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Publication numberUS3335893 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 15, 1967
Filing dateJun 16, 1965
Priority dateJun 16, 1965
Publication numberUS 3335893 A, US 3335893A, US-A-3335893, US3335893 A, US3335893A
InventorsArnold E Hanson
Original AssigneeArnold E Hanson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination external and internal container seal
US 3335893 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 15, 1967 HANSON 3,335,893

COMBINATION EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL CONTAINER SEAL Filed June 16, 1965 alum;

United States Patent Ofiice 3,335,893 Patented Aug. 15, 1967 3,335,893 COMBINATION EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL CONTAINER SEAL Arnold E. Hanson, 2940 Lorain Road, San Marino, Calif. 91108 Filed June 16, 1965, Ser. No. 464,355 11 Claims. (Cl. 215-46) This invention relates to container caps and more particularly to a container cap with external and internal seals.

Various forms of caps have been utilized to seal containers such as glass or plastic bottles holding beer or other carbonated beverages under pressure. Under such conditions it is very desirable to employ a cap which Will maintain a reliable seal and yet may be quickly removed when it is desired to discharge contents from the bottle.

One of the most effective types of container seals used heretofore is a tubular plug of cork or rubber having a diameter slightly larger than the inside diameter of a container neck and which is forcefully fitted thereon. Because of the stiffness of the plug inside the container neck, and the very tight seal obtained, a bottle-opener must be used to disengage the plug and remove the seal. In some cases, the surface of the cap is scored to form score lines of least resistance which allows a ripping or tearing of a portion of the cap along the score lines so as to effect removal of the cap from the container. How ever, the score lines have a tendency to weaken the cap, thereby making this arrangement somewhat less than desirable when it is required to reliably seal containers under pressure.

It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a reliable seal for containers which may be readily removed.

Another object of this invention is to provide a reusable seal for containers.

A further object of this invention is to provide a cap with a break away seal wherein the sealing capability of the cap is not impaired.

A still further object of the present invention is to provide a resilient cap for containers with an integral internal and external seal and wherein the container may be readilyunsealed.

Other objects and advantages of this invention and a fuller understanding of the nature thereof may be had by referring to the claims and to the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

FIGURE 1 is a partial schematic illustration of a cap with a break away seal being removed from a container.

FIGURE 2 is a plan view showing the cap formed with a break away seal area and a crimped skirt.

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view illustrating the cap in sealing engagement with a container, the cap having a smooth skirt.

FIGURE 4 is a fragmented elevational view of a cap constructed according to the present invention in sealing position on a container.

FIGURE 5 is a sectional view illustrating an alternative embodiment.

As is illustrated in the drawings, and as will be more specifically described, the invention contemplates a cap for containers having a neck rim wherein the cap includes an external and an internal seal, and is preferably formed of a resilient material such as polyethylene, polypropylene or polystyrene as an integral unit. The internal seal is formed of a plug-like 'wall which resiliently and securely seals within the container neck and which may be readily removed when desired. This is accomplished by a number of resilient fins which extend inwardly from an outside wall of the plug and allow the plug to easily enter the neck of the container and form an efiicient seal therewith.

In the preferred embodiment of the invention one portion of the cap is formed with a thin wall providing a path of least resistance to tearing. This thin wall section is formed by a cavity in the cap, thus allowing the strength of the cap to be maintained.

In another embodiment the cap is formed with an integral lift tab which flexes the cap to disengage the cap from the neck rim and to thereby remove the plug from within the container neck.

Referring now to FIGURE 1 there is shown a container cap 10 which has just been removed from a container 11 having a neck rim 12. The container cap 10 has a skirt 13, slightly flared and forming a seal around the neck rim 12, and a plug 14 to enter and seal inside a neck 15 of the container 11.

