, respectively, inserted into sheds 23 and 24 by the grippers of the shuttles, shuttle 25 enters groove 31 of shuttle box 30, and shuttle 26 enters groove 32 of shuttle box 29 where the shuttles are stopped. Drive means 15 is now operated to perform a reciprocating stroke so that the shuttle boxes are turned and grooves 31 are located at the level of shed 34 while grooves 32 are located at the level of shed 23. The 180 angular displacement of the shuttle boxes has caused a corresponding turning of the shuttles so that the pointed end of shuttle 25 in shuttle box 30 points toward shuttle box 29, and the pointed end of shuttle 26 in groove 32 points toward shuttle box 31). The shuttles are picked simultaneously to move in opposite directions through the respective sheds, whereupon drive means 15 performs the next reciprocating stroke to reverse the position of the shuttle boxes and shuttles.
It will be understood that each of the elements described above, or two or more together, may also find a useful application in other types of weft inserting apparatus difiering from the types described above.
While the invention has been illustrated and described as embodied in an apparatus for reversing a gripper shuttle after each pick, it is not intended to be limited to the details shown, since various modifications and structural changes may be made without departing in any way from the spirit of the present invention.
Without further analysis, the foregoing will so fully reveal the gist of the present invention that others can by applying current knowledge readily adapt it for various applications without omitting features that, from the standpoint of prior art, fairly constitute essential characteristics of the generic or specific aspects of this invention and, therefore, such adaptations should and are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalence of the following claims.
What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:
1. A weft inserting apparatus for a loom, comprising, in combination, at least one shuttle; picking means located on opposite sides of the loom for picking said shuttle in opposite directions through a warp shed; a pair of shuttle boxes mounted for turning movement on opposite sides of the loom, each of said shuttle boxes having a straight groove for receiving said shuttle; reciprocating drive means for turning said shuttle boxes 180 between positions in which said straight grooves are aligned, and being operable for turning the shuttle box holding a picked shuttle, so that the same one end of said shuttle leads during all picks; a pair of stop means having inoperative positions, and stop positions located at the outer ends of said grooves for stopping said shuttle received in said grooves after a pick; and control means for moving said stop means between said inoperative and stop positions in timed relation with the turning of said shuttle boxes.
2. An apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said control means include a control shaft having a pair of cams, and a pair of spring biased cam follower means cooperating with said cams and respectively carrying said stop means.
3. A weft inserting apparatus for a loom, comprising, in combination, at least one shuttle; a pair of shuttle boxes mounted for turning movement on opposite sides of the loom, each of said shuttle boxes having a straight groove for receiving said shuttle; reciprocating drive means for turning said shuttle boxes 180 between positions in which said straight grooves are aligned, and being operable for turning the shuttle box holding a picked shuttle so that the same one end of said shuttle leads during all picks; a pair of picking means, each picking means including a pair of cylinders, a pair of pistons in said cylinders, conduit means connecting cylinder chambers located on opposite sides of said pistons, one of said pistons being reciprocated from said drive means so that the other piston is correspondingly reciprocated by a fluid medium 1 r in said cylinders, and a picking member secured to the other piston and being located outwardly of the respective shuttle box; and a slay supporting the cylinder enveloping said other piston.
4. An apparatus as claimed in claim 3 wherein said drive means include a control shaft for reciprocating said first-mentioned piston in timed relation with the movement of said slay; and including a cam secured to said control shaft, and stop means operated by said cam in timed relation with said picking means and having a stop position located between said picking member and said shuttle box, and an inoperative position permitting movement of said picking member toward said shuttle box and shuttle therein.
5. An apparatus as claimed in claim 4 wherein said stop means block movement of said picking members in said stop position, and are retracted to said inoperative position to release said picking members when the pressure in said other cylinders is increased.
