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Publication numberUS3332580 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 25, 1967
Filing dateSep 20, 1965
Priority dateSep 20, 1965
Publication numberUS 3332580 A, US 3332580A, US-A-3332580, US3332580 A, US3332580A
InventorsGlynn H Lockwood, Robert A Spencer
Original AssigneeLockwood Tech
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fluid applicator valve
US 3332580 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 25, 1967 v R. A. SPENCER ETAL 3,332,580

FLUID APPLICATOR VALVE Filed Sept. 20, 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet l 27 42 fvreu'ras.

06597 A. Spa/c543, G'z A/A/ .H. Locum 00:2.

wQaQw-li July 25, 1967 R. A; SPENCER ETAL FLUID APPLICATOR VALVE Filed Sept. 20, 1965 3 Sheets-Sheet s fig- BQAQQQLW United States Patent 3,332,580 FLUID APPLICATOR VALVE Robert A. Spencer, Monterey, and Glynn H. Lockwood, Carmel Valley, Calif., assignors to Lockwood Technical, Inc., Sand City, Calif., a corporation of California Filed Sept. 20, 1965, Ser. No. 488,377 16 Claims. (Cl. 222-146) This invention provides valve structures that are particularly well adapted for dispensing relatively viscous fluid materials, and for the rapid and precise control of valve cycling between open and closed conditions.

The invention is particularly useful for such purposes as the application of hot melt adhesive to a work surface. For example, a fiber board carton blank that is to be formed into a box is typically folded and is then moved by a conveyer past one or more applicator heads which apply fluid adhesive in a predetermined pattern to the flap surfaces that are to be pasted. Such a pattern may comprise a two-dimensional array of dots or short lines. Maximum economy and reliability often require that the individual elements of such a pattern by uniformly and accurately defined, both as to the length of each element and the spacing between elements. When the pattern is defined by valve operation near the dispensing nozzle, the valve must be cycled rapidly and precisely. With conventional valve structures, such rapid and precise cycling is rendered difiicult or impossible by the highly viscous nature of the adhesive material. Moreover, conventional valves that do not require a large operating force tend to leak under the high fluid pressures that are needed to produce sharp pattern elements.

The present invention provides a valve structure capable of handling fluids at pressures of the order of several hundred pounds per square inch with reliable, leak-free shut-ofl. Moreover, the valves of the invention typically require remarkably light operating force, even when handling highly viscous fluids. Further important advantages of the valve structures of the invention are relatively small inertia of the moving parts and the fact that only relatively small movements of the valve element are required to shift from full open to full closed position, greatly facilitating rapid and precise cycling.

A further important aspect of the invention is the provision of a unitary valve structure capable of controlling in desired coordination a plurality of mutually spaced dispensing orifices. For the described purpose of applying fluid in a predetermined pat-tern to a relatively moving work surface, such orifices typically comprise dispensing nozzles spaced transversely of the path of the work surface and operated typically in unison.

The valve structures of the invention are useful also in a wide variety of other applications for which the herein described properties are necessary or desirable.

A full understanding of the invention and of its further objects and advantages will be had from the following description of certain illustrative manners in which it may be carried out. The particulars of that description, and of the accompanying drawings which form a part of it, are intended only as illustration and not as a limitation upon the scope of the invention, which is defined in the appended claims.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a plan representing an illustrative rotary valve structure in accordance with the invention, in position to dispense a fluid downwardly;

FIG. 2 is a section on the line 22 of FIG. 1, showing the valve member in open position;

FIG. 3 is a section on the line 33 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a section on the line 4--4 of FIG. 2, but showing the valve member in closed position;

3,332,580 Patented July 25, 1967 "ice FIG. 5 is a fragmentary bottom view, representing a modification;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary section corresponding to a portion of FIG. 2, but representing a further modification;

FIG. 7 is an axial section representing an illustrative translational valve structure in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 8 is a section on the line 88 of FIG. 7; and

FIG. 9 is an axial section representing a further embodiment of the invention.

