US 3334954 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
g- 3, 1967 K. K. KESLING 3,334,954
SLIDING SHELVING Filed Jan. 13, 1966 3 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. KEITH K. KESLING BY l ATTORNEY A g- 1967 K. K. KESLING SLIDING SHELVING 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Jan. 13. 1966 INVENTOR. KEITH A. KESLING ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,334,954 SLIDING SHELVING Keith K. Kesling, Dayton, Ohio, assignor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Filed Jan. 13, 1966, Ser. No. 520,455 2 Claims. (Cl. 312304) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE In the preferred form, the cabinethas one fixed horizontal half shelf extending over and supported by one half of the cabinet. It is provided with a supporting bracket suspended from the rear wall serving both as a support and a side rail for the unsupported edge at the middle. This half shelf slidably supports a laterally movable half shelf extending laterally as much as desired.
This invention relates to storage cabinets and more particularly to the refrigerated storage of various sized articles including tall bottles which require greater vertical height than the normal space between the supporting shelves.
In household refrigerators there may be varying quantities of tall bottles to be stored. One attempt to provide room for varying quantities of tall bottles is illustrated in Patent 2,010,927, issued Aug. 13, 1935. In this patent one shelf section is slideable rearwardly, beneath or within another, to provide varying amounts of space for tall bottles at the front of the shelf. This was not a popular solution because the presence of tall bottles at the front of the shelves obstructed access to the space upon the shelves behind the bottles.
It is an object of this invention to provide a shelving arrangement which provides space for varying quantities of tall bottles without diminishing any more than necessary the remaining shelf area and also without obstructing any other articles on the shelve-s.
This and other objects are attained in the form shown in the drawings in which a normally stationary shelf section extending substantially from the middle of the cabinet to one side wall has rear guide means extending within its rear edge from one side wall of the cabinet to the other and a front guide means beneath and coextensive with the front edge for slideably supporting a half shelf for lateral movement in varying quantities toward and away from the adjacent side wall. This half shelf may be moved away from the side wall of the cabinet only far enough to provide sufficient room to accommodate all of the tall bottles to be stored therein, leaving the remainder of the half shelf and all of the remaining shelf area of the other shelf section and the remaining shelves of the cabinet unobstructed for the storage of the articles between the shelves. The edge of the normally stationary shelf section at the middle of the cabinet is supported by an upwardly extending bracket which has a removable connection to the rear wall and also serves as a side rail.
Further objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings wherein preferred embodiments of the present invention are clearly shown.
In the drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a front view of a refrigerator storage cabinet with the door Open illustrating one form of my invention;
FIGURE 2 is a transverse horizontal sectional view taken along the line 22 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a front view partly in section of the "Ice shelving shown in FIGURE 2 and adjacent portions of the side wall shown in FIGURE 2 taken along the line 3-3 of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 4 is an enlarged side vertical sectional view taken along the lines 44 of FIGURES 2 and 3;
FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary enlarged transverse sectional view taken along the lines 5-5 of FIGURES 2 and 6;
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the lines 6-6 of FIGURE 5;
FIGURE 7 is a vertical transverse enlarged sectional view taken along the lines 7-7 of FIGURE 2; and,
FIGURE 8 is an enlarged fragmentary front view of the top of the support bracket together with the holder thereof shown in dot-dash outline.
Referring now to the drawings and more particularly to FIGURE 1, there is shown a refrigerated storage cabinet 20 having top and bottom Walls 22 and 24 and side walls 26 and 28 and a rear wall 30. Below the bottom wall 24 is a-machinery compartment 32 containing the conventional motor compressor unit as well as the condenser and at the top is an evaporator 34 containing a compartment for the storage of frozen ice and also having surfaces which cool the air within the compartment 36 which is enclosed by the walls of the cabinet. The front opening of the storage compartment is closed by a conventional refrigerator door 38. The storage compartment is provided with two conventional storage shelves 40 and 42 upon which articles may be stored. Articles may also be stored upon the bottom wall 24.
