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Publication numberUS3331378 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 18, 1967
Filing dateApr 29, 1964
Priority dateApr 29, 1964
Publication numberUS 3331378 A, US 3331378A, US-A-3331378, US3331378 A, US3331378A
InventorsBraddick Britt O, Davis Philip E, Gibbs Joe W
Original AssigneeBraddick Britt O, Davis Philip E, Gibbs Joe W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Relief device for tubing pressure
US 3331378 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


July i8, 1967 RELIEF DEVICE FOR TUBING PRESSURE Filed April 29, 1964 3l it ATTO/P/Vfy United States Patent O 3,331,378 RELIEF DEVICE FOR TUBING PRESSURE Joe W. Gibbs, 3834 Merrick '77025; Britt 0. Braddick, 7525 Park Place, Apt. 58 77017; and Philip E. Davis, 10202 Kittrell 77034, all of Houston, Tex. Filed Apr. 29, 1964, Ser. No. 363,437

` Claims. (Cl. 137-68) This invention relates to tubing pressure retaining and relief devices for holding tubing pressu-re as in setting a hydraulic packer or for testing tubing in place, and then releasing the pressure to permit the tubing to function normally.

Where a tubing string is provided with a hydraulic packer or slip, it is conventional to releasably mount a valve seat in the tubing beneath the packer, as by means of a shear pin. When it is desired to set the packer, a check valve is dropped through the tubing and lodges against the seat as a closure. Pressure is then applied sufiiciently to set the hydraulic packer or packers. The shear pin which holds the closure valve in position is adapted to shear at ya predetermined pressure in excess of that required to set the hydraulic packer, creating a surge of pressure in the well iiuid. This external surge may be sufficient to counteract the internal tubing pressure and unseat the hydraulic slips.

Consequently, an object of the present invention is to provide a closure device for tubing for temporarily subjecting the tubing to high internal pressure and which will avoid the application of a pressure surge to the ambient well uid upon opening or removal of the closure device.

Another object is to provide a closure device for tubing which does not yield during an initial application of pressure thereto, for instance, suicient to set a hydraulic packer, but which will yield or open easily after the internal pressure has been released.

In accordance with the present invention, there is provided a housing which may be incorporated axially in a tubing string and which has an annular valve seat received therein. The valve seat is normally held in fixed position within the housing by means of a resiliently expansible split locking ring which is held in its latching position by a keeper sleeve which, in turn, is secured in its latching position by a shear pin. The keeper sleeve is mov-ably received in an annular chamber within the housing which is exposed to the internal tubing pressure upstream of the valve seat in such a way that when a valve is on the seat, tubing pressure will cause retraction of the keeper sleeve, breaking the shear pin. Thereafter,

the valve seat will remain fixed in the housing as long as suicient pressure is applied against the ball valve to prevent the locking ring from expanding. When this tubing pressure is released, the locking ring is permitted to expand and thereafter the seat and ball valve will simply drop out or may be dislodged by relatively slight pressure.

In the accompanying drawings which illustrate the invention:

FIG. 1 is an elevation ofthe novel closure device assem- Vbled with a mechanical packer and hydraulic and mechanical slips for oil well tubing;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged elevation and center longitudinal section showing the novel pressure retaining and relief device in its normal position with the valve seat locked;

FIG. 3 is a View similar to FIG. 2, but showing the valve seat unlocked; and

FIG. 4 is a top plan view of the lock ring employed in the closure device.

FIG. 1 shows the lower end of a tubing string 6 having a more or less conventional packer attached thereto, including an upper hydraulic slip portion 7 and a lower mechanical portion 8. Upper portion 7 has a plurality 3,331,378 Patented July 18, 1967 ICC of radial plungers 9 which may be hydraulically impelled outwardly to grip the casing wall by means of hydraulic pressure within the tubing. Packer part 8 has a series of packer rings 10 of suitable resilient material which are caused to swell radially to grip the casing wall and seal off the well yannulus upon the application of axial forces to the packer. At 11 are shown wedge actuated slips 11.

Secured to the lower end of the packer assembly is the novel pressure retaining and relief device including upper and lower threadedly assembled housing parts 12 and 13, upper part 12 having an internal thread 14 for attachment to a mating thread at the lower end of the packer assembly. Upper housing member 12 telescopes through lower housing part 13, as at 15, and at its lower end abuts the annular valve seat member 16 which is closely but slidably received in the thickened lower portion 17 of lower housing part 13. The upper end of valve seat member 16 is tapered, as at 18, for seating the ball check valve 19, shown in FIG. 3. An O-ring seal 20 is provided between the valve seat member and the lower housing part 17. An annular groove on the outer surf-ace of member 16 serves to receive the split locking ring 22 in the locked position of the parts.

The lower portion of housing portion 15 and the intermediate portion of lower housing member 13 are, respectively, externally and internally recessed to form a continuous annular chamber 23 within the housing. The upper part of this chamber communicates through one or more relief ducts 24 with the well annulus outside of the device. The lower part of chamber 23 communicates with the interior of the housing above seat member 16 through one or more recesses 25 formed in the upper edge of seat member 16.

A keeper sleeve 27 is slidably received within compartment 23 and capable of upward movement therein from the latching position shown in FIG. 2 to the unlatched position of FIG. 3. O-ring seals 29 and 29a are provided between the engaging surfaces of sleeve 27 and casing parts 12 and 13. At the lower end of sleeve 27 is a counterbored part 28 which, in the latching position as in FIG. 2, tits over locking ring 22 and restrains the same in its locking position with respect to valve seat member 16. Just above counterbored part 28, the keeper sleeve is provided with one or more radial recesses 30 which, in the norm-al assembly, connect through an annular groove 31 between seat member 16 and the keeper sleeve and recesses 25 in the top of the seat member with the interior of the housing. Sleeve 27 is normally maintained in its restraining position with respect to locking ring 22 by a shear pin 32.

