|Publication number||US3342359 A|
|Publication date||Sep 19, 1967|
|Filing date||Dec 27, 1963|
|Priority date||Dec 27, 1963|
|Publication number||US 3342359 A, US 3342359A, US-A-3342359, US3342359 A, US3342359A|
|Inventors||Marshall D Sawdey|
|Original Assignee||Clark Equipment Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (2), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 19, 1967 M. D. SAWDEY ARTICULATED LOAD HANDLING ATTACHMENT 5 Sheets-Sheet "1 Filed Dec. 27, 1963 FIG, 3
INVENTOR MARSHALL. D. SAWDEY 82 FIG. 2
ATTORNEY Sept. 19, 1967 s wD Y 3,342,359
ARTICULATED LOAD HANDLING ATTACHMENT Filed Dec. 27, 1963 3 Sheets-Sheet z INVENTOR Qf 40M ATTORNEY MARSHALL D SAWDEY I Sept. 19, 1967 M. D. SAWDEY ARTICULATED LOAD HANDLING ATTACHMENT 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Dec. 27, 1963 INVENTOR MARSHALL D. SAWDEY ATTORNEY United States Patent f 3,342,359 ARTICULATED LOAD HANDLING ATTACHMENT Marshall D. Sawdey, Battle Creek, Mich, assignor to Clark Equipment Company, a corporation of Michigan Filed Dec. 27, 1963, Ser. No. 333,870 2 Claims. (Cl. 214652) The present invention relates to a load handling attachment for vehicles, and more particularly to an articulated load handling attachment for industrial trucks, especially for handling paper rolls, such as printing paper rolls and similarly shaped objects.
The conventional attachment used in conjunction with industrial trucks and the like for handling paper rolls consists of one or more pairs of jaws projecting forwardly from the upright on the front of the truck, and in lifting, transporting and stacking paper rolls, such as newspaper rolls, the jaws engage the cylindrical sides of a paper roll and positively clamp and hold the roll firmly while the roll is being lifted and moved. These attachments usually are constructed to rotate so that the roll can be shifted from a position lying on its side to an upended position. This type of manipulation often requires the roll to be gripped tightly by the jaws to prevent the roll from slipping endwise while the roll is up-ended and is being lifted or removed from the upper tiers of stacked rolls. Further, in order to provide an effective gripping action on the larger rolls, the jaws are necessarily relatively long, and hence project forwardly from the truck upright to an extent where they often interfere with the maneuverability of the truck, particularly in box cars and on loading platforms in the operation of loading and unloading the rolls.
The positive and firm gripping action required by the conventional paper roll attachments ofter results in damage to the roll, particularly to the external layers by tearing, wrinkling the scuffing, and occasionally to the entire roll by the compressing effect of the jaws. The compressing effect may distort the roll, making it out of round or otherwise rendering it unbalanced and hence unusable on the high speed reels of the standard printing presses. The damage to the external layers and distortion to the entire roll may not be discernible until the roll has been mounted on the reel and is ready to be fed into the press, thus resulting in substantial loss in transportation and handling of the defective and unusable roll, and materially increased downtime of the printing press required to replace the defective roll with a new roll. It is therefore one of the principal objects of the present invention to provide a paper roll handling attachment for industrial trucks, which does not employ any clamping or compressing action for engaging and lifting the rolls and which can lift and hold the rolls effectively without regard for the position of the rolls, i.e., in either their side or their up-ended position.
Another object is to provide an attachment for a load handling and transporting vehicle, which can effectively engage and lift a load without accurate alignment be tween the load and the attachment load engaging elements, and which can be operated with less skill and care than similar conventional or standard attachments of the same general type.
Still another object of the present invention is to provide a compact vehicle of the industrial truck type for lifting and transporting paper rolls and similar cylindrically shaped objects, which has greater maneuverability in limited areas than the conventional paper roll handling trucks with a jaw-type roll engaging mechanism, and which can engage and lift a roll from a stack of closely spaced rolls by merely engaging the roll along a portion of one 3,342,359 Patented Sept. 19, 1967 side without any interference from the adjacent rolls in the stack.