According to my invention to provide storage for normal size articles upon an upper shelf between the shelf 40 and the evaporator 34, I provide a half shelf 44 which is supported by a peg 46 upon the side wall 28 and a peg 48 protruding forwardly from the rear wall 30. This shelf has a frame member 50 forming its rear edge extending substantially between the side walls 26 and 28. This frame member is also supported on the left side by the peg 52. The shelf 44 also has a front frame member 54 coextensive with its front edge. Between the front and rear frame members 50 and 54 are a plurality of spaced bars 55 forming the principle supporting structure of the shelf section 44. To provide added support for the shelf section 44 at the left edge, I provide a bracket 56 which is bonded to the rear and front structures 50 and 54 adjacent the center of the cabinet. This bracket has a T-shaped upper extension 58 which hooks beneath the C-shaped bracket 60 which is fastened to the rear wall 30 of the cabinet. This bracket 60 provides support for the left front corner of the shelf section 44 so that adequate support is provided for articles placed in any location upon this shelf section.
The rear and front edge frame members 50 and 54 are grooved as illustrated in FIGURE 7 to provide guideways therein, extending throughout their entire length. Slide-ably mounted in the guideways of the frame members 50 and 54 are the rear and front rails 62 and 64 of a half shelf 66 having a plurality of supporting bars 68 extending from front to rear between them to form the shelf supporting surface. The guideways in the rear and front frame members 50 and 54 are provided beneath the bars 55 of the shelf section 44 and the bars 68 of the half shelf 66 will slide beneath the bars 55 as illustrated in FIGURE 7.
As shown in FIGURE 2, the left edge 70 of the half shelf 66 has been moved to the right beneath the shelf section 44 far enough to provide room for two fore and aft rows of tall bottles designated by the reference character 72. If only one row of tall bottles is present, the left edge 70 of the half shelf 66 may be moved over substantially into contact with the bottles and the space previously used for the right row of bottles can now 3 be filled with smaller articles both on the shelf 40 below and on the exposed section of the half shelf 66 above. If no tall bottles are in the refrigerator, the half shelf 66 may be slid substantially to the side wall 26 as illustrated by the dot and dash lines 74. For providing adequate support in this condition, the side Wall 26 is provided with a shelf peg 76 substantially opposite the shelf peg 46 for providing additional support for the half shelf 66. However, the half shelf 66 is provided with adequate support at other times by the support provided by the guideways in the front and rear edge frame members of the shelf 44 and by the bracket 56. Thus, the half shelf 66 may be moved laterally to any extent necessary to accommodate tall bottles while full shelving is provided for the remaining space within the storage compartment including the portion of the half shelf moved substantially in contact with the adjacent faces of the bottles and the remaining shelving within the cabinet.
While the embodiments of the present invention as herein disclosed, constitute preferred forms, it is to be understood that other forms might be adopted.
What is claimed is as follows:
1. A storage cabinet including upright side and upright rear walls and upper and lower walls enclosing a storage compartment, said cabinet having a front door opening and a front door for closing said door opening, a first rectangular horizontal shelf section located inside the storage compartment having one side thereof supported by the adjacent side wall of said cabinet and having its rear side supported by the rear wall of the cabinet, a second rectangular horizontal shelf section, said first shelf section having lateral guide and support means for supporting and guiding said second shelf section for lateral movement toward and away from the opposite side of said storage compartment, said first shelf section also having a third side adjacent the middle of said cabinet, wherein the improvement comprises a bracket extending from and supported by the rear wall and extending above and along the edge of said third side and connected to said third side for supporting said third side and for providing a rail extending above said first shelf section for preventing articles from falling off the edge of said third side.
2. A storage compartment as defined in claim 1 in which the first section has a lateral guide and support means extending along its rear edge, wherein the improvement comprises extending said lateral guide and support means beyond said third side substantially to the opposite side wall for providing an extended sliding support for said second shelf section.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,010,927 8/ 1935 Paulus 312-l 2,178,511 10/1939 Kucher 312351 X 2,285,701 6/1942 DOlive et :11.
2,717,189 9/1955 Teague et al 31235l 3,264,049 8/1966 Peterson 312304 DAVID J. WILLIAMOWSKY, Primary Examiner.
JAMES T. MCCALL, Examiner.