|Publication number||US3344267 A|
|Publication date||Sep 26, 1967|
|Filing date||Feb 9, 1966|
|Publication number||US 3344267 A, US 3344267A, US-A-3344267, US3344267 A, US3344267A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (1), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 26, 1967 R. JAEGER 3,344,267
ADJUSTABLE SURGICAL HEAD LAMP Filed Feb. 9, 1966 FIG. I
[ N VENTOR.
GLW'GQJ United States Patent 3,344,267 ADJUSTABLE SURGICAL HEAD LAMP Rudolph Jaeger, 200 Broughton Lane, Villanova, Pa. 19085 Filed Feb. 9, 1966, Ser. No. 526,217 3 Claims. (Cl. 240-59) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A physicians head lamp is described which includes a moldable head band and a universal articulating assembly which connects the lamp to the head band. One piece of the articulating assembly is mounted on the head band and pivots in a vertical plane. The other piece of the articulating assembly is pivotally linked to the first piece and is also adapted to pivot in the vertical plane. This last piece, however, is constructed with a flat surface thereof bent normally to the vertical, thereby providing space for mounting pivot means which supports the head lamp. The head lamp itself is so configured that the reflector thereof is limited in its movement by the extent of the fiat surface of its pivot means.
This invention relates to head lamps for use by physicians in the examination of and operation on their patients. More particularly it relates to a novel head lamp assembly which facilitates the adjustment of the lamp for optimum lighting conditions during the examination or operation.
The apparatus embodying my invention is shown in the following description and drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 represents the head lamp of my invention in place during its intended use;
FIG. 2 represents an enlarged portion of the head lamp shown in FIG. 1, emphasizing the novel features thereof;
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of a portion of the head lamp shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along the lines and in the direction of the arrows IV-IV of FIG. 2;
FIGS. 5 and 6 are views similar to that of FIG. 4 showing the head lamp in various degrees of adjustment;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a portion of the head lamp assembly of my invention enlarged to show certair. details thereof;
FIG. 8 is an element of the assembly shown in FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is a view similar to FIG. 6 of a modified embodiment of my invention; and
FIG. 10 is a view similar to FIG. 8 of a portion of the modified embodiment of my invention shown in FIG. 9.
Referring now to FIG. 1, a physican is shown wearing the combination adjustable head lamp apparatus of my invention 10, which comprises generally, in combination, a moldable head band 11 and articulating link assembly 12, a combination pivot plate and limit stop 13, and a focusing type lamp housing 14. The head band 11 is preferably formed with a malleable metal, such as aluminum, and is made generally adjustable by the provision therein of a slotted opening 15 at one end thereof. The opposite end thereof is provided with a threaded pin 16 which extends normally from the head hand through the slotted opening 15, and upon which is disposed a milled adjusting nut 17, the adjustability provided thereby being obvious from FIG. 1.
From FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, it is seen that a generally triangular web 18 is mounted normal to the head band 11 in the general central area of the physicians forehead, the web projecting normally from the head band, and being securely fixed thereto by oppositely directed feet 19, 20 and a plurality of rivets 21. The distal portion of web 18 is provided with an opening (not shown) which supports a threaded screw 26. Screw 26 in turn supports a pair of similar links 27, 28, the web 18 and links 27, 28 being maintained in parallel adjustable alignment by means of plastic washers 29, 30 and a nut 31. The ends of links 27 and 28 opposite to those supported upon the web 18 are likewise provided with openings therein (not shown), and are supported by a threaded screw 32 and plastic washers, 33, 34 in mutually parallel alignment with a web flange portion 35 of the combination pivot plate and limit stop 13. The central portion of the combination pivot plate and limit stop 13 is the pivot plate 36, which from FIGS. 2, 7 and 8 is seen to be oriented at a right angle to the web flange portion 35. The distal portion of the combination pivot plate and limit stop 13 is the limit stop 37 which is likewise oriented at a right angle with the pivot plate 36. The pivot plate 36 is provided with pivot ring 47. Screw 39 is threaded into pivot ring 47 at one point on the perimeter thereof, and generally diametrically opposed thereto is a groved adjustment peg 48, which has a threaded portion not shown disposed within a complementary threaded opening (not shown) in the pivot ring 47, which opening extends through the base 45 to the generally cylindrical hollow interior thereof. A reflector 49 is adjustably disposed in the lamp housing 14 by means of a rearwardly extending sleeve 50 which has a diameter slightly less than that of the hollow interior of the base 45, accurate positioning of the reflector 49 being accomplished by adjustment of the adjustment peg 48. Sleeve 50 extends from a generally concave portion 51, and the reflector terminates in a rimmed shield portion 52. A high intensity bulb 53 of known construction is disposed in the conventional socket (not shown) of base 45 and supply wire 46 is led by suitable devices to a safe connector of an electrical source. Standard medical procedures must be observed in the construction and use of the electrical fittings not shown herein in detail.
