|Publication number||US3334164 A|
|Publication date||Aug 1, 1967|
|Filing date||Mar 4, 1965|
|Priority date||Mar 4, 1965|
|Publication number||US 3334164 A, US 3334164A, US-A-3334164, US3334164 A, US3334164A|
|Inventors||Frank M Casal, Samuels Herbert|
|Original Assignee||Union Carbide Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (14), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 1, 1967 METHOD OF MAKING DOUBLE WALL ARTICLES H. SAMUELS ET Filed March 4, I965 VACUUM PUMP -VACUUM PUMP- INVENTORS FRANK M. CASAL HERB RT SAMUELS ATTOR/Vf) United States Patent 3,334,164 METHOD OF MAKING DOUBLE WALL ARTICLES Herbert Samuels, Somerville, and Frank M. Casal, Edison,
N.J., assignors to Union Carbide Corporation, a corporation of New York Filed Mar. 4, 1965, Ser. No. 437,233 7 Claims. (Cl. 264-90) This invention relates to a method of makin double wall articles and more particularly to a method of making a double wall plastic article with air space between the walls.
Double wall articles have become increasingly useful because they require a minimum amount of material for high rigidity and strength. Several techniques are currently employed for making articles of this kind, especially double wall containers. A typical method, for example, involves forming a hollow container by the well known blow molding technique, then forming a larger hollow container in parts, and finally heat sealing the parts of the larger container together around the smaller container. Such a method and all other heretofore known methods require several different steps in producing such double wall articles.
Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide a method of making a double wall article with air space between the walls in one continuous, integral operation.
The present invention provides a simple method of making a double wall article with air between the walls. In accordance with the method a vacuum is applied substantial- 1y along the periphery of a sealed hollow body in the plastic formative state and simultaneously with the application of the vacuum, the hollow body is compressed thereby forming a double wall plastic article with air space between the walls.
While the aforementioned method may be carried out in various conventional core-cavity equipment, it is preferred in the process of this convention to use an apparatus as shown in the accompanying drawing in which:
In the drawing:
FIG. 1 is a vertical section of a preferred apparatus for carrying out the process of the invention showing the initial step of the process.
FIG. 2 is a similar view of the apparatus of FIG. 1 showing a second step of the process.
Referring now to the drawings as shown in FIG. 1, the preferred apparatus for carrying out the process of the invention includes a core cavity mold 10 and 15, the cavity 11 of which is the desired shape of the outer wall of the article to be formed which is shown as container shaped. The mold 10 is divided into three sections, all of which are integrally combined. These sections comprise namely a solid outer section 12, a hollow middle section 14 connected to a vacuum pump via a channel passing between the hollow section 14 and out through the outer section 12, and an inner section 16, the inner section being adjacent to the outer wall of the article to be formed. The inner section 16 has a plurality of apertures 18 which provide communication between the hollow middle section 14 and the cavity 11 of the mold 10. These apertures have a diameter of about .025 inch at their adjacent end to the hollow section 14 and a diameter in the range fromabout .013-.0l5 inch at their opposite end. Also included in the inner section 16 and surrounding the apertures 18 is a cooling coil 13 which is supplied with water via channels passing between the inner section 16 and out through the outer section 12. Disposed concentrically and opposite to the cavity 11 and adapted to be received slidably therein is a core 15. The core has an outwardly projecting shoulder 9 at one end and is divided into three 3,334,164 Patented Aug. 1, 196' sections corresponding to those of the mold 10, wherei 17, 19, and 21 of the core 15 corresponds to 12, 14, an 16 of the mold 10 respectively, wherein the inner sectio 21 of the core 15 is adjacent to and of the desired shap of the inner wall of the article to be formed. Also, th inner section 21 has a plurality of apertures 23 sur rounded by a cooling coil 24 duplicating those of the inne section 16.
In the process of this invention a sealed hollow body 2 in the plastic formative state, as shown in FIG. 1, is ex truded using the well known blow molding technique. Th hollow body is preblown to a size such that it will resis bursting when compressed as will be described. The pre blown size will of course depend on the particular articl to be formed. However, once this is decided the optimun preblown size can be readily determined by those skilled ii the art through the use of a few simple empirical tests The hollow body 20 is suspended from the extruder o the blow molding apparatus and in the area lying betweel the cavity 11 of the mold 10 and the core 15. Thereupon while the hollow sections 14 and 19 are being evacuatei via the vacuum pump the mold 10 and the core 15 an actuated and close around the hollow body 20 thereb; compressing the hollow body wherein by the inward ac tions of the cavity and the core and the opposite actior of the vacuum created in the middle sections 14 and 1! a portion of the outer wall of the hollow body 20 whicl will constitute the inner wall of the article to be former comes into intimate contact with the surface of the inner section 21 of the core 15 and takes the shape thereof anc a portion of the outer wall of the hollow body 20 oppo site to that outer portion of the wall adjacent to the core 15 and which will constitute the outer wall of the article to be formed, comes into intimate contact with the cute] surface of the inner section 16 of the mold 10 and take: the shape thereof. The compressing of the hollow body is terminated when the shoulder 9 of the core contacts the end surface of the mold and rests thereon pinching ofi opposite ends of the hollow body (FIG. 2). As the article is formed, it is cooled simultaneously. The vacuum in effect counteracts the compression force of the core 15 2111C the mold 10 and causes the air entrapped within the hollow body 20 to push against the peripheral wall of the hollow body thereby preventing the opposite walls of the hollow body 20 from coming into intimate contact, thus a double wall article 22 with air space between the walls is formed. Also, the opposite walls of the hollow body 20 can be prevented from coming into intimate contact by maintaining air pressure therebetween. This is readily accomplished by blowing at the same time as the article is forming.
