|Publication number||US3331754 A|
|Publication date||Jul 18, 1967|
|Filing date||Jun 7, 1963|
|Priority date||Jun 7, 1963|
|Publication number||US 3331754 A, US 3331754A, US-A-3331754, US3331754 A, US3331754A|
|Original Assignee||Vaughn Mansfield|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (23), Classifications (23), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 18, 1967 v. MANSFIELD COKE QUENGHING SYSTEM AND METHOD Filed June '7, 1963 CARBONIZNG FURNACE HEAT EXCH-ANGER 1 a HOT AIR FROM COLD GAS FAN INVENTOR. VAU G H N MAN SF'IEL D United States Patent 3,331,754 COKE QUENCHJNG SYSTEM AND METHOD Vaughn Mansfield, P.0. Box 89, Columbia, Tenn. 38401 Filed June 7, 1963, Ser. No. 286,334 3 Claims. (Cl. 201-39) This invention relates to a coke quenching system and, more particularly, to a self-replenishing inert gas circuit for cooling coke.
The primary object of this invention is to provide, in combination with a coke retort and a coke cooler which receives the coke from the retort, an inert gas system for cooling the coke in the retort and cooler and for transferring the heat extracted from the coke to air via a heat exchanger. One of the problems encountered in such a system is that a certain amount of inert gas is lost throughout the course of its circuit, even though the circuit be a complete loop, and even though the loop be closed at all possible points. Gas loss occurs through the cooler outlet, and also from the retort. The object now is to provide a selfregulating, self-replenishing system which makes up its inert gas losses so that no external source of make-up is necessary for the inert gas.
This and other objects will be apparent from the following specification and drawing, in which:
The drawing is a diagrammatic showing, partly in section, of a system embodying the invention.
Referring now to the drawing, in which like reference numerals denote similar elements, the invention is used in connection with a carbonizing furnace 2 in which coal 4 is delivered onto a chain grate 6 from a hopper 8. Controlled amounts of hot primary air are fed upwardly from a zoned airbox 10 through a coal bed as the latter moves slowly through the furnace on the chain grate. The primary air is drawn from the atmosphere by cold air fan 12 and, after passing the heat exchanger 14, it is fed by a duct 16, 16a to air box 10. The details of the mechanism of this portion of the system are unimportant to the understanding of the present invention, it being understood by those skilled in the art that airbox 10 would, in actual practice, include six or eight zones controlled by dampers 17 and, for certain processes, limited amounts of over-fire air may be fed into the furnace above the moving bed. Gas from the coal is exhausted through a stack 18 having suitable take-offs 20 and 22 for utilizing the heat and chemical constituents thereof. Large incandescent hunks of the nearly completely coked coal drop off the end of chain grate 6 into a cooker 22, in which the coke is maintained in a column 23 which moves slowly downward to be discharged at the lower end 24 into a coke cooler 26. A conventional air-lock gate, not shown, is disposed in the outlet end 24 of cooker 22 so as to control the rate of downward movement of the coke column 23 in the cooler and prevent air from entering. The coke at the top of the column is at the maximum temperature which it reached at the end of the chain grate, at least 1800 F., and the coke at the bottom of the column is considerably cooler, but nevertheless far too hot to be exposed to the air lest it reignite. As the column 23 moves slowly down in cooker 22, residual volatile matter is driven off from the coke by the intense heat and passes upwardly through stack 18. Precautions are taken to prevent air from entering cooker 22 in order to prevent burning of the coke in column 23, except for certain very minor amounts, as explained below.
The partly cooled coke is discharged from cooker outlet 24 into cooler 26, through which the coke passes by gravity and thence through the discharge opening 27 onto a conveyer 28 and via another conveyor 30 to a crusher (not shown). By the time the coke reaches conveyors 28 and 30, it has sufiiciently cooled so that it will not ignite spontaneously when exposed to air. The invention is concerned with the circuit for inert gas which cools the coke and transfers the heat extracted therefrom to the air which is fed into air box 10 of carbonizing furnace 2.
