US 3343309 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- Sept. 26,1967 I N. NETZ ETAL COVED CEILING ASSEMBLY AND BRACKET MEANS THEREFOR Z5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 8, 1965 INVENTORS TZ, AN,
NolzMAu Ne EMANUEL D-BAuM EUGENE BRRANowsK|$SEYMouQ REEDMAN womgymemm ATTORNEY Sept. 26, 1967 N. NE'II'Z.E'II'AL COVED CEILING ASSEMBLY AND BRACKET MEANS THEREFOR 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 I Filed June a, 1965 3 INVENTORS NORMAN New-z,
y m b a Arm m m u m B e D E mmw ATTORNEY Scpt. 26, 1967 N. N ET Z ETAL CO VED CEILING ASSEMBLY AND BRACKET MEANS THEREFOR Filed June 8, 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTORS ATTORNEY N A w N m a aim N DWMM Namam MW a 12 ,n, 3 N W United States Patent 3,343,309 COVED CEILING ASSEMBLY AND BRACKET MEANS THEREFOR Norman Netz, Bloomfield, Conn., Emanuel D. Baurnan, Loudonville, N .Y., and Eugene Baranowski, Forestv lle, and Seymour Freedman, West Hartford, Conn., assignors to Integrated Systems, Inc., Hartford, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Filed June 8, 1965, Ser. No. 462,381 4 Claims. (Cl. 5228) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A coved fixture support in a ceiling structure, the support having bracket means mounted between spaced rails in the ceiling and including bracket elements spanning the distance between the rails.
This invention is directed to overhead ceilings and to fixtures employed in such ceilings. The invention is an improvement on subject matter disclosed in our prior, co-pen'cling application Ser. No. 411,297, filed Nov. 16, 1964.
Basic objectives of this invention include the provision of a ceiling of the type installed by suspension, from an overhead support,including fixtures supported therein, wherein fixture mounting means is provided which permits application of the fixtures at selected locations on the ceiling, and the means .being adaptable to variant fixture sizes. A further basic objective is the provision of a support hardware system, permitting the installation of upwardly coved electrical fixtures or the like in existing suspended ceilingswwith only a minimum modification of the existing structure.
Another object of the invention is to supply a new and novel connection bracket for the establishment of a joint in angularly related supporting members, the bracket being ofreadily bendable form whereby it is usuable in installations requiring changeable angularity of the elements.
Still another object resides in the provision of improved cross bracing for extension between substantially parallel supports, the cross braces being readily installed after installation of the supports, being adapted to maintain the supports in parallel location, and being arranged in use such that they do not detract from ceiling appearance.
A further object is to provide a ceiling fixture support system wherein the components are fabricated from inexpensive, readily available materials, and one adapted for installation without special skills.
In the application of lighting fixtures and similar appliances in existing overhead suspended ceilings, the situation is-occasionally encountered that the original installation contains elements of-non-uniform dimension. The present apparatus is adaptable for use in such situations by non-complex modification of elements of the supporting hardware.
' Additional objects and advantages will occur to those skilled in the art upon consideration of the following specification, when read in conjunction with the annexed drawings, in which:
FIGURE I is a perspective view of structure constructed and assembled the teachings of this invention;
' FIGURE 2 is an end elevational tion of the ceiling;
FIGURE 3 is a disassembled perspective view of one type of support intersection hereof;
a portion of ceiling in accordance with view through a sec- Patented Sept. 26, 1967 FIGURE 5 is an enlarged elevational view demonstrating in place modification of the elements in phantom lines;
FIGURE 6 is a disassembled perspective view of another type of intersection hereof, and the cross brace means;
'FIGURE 7 illustrates the brace as applied to a support (shown in dotted lines);
FIGURE 8 is a perspective view disclosing a novel end panel element hereof;
FIGURE 9 is an enlarged end elevation of the upper connection means of the end panel; and
FIGURE 10 is an enlarged sectional view showing details, taken substantially on the line Ill-10 of FIG- URE 8, looking in the direction of the arrows.