As illustratively shown in FIGS. 1 to 4, the present valve structure comprises a valve housing 10 defining a cylindrical valve chamber 12 and an actuator chamber 14. The valve structure will be described with reference to the typical orientation in which it is shown, but without implying any limitaton to such orientation. The housing comprises the elongated main block 20 and the actuator block 30. The actuator block is set into a transverse channel 21 of rectangular section cut in the upper central portion of the main block, and is secured by the screws 31 through the side flanges 32 of the actuator block. Valve chamber 12 is formed by a longitudinal through bore in the main block with cylindrical side wall 22 and axis 23. The chamber ends are closed by the caps 24 with the suitable sealing means, indicated as the O-rings 25. Actuator chamber 14 is formed by the cylindrical through bore 34 in the actuator block with axis 35. That bore is transverse with respect to valve chamber 12 and is offset radially therefrom. The two chambers are connected by an open passage 36 which is radial with respect to both chambers and is formed by alined openings in both blocks. Passage 36 is of generally oval cross section, elongated in the direction of the axis of actuator chamber 34. That passage is sealed against leakage along the interface between the two blocks by the O-ring 37, which surrounds the passage and is received in a groove in one of the blocks.

A mounting plate for the housing is indicated at 38. When the valve is to be used for hot melt materials such as adhesives, for example, electrical heaters are preferably inserted in bores onthe main block, as indicated at 39, and a thermostatic element may be similarly mounted at 41. Electrical power for ope-ration of the heaters is supplied via the cable indicated at 47. Wiring connections may be made in a chamber 48 at one end of the main block and closed by a cover plate 49.

A fluid inlet to the interior of valve chamber 12 is provided through the wall of main block 20, as by the two connecting bores 15 and 16. Bore 15 is radial with respect to the chamber, with its outer end closed by the plug 17, normally covered by flange 32 of the actuator block. Bore 16 is parallel to actuator chamber 14, and is threaded to receive a tubular fitting of any desired type for connection of a fluid inlet conduit 18. That conduit may be heated in any conventional manner, to maintain hot melt adhesive or the like in fluid condition. The fiuid to be dispensed by the valve is supplied under suitable pressure to conduit 18 from apparatus which may be of conventional design and is indicated schematically at 19 in FIG. 1. Fluid entering valve chamber 12 has access also to actuator chamber 14 via passage 36.

The present valve housing is provided with a plurality of out-let orifices 27, which may function directly as applicator nozzles for applying fluid to a work surface. Alternatively, each orifice 27 may communicate with a conduit of any desired type. As shown, the outlet orifices extend from chamber 12 through the relatively thin bottom wall of main block 20. The orifices may be arranged in a wide variety of patterns, the valve member being designed accordingly. In the present structure orifices 27 are rnutually spaced in a straight line parallel to the axis of valve chamber 12. Although shown all of the same diameter, orifices 27 may differ in size if desired.

The valve member 40 is a generally cylindrical body of such length as to fit freely between chamber end plates 24, which then define its axial position in the valve chamber. The valve body is typically generally cylindrical, but its diameter is preferably appreciably less than that of chamber 12, and both its side and end faces may be relieved, in order to reduce viscous drag when rotated in the presence of a fluid of high viscosity. The diametral clearance 41 is somewhat exaggerated in FIG. 2 for clarity of illustration. Valve member 40 is provided with a plurality of axially spaced transverse through bores 42, which are axially alined with the respective outlet orifices 27 and lie in a common axial plane, which is the plane of the paper in FIG. 2. Cross bores 42 are interconnected with each other by the axial bore 44. As shown, that bore is open at both ends of the valve member, communicating with the portion of the valve chamber that is exterior of the valve member. However, one or both ends of bore 44 may be closed, if preferred, as illustrated in FIG. 6. Fluid from inlet passage 15 is admitted to the interior of the valve member, that is, to bore 44, by the radial passage 46, which is typically sufficiently large in section in the circumferential direction to connect with passage 15 throughout the range of valve body rotation.