The plug 14 includes a wall 16 projecting from a floor 17 of the container cap 10, and a number of fins 18 extending radially from the wall 16 to the inner portion of the plug 14. The fins 18 strengthen the plug 14 so that when the cap 10 is placed on the container 11 the Wall 16 will be securely seated against the inner portion of the container neck 15. In addition to strengthening the plug 14, it may be noted that the fins 18 are not interconnected so as to allow the wall 16 to yield, and thereby permit the cap 10 to be readily placed on and removed from the container 11.

In FIGURE 1 the cap 10 is shown as having been just removed from the container 11 by grasping a tab 19 between a thumb 20 and a forefinger 21 of a hand 22 and by pulling upwardly to tear through a portion of the skirt 13 to release the firm engagement of the skirt 13 With the neck rim 12. It can readily be seen that the tab 19 is an extension of the skirt 13, and if desired, instead of forming an extension the skirt 13 itself may be formed with serrations or other gripping surfaces to allow the gripping of the skirt and tearing away of the skirt seal.

FIGURE 2 illustrates the cap 10 having a top surface 23 with a depressed cavity 24 formed in a portion of the surface 23. Extending from the cavity 24 is the tab 19 with a number of serrations 25 provided as a gripping surface thereon. As shown in FIGURE 2 the skirt 13 has a series of crimps 26 molded therein to increase the strength of the skirt 13 and to assure a snap positive seal as the skirt 13 is forced over the neck rim 12. It is, of course, not necessary that the crimps 26 always be formed in the skirt as they may only be necessary when it is required to seal containers under extreme pressures. In FIG- URE 3 there is shown a container cap 30 having a smooth noncn'mped skirt 31 which firmly grips the neck rim 12 of a container 11. In the magnified view of FIGURE 3 the skirt 31 is shown as terminating in a lip 32 frictionally engaged and seated beneath the neck rim 12. In all other aspects the container cap 30 is constructed similar to the cap 10. That is, the cap 30 has a top surface 23 in wln'ch there is formed a cavity 24, the cavity 24 extending from the top surface 23 and along a portion of the skirt 31. It may be noted from FIGURE 3 that forming the cavity 24 along a portion of the top surface 23 is a thin wall section 33 which is thinner than the adjacent wall sections forming the top surface 23. Similarly, a thin wall section 34 which is thinner than the adjacent wall portions of the skirt 31 provides the cavity 24 along the skirt 31. This is clearly shown in FIGURE 4 where the thin wall section 33 is illustrated below adjacent portions of the top surface 23, the thin wall section 33 continuing along the skirt 31 in a depressed wall section 34 to thus form the cavity 24. The thin wall section 34 on the skirt 31 ends in a tab 19 with the gripping serrations 25.

It can be seen that the thin wall sections 33 and 34 provide lines of least resistance to tearing at skirt edges 35, 36 and at top surface edges 37, 38. Although the edges 35, 36 and 37, 38 provide a low resistance tea-ring path along the skirt 31 and a portion of the top surface 23, they do not lessen the sealing qualities of the cap. This is evident from FIGURE 3, where it is seen that the plug 14 seals inside the container neck 15, while the skirt 31 and the lip 32 firmly grasp around the rim 12, with the thin wall sections 33 and 34 forming only a very small part of the seal. Also, since the cavity 24 is molded in as the cap 30 is formed, the cavity 24 presents a very strong channel-like structure when viewed from inside the container 11. Therefore, by placing the thin wall sections 33 and 34 on the neck rim 12 where they are removed from direct pressures from inside the container 11, and in view of the structurally sound channellike section formed by the cavity 24, the sealing qualities of the caps and 30 have not in any way been diminished by the formation of a break area thereon. However, the cavity 24 does provide the low tearing resistance edges 35, 36, and 37, 38, and by gripping the tab 19 at the serrations and pulling upwards the thin wall section 34 and 33 can be torn away from the skirt 31 and along a portion of the top surface 23. As diagrammatically shown in FIGURE 1, this operation loosens the grip of the skirt 31 or 13 on the neck rim 12 sufliciently to allow continued pulling on the tab 19 to extract the plug 14 from within the container 11, without the tab detaching from the top surface 23.