With more specific reference to the drawings, the system hereof is generally designated therein by reference numeral 20. The system finds its primary intended environment in a suspended ceiling structure 22, such as that shown in FIGURE 1, which includes an overhead roof (not shown) and at least one pair of spaced apart, longitudinally extending rail members 24, 26. A plurality of pairs of transverse rail members 28 intersect the longitudinal rails, and paneling 30 is mounted between the rail members. The rail members are suspended from the roof by cables 32. Each of the rail members is of inverted T- shape and is formed, as by a conventional metal bending operation, to include an upstanding leg 34 and distal and proximal ledges 36, 38, respectively.
The rail members, arranged in an intersecting network, and supporting the blocks 30 of ceiling material therebetween, co-operatively form a ceiling structure disposed in substantially a common horizontal plane.
In the application of light fixtures and similar electrical appliances in such ceilings, it is often desired to cove or upwardly space the fixture in respect to the general flatwise extent of the ceiling. To accomplish this fixture arrangement with minimum modification of the existing ceiling and simplify and expedite the mounting of fixtures in newly constructed ceilings, the present invention provides a fixture support system 40.
The system 40 comprises a lower bracket means 42 (FIGURES 2-5) comprising lower brackets arranged in pairs or otherwise as described below. Each lower bracket includes a generally rectangular, flat, central section 44 having inner and outer side edges 46, 48, opposite end edges 50, 5 2, and being of a width between the side edges to extend across the ledges of one of the rail members. Each of the side edges 46 and 48 carries a guide lug 54 and a bendable connection ear 56, the respective lugs and ears being oppositely arranged as shown in FIG- URE 3 whereby a lug is transversely opposite each ear. Thus, the rail ledges are positioned on the section 44, and the ears are bent thereabout to connect the bracket 42 to the rail. In most instances, this connection would be duplicated on a pair of rails and at a point of intersection of transverse rails 28'.
For joining the brackets to brackets 42 include an outer support plate 58 extending from the edge 48 of the plate 44 between the lug 54 and ear 56 thereof. The outer support plate 58 is of flat, substantially rectangular form, and has lateral edges 60, 62 with an elongated flange 64 on the edge 62 and a short flange 66 on the edge 60. In FIGURES 3 and 4, it will be observed that the ends of the transverse rails 28 are formed with an inwardly angular terminal edge 68 on the leg 34, and a terminal upstanding flange 70 on the ledges. The plate 58 is of a width from edge-to-edge to extend the transverse rails 28, the
3 across the ledges and the flanges 64, 66 are bent thereabout behind the flange 70 thereby locking the bracket 42 to both the longitudinal and transverse rails at an intersection.
The brackets 42 further comprise an outer support plate 72 extended from the edge 46 of the central plate 44. The plate 72 includes lateral edges 74, 76 with a short bendable flange 78 extending from the former and a long flange 80 on the latter.
The support plates 58 and 72 are each adapted to bending with respect to the central plate 44, whereby they may be positioned at selected angles. FIGURE discloses a bending operation, and in FIGURE 2, two possible arrangements are disclosedat the right of that figure, the bracket being shown as adapted for use in the installation of two side-by-side fixtures, this is, with each of the support plates upwardly bent.
The formation of a cove mount for a fixture further involves a plurality of side members 82 formed of the inverted T-stock of the rail members. Like the rail members, each side member has an upstanding leg 84 and ledges 86, 88. The ends of the side member legs are inwardly angled as at '90 to permit angular relation of the side members to a rail without interference, and the side members have end flanges 92 to aid in the bracket connections.