Each of the transverse bores 42 of valve member 40 is provided with two shoes 50 and 51 which are of such size as to slide freely in their respective bores. Spring means, shown as the coaxial helical springs 52, yieldingly urge the shoes of each pair in opposite direction into abutting relation with the cylindrical wall 22 of the valve chamber. One shoe 50 of each pair performs a valving function and engages the chamber wall at an outlet orifice. That shoe is provided with a passage 54, typically coaxial, that opens at one end through the radially outer face of the shoe and that communicates at its other end with the interior of axial bore 44. The radially outer faces of shoes 50 are of cylindrical form with a radius adapted to fit closely in sealing relation the cylindrical chamber wall. By virtue of that sealing fit, fluid flow is permitted from the interior of chamber 12 through each outlet orifice 27 whenever that orifice is alined with the shoe passage 54, as in FIGS. 2 and 3; and such flow is positively cut off when rotation of the valve member shifts shoe passage 54 out of alignment with the outlet orifice and brings the working face of the shoe into sealing relation over the orifice, as in FIG. 4. The shoes 51 at the opposite ends of the respective cross bores 42 may be identical with shoes 50, but are shown without passages 54, and their outer end faces do not necessarily fit the curve of the chamber wall accurately.

The valving shoes 50 and the pressure shoes 51 are preferably formed, at least as to their working faces, of a material that is softer than that of the cylindrical wall of chamber 12. Any lack of precision in the initial fit of the valving shoes against that wall then tends to be corrected as the valve is broken in, and continuing Wear only improves such fit without significantly affecting the cylinder wall. A particularly effective material for the shoes has been found to be a polymerized resin material such as tetrafluoroethylene, which is avail-able commercially under the trade name Teflon. Such material may be glass impregnated. A particularly suitable form of Teflon is that sold for use as bearings under the trade name Rulon. A metal washer 53 may be inserted as a spring seat between spring 52 and each of the shoes. Separatesprings may be provided for each shoe, acting between the shoe and an axial shoulder formed in bore 42. However, use of a single spring or spring assembly acting directly between the two shoes is simpler and has the advantage of insuring uniform force on both shoes.

Valve member 40 in the present embodiment is rotationally oscillated between its valve-opening and valveclosing positions by mechanism now to be illustratively described. An actuating pin 60 is freely received in the radial bore 62 in valve body 40, and extends through passage 36 in spaced relation to the passage walls into actuator chamber 14. Bore 62 typically extends across axial bore 44 but terminates within the valve body in an end wall 63, which thus defines the axial pin position in a downward direction. The upper end of pin is freely received in the :peripheral channel 66 in the actuator spool 70, limiting upward movement of the pin. Spool 70 is a generally cylindrical body movable axially of actuator chamber 14 in the manner of a piston. That movement is driven via the control rod 72, the end of which is received in an axial bore in spool 70 and retained by a spring clip 73 or similar means. The spool and rod are thus fixedly related with respect to axial movement, but are preferably relatively rotatable about their respective axes.

Two moving seals are provided, extending between spool 70 and actuator block 30 on opposite sides of passage 36. Those seals may comprise any suitable sealing structures that permit the required axial movement of the spool and that support the fluid pressure between them without exerting upon the spool any net axial force in either direction as a result of such pressure. In the present embodiment, the sealing formations for performing those functions comprise the two O-rings 74, which are received in peripheral channels adjacent the opposite ends of spool 70 and slidingly engage the cylindrical wall of the actuator chamber. Those O-n'ngs restrict the fluid to the small region of the actuator chamber that is outside the spool and between the O-rings. Hence no chamber end walls are required, and control rod 72 does not require any packing gland to prevent leakage of fiuid. The sealing elements 74 are subject only to axial movement, which is the type of movement they are best adapted to sustain. Moreover, due to symmetry of the parts, axial spool movement does not cause any change of fluid volume such as might resist rapid movement of the spool. If the ends of the actuator chamber are closed, as is generally preferred to exclude dirt, for example, pressure equalizing vents to the atmosphere are preferably provided on both sides of the spool, as indicated at 76.

Control rod 72 may be driven by any suitable type of actuator for providing the desired valve operation, typically timed in relation to relative movement of a work surface to be coated. Actuating mechanisms of many types, including mechanical electro-magnetic, hydraulic and pneumatic, are well knowmFor illustration, a pneumatic cylinder is represented schematically at with driving piston 82, and air inlet conduits 84 and 86. Compressed air is supplied to the conduits from a source 85 via a solenoid controlled valve 87 which normally pressurizes conduit 84, say and exhausts conduit 86 to the atmosphere, driving piston 82 to the left as seen in FIG. 4 to close the valve orifices 27. Upon energization of solenoid valve 87 via the electrical connection 88, the conduit connections are reversed, shifting piston '82 to the I right to open the valve orifices. Control pulses of electrical voltage are supplied to line 88 in any convenient manner to produce the desired valve operation, for example by means of one or more switches operated mechemically in conventional manner in response to presence of the Work surface in front of valve orifices 27.