A further object of the invention is to provide an attachment for a paper roll hand-ling and transporting vehicle which will not compress or distort the roll or cut or tear or otherwise mar the outer layers of the roll, and which is so constructed that it can adapt itself to a roll and the position of the roll without accurate alignment of the roll engaging mechanism with the side of the roll.
Another object is to provide a highly versatile, easily controlled and operated attachment for industrial trucks and the like, which can be readily adapted to various types of standard truck uprights without substantial modification, and which will effectively adapt itself automatically to various size rolls of paper and similar cylindrical objects over a relatively wide range.
Additional objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description and accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of an industrial truck having the present paper roll handling attachment mounted on the upright thereof and showing the attachment prepared to lift a roll of paper or other cylindrical object;
FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of the paper roll handling attachment and a fragmentary perspective view of the upright of the industrial truck.
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of a portion of the articulated mechanism of the present load handling attachment;
FIGURE 4 is a front elevational view of the articulated mechanism of the present attachment with the load engagement elements removed therefrom to better show the operating mechanism;
FIGURE 5 is an enlarged partial cross sectional view of the present articulated attachment for handling paper rolls and other objects, the section being taken on line 5-5 of FIGURE 4 with the paper roll engagement attachment elements shown positioned degrees from the position shown in FIGURE 2; and
FIGURE 6 is a cross sectional view of one paper roll gripper element, taken on line 6-6 of FIGURE 2.
Referring more specifically to the drawings and to FIG- URE 1 in particular, numeral 10 designates an industrial truck having a pair of front wheels 12 and a pair of rear wheels 14, a steering mechanism 16 for the front wheels, seat 18 and an upright 20 on the front of the truck having mounted thereon the present load handling attachment 22. The truck is driven by a motor enclosed in housing 24 beneath the drivers seat 18. The industrial truck on which the present load handling attachment is mounted may be considered conventional for the purpose of the present description and may be of any one of a number of well known suitable types, including those powered by a battery driven electric motor or by gasoline engine. Hence, the details of the industrial truck will not be described herein.
The upright 20 mounted on the front of the truck likewise may be considered conventional for the purpose of the present description, the one shown briefly consisting of an inner vertical frame 26, an outer vertical frame 28 in which the inner vertical frame reciprocates, and a hydraulic cylinder 30 for moving the inner frame to various elevated positions in the outer frame. Mounted on the inner frame is a conventional carriage 32 which moves upwardly and downwardly relative to both the inner and outer frames and is provided with a. pair of cross beams 34 and 36 for receiving and supporting the present paper roll attachment 22. Since the present upright is considered conventional and since a number of different types may be used satisfactorily for lifting and lowering the present attachment, the one shown in the drawings will not be further described herein.
The present articulated load handling attachment, which as illustrated in the drawings is adapted to handle paper rolls, consists of an outer frame having side members 42, 44, 46 and 48 connected to one another and forming a rigid structure therewith. The side members are rigidly joined to one another by arcuate plates 50 and 52 at the upper and lower edges of the outer frame, as viewed in FIGURE 4. An inner frame 53 is pivotally mounted in the outer frame by pivot means 54 and 56 disposed on opposite sides of the frame, each consisting of brackets 58 land 60 secured to plates 50 and 52 and pivot pins 62 and 64, respectively, extending through side members 42 and 44 of the outer frame and side members 66 and 68 of the inner frame. Inner frame members 66 and 68 are connected to one another by cross members 70 and 72 to form a rigid frame structure.
Mounted on inner frame 53 are paper roll gripping pads and 82 pivotally secured to cross members 70 and 72 by pivot pins 84 and 86 extending through rearwardly projecting arms 88 and 90 on one end of each pad and arms 92 and 94 on the other end of each pad. Arms 88 and 90, and 92 and 94 embrace arms 96 and 98 secured to cross members 70 and 72, respectively. It is thus seen that each pad is pivoted for angular movement toward and away from the other on the respective pivot pins, the outward movement of the pads being limited by projections 100 and 102, respectively, which are secured to side members 66 and 68 of inner frame 53.