The side members include a bottom end 94 and a top end 96 and the bottom ends are engaged by the outer support plates 72 of the lower brackets with the flanges 78 and 80 engaged about the ledges 86 and 88. In the event that two side-by-side cove mountings are desired as shown in FIGURES l and 2, both the inner and outer support plates of an intermediate bracket 98 engage side members, and each is upwardly bent with respect to the central member.
For each fixture or longitudinal row thereof to be installed, a pair of upper longitudinal rails 100 and 102 is supplied which may be suspended from the roof if convenient, or merely supported by the brackets hereof. The upper rails are connected to the side members 82 by upper bracket means 104 best shown in FIGURE 6. As in the case of the bracket, the upper brackets are mounted in opposite pairs and each comprises a longitudinal rail support plate 106 of substantially rectangular form. The plate 106 has an inner edge 108 and outer edge 110 and spaced apart, bendable lips 112 are provided thereon. The plate 106 underlies the rail 100 or 102 and the lips 112 are reverted about the ledges thereof. Extended from the edge 110 between the lips 112 thereof is a side plate 114 for engagement with the top end 96 of one of the rail members 82. The plate 114 has marginal edges 116, 118 and is downwardly and outwardly inclined at any selected angle to meet the side member inclination. Bendable tabs 120, 122 are provided and are bent about the ledges 86 and 88.
For the positive spacing of the upper rails 100, 102, and to obviate any possibility of a fixture supported therebetween being dislodged accidentally, the invention comprehends the provision of new and novel cross brace elements 124 employed at spaced locations along the rail. In FIGURES 6 and 7, it is seen that each element 124 comprises an elongated, flat, substantially rectangular strap 126 with end edges 128, 130, and of a length between the end edges to extend across the rails 100, 102 with the end edges generally aligned with the inner sides of the ledges of the rails. A pair of bendable securing elements 132 is provided on each end and a tongue 134 extends outwardly therebetween. The tongue has reverted tip elements 136 for engagement about the rail outer ledges whereby the braces are secured to the rails in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 7.
Fixtures 138, such as fluorescent lamps, are mounted between the rails 100, 102 and may extend the full length of a ceiling, or if desired, be arranged in spaced coves. In the latter case, an end panel arrangement (FIGURES 8 through 10) is employed for closing the ends of the cove. The panel 140 is of generally triangular form and has a base 142 formed in the manner of the rail members whereby bracket means may be employed to connect it to the longitudinal rail. The sides of the panel have reverted flanges 144 providing a connection for a section of the paneling 30, the sides terminating at their upper ends in an extended connection means comprising a tab 146 for bending about the ledge of the upper rail adjacent thereto.
Various manners of installation and employment of the apparatus hereof will occur to those skilled in the art from a consideration of the above. Having thus described and illustrated the invention it will be understood that this description and illustration is offered only by way of example, and that the invention is to be limited in scope only by the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. In an overhead ceiling construction which includes at least one pair of spaced longitudinal rails, a coved fixture support assembly comprising:
bracket means engaging the longitudinal rails at spaced locations in substantially transverse pairs;
the bracket means comprising sections with edges and bendable connection ears on said edges;
side members supported by the bracket means in upwardly inclined positions;
upper bracket means secured to each of the side members;
longitudinally extending upper rails secured to the upper brackets in substantially parallel pairs;
cross brace means extending between the upper rails at selected intervals;
the cross brace means comprising elongated straps having ends, and having securing elements on said ends for engagement with the upper rails; and fixtures mounted between the upper rails.
2. In an overhead ceiling construction which includes at least one pair of spaced longitudinal rails, and a plurality of transverse rails, a coved fixture support assembly comprising:
bracket means engaging the longitudinal rails at spaced locations in transverse pairs, and engaging adjacent transverse rails; the bracket means comprising a central section having side edges, bendable connection ears on the side edges, the central section being disposed against one of the longitudinal rails with the ears bent thereabout, a support plate extending from the central section, and bendable flanges on the support plate;
side members supported by the bracket means in upwardly inclined position, the support plate of the bracket means engaging one of the side mem ers with the flanges bent thereabout;
upper brackets secured to each of the side members;
longitudinally extending upper rails secured to the upper brackets in substantially parallel pairs;
cross brace means extending between the upper rails at selected intervals, the cross brace means comprising an elongated strap having ends, bendable securing elements on the ends of the strap, a tongue projecting outwardly from each of the ends and having a reverted tip engaged on the upper rails, and the securing elements being bent about the upper rails; and
fixtures mounted between the upper rails.
