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Publication numberUS3344558 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 3, 1967
Filing dateJul 23, 1965
Priority dateJul 23, 1965
Publication numberUS 3344558 A, US 3344558A, US-A-3344558, US3344558 A, US3344558A
InventorsKirkland Wyatt S
Original AssigneeKirkland Wyatt S
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sand blast nozzle
US 3344558 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct..3, 1967 SAND'BLAST NOZZLE Filed July 25, 1965 INVENTOR.

IVYATT AS. KYRKLAND.

w.s. KIIIQKLAND 3,344,558

United States Patent f 3,344,558 SAND BLAST NOZZLE Wyatt S. Kirkland, 1536 Chanticleer Ave., Santa Cruz, Calif. 95060 Filed July 23, 1965, Ser. No. 474,358 4 Claims. (Cl. 51-11) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The purpose of this invention is to provide a nozzle for a sand blasting operation having a specially constructed chamber into which air and sand is introduced through tangentially and inwardly inclined nozzles that produce a swirling mixture of sand and air that