Referring again to FIGURE 3, there is clearly illustrated the plug 14 having the wall 16 in firm sealing engagement with container neck wall 39, the plug 14 also including four fins 18 which extend radially inward from the wall 16. The fins 18 not only strengthen the plug 14 to maintain the wall 16 in sealing engagement with the container neck wall 39, but the fins 18 also allow more even yielding of the wall 16, thereby permitting the plug 14 to be readily inserted into and removed from the container 11.

As an example of container caps formed in accordance with the principles of the present invention, the following table lists the absolute and relative dimensions of the important portions thereof tor several types of plastic materials. It is understood that other types of resilient material may be employed and that future thermoplastic developments and improvements could permit, in accordance with the principles herein disclosed, the formation of thinner wall cross sectional areas than is possible at this time.

It has been determined that forming the cap of polypropylene provides a very thin wall section which enables a quick metal-like shear to be obtained when the tab is pulled to break the seal. Somewhat similar although slightly more elastic results are obtained with polyethylene because of the plia-bility and toughness of polyethylene when formed in relatively thin sections.

FIGURE 5 illustrates an alternative arrangement wherein container cap 40 is shown in sealing position on a container 11 having a neck rim 12. The cap 40 also includes a plug 14 with a wall 16 maintained by the fins 18 in resilient sealing engagement with a container neck wall 39. A skirt 41 extends from a top surface 42 and firmly grips the neck rim 12, with a lip 43 securely seated beneath the rim 12. Depending from one small portion of the skirt 41 is a leverage tab 44 which has a gripping surface 45 at one end thereof.

It is evident that by lifting up the leverage tab 44 to unseat the lip 43 from beneath the rim 12 and to also thereby flex the skirt 41 from its gripping engagement with the rim 12, the cap 40 which is formed of a resilient material may be readily removed from sealing engagement with the container 11. Depending on the density of material chosen for the cap 40, a washer-like seal may be required to efiiciently cap and seal the container 11. In such circumstances, there is provided an annular groove 46 formed in the container cap 40 immediately above a top ledge 47 of the neck rim 12. Within this annular groove 46 there is imbedded a resilient ring or washer 48 which is so sized as to be compressed by the top ledge 47 when the container cap 40 is placed on the container 11. While in most cases the washer 48 is not required, a similar arrangement can be provided for the embodiments shown in FIGURES l-4.

Although the drawings and specification present a detailed disclosure of preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific forms disclosed, but covers all modifications, changes and alternative constructions falling within the scope of the principles taught by the invention.

I claim as my invention:

1. An external and internal seal for containers such as bottles having a neck rim comprising:

an external cap including a skirt terminating in a lip,

said skirt flexed to firmly grip said rim with said lip frictionally seated beneath said rim;

a wall depending from said cap and protruding within said container in sealing engagement with said neck;

a tab projecting from said flexed skirt; and

a thin wall section in said cap extending along said skirt to said tab forming a path of least tearing resistance to allow the lifting of said tab to break away said skirt and disengage said wall from inside said container neck.

2. An external and internal seal for containers such as bottles having a neck rim comprising:

an external cap including a skirt terminating in a lip,

said skirt flexed to firmly grip said rim with said lip frictionally seated beneath said rim;

a wall depending from said cap and protruding within said container in sealing engagement with said neck;

a plurality of fins radially extending inwardly from said wall to resiliently seat said wall against said container neck; and

a thin wall section in said cap extending along a portion of said skirt and forming a path of least tearing resistance to allow said portion to be broken away from said skirt and thereby disengage said wall from inside said container neck.