In operation, the parts are normally assembled as shown in FIG. 2, with annular valve seat member 16 {irmly locked in position by means of resilient ring 22 which is restrained in its locking position by keeper sleeve 27, in turn maintained in its restraining position by shear pin 32. If it is desired to apply hydraulic ypressure to the interior of the tubingfor instance, to set hydraulic slips 9-or to test the tubing, or for any other reason, a suitable check valve-for instance, the ball check 19-is dropped through the tubing and rests against annular seat member 16 to close off the tubing at this point. Next, the fluid within the tubing and interior of the housing is subjected to the desired hydraulic pressure. 'The only limitation upon the pressure, which can be so applied, is the strength of the tubing and of locking ring 22. The internal hydraulic pressure within the tubing is applied through recesses 25 and 31 to the Vdownwardly facing surface of keeper sleeve 27 forme-d immediately above radial recess or recesses 30 therein. Since the space in chamber 23 above the keeper sleeve is exposed to ambient Well pressure through ducts 24, the differential applied to the keeper ultimately will break shear pin 32 and elevate the keeper sleeve clear of locking ring 22. However, the locking ring will not eX- pand as long as pressure is applied to the closure valve, due to the frictional gripping of spring ring 22 by the valve seat member. As soon as the internal tubing pressure is bled off or otherwise relieved, locking ring 22 will spring outwardly due to its inherent resilience. Thereafter, valve seat member 16 and the valve will drop out of the housing or may be easily expressed so that the tubing may be used for its intended purpose.

Thus, the required hydraulic pressure may be applied internally of the tubing and then released without materially affecting the normal functioning of the tubing or the ambient pressure. Various details may be modified as will occur to those skilled in the art, and the exclusive use of all modifications as come within the scope of the appended claims is contemplated.

We claim:

1. A ypressure retaining and relief device for tubing comprising a housing for incorporation in tubing in alignment therewith, closure means movably mounted inside said housing, said housing dening a chamber in fluid communication with fluid pressures on opposite sides of said closure means, a locking member movable between positions, respectively, for locking said closure means in its housing closing position and releasing said means, said member being normally biased toward its closure means releasing position and extending into said chamber, a control device movable in said chamber between positions, respectively, for holding said locking member in a closure means locking position and for releasing said locking member, and means releasably retaining said control device in its locking member holding position, said control device responding to pressure dierential across said closure member above a predetermined minimum value to move to its locking member release position, said closure means responding to said pressure differential to hold said locking member in its closure means locking position and responding to substantial equalization of pressures across said closure means to release said locking member and thereby permit movement of said closure means to a housing opening position.

2. A pressure retaining and relief device as described in claim 1 in which said means for normally retaining said control device in its locking member holding position is a pressure sensitive shear pin.

3. A pressure retaining and relief device as described in claim 1 in which said closure means is comprised of an annular Valve seat normally secured in said housing by said locking member and a check valve which may be applied against said seat for closing the same.

4. A pressure retaining and relief device -for tubing as described in claim 1 in which said closure means includes an annular recess and said locking member is comprised of a split, resilient ring normally held in said recess by said control device and shiftable by its inherent resilience to release said closure means after movement of said control device to its locking member release position and substantial equalization of pressures across said closure means.

5. A pressure retaining and release device as described in claim 1 in which said chamber is formed in the wall of said housing and further including ports connecting portions of said chamber on opposite sides of said control device, respectively, with the interior and exterior of said housing.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,293,325 8/1942 Wood 137-463 3,032,050 5/1962 Clark 137-68 3,228,417 1/1966 Schwerter 137-463 X WILLIAM F. ODEA, Primary Examiner.

R. GERARD, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2293325 *Jun 26, 1941Aug 18, 1942Lawrence A WoodSafety gas valve
US3032050 *Feb 15, 1960May 1, 1962Baker Oil Tools IncApparatus for automatically filling well conduits
US3228417 *Aug 13, 1963Jan 11, 1966American Meter CoPressure regulator with high pressure cut off
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3442278 *Feb 28, 1966May 6, 1969Sanders Associates IncTemperature sensitive switch
US4114694 *May 16, 1977Sep 19, 1978Brown Oil Tools, Inc.No-shock pressure plug apparatus
US4292988 *Jun 6, 1979Oct 6, 1981Brown Oil Tools, Inc.Soft shock pressure plug
US4513764 *May 27, 1983Apr 30, 1985Otis Engineering CorporationValve
US4601492 *Oct 20, 1982Jul 22, 1986Geo Vann, Inc.Releasable coupling
US4640363 *Aug 12, 1985Feb 3, 1987Otis Engineering CorporationBleedoff tool for well test system
US6425443Nov 20, 2000Jul 30, 2002Schlumberger Technology CorporationPressure compensated disconnect system and method
US8016035 *Oct 25, 2004Sep 13, 2011Baker Hughes IncorporatedChemical injection check valve incorporated into a tubing retrievable safety valve
US20050098210 *Oct 25, 2004May 12, 2005Strattan Scott C.Chemical injection check valve incorporated into a tubing retrievable safety valve
WO1993025794A1 *Jun 7, 1993Dec 23, 1993Panther Oil Tools Uk LtdWell drilling tools
U.S. Classification137/68.17, 137/467, 137/515
International ClassificationE21B34/00, F16L29/00, E21B34/10
Cooperative ClassificationF16L29/00, E21B34/103
European ClassificationE21B34/10L2, F16L29/00