6. A weft inserting apparatus for a loom, comprising, in combination, at least one shuttle; picking means located on opposite sides of the loom for picking said shuttle in opposite directions through a warp shed; a pair of shuttle boxes mounted for turning movement on opposite sides of the loom, each of said shuttle boxes having a straight groove for receiving said shuttle, said shuttle boxes having circular peripheral surfaces and sprockets on said peripheral surfaces and reciprocating drive means for turning said shuttle boxes 180 between positions in which said straight grooves are aligned, and being operable for turning the shuttle box holding a shuttle so that the same one end of said shuttle leads during all picks, said drive means including an endless belt passing over said peripheries of said shuttle boxes and having holes engaged by said sporckets, the axial width of said belt being less than the axial width of said peripheral surfaces of said shuttle boxes so that portions of said peripheral surfaces are not covered by said belt, said grooves having open ends cated on said uncovered portions of said peripheral surfaces, and a reciprocating drive arm engaging said belt for reciprocating the same and performing a stroke of such length that said shuttle boxes are simultaneously turned 7. A weft inserting apparatus for a loom, comprising, in combination, a pair of shuttles; a pair of shuttle boxes mounted for turning movement about parallel turning axes on opposite sides of said loom, each of said shuttle boxes having a pair of parallel straight grooves spaced the same distance from each other and disposed symmetrically to said turning axes, respectively; and reciprocating drive means for simultaneouslytturning said shuttle boxes 180 between reversed positions inwhich said pairs of parallel grooves are aligned along a pair of parallel weft inserting paths; and a pair of picking means located on opposite sides of the loom for simultaneously picking said shuttles out of the shuttle boxes on one side of the loom along said paths in opposite directions through different sheds and into the grooves of the shuttle box on the other side of the loom, said drive means operating in synchronism'with said picking means so that said shuttle boxes are simultaneously turned while said shuttles are located in said shuttle boxes so that said shuttles move alternately along said paths.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,275,701 I 8/ 1918 Kingsbacher et a1. 1392-0 1,448,830 3/1923 Cook 139--2O 2,454,603 11/ 1948 Heaton 139-144 2,649,118 8/1953 Heath 139-144 FOREIGN PATENTS 677,255 6/ 1939 Germany.
MERVIN STEIN, Primary Examiner;
H. S. JAUDON, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1275701 *||Apr 3, 1913||Aug 13, 1918||Alvin Kingsbacher||Shuttle-box for looms.|
|US1448830 *||May 22, 1920||Mar 20, 1923||Clyde A Cook||Loom for and method of weaving fabrics|
|US2454603 *||Nov 26, 1945||Nov 23, 1948||Electro Pneumatic Looms Ltd||Picking motion for looms|
|US2649118 *||Nov 14, 1949||Aug 18, 1953||Hobourn Aero Composnents Ltd||Loom picking motion|
|DE677255C *||Jul 17, 1936||Jun 22, 1939||Albert Danner||Einrichtung zum Eintragen des Schussfadens mittels eines Greiferwebschuetzens|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3429344 *||Sep 9, 1966||Feb 25, 1969||Elitex Zavody Textilniho||Shuttle-controlling apparatus for weaving looms|
|US3665970 *||Feb 16, 1970||May 30, 1972||Wilson & Longbottom Ltd||Picking mechanism for looms for weaving|
|US3722552 *||Jul 14, 1971||Mar 27, 1973||Elitex Z Textil Strojirenstvi||Hydraulic weft inserter drive in weaving machines|
|US4068686 *||Aug 30, 1976||Jan 17, 1978||Elitex, Koncern Textilniho Strojirenstvi||Technique for controllably reciprocating the weft insertion portion of a shuttle-type weaving loom|
|US4082118 *||May 25, 1977||Apr 4, 1978||Crompton & Knowles Corporation||Pneumatic picking mechanism for looms|
|DE2837310A1 *||Aug 26, 1978||Mar 6, 1980||Tsnii Scherstjanoj Promy Moska||Device for transfer and housing of shuttles - in loom for weaving double-layer fabrics|
|U.S. Classification||139/20, 139/144, 139/438|
|International Classification||D03D47/00, D03D47/24|
|Cooperative Classification||D03D47/00, D03D47/24, D03D2700/1477|
|European Classification||D03D47/00, D03D47/24|