Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3339047 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 29, 1967
Filing dateJul 12, 1965
Priority dateJul 12, 1965
Publication numberUS 3339047 A, US 3339047A, US-A-3339047, US3339047 A, US3339047A
InventorsRys Tadensz J, Stanback Harris I
Original AssigneeSquare D Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Operating mechanism for safety switch
US 3339047 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

.ugn 29, 967 'rv 1 RYS ETAL 3,339,047

OPERATING MECHANISM FOR SAFETY SWITCH Filed July l2, 1965 4 Sheets-Sheet l (QJ. @i 50 Allg 29, 9$7 T. J. RYs ETAL OPERATING MECHANISM FOR SAFETY SWITCH Filed July l2, 1965 Allg. 29, 1967 T RYS ETAL 3,339,947

OPERATING MECHANISM FOR SAFETY SWITCH Filed July l2, 1965 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 Aug., E? T. J, Rvs ETAL. 3,33%@47 OPERATING MECHANISM FOR SAFETY SWITCH Filed July l2, 1965 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 United States Patent O 3,339,047 OPERATING MECHANISM FOR SAFETY SWITCH Tadeusz .1. Rys and Harris I. Stanback, Lexington, Ky., assignors to Square D Company, Park Ridge, Ill., a corporation of Michigan Filed July 12, 1965, Ser. No. 471,212 14 Claims. (Cl. 200-153) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A safety switch including a blade actuating member pivotable to move switch blades between ON'and OFF positions and an operating member pivotable to move the blade actuating member. There are two operative connections between the operating member and the blade actuating member during their movement from their positions corresponding to the ON position of the switch blades toward their positions corresponding to the OFF position of the switch blades.

This invention relates to operating mechanisms for multipole safety switches, and more particularly to an operating mechanism for a multi-pole safety switch of relatively large current capacity.

In such switches, the switch blades must be clamped very tightly by the stationary contact jaws in the ON position of the blades to provide electrical connections of low resistance, and hence a relatively large overcenter spring is required to provide snap action. The large spring must be cocked before snapping over center to open the switch, and frequently design considerations limit the length and arc of movement of the pivotable operating handle. l

When such a relatively large safety switch is provided with a conventional operating mechanism including a pivotable bail member for operating the switch `blades and an operator for the bail member operated conjointly by an operating handle and an overcenter spring and having only one operative connection to the bail member, eX- cessive force is required to move the handle from the ON to the OFF position thereof, due to the shortness of the handle, the relatively large amount of friction between the switch blades and the stationary contact jaws, .and the relatively large spring force exerted on the operator for the bail member.

An object of the invention is to provide an improved operating mechanism `for multi-pole safety switches.

Another object is to provide an operating mechanism for a safety switch, Athe operating mechanism having a greater mechanical advantage than prior operating mechanisms.

A further object is to provide a safety switch operating mechanism having a pivotable blade actuating member, an operator for pivoting the blade actuating member, an overcenter spring for pivoting the operator, an operating handle for initially pivoting the operator and charging the overcenter spring, and two separate operative connections between the operator and the blade ac* tuating member, the purpose of the additional operative connection (in excess of the customary single operative connection between the operator and the blade actuating member) being to increase the mechanical advantage as an aid to overcoming static friction when the switch blades are initially moved toward OFF position from the fully ON position.

Otherobjects will become apparent when the following specification is considered along with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary front elevational view of a safety switch constructed in accordance with the inven- 3,339,047 Patented Aug. 29,A 1967 tion, the cover being closed, and the handle and other parts of the operating mechanism being in ON position;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary side elevational view of the safety switch of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view taken generally along the line 3 3 of FIG. 1, the cover being omitted;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the latch member for the cover of the switch of FIG. 1;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary front elevational view of the switch of FIG. 1, the cover being omitted;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary side elevational view of the switch of FIG. l, a portion of a side wall of the box being broken away, and the handle and other parts of the operating mechanism being in ON position;

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the line 7 7 of FIG. 6,'

FIG. 8 is a fragmentary perspective View of the blade actuating member of the switch of FIG. l;