The use of the apparatus of my invention shown in FIGS. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 is readily perceived. Before scrubbing, a physician should personally adjust the moldable head band 11 and reflector 49 to the approximate position in which they are to be used during the examination or operation. The electrical source should be turned on to make certain that it is in working order and that the illuminated focus of the lamp will be properly disposed with respect to the subject under examination. The partially adjusted head band and reflector is then disconnected and removed from the physicians head and maintained in readiness. When the physician is ready for the examination or operation, he replaces the head band as shown in FIG. 1 or under sterile conditions the head band is replaced by another person. The electrical circuit is checked out and the bulb 53' energized. By an adjustment of the peg 48, the reflector 49 is moved axially with respect to the base 45. The lamp housing 14 is adjusted by hand so as to swing the housing 14 about the articulating link assembly 12 so as to generally direct the focused light from the bulb 53 at the spot of examination. At the time of examination, a fine adjustment of the light produced from the lamp housing 14 is made by pivoting the housing 14 about the axis of threaded screw 39 by directly grasping the reflector 49, or by gripping the adjustment peg 48 with an instrument such as a hemostat. It will be appreciated that during an operation any adjustment of the apparatus of this invention must be carried out under sterile conditions. It is apparent from FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 that the adjustment of the lamp housing 14 about the axis of the threaded screw 39 is limited by the limit stop 37 which is positioned between the reflector 49 and the pivot ring 47. In accordance with the modified embodiment of the apparatus of my invention, as shown in FIGS. 9 and 10, the limit stop 37 consists merely of an extension of the pivot plate 36. It is seen therefore that the limit stop 37 in accordance with any of the embodiments of my invention comprises structural means extending beyond the pivot plate 36 and adapted to abut'the concave portion 51 of the reflector 49 as shown in FIGS. 5, 6 and 9.
Having thus described the apparatus of my invention, I claim:
1. An adjustable headlamp comprising, in combination,
(1) head band means adapted to be removably posi tioned upon a persons head,
(2) articulating means afiixed to said head band at a position generally medial of the forehead area of said head band means, said articulating means providing articulation in a generally vertical plane,
(3) combination pivot plate and limit stop means aflixed to said articulating means outwardly therefrom with respect to said head band means and comprising a single member consisting of:
(a) a web flange portion, which portion is pivotally connected to said articulating means,
(b) a pivot plate portion next adjacent to said web flange portion, which portion in combination with said pivot means provides pivotal support for said lamp means, and
(c) a limit stop portion next adjacent to said pivot plate portion, which portion limits the extent of pivotal movement of said lamp means about the pivot axis normal to said pivot plate,
(4) lamps means adapted to be pivotally supported by said combination pivot plate and limit stop means, whereby the extent of pivotal movement of said lamp means is limited by the configuration of said combination pivot plate and limit stop means, and
(5) pivot means afiixed to said combination pivot plate and limit stop means and to said lamp housing means whereby a pivot axis substantially normal to said pivot plate is provided.
2. An adjustable head lamp in accordance with claim 1 wherein said lamp means includes a socket type base portion, a pivot ring portion formed annularly of said base portion, a reflector portion adjustably mounted within said base portion and having structural portions thereof spaced apart from said pivot ring, and a bulb contained in the socket of said base and positioned in focusing relationship with said reflector,
3. An adjustable head lamp in accordance with claim 2 wherein said limit stop portion extends medially of said pivot ring portion and said spaced apart structural portions of said reflector.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 7/1910 De Zeng 240-59 XR 9/1958 Johnson 24081
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US963036 *||Oct 18, 1909||Jul 5, 1910||Henry L De Zeng||Headlight or illuminator.|
|US2850622 *||May 5, 1954||Sep 2, 1958||American Hospital Supply Corp||Adjustable lamp|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4516190 *||Dec 29, 1983||May 7, 1985||Luxtec Corporation||Surgical headlamp|
|U.S. Classification||362/105, 362/804, 362/275|
|Cooperative Classification||F21L14/00, Y10S362/804|