Each pad consists of an elongated arcuate plate having gripper elements A, B, C and D, each of the elements being secured to one end of the respective plate and being identical in construction and operation, and each consisting of a rectangularly shaped panel completely surrounded at its peripheral edge by a flexible gasket 112 and disc-shaped pressure pads 114, 116, 118 and 120 secured to panel 110 by rivets, screws or other suitable securing means. The area defined by gasket 112 is recessed, forming in effect a vacuum chamber which is connected to a vacuum pump or other source of vacuum on the industrial truck, by a flexible hose 121 joined to connection 122 near the center of panel 11%. The four gripper elements A, B, C and D are adapted to engage the external surface of .a paper roll indicated by the letter R in FIGURE 1 and, when the elements are firmly seated on the external surface of the roll, the area defined by the gaskets 112 is connected to a source of vacuum, which creates a suction in the area, firmly seating the gaskets and discs 114, 116, 118 and 120 on the external surface of the roll, thereby firmly holding the gripper elements on the surface of the roll with sufficient force to permit the attachment to lift and hold the roll while it is being transported by the truck. The pivoted mounting of the two pads on arms 96 and 98 permits the pads to adjust themselves to various diameter rolls and to form an effective vacuum and gripping action between elements A, B, C and D on the external surface of the roll without careful or precise initial seating of the elements on the roll surface.
In order to permit the operator to lift and rotate the roll between its horizontal and up-ended positions, a mechanism indicated by numeral for rotating the apparatus through at least 180 degrees is interposed between outer frame 40 and upright 20. A suitable mechanism for performing the rotating operation is described and claimed in patent application Serial No. 170,879, common assignee with the present application, consisting of a rotatable front plate 132 to which outer frame 40 is pivoted by a pin 134 extending through brackets 136 nad 138 on one edge of plate 132 and through frame member 46, and a pin 140 extending through brackets 142 and 144 on the opposite edge of plate 132 and through frame member 43. Plate 132 is rotated by a pair of operating cylinders and 152, each having a piston 154 therein with a rack on the inner edge for engaging the teeth on pinion 156, the teeth on said pinion projecting through a longitudinal slot 158 in said cylinders to engage the rack. Movement of the piston in cylinder 150 in one direction and the piston in cylinder 152 in the opposite direction rotates pinion 156 which is rigidly secured to plate 132 by a ring of bolts 157 secured to a flange 159 of the pinion, and thus rotates the plate to the various angular positions required for positioning the paper roll. The cylinders are rigidly secured to backing plate 160, which in turn is mounted on and secured to cross beams 34 and 36 on carriage 32 of upright 20 by a plurality of lugs 166 secured to backing plate and seating over a shoulder 168 on cross beam 34. The lower portion of the rotating mechanism is secured to the lower cross beam by an arm 170 secured to cross beam 36 by a bolt 172, arm 170 being rigidly joined to base plate 174, which in conjunction with backing plate 160, holds the cylinders firmly in place while the attachment is being rotated to various positions. Plate 132, which includes an annular L-section retainer member 132a connected to the outer peripheral portion of the plate by a ring of bolts 176, is rotatably secured to base plate 174 by bearings 178 and 180 at the inner and outer edges, respectively, of the base plate. Plate 132 rotates around base plate 174 as pinion 156 is rotated by the pistons in cylinders 150 and 152, thus also rotating with plate 132 the outer frame assembly 40 and assemblies connected thereto. A vacuum conduit 184 extends through an axial opening in the attachment and rotator assemblies, as shown in FIGURE 4, for evacuating the closed chambers formed between roll R and the gripper elements A, B, C and D by way of flexible lines 186 (FIGURE 3) which connect conduit 184 to hoses 121 of each gripper element. An annular sealing member 188 is mounted between an annular recess in conduit 184 and the inner peripheral surface of plate 132.
An effective articulated load engaging mechanism is created by the pivotal mounting of inner frame 53 on outer frame 40 and the pivotal mounting of outer frame 40 on plate 132 on an axis disposed at right angles to the axis of the pivotal mounting of the inner and outer frames. The pivotal mounting of the two frames and plate 132 permits the load engaging elements readily and effectively to adapt themselves to the load, such as a paper roll, regardless of any small misalignment between the load and load engaging elements.