3. An external and internal seal for containers such as bottles having a neck rim comprising:

an external cap including a skirt terminating in a lip,

said skirt flexed to firmly grip said rim with said lip frictionally seated beneath said rim;

a Wall depending from said cap and protruding within said container in sealing engagement with said neck;

a plurality of fins radially extending inwardly from said wall, each of said fins radially terminating at separate locations within said wall to seat said wall against said container neck and to allow said wall to be readily engaged and disengaged from said container neck; I

a tab projecting from said flared skirt; and

a thin wall section in said cap extending along a portion of said skirt to said tab and forming a path of least tearing resistance to allow said portion to be broken away from said skirt and thereby disengage said wall from inside said container neck.

4. An external and internal seal for containers such as bottles having a neck rim comprising:

an external cap including a skirt terminating in a lip, said skirt flexed to firmly grip said rim with said lip frictionally seated beneath said rim;

a wall depending from said cap and protruding within said container in sealing engagement with said neck;

a plurality of fins radially extending inwardly from said wall, each of said fins radially terminating at separate locations within said wall to seat said wall against said container neck and to allow said Wall to be readily engaged and disengaged from said container neck; and

a thin wall section in said cap extending along a portion of said skirt and forming a path of least tearing resistance to allow said portion to be broken away from said skirt and thereby disengage said wall from inside said container neck.

5. An external and internal seal for containers such as bottles having a neck rim comprising:

an external cap including a skirt terminating in a lip, said skirt flexed to firmly grip said rim with said lip frictionally seated beneath said rim;

a wall depending from said cap and protruding within said container in sealing engagement with said neck;

a plurality of fins radially extending inwardly from said wall, each of said fins radially terminating at separate locations within said wall to seat said wall against said container neck and to allow said wall to be readily engaged and disengaged from said container neck; and

a thin wall section in said cap extending from above said neck rim and along a portion of said skirt and forming a path of least tearing resistance to allow said Wall section to be broken away from said skirt and from above said neck rim to unseat said lip, the continued pulling of said wall section disengaging said wall from inside said container neck.

6. An external and internal seal of resilient plastic material for containers such as bottles having a neck rim comprising:

a resilient external cap including a skirt terminating in a lip, said skirt flexed to firmly grip said rim with said lip frictionally seated beneath said rim;

an integral tubular plug depending from said cap and having a wall protruding within said container in sealing engagement with said neck;

a plurality of fins integral with said plug, each of said fins radially extending inwardly from said plug wall and terminating at separate locations within said plug to seat said wall against said container neck and to allow said plug to be readily engaged and disengaged from said container neck;

an internal tab projecting from said skirt; and

a thin wall section in said cap extending from above said neck rim and along a portion of said skirt to said tab and forming a path of least tearing resistance to allow said wall section to be broken away from said skirt and from above said neck rim to unseat said lip as said tab is pulled, the continued pulling of said tab thereby disengaging said wall section from inside said container neck.

7. An external and internal seal of resilient plastic ma- 6 terial for containers such as bottles having a neck rim comprising:

a resilient external cap including a skirt gripping said rim;

5 a wall depending from said cap and protruding within said container in sealing engagement with said neck;

a tab projecting from said skirt; and

a thin wall section in said cap having a thickness between 12% and 25% of the thickness ,of said skirt and of the adjacent portions of said cap, said thin wall section extending along said skirt to said tab and the junction of said thin wall portion alone being imperforate and forming tearing edges to allow the lifting of said tab to break away said skirt and disengage said wall from inside said container neck.

8. An external and internal seal of resilient plastic material for containers such as bottles having a neck rim comprising:

an external cap formed of polypropylene including a skirt firmly gripping said rim;

an integral tubular plug depending from said cap and having a wall protruding Within said container in sealing engagement with said neck;

an integral tab projecting from said skirt; and

a thin wall section in said cap having a thickness be tween 12% and 20% of the thickness of said skirt and of the adjacent portions of said cap, said thin wall section extending along a portion of said skirt and the junction of said thin Wall portion alone being imperforate and forming tearing edges to allow said portion to be broken away from said skirt and thereby disengage said wall from inside said container neck.