Alternatively, control spool 70 may, itself, be employed as driving piston, conduits 84 and 86 being connected to the opposite ends of operating chamber 14, as at the apertures 76, and rod 72 being omitted. As can be seen from FIG. 4, only a small range of movement of spool 70 is required for shifting the valve member between open and closed positions in the present embodiment. Abutment means of any suitable type, not explicitly shown, are preferably provided to positively define the limiting valve positions.

Actuating means are well known for shifting an element such as spool 70 selectively among several positions, rather than only two. An example of the utility of such multiple positions is represented in FIG. 5, which shows 7 the valve delivery orifices 27 arranged in two groups 27a and 27b on opposite sides of the center line 28. With that orifice arrangement, and with a valve member as already shown and described, the valve orifices are closed when the valve member is in the symmetrical position indicated at 50, 54. A slight rotation of the valve member to one side of that position opens the orifices of one group while maintaining the shoes 50 in sealing relation over the orifices of the second group. Rotation of the valve member in the opposite direction from closed position opens the orifices of the second group, while keeping the first group closed. Arrangements of that type permit greater variety in the application patterns that can be produced. For example, one group of orifices may contain more apertures than the other, or the apertures of one group may be larger than those of the other. If it is preferred to have all delivery apertures in a common plane, similar results are obtainable by staggered arrangement of the shoes 50 in the valve member, or of the valving passages 54 in those shoes.

An important advantage of the present valve structure is that the valving action is performed at the inner periphery of the generally annular working face of each of the shoes 50. Uniform contact pressure at those working faces is insured by the springs 52, and does not require any precise dimensional tolerances. Accurate fit of the active surfaces of the shoes depends upon their form only, and is essentially independent of their linear dimensions, greatly facilitating manufacture and increasing the reliability of valve operation.

A further useful feature of the invention is the fact that the periphery of the valve member itself may be spaced from the cylindrical chamber wall, as already mentioned, and may have any convenient form. That freedom of design may be increased by providing pivot bearings 90 at the ends of the valve member, as shown in FIG. 6, to define its position both axially and radially entirely independently of the valve shoes. Such definition is especially desirable if the shoe diameter is less than about one third of the chamber diameter, and if fluids of high viscosity are to be handled so that a particularly large clearance is desired between the chamber wall and the periphery of the valve member. However, such bearings, if provided, do not require high precision and therefore add little to the cost or maintenance of the valve.

A further embodiment of the invention is represented in FIGS. 7 and 8, wherein similar parts are generally designated by the same numerals as in the previous embodiment, followed by the letter a. In the modified structure, the valve body 40a moves axially in translation, and that movement is directly driven by air pressure. The driving spool 70, coupling arm 60 and related structures of the previous form are omitted. The cylindrical valve chamber 12a is formed in a cylindrical member 100 typically flattened on its working face 101 and with end caps 102 secured by the screws 103. That cylinder is mounted on the heater block 104 by the bolts 105, with provision for electrical heaters 39a and thermostatic element 41a; A chamber 48a for electrical connections and leads is enclosed by the cover plate 49a.

The cylindrical valve member 40a is provided with transverse bores 42a connected by the axial bore 44a and each provided with a working or valve shoe 50a and a blank shoe 51a urged apart by the spring 52a, essentially as previously described. Valve orifices 27a are provided in cylinder block 100 in position to be alined with the bores of the respective valve shoes when the valve member is at one end of its travel. The rotational position of the valve member is defined in the present structure by the pin 110, which is fixed in the valve member and slides freely in a bore in one of the cylinder caps 102. The axial travel of the valve member is limited by direct contact with the cylinder caps, though adjustable stops may be provided if preferred, as by screws threaded through the caps parallel to the axis. In the present structure the valve member is sealed at both ends, as by the O-rings 108 which are of reciprocating type and the plugs 107 in the bore 44a. The pressurized fluid to be dispensed is supplied to the valve bore 44a via the radial bore 46a and the short radial bore 109 in the cylinder block, into which supply conduit 18a is threaded. In the present structure the dispensed fluid is projected as jets that are formed by the respective shoe bores 54a, which are appreciably smaller in diameter than the orifices 27a in the housing. The valve member diameter nearly equals the cylinder diameter at axial regions adjacent the several transverse bores, but is deeply relieved at 112 between those regions, reducing viscous drag as already described.