3. In an overhead ceiling construction which includes a roof structure, at least one pair of spaced apart, longitudinally extending rail members, plural pairs of transverse rail members secured to the longitudinally extending rail members at spaced intersections, each of the rail members being of inverted T-shape and having an upstanding leg and distal and proximal ledges on opposite sides of the leg, hanger cables secured to the legs and to the roof structure to suspend the rail members in a network, and the rail members supporting horizontally arranged blocks of ceiling material between selected ledges forming a ceiling disposed substantially in a given plane; a coved lighting fixture and support assembly comprising:
(I) lower means:
the lower bracket means comprising oppositely arranged pairs of brackets, each bracket including a substantially rectangular central section including inner and outer side edges and end edges, and of a width from edge-to-edge to extend across the ledges of one of the longitudinally extending rail members; oppositely arranged pairs of guide lugs and connection ears extending from the central section; the connection ears being reverted about the ledges to connect the central section to the rail members; an outer support plate extending from the outer side edges of the central section, the outer support plate having lateral edges with bendable flanges thereon including an elongated flange and a short flange; the outer support plate being of a width from edgeto-edge to extend across the ledges of a transverse rail member, and underlying said member; the flanges of the outer support plate being reverted about the ledges of the transverse rail members; an inner support plate secured to the central section at the inner side edge thereof, the inner support plate being extended upwardly from the central section at a selected angle; the inner support plate having lateral edges With bendable flanges thereon, including a short flange and a long flange; the flanges of the inner support plate being arranged oppositely With respect to the flanges of the outer support plates; (II) side members:
the side members being of elongated, inverted T- form, including legs and outward ledges; the side members being arranged in pairs and having bottom and top ends; the bottom ends being engaged on the inner support plates of the lower brackets, and the flanges of said inner support plates being extended about the ledges thereof; (III) upper bracket means:
the upper bracket means including a plurality of brackets arranged in pairs; each upper bracket having a longitudinal rail engagement plate with an inner edge and an outer edge;
the inner and outer edges having bendable lips thereon;
a downwardly and outwardly inclined side plate connected to the outer edge of the rail support plate;
the side plate having marginal edges with bendable tabs thereon;
the side plate underlying the side member top ends and the tabs being engaged about the ledge thereof;
(IV) upper longitudinal rail members arranged in a spaced apart pair and engaged by the longitudinal rail engagement plates, each rail member having inner and outer ledges, the ledges having side edges;
(V) cross brace means at selected intervals extending between the upper longitudinal rail;
the cross brace means comprising a plurality of elongated, substantially rectangular, flat straps with end edges;
each strap being of a length between the end edges to extend between the outer side edges of the inner ledges thereof;
bendable securing elements extending outwardly from the end edges of the strap and connected over the outer ledges of the upper longitudinal rails;
a tongue projecting outwardly between the securing elements, underlying the ledges of the upper longitudinal rails;
each tongue having a tip element reverted over the outer ledge; and
(VI) elongated fixture housing means supported between the outer ledges of the upper longitudinal rails and on the cross brace means.
4. The invention of claim 3, and
an end panel supported between the longitudinal rails, the end panel having connection means therein for securing it to the upper longitudinal rail.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS OTHER REFERENCES The Architectural Forum, February 1946, pp. 98 and 99 relied on.
FRANK L. ABBOTT, Primary Examiner.
M. O. WARNECKE, Assistant Examiner.