9. An external cap seal formed of elastomeric material for containers such as bottles having a neck rim comprising:

an external cap forming a seal around said rim, said cap including thick and thin wall portions;

a gripping surface on one portion of said differential wall thickness to enable said portion to be torn away from the remaining portion of said cap and thereby break said container seal, and the junction of said thin wall portion alone being imperforate and forming tearing edges to allow the lifting of said gripping surface to disengage said thick and thin wall portions.

10. A cap seal formed of elastomeric material for containers such as bottles having a neck rim comprising:

an external cap forming a seal around said rim, said cap including a differential wall thickness wherein a first portion of said wall is formed with a thickness between 12% and 25 of the remaining portion of said wall,

said first wall portion having a gripping surface to enable said first portion to be torn away from the remaining portion of said wall and thereby break said cap seal from said container and the junction between the differential thickness wall portions alone being imperforate and forming tearing edges to allow the lifting of said gripping surface to disengage said differential wall portions from one another.

11. A cap seal formed of polypropylene for containers such as bottles having a neck rim comprising:

an external cap forming a seal around said rim, said 65 cap including a differential wall thickness wherein a first portion of said wall has a thickness between 12% and20% of the thickness of the remaining portion of said wall,

a gripping surface on said first wall portion to enable said first portion to be torn away from the remaining portion of said wall and thereby break said cap seal from said container, and the junction of said differential wall portions alone being imperforate and forming tearing edges to allow the lifting of said 7 8 gripping surface to disengage the differential wall 3,142,402 7/1964 Fox 215--46 XR portions from one another. 3,186,736 6/1965 Sal-miner! 215-47 XR FOREIGN PATENTS References Cited 33 10/ 1958 F 69 9 rance 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS 640,407 5/ 1962 Italy.

2,370,732. 3/1945 Johnson $215-40 3,032,226 5/1962 Terwilliger 215-46 FRANKLIN T. GARRETT, Prin'zary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2370732 *Apr 7, 1943Mar 6, 1945Frederick T JohnsonBottle stopper
US3032226 *Dec 23, 1960May 1, 1962Terwilliger Floyd AContainer closure
US3142402 *Feb 7, 1962Jul 28, 1964Tosca Seal Control Co LtdScrew-type sealing caps
US3186736 *Oct 2, 1962Jun 1, 1965Warshawsky JeromeLimited universal swivel joint fittings for electric conduits
FR69938E * Title not available
IT640407B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4637737 *Sep 10, 1984Jan 20, 1987Ricchio Dominic AApparatus for measurement of water conditions in a watermattress
US4768669 *May 11, 1987Sep 6, 1988Elkay Products, Inc.Flexible sealing top
US5108003 *Jun 10, 1991Apr 28, 1992Granofsky Barry PCover for beverage can
US5119955 *May 23, 1990Jun 9, 1992Granofsky Barry PSanitary can closure
US5762218 *Oct 5, 1995Jun 9, 1998Franz RossbergPlastic closure retained by snapping over bottle neck bead
US5893476 *Apr 16, 1997Apr 13, 1999Estar Technologies Ltd.Sealing closure for sample tubes
US8662351 *Feb 4, 2013Mar 4, 2014Fadi KalaouzeSupplemental liquid storage device attachable to a primary beverage container
US20130146592 *Feb 4, 2013Jun 13, 2013Fadi KalaouzeSupplemental liquid storage device attachable to a primary beverage container
WO1996011149A1 *Oct 5, 1995Apr 18, 1996Franz RossbergPlastic closure retained by snapping over bottle neck bead
Classifications
U.S. Classification215/254, 215/354
International ClassificationB65D41/48
Cooperative ClassificationB65D2101/0053, B65D41/485
European ClassificationB65D41/48B