FIG. 9 is a view similar to FIG. 6, the handle and other parts of the operating mechanism being in OFF position;

FIG. 10 is a perspective view of the operator for the blade actuating member of the switch of FIG. l;

FIG. 11 is a perspective View of a frst mounting bracket and pivot pin for the blade actuating member of the switch of FIG. 1;

FIG. 12 is a perspective view of a second mounting fbracket and pivot pin for the blade actuating member of the switch of FIG. l;

FIG. 13 is a fragmentary sectional view taken 4generally along the lines 13-13 of FIG. 15, the operator for the blade actuating member being included, and the switch blades, blade actuating member, and operator being in ON position;

FIG. 14 is a view similar to FIG. 13, the switch blades, blade actuating member, and operator being in OFF position;

FIG. l5 is a fragmentary front elevational View of the switch of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 16 is a perspective view of a bearing member which supports a pivot pin for the handle and the operator of the switch of FIG. 1.

FIGS. 1 and 2 show a safety switch constructed in accordance with the invention and including a :box 20 having a flanged front cover 22 pivotally-rnounted on a left side wall thereof as viewed in FIG. 1. Secured to a rear wall 20a of the box 20 are a pair of insulating base members 24 and 25, the base member 25 being best shown in FIG. 15.

As shown in FIG. 15, three mounting means 26 of the type disclosed in copending application, Ser. No. 464,348, filed on June 16, 1965, now Patent No. 3,287,533, issued Nov. 22, 1966, and three electrical connectors 28 of the type disclosed in copending application, Ser. No. 464,336, tiled on June 16, 1965, are secured to the base member 25. Each mounting means 26 has ya switch blade 30 pivotally mounted thereon `and includes a pair of plug-in jaws 26a for receiving a blade-shaped terminal at one end of a cartridge fuse (not shown), as disclosed in the first aforesaid application. Each connector 28 on the base member 25 includes a pair of plug-in jaws 28a for receiving a respective one of the switch blades 30 in the ON position thereof and a socket screw 32 for clamping a wire-type electrical conductor in the connector, as disclosed in the second aforesaid application. The base member 24 is of conventional construction, it being understood that three electrical connectors 28 are also provided on the base member 24 and that the plug-in jaws thereof respectively receive blade-shaped terminals at the other ends of the aforementioned cartridge fuses.

The base member 25 is secured to the rear wall 20a by generally A 34d and 34e adapted to tit in corresponding slots in the base member 25, as shown in FIG. l5, a straight tab 341 bent at assembly to extend over a port-ion of the base member 25, and a pair of tabs 34g and 34h which act as stops for a blade actuating member 36 to be described.

A pivot pin 38 for the blade actuating member 36 is secured to the body portion 34e.

The bracket 3S includes a mounting flange 35a having a pair of holes 35b (only one of which is shown in FIG. l2) for the reception of a pair of the screws 33, and a body portion 35e having a tab 35d adapted to t in a corresponding slot in the base member 25, a straight tab Sf bent at assembly to extend over a portion of the base member 25, and a pair of tabs 35g and 35h which act as stops for the blade actuating member 36. A pivot pin 40 for the blade actuating member 36 is secured to the body portion 35e.

The blade actuating member 36 is best shown in FIGS. 8 and 15 and includes a straight elongated blade-'driving portion 36a, a Iirst straight mounting leg portion 36h extending generally at a right angle to the blade-driving portion 36a adjacent one end thereof and having a hole 36C therein for the reception of the pivot pin 3S, and a second leg portion 36d extending `generally at a right angle to the blade-driving portion 36a adjacent the other end thereof. The member 36 is preferably formed from ilat stock, and the blade-driving portion 36a is stiffened by formation thereof into a generally horseshoe-shaped cross section for the greater portion of its length and exclusive only of a pair of straight end portions 36e and 36j. rThe leg portion 36d serves as a mounting leg and is provided with a hole 36g for the reception of the pivot pin 40, the hole 36g being aligned with the hole 36C. In addition the leg portion 36d serves as a driving leg and is provided with an offsetting portion 36h which extends generally parallel to the end portion 36j of the bladedriving port-ion 36a. The end portion 36]c and the offsetting portion 36h cooperate with a plate-type operator 42,