Valve member 40a may be moved between its open and closed position by means of any desired type, that shown illustratively being pneumatic. Air pressure is supplied selectively to opposite ends of the valve chamber, driving the valve member as a piston inthat chamber. Conduits 84a and 86a for the controlling air pressure are typically connected coaxially at the cylinder caps 102, corresponding in overall function to conduits 84 and 86, respectively, of the previous form. Compressed air or other operating fluid may be supplied selectively to those conduits in the manner already described.

It is sometimes more convenient to control the outflow of fluid from an applicator valve by shifting the fluid supply pressure between a relatively highpositive feed value and a low cutoff value. A further aspect of the present invention provides a valve that is responsive to such pressure alternations, giving sharp cutoff and complete freedom from leakage during the off periods. The valve opens promptly in response to a surge of supply pressure.

An illustrative valve structure of that type is shown somewhat schematically in FIG. 9. The housing cucloses the cylindrical valve chamber 122, which is open to the atmosphere at 124 at its outer end and is provided with an axial inlet conduit connection 126 at its inner end. The valve member 130 comprises a cylindrical block 132 with two cross bores 134, each bore having a valve shoe 50b and a blank shoe 51b urged in opposite directions by a spring 52b, in the manner previously described. Valve member 130 is axially movable in the valve chamber between an inner, valve closing position, shown in FIG. 9, and an outer, valve opening position defined by the positive stop screw 138. The rotational position of the valve member is defined by any suitable device, shown as the pin 129, which is fixed in the valve member parallel to the axis and offset therefrom and is slidingly received in a hole in the housing end wall. Outlet passages 27b are provided in the cylindrical housing wall in such position as to be alined with the bores in the respective valve shoes 50b when the valve member is in its outer position.

A live seal, shown as the O-ring 136, is provide-d between the valve member and the cylindrical housing wall at least at the outer end of the member. That seal divides chamber 122 into an outer chamber, open to the atmosphere via aperture 124, and an inner chamber filled with fluid supplied via conduit 126 and to be dispensed through valve orifices 27b. An additional seal 137 may be provided if desired at the inner end of the valve member.

In the present structure, an annular valve seat is formed at 140 surrounding the inlet from conduit 126 into the valve chamber, and an auxiliary valve is formed at 142 on the inner end of the valve member 130, so dimensioned that it sealingly engages valve seat 140 when the valve member is in its inner position as illustrated. The valve seat thus forms a stop abutment for limiting the valve member movement. Access of fluid from chamber 122 to the valve shoes in cross bores 42]) is insured by the axial bore 143, closed at its outer end by the plug 144, and the radial bores 145 in the neck portion of valve formation 142. It is usually desirable to provide resilient means for urging the valve member toward its valve closing position, as illustratively represented by the compression spring 146 working between an axially facing shoulder on the valve member and the end wall at the outer end of the chamber.

In operation of the described valve structure, when the supply pressure in conduit 126 is less than atmospheric pressure, or has a low positive value, valve memher 130 is moved by atmospheric pressure and by spring 146 to the left as seen in FIG. 9 to the position illustrated, closing valve 142 and also closing the outlet valves at each orifice 271). A pulse of positive pressure in conduit 126 of sufilcient magnitude to overcome spring 146 then shifts the valve member to the right, admitting fluid to the valve housing via valve 142 and also opening the applicator valves at orifices 2712. A sharp spurt of fluid is thus delivered by each of the latter orifices, which continues until the supply pressure is terminated. Upon return of the supply pressure to its low cutoff value, the valve is promptly closed, and is held closed in idle condition of the system 'by spring 146. Since the valve action is very rapid and positive, an accurate spatial pattern of application is readily produced on a moving work surface, corresponding to the time pattern of pressure pulses supplied to the valve.