In the operation of the present load handling apparatus, assuming that the paper roll is lying on its side, as illustrated in FIGURE 1, the attachment is operated to place the gripping pads horizontally and is then adjusted vertically until the center axis of the roll is on a line approximately midway between the two pads. The operator then moves the truck forwardly until the two gripper elements engage the external surface of the roll. As the elements engage the roll, the gripping pads automatically adjust themselves to the size and exact roll position by pivoting on pins 84 and 86 between the pads and the inner frame 53 and on pins 62 and 64 between the inner and outer frames, and on pins 134 and 140 between the outer frame and plate 132. These three pivot points provide an articulated structure which facilitates optimum adaptation of the pads to the external surface of the paper roll without requiring any special skill or care in maneuvering the truck as the roll is being approached by the attachment. After the elements have been seated on the external surface of the roll, they are connected to a source of vacuum by the operator, thus creating sufficient suction in the area or recess defined by gaskets 112 to seat the elements firmly on the external surface of the roll, with pressure pads 114, 116, 118 and 120 firmly engaging the surface. Thereafter, the attachment is raised by the truck upright to lift the roll and, if the axial position of the roll is to be changed, the two hydraulic cylinders 150 and 152 are operated to rotate plate 132 and thus to rotate the attachment and roll to any desired position. After the roll has been moved to the desired location, the operator shuts 011 the source of vacuum to the elements, thereby relieving the suction in the recess and releasing the roll.
It is seen that the vacuum-type gripper elements used in the present construction permit the roll to be engaged and carried without applying any substantial pressure to the roll and without gripping the roll from opposite sides, as is normally required by the conventional paper roll handling apparatus. The present type of mechanism does not apply sufficient pressure to the roll to cause it to become distorted or otherwise to be damaged by the roll engaging elements.
While the present articulated attachment has been illustrated in connection with paper rolls, it may be used equally satisfactorily in handling any cylindrical objects of substantially the same size and shape as paper rolls, and other types of load engaging elements may be used in combination with the articulated mechanism. Only one embodiment of the present load handling apparatus has been described in detail herein; however, various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the invention.
1. An articulated load handling attachment for an industrial truck having an upright with a vertically movable carriage on the front end thereof, said attachment comprising a plate rotatable on a vertical plane, a base for rotatably supporting said plate on said carriage, means for mounting said base on said carriage, a plurality of hydraulic cylinder units mounted on said base for rotating said plate through at least ninety degrees, a first rectangular frame pivoted at opposite sides to said rotatable plate and being on and limited to a plane substantially parallel with the plane of said plate, a second rectangular frame pivoted at right angles and at opposite sides to said first frame and being on and limited to a plane substantially parallel with the plane of said base,
and load engaging elements mounted on said second frame and projecting forwardly therefrom.
2. An articulated load handling attachment for an industrial truck, said truck having a vacuum creating means therein and an upright with a vertically movable carriage on the front end thereof, said attachment comprising a plate rotatable on a vertical plane, a base for rotatably supporting said plate on said carriage, means for mounting said base on said carriage, power means mounted on said base for rotating said plate, a first rectangular frame pivoted at opposite sides to said rotatable plate and being on and limited to a plane substantially parallel with the plane of said plate, a second rectangular frame pivoted at right angles and at opposite sides to said first frame and being on and limited to a plane substantially parallel with the plane of said first frame, and a load engaging element mounted on said second frame and having two load contact members pivoted on an axis parallel to said plane.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,578,220 12/1951 Billner 294- 2,683,546 7/1954 Sherrifi" 214-652 2,706,060 4/1955 Ferrario 214-652 2,784,861 12/1957 Nelson 214-652 2,831,589 4/1958 Way. 2,890,043 6/ 1959 Bruns. 2,890,077 6/1959 Littell. 2,899,088 8/1959 Corbin. 2,929,523 3/1960 Cushman. 2,942,745 6/1960 Horton 214-650 3,089,723 5/ 1963 Fortson. 3,147,872 9/1964 Olson 214-652 GERALD M. FORLENZA, Primary Examiner. MORRIS TEMIN, Examiner.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4635988 *||Nov 30, 1984||Jan 13, 1987||Michel Potters||Procedure and device for gripping parcels|
|US4961606 *||Sep 22, 1988||Oct 9, 1990||Nilsson Hans E G||Device for adaption of a suction pad to the outer shape of products to be lifted|
|U.S. Classification||414/620, 294/188|