to be described, to provide a two-way driving connection between the operator 42 and the blade actuating Imember 36. In accordance with the invention, the leg portion 36d is longer than the leg portion 36in and includes an extension 36j having a bent free end portion 36k cooperable with the operator 42 to provide an ,additional driving connection, shown as a one-way driving connection in the embodiment of the invention illustrated, between the operator 42 and the blade actuating member 36. A generally U-shaped insulator 37 is trapped between the bladedriving portion 36a and the switch blades 30, which have correspondingly shaped inner edge portions.

The plate type operator 42 is best shown in FIG. l0 and includes a pair of spaced jaw portions 42a and 42]: which cooperate respectively with the end portion 36jc and the offsetting portion 36h to provide the aforementioned two-way driving connection, a portion 42C for engaging the portion 36k to provide the aforementioned one-way driving connection, and an olf-set tongue portion 42d coope-rable with a latch member 44, to be described, to prevent release of t-he latch member 44 and opening of the cover 22 when the switch blades 30 are in ON position. The operator 42 is provided with a non-circular hole 42e for reception of a pivot pin 46 to be described, an arcuate slot 42]c `for connection of the operator 42 to an operating handle 48 to be described, and a T-shaped slot 42g opening to an edge of the operator 42 for reception of a driving pin 50 of an overcenter spring mechanism to be described.

As best shown in FIGS. 2 and 5, a portion of a right side wall 20h of the box 20 is outwardly oiset to provide a generally triangular pocket 20c in which the handle 48 is pivotable. The inside of the pocket 20c is closed by a plate member 52 best shown in FIGS. 3, 6 and 9 and secured to the side wall 2Gb in any suitable manner, as by a plurality of rivets 53. As `shown -in FIGS. 5 and 7, the plate member 52 is provided with an off set portion 52a which forms a pocket in which the latch member 44 is received, a pair of foot portions 52h which extend closely adjacent and generally parallel to the rear wall 20a and act as stops respectively limiting pivotal movement of the operato-r 42 in opposite directions, and a tongue 52C normally extending through a complementary slot in the cover 22 and having a hole 52d for reception of a padlock.

Secured to the inner side of the plate member 52 as by a plurality of rivets 54 (FIGS. 6 and 9) is a bearing member 56 for an inner small-diameter shank portion of the pin 46. The oifset portion 20c of the side wall 2Gb of the box 20 forms a bearing for an outer large-diameter head portion of the pin 46, the head portion being provided with a screw driver slot as shown or with equivalent turning means, such as a pair of opposed fiat surfaces engageable by a wrench. The operator 42 is keyed to the pin 46 for rotation integrally therewith, and the inner end of the pin 46 is peened over.

The operating handle 48 is pivotally mounted on the pivot pin 46 and is provided with a driving tongue 48a best shown in FIG. 7 and extending into the slot 42]c of the operator 42.

The latch member 44 is best shown in FIG. 4 and is provided with a latching tongue 44a which normally overlaps a portion of the outer face of the cover 22 when the cover is closed and With an interlock tongue 44b which normally cooperates with the tongue portion 42d of the operator 42 when the switch blades 30 are in ON position. The latch member 44 is also provided with a hole 44C for the reception of the pin `46, an elongated arcuate slot 44d for the reception of the driving tongue 48a, and a hole 44e for the reception of a padlock. The pin 46 is rotatable relatively to the latch member 44, but rotary movement `of the latch member 44 is prevented due to the location of the interlock tongue 44b in an appropriate slot in the plate member 52, as shown in FIGS. 3, 6, and 7. The slot 44d is long enough to accommodate movement of the driving tongue 48a through the full range of pivotal movement of the handle 48 from OFF to ON position. The plate member 52 is provided with a slot 52e (FIG. 3) corresponding to and aligned with the slot 44d. When the switch blades 30 are in OFF position, the free end portion of the latch member -44 is movable toward the oifset portion 20c of the side wall 2Gb to move the latching tongue 44a out of latching relationship with the cover 22. However, when the switch blades 30 are in ON position, the tongue portion 42d of the operator 42 is normally aligned with the interlock tongue 44b as shown in FIGS. 3, 6, and 7, to restrain the moving of the outer end portion of the latch member 44 and prevent the moving of the latching tongue 44a out of latching relationship with the cover. To defeat the interlock, a knowledgeable person may rotate the pin 46 to move the tongue portion 42d out of alignment wit-h the interlock tongue 44b and thus allow the outer end portion of the latch member 44 to be moved, and the latching tongue 44a to be moved out of latching relationship with the cover, even though the switch blades 30 are in ON position.