Auxiliary valve 142 is particularly useful when the cutoff pressure in conduit 126 may become appreciably less than atmospheric pressure, providing positive closure regardless of the strength of springs 52b between the shoes. Under that condition atmospheric pressure may provide sufiicient force for closing the valve, and spring 146 may then be omitted. However, it is usually preferable to provide some means for holding the valve reliably in closed position during idle condition of the entire system. If the additional reliability of auxiliary valve 142 is not required, that valve structure, including valve seat 140, may be omitted.

We claim:

1. A valve structure comprising in combination a valve housing forming a chamber having a cylindrical wall,

a valve member movably mounted in the chamber and having a plurality of transverse bores,

a shoe freely slidable longitudinally of each bore and having a working face adapted to fit the cylindrical chamber wall in sealing relation and having a shoe passage that opens at one end through said working face,

resilient means yieldingly urging the shoe in each bore into abutting engagement with the cylindrical chamber wall,

the valve housing having an inlet passage communicating with the interior of the chamber and with the other ends of said shoe passages,

the valve housing having a plurality of outlet passages opening through the cylindrical chamber wall and being alined with openings in respective shoe faces in a first position of the valve member to open said outlet passages for flow from the inlet passage through the shoe passages, the width of each shoe working face outwardly of the shoe passage exceeding the diameter of the associated outlet passage, so as to provide a sealing overlap for said outlet passage, and said outlet passages being sealingly covered by the respective shoe faces in a second position of the valve member to close said outlet passages,

and means for selectively shifting the valve member between said first and second positions.

2. A valve structure as defined in claim 1, and wherein said transverse bores of the valve member are through bores substantially diametrical with respect to the cylindrical wall of the valve housing,

and said resilient means comprise a second shoe in each bore freely slidable longitudinally thereof and adapted to engage the cylindrical housing wall substantially diametrically opposite the wall engagement of the first said shoe, the housing wall being unapertured in the region engaged by each of said second shoes, and spring means yieldingly urging the shoes in each bore radially outward with essentially equal and opposite force.

3. A valve structure as defined in claim 1, and wherein said valve member is movable in the valve chamber axially with respect to the cylindrical chamber wall and is provided with two sealing means acting between the valve member and the chamber wall and spaced axially on opposite sides of said bores,

said inlet passage communicates with the chamber between said sealing means,

and said means for shifting the valve member comprise means for selectively supplying an operating fluid at opposite differential pressures to the chamber at its respective ends axially outward of said sealing means to shift the valve member axially between its said positions.

4. A valve structure as defined in claim 1, and wherein said valve member is movable in the valve chamber axially with respect to the cylindrical chamber wall and is provided with sealing means acting between the valve member and the chamber wall axially outwardly of said bores, said first position of the valve member being spaced axially outward of said second position,

said inlet passage communicates with the chamber axially inward of that sealing means,

and said means for shifting the valve membercomprise means for supplying pressurized fluid to said inlet passage to drive the valve member as a piston to its outer position to open the outlet passages, and means for withdrawing pressure from said inlet passage to cause the valve member to move to its inner position to close the outlet passages.

S. A valve structure as defined in claim 2, and wherein the radially outer surface of the valve member adjacent the shoes is spaced from the cylindrical wall of the chamber and the space therebetween communicates freely with said inlet passage in the valve housing, whereby the frictional drag opposing rotational movement of the valve member is produced predominantly at the sliding contact of the shoes and the cylindrical wall of the chamber.

6. A valve structure as defined in claim 2, and wherein said resilient means comprise a compressed helical spring coaxial of each bore and exerting equal and opposite forces on the respective shoes therein.