, An important advantage of this invention over known methods is that the method of making the double wall article is done in one continuous, integral operation; therefore cycle time is at a minimum. Furthermore, such added equipment as cutting devices and sealing elements are eliminated. Consequently, the cost of the total operation is greatly reduced. Another advantage of this invention is that a double wall article with smooth, attractive surfaces is simply obtained because the pulling action of the vacuum forces the wall of the hollow body 20 to conform exactly to the shape of the mold.
The proposed process may be employed for making any double wall thermoplastic structure. Furthermore, any blow-moldable material may be used for fabrication of double wall containers in accordance with the invention. While polyethylene is a preferred material, similarly, other polyolefins including polyethylene copolymers, polypropylene, copolymers of ethylene and propylene, and mixtures of such polyolefins may be used, also.
The cavity 11 of the mold 10 may vary both in size and shape, its choice depending on requirements. Although the above-mentioned apparatus is a preferred embodiment, any comparable core-cavity molding equipment would suifice.
The aforementioned process is most suitable for making double wall containers such as beverage cases, tote boxes, and the like. However, the process is equally suitable for making a variety of plastic structures such as toys, house wares, automobile and boat accessories, and the like.
What is claimed is:
1. Method of making a double-walled plastic article with air space between the walls which method comprises the steps of:
(a) placing a hollow body preform in the area lying between the female mold cavity and male core parts of a mold, and
(b) moving said mold parts relative to one another in such a manner so as to compress said preform by movement of said male core part into said female mold cavity while simultaneously applying vacuum substantially around the periphery of said preform thereby forming a double-walled plastic article.
2. Method as defined by claim 1 in which said hollow body comprises thermoplastic polymeric material.
3. Method as defined by claim 2 in which said doublewalled plastic article has a single wall thickness in the range from about .090 to .125 inch.
4. Method of making a double-walled plastic article with air space between the walls which method comprises ing vacuum around the entire periphery of said preform thereby forming a double-walled plastic article. 5. Method of making a double-walled plastic article with air space between the walls which method comprises the steps of:
(a) suspending a hollow body preform in the area between the female mold cavity and male core parts of a mold, and
(b) moving said mold parts relative to one another in such a manner so as to compress said preform into said female mold cavity while simultaneously applying vacuum around the periphery of said preform thereby forming a double-walled receptacle. 6. Method as defined by claim 5 in which said hollow body comprises thermoplastic polymeric material.
7. Method of making a double-Walled plastic article with air space between the walls which method comprises the steps of:
(a) suspending a hollow body preform in the area between the female mold cavity and male core parts of a mold, and
(b) moving said mold parts relative to one another in such a manner so as to compress said preform into said female mold cavity while simultaneously applying vacuum around the entire periphery of said preform thereby forming a double-walled receptacle.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,326,041 8/1943 Lavallee 26492 3,074,110 1/1963 Mard et al. 264-92 3,091,946 6/1963 Kesling 264--92 X 3,242,245 3/1966 Greig et al. 264-90 ROBERT F. WHITE, Primary Examiner.
A. R. NOE, Assistant Examiner.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3452125 *||Mar 3, 1967||Jun 24, 1969||Grace W R & Co||Method of and apparatus for blow molding thermoplastic material|
|US3484510 *||Jul 9, 1965||Dec 16, 1969||Scott Paper Co||Method for forming foam articles|
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|US4805290 *||Sep 11, 1987||Feb 21, 1989||John D. Brush & Co., Inc.||Blow molding of double-walled box in diagonal halves|
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|US6488883 *||Oct 23, 2000||Dec 3, 2002||Möller Plast GmbH||Process and apparatus for producing a plastic blow-molded part|
|US8535598 *||Jul 18, 2006||Sep 17, 2013||Jsp Corporation||Method of forming hollow foam moldings|
|US20070031622 *||Jul 18, 2006||Feb 8, 2007||Jsp Corporation||Hollow foam molding and production method therefor|
|USRE28364 *||Jun 13, 1973||Mar 18, 1975||Method for forming foam articles|
|U.S. Classification||264/526, 425/327, 264/529, 425/532, 425/523, 425/3|
|Cooperative Classification||B29C49/0031, B29C2049/0036|