The driving pin 50 of the cvercenter spring mechanism is carried in a forked end portion of a two-part driving arm 58 (FIGS. 5 and 6i) the other end portion of which is pivotally and reciprocably -guided in a bracket member 60 secured to the side wall 20b as by a pair of rivets 62. A compression spring 64 surrounds the driving arm 58 and seats at one end on the bracket 60 and at the other end on a collar 66 provided on the driving arm 58.

The operating handle 48 is biased selectively toward its fully ON and fully OFF positions by a torsion spring 68 having one end portion pivotally anchored in the handle 48 and the other end portion pivotally anchored in the bearing member 56.

The bearing member 56 is best shown in FIG. 16 an-d includes a raised dome portion 56a and a flange portion 56b, a portion 56C of the flange portion 56b being offset in the direction the dome portion 56a extends from the remainder of the ange portion `5611. The portion 56C is offset to provide sucient room for the spring 68 between the handle 48 and the bearing member 56, and is provided with a hole 56d for the reception of the respective end portion of the spring 68. The dome portion 56a is provided with a hole 56e for the reception of the pin `46. The flange portion 56b is provided with three holes 56f for the reception of the rivets 54, and is cut away at 56g in the path of the handle portion 48a.

Operation When the operating handle 48 is moved from OFF to ON position, the switch operates in a conventional manner in that the driving tongue 48a engages the operator 42 and pivots it from the position shown in FIG. 9 while charging the spring 64. The sudden release of the spring 64 as the line of action thereof passes over the pivotal axis of the pin 46 effects the driving of the operator 42 to ON position by the driving arm 58 and driving pin S0, and the movement of the switch blades 30 to ON position by the operator 42 and the blade actuating member 36, the jaw portion 42a engaging the end portion 361 of the blade-driving portion 36a.

In accordance with the invention, when the operating handle 48 is moved from ON to OFF position, the driving tongue 48a engages the operator 42 and pivots it from the ON position shown in FIG. 6 while charging the spring 64. As the operator 42 is moved toward OFF position, the portion 42e thereof engages the portion 36k of the blade actuating member 36 and pivots the blade actuating member 36 to effect the initial movement of the switch blades 30 toward OFF position. It will be noted that the relatively short distance of the portion 36k from the pivotal axis of the pin 46 results in a considerable mechanical advantage useful in overcoming the static friction between the switch blades 30 and the jaws 28a. Before the switch blades 30 are completely disengaged from the jaws 28a, the line of action of the spring 64 passes over the pivotal axis of the pin 46 and the release of the spring 64 effects the driving of the operator `42 to OFF position by the driving arm 58 and driving pin 50, and the movement of the switch blades 30 to OFF position by the operator 42 and the blade actuating member 36. Preferably the line of action of the spring 64 passes over the pivotal axis of the pin 46 before the jaw portion 42b engages the offsetting portion 36h, and the jaw portion 42b strikes the offsetting portion 36h with a hammerblow effect to increase the 'speed of disengagement of the switch blades 30 from the jaws 28a; The relatively short distance of the portion 36k from the pivotal axis of the pin 46 should be compared with the relatively long distance of the offsetting portion 36h from the pivotal axis of the pin 46. A conventional switch having a single operative connection between the operator 42 and the blade actuating member 36 has a mechanical advantage proportional to the reciprocal of the relatively long distance of the offsetting portion 36h from the pivotal axis of the pin 46, while a switch constructed in accordance with the invention and having two operative connections between the operator `42 and the blade actuating member 36 has a mechanical advantage proportional to the reciprocal of the relatively short distance of the portion 36k from the pivotal axis of the pin 46. In the instant case, the additional operative connection lbetween the operator 42 and the blade actuating member 36 increases the mechanical advantage over two and one-half times what it would be with a single operative connection. This is of operator for said blade actuating member,