7. A valve structure comprising in combination a valve housing having a generally cylindrical valve chamber with a plurality of axially spaced outlet passages in the chamber wall and having an actuator chamber laterally oifset from the valve chamber and communicating therewith through an opening,

means for supplying a pressurized fiuid to the interiors of both said chambers,

a valve member coaxially mounted in the valve chamber for rotational oscillation between a valve opening position in which the outlet passages are accessible to said fluid and a valve closing position in which the outlet passages are isolated from said fluid,

an actuating arm mounted on the valve member and extending radially through the opening into the actuator chamber,

an actuating member engaging the arm in the actuator chamber and reciprocable in a direction transverse of the arm and of the axis of the valve chamber to cause rotary oscillation of the valve member between its said positions,

two fluid sealing means extending between the reciprocable actuating member and the valve housing on opposite sides of the opening between the said chambers, the pressurized fluid being confined between said sealing means and exerting essentially zero net force on the actuating member longitudinally of said movement thereof,

and means for driving the actuating member in its said translational movement.

8. A valve structure as defined in claim 7, and wherein said actuator chamber is generally cylindrical with its axis transverse of the cylindrical axis of the valve chamber and laterally offset therefrom,

and the actuating member comprises a generally cylindrical body with three axially spaced peripheral channels, the central channel receiving the radially outer end of said actuating arm and the outer channels being adapted to receive flexible sealing rings that slidingly engage the cylindrical wall of the actuator chamber on axially opposite sides of said Opening between the chambers.

9. A valve structure as defined in claim 7, and wherein said actuating arm is freely rotatable in a radial bore in the valve member,

and said actuating member is freely rotatable about an axis parallel to its said reciprocation and is peripherally channeled coaxially of said rotation to receive the radially outer end of the actuating arm, whereby random rotation of the arm and of the actuating member vary the points of their mutual contact.

10. A valve structure as defined in claim 7, and wherein the last said means comprise a drive member movable axially of the actuator chamber, and structure coupling the drive member to the actuating member externally of said sealing means.

11. A valve structure as defined in claim 7, and wherein the last said means comprise two conduit means communicating with the actuator chamber adjacent its respective axial ends externally of said sealing means, and means for supplying pressurized fluid selectively to the conduit means to drive the actuating member as a piston in the actuator chamber.

12. A valve structure as defined in claim 4, and wherein said inlet passage opens axially into the chamber,

and said valve member carries at its axially inner end a formation adapted to seal the inlet passage in said inner position of the valve member.

13. A valve structure as defined in claim 4, and including yielding means normally urging said valve member toward its said inner position.

14. A valve structure as defined in claim 4, and wherein said chamber is apertured axially outward of said sealing means to admit ambient pressure.

15. A valve structure as defined in claim 4, and including also second sealing means acting between the periphery wall with a plurality of axially spaced delivery orifices opening radially outwardly therefrom substantially in a common direction,

means for controllably heating said structure, a valve member movably mounted in the chamber and having a plurality of transverse bores each of which is alined with a corresponding delivery orifice in a first position of the valve member,

shoe guided for free longitudinal movement longitudinally movable in each bore and having a centrally apertured end face adapted to sealingly engage the cylindrical wall of the valve chamber, the end face aperture of each shoe communicating With the interior of the chamber and being alined with the corresponding delivery orifice in said first position of the valve member, and the radial width of the end face outwardly of the aperture exceeding the diameter of the delivery orifice, so as to provide a sealing overlap for said delivery orifice.

means yieldingly urging the shoes toward said wall engagement,

means for supplying pressurized hot melt adhesive and the like to the interior of the chamber,

and means for selectively shifting the valve member between said first position, in which hot melt adhesive is delivered simultaneously to all said delivery orifices via the respective shoe bores, and a second position in which the end face of each shoe sealingly covers the corresponding delivery orifice to close the same.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS RAPHAEL M. LUPO, Primary Examiner.

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EP0624402A2 *Mar 16, 1994Nov 17, 1994Nycomed Arzneimittel GmbHApparatus for uniformly applying a suspension on a collagen substrate
EP1147816A2 *Mar 8, 2001Oct 24, 2001Sieghard Schiller GmbH & Co. KGDevice for coating workpieces
EP1352691A2 *Mar 29, 2003Oct 15, 2003Wolfgang PuffeRotary applicator head
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/146.1, 222/485, 118/411, 251/309, 251/62, 137/625.48, 251/185, 222/504, 137/625.46, 222/512, 137/625.42
International ClassificationB05C5/02
Cooperative ClassificationB05C5/0233, B05C5/0275
European ClassificationB05C5/02J1