The coke, as it passes through cooler 26, slides down an inclined perforate vibrating plate 32 which divides the cooler into upper and lower chamber portions 38 and 39. Cold or relatively cool inert gas is fed from the high pressure side of a pressure differential device, namely, fan 34, via duct 36 into lower chamber portion 38. The gas passes through spaces between louvers 40 and is controlled by dampers 42 so that it will be distributed evenly as it passes upwardly through the down-sliding coke on vibrating plate 32. Plate 32 and the bed of the coke thereon impede the flow of gas therethrough so that a pressure drop occurs, and the lower chamber portion 38 functions as a plenum chamber. The inert gas, having extracted much of the remaining heat from the coke passing through the cooler, is removed from upper chamber portion 39 through an outlet pipe 44 controlled by a damper 46, and flows to a junction 48. Part of the relatively cold gas propelled by fan 34 is taken from duct 36 via the branch duct 50 and fed into the coke column 23 in lower end of cooker 22, as indicated at 52. The gas fed into the lower end of coke column 23 passes upwardly and most of it is taken off, about midway up the column, through an outlet 54 and conducted by a pipe 56 controlled by a damper 58 to junction 48. From junction 48, the combined streams of hot gas from cooler 26 and cooker 23 are conducted via a return line 60, dust collector 62 and a hot gas input conduit 64 to heat exchanger 14, and the hot gas is drawn downwardly through the heat exchanger and thence via duct 66 to the low pressure side of fan 34. As previously noted, the hot gas passing through heat exchanger 14 gives up most of the heat extracted from the coke to the air which is thereby pre-heated and fed via duct 16, 16A through airbox 10.
Although the circuit for the inert cooling gas is essentially closed, certain losses occur. From three to six inches of water pressure is maintained in duct 36 on the low pressure side of damper 68; no less than zero pressure, preferably zero or very slightly above zero pressure, prevails in upper chamber portion 39 of cooler 26 in the space above the descending coke bed so that ordinarily no air enters via discharge opening 27; approximately six inches of vacuum prevails in cool gas line 66 on the low pressure side of fan 34. However, small quantities of gas migrate outwardly with the cooled coke via discharge opening 27, even though it be normally choked with coke so as to create a pressure-differential barrier between the interior of the cooler and the atmosphere, and small quantities of the cooling gas will escape upwardly through the upper end of cooker 22 through stack 18. Taking into account variations in the stack draft, variations in the size of the chunks of coke which pass through cooker outlet 24 and cooler discharge opening 27, and temporary clogging of the outlet 54 in the cooker (which in actual practice is a manifold rather than a single opening), it has been found that losses, sometimes relatively steady, sometimes irregular, of the inert cooling gas occur, and it is therefore necessary to charge the cooling circuit during start-up.
Heretofore the charging and makeup gases in prior art cooling circuits have been derived either from an external source or from burned stack gases, and both systems require additional apparatus and controls. The present system is self-charging and self-replenishing. During start up, and as the hot coke starts to fill the cooker 22, air is present in the cooling circuit. However, the air in the circuit immediately burns with the hot coke in tthe cooker and all the oxygen is consumed. When the system is fully underway, the oxygen free gases circulate around the cooling circuit. When losses occur as noted above, the vacuum on the low pressure side of cool gas fan 34 increases, and the increase in vacuum works back through heat exchanger 14, hot gas input 64, dust collector 62, return line 60, junction 48, and pipe 56 to outlet 54, thereby pulling more hot oxygen-free gas from the middle of the coke column 23 in cooker 22. A portion of the gas from the coke in the lower part of column 23, which would ordinarily rise upwardly into stack 18, is thereby pulled off until the pressure on the low pressure side of cold gas fan 34 returns to about six inches of vacuum.
The slight intake of air through discharge 27 which may occur when the pressure drops in the low pressure portion of the circuit is insufficient to cause appreciable burning of the coke when it reaches the lower end of cooker 22, these minute amounts of air having by then been thoroughly blended into the inert gas during transit around almost the entire circuit before it reaches the lower end of cooker 22.