considerable practical importance when the length and arc of movement of the operating handle are limited by the geometry of the design of the switch and the amount of static friction between the switch blades and plug-in jaws is large. The mechanical advantage in the instant ca'se is further increased by the ratio of the distances of the portion 36k and the offsetting portion 36h from' the center of the pivot pin 40, resulting in a total increase of mechanical advantage of about four times that ofl a conventional switch.

It will be seen that we have provided Ia switch operating mechanism having improved mechanical advantage effected by the provision of two separate operative connections between a blade acutating member and an operator therefor.

Various modifications may be made in the structure disclosed without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

We claim:

1. A safety switch comprising a switch blade pivotable between ON and OFF positions, a pivotable blade actuating member, means operatively connecting said blade actuating member and said switch blade, a pivotable and means providing two operative connections between said operator and said blade actuating member during movement of said operator and said blade actuating member from their respective positions corresponding to the ON position of said switch blade toward their respective positions corresponding to the OFF position of said switch blade.

2. A safety switch as claimed in claim 1, wherein said two operative connections become effective successively as said operator is pivoted to move said blade from said ON position to said OFF position.

3. A safety switch as claimed .in claim 1, wherein said two operative connections between said operator and said blade actuating member are on opposite sides of the pivotal axis of said blade actuating member.

4. A safety switch as claimed in claim 1, wherein said two operative connections between said operator and said blade actuating member are on opposite sides of the pivotal axis of said operator.

5. A safety switch as claimed in claim 1, wherein said two operative connections between said operator and said blade actuating member are on opposite sides of the pivotal axis of said blade actuating member and on opposite sides of the pivotal axis of said operator.

6. A safety switch as claimed in claim 1, wherein the pivotal movement of said operator is controlled by a pivotable operating handle connected to said operator and by an overcenter spring mechanism connected to said operator, and a first of said two operative connections between said operator and said blade actuating member becomes effective upon initial movement of said operating handle from a position corresponding to the ON position of said switch blade toward a position corresponding to the OFF position of said switch blade to charge said overcenter spring mechanism and to pivot said operator and said blade actuating member `and initially move said blade from said ON position toward said OFF position, and a second of said two operative connections between said operator and said blade actuating member becomes effective after the initial movement of said blade toward said OFF position.

7. A safety switch as claimed in claim 1, wherein the pivotal movement of said operator is controlled by a pivotable operating handle connected to said operator and by an overcenter spring mechanism connected to said operator, and a first of said two operative connections between said operator and said 4blade actuating mem-ber becomes effective upon initial movement of said operating handle from ra position corresponding to the ON position of said switch blade toward a position corresponding to the OFF position of said switch blade to charge said overcenter spring mechanism and to pivot said operator and said blade actuating member and initially move said blade from said ON position toward said OFF position, and a second of said two operative connections between said operator and said blade actuating member becomes effective upon discharge of said overcenter spring mechanism to pivot said operator and said blade actuating member and move said blade fully to said OFF position.

8. A safety switch comprising a plurality of generally flat switch blades disposed in flatwise parallel relationship to each other and pivotable between ON and OFF positions about .a common pivotal axis, a blade actuating member including a straight elongated blade-driving portion and a pair of leg portions respectively extending substantially at right angles from said blade-driving portion adjacent opposite ends thereof, meanscperatively connecting said blade-driving portion and said switch blades, means mounting said leg portions for pivotal movement about an axis substantially coaxial with theA pivotal axis of said blades, -a pivotable operator for said blade actuating member in juxtaposed relationship to one of said leg portions on the opposite side thereof from the other of said leg portions, an operating handle pivotable between ON and OFF positions corresponding to the ON and OFF positions of said switch blades, means operatively connecting said handle and said operator, an overcenter spring mechanism, means operatively connecting said overcenter spring mechanism and said operator, means providing a first operative connection between said operator and said blade actuating member during movement of said operator and said blade actuating member from their respective positions corresponding to the ON position of said switch blades toward their respective positions corresponding to the OFF position of said switch blades, and means providing a second operative connection between said operator and said blade actuating member during movement of said operator and said blade actuating member from their respective positions corresponding to the ON position of said switch blades toward their respective positions corresponding to the OFF position of said switch blades.

9. A safety switch as claimed in claim S, wherein said first operative connection between said operator and said blade actuating member becomes effective as said handle is initially moved from the ON position thereof toward the OFF position thereof to initial-ly move said switch blades from the ON position thereof toward the OFF position thereof and to charge said overcenter spring mechanism, and said second operative connection between said operator and said blade actuating member becomes effections extending generally parallel tive 4after initial movement of said switch blades toward` the OFF position thereof.

10. A safety switch as claimed in claim 8, wherein said first operative connection between said operator and said blade actuating member becomes effect-ive as said handle is initially moved from the ON position thereof toward the OFF position thereof to initially move said switch blades from the ON position thereof toward the OFF position thereof and to charge said overcenter spring mechanism, and said second operative connection between said operator and said blade 4actuating member becomes effective upon discharge of said overcenter spring mechanism to move said switch blades fully to the OFF position thereof.

11. A safety switch as claimed in claim 8, wherein said first and second operative connections between said operator and said blade actuating member are on opposite sides of the pivotal axis of said one leg portion.

12. A safety switch as claimed in claim 8, wherein said first and second operative connections between said operator and said blade actuating member are on opposite sides of the pivotal axis of said operator.

13. A safety switch as claimed in claim 8, wherein said first and second operative connections between said operator and said blade actuating member are on opposite sides of the pivotal axis of said one leg portion and on opposite sides of the pivotal axis of said operator.

14. A safety switch as claimed in claim 8, wherein said operator is a generally flat plate member, said one leg portion is shaped to prov-ide a pair of first and second porto said elongated bladedriving portion and disposed on opposite sides of the pivotal axis of said one leg portion, said operator has a first portion engageable with said first portion of said one leg portion to provide said first operative connection between said operator and said blade driving member, and said operator has a second portion engageable with said second portion of said one leg portion to provide said second operative connection between said operator and said blade driving member.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,685,234 9/1928 iKatcher 200-50.1

Rosi-:RT K. SCHAEFFER, Primary Examiner.

H. BURKS, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1685234 *Feb 6, 1925Sep 25, 1928Columbia Metal Box CoQuick-make-and-break electric switch
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3735064 *Jan 24, 1972May 22, 1973Ite Imperial CorpVoidable cover interlock
US3768321 *Feb 28, 1972Oct 30, 1973Square D CoSafety switch operating mechanism
US3879589 *Mar 2, 1973Apr 22, 1975Square D CoSafety switch having improved operating mechanism and interlock means
US4687891 *Apr 30, 1986Aug 18, 1987Merlin GerinFast manual closing mechanism of a miniature circuit breaker
US6073757 *Jun 2, 1998Jun 13, 2000AllerganCombined bottle and lens case
US7328788Oct 20, 2004Feb 12, 2008Novartis AgContact lens care system
US7540376Oct 20, 2004Jun 2, 2009Novartis AgContact lens case
US8476546Oct 8, 2010Jul 2, 2013Schneider Electric USA, Inc.Dual breaking point electrical joint
US20050087453 *Oct 20, 2004Apr 28, 2005Frans MahieuContact lens case
US20050087455 *Oct 20, 2004Apr 28, 2005Frans MahieuContact lens care system
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/446, 200/50.4
International ClassificationH01H3/06, H01H3/02
Cooperative ClassificationH01H3/06
European ClassificationH01H3/06