The invention is not limited to the details disclosed and described herein, and the method taught hereby may be practiced in connection with other apparatus.
1. In a coke processing plant, including a vertical retort having an open upper end with a stack leading therefrom and a lower end having a coke outlet therein, a gas inlet in the lower portion of the retort, and a gas outlet intermediate the upper and lower ends of the retort; means for feeding nearly completely carbonized coke at carbonizing temperature into the upper end of the retort; a coke cooler comprising a chamber having a coke input opening connecting with the coke outlet of the re-. tort, a coke discharge opening laterally spaced from the input opening, and means including a gas inlet and a gas outlet for passing gas through the coke in the cooler; an inert gas cooling system for said coke, comprising a heat exchanger having gas input and outlet connections, a fan having an intake and an outlet, means connecting the intake of the fan to the outlet of the heat exchanger, means connecting the outlet of the fan to the gas inlets of both the cooler and of the retort, and means connecting the gas outlets of the cooler and of the retort to the gas input of the heat exchanger.
2. In a coke processing plant, including a vertical retort having an open upper end with a stack leading therefrom and a lower end having a coke outlet therein, means for feeding nearly completely carbonized coke at carbonizing temperature into the upper end of the retort; a coke cooler comprising a chamber having a coke input opening connecting with the coke outlet of the retort, a coke discharge opening laterally spaced from the input opening, and perforate coke support means for passing a bed of coke generally laterally from the inlet opening to the discharge opening, said perforate coke support means dividing the interior of the chamber into lower and upper portions; an inert gas cooling system for said coke, comprising a heat exchanger having gas input and outlet connections, a fan having an intake and an outlet, means connecting the intake of the fan to the outlet of the heat exchanger, conduit means connecting the outlet of the fan to both the lower chamber portion of the cooler and the lower portion of the retort, and conduit means connecting the upper chamber portion of the cooler and an intermediate portion of the retort to the gas input of the heat exchanger. 3. The method of cooling coke which comprises passing a column of initially incandescent coke downwardly in a column Within a first confined space, drafting gas from the top of the first confined space, forming a bed of said coke and moving the same from the bottom of the column through a second confined space communicating with the first confined space, creating a pressure difierential in a stream of substantially inert gas, splitting said stream into two portions on the high pressure side of the pressure dilferential, transferring heat from the coke to s both stream portions while creating pressure drops therein by feeding one stream portion through the coke in the bed while simultaneously feeding the other stream portion through the coke in the lower portion of the column, returning that stream portion which is fed through the coke in the lower portion of the column from an intermediate portion of the column to the lowpressure side of the pressure differential and returning that stream portion which is fed through the coke in the bed while extracting heat from both returning stream portions, and removing the coke from the second confined space to the atmosphere. via a restrictedthroat choked with coke so as to create a pressure-drop barrier between the second confined space and the atmosphere.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,496,094 6/ 1924 Moetteli 202228 1,958,918 5/1934 Karrick 20l-39 X 2,131,702 9/1938 Berry 202228 X 2,997,426 8/1961 Mansfield 20l-27 3,013,951 12/ 1961 Mansfield 201-27 FOREIGN PATENTS 492,072 9/ 1938 Great Britain.
MORRIS O. WOLK, Primary Examiner.
JOSEPH SCOVRONEK, Examiner.
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|U.S. Classification||201/39, 201/32, 201/28, 202/253, 201/37, 201/27, 202/95, 201/29, 201/34, 202/121, 202/228, 201/36|
|International Classification||C10B39/12, C10B39/02, C10B39/00, C10B49/04, C10B49/00|
|Cooperative Classification||C10B39/02, C10B39/12, C10B49/04|
|European Classification||C10B49/04, C10B39/02, C10B39/12|
|Jun 3, 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PEABODY DEVELOPMENT COMPANY ST. LOUIS, MO A CORP.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:PEABODY COAL COMPANY A DE CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004134/0176
Effective date: 19830501
Owner name: PEABODY DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, A CORP. OF DE, MISSOU
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PEABODY COAL COMPANY A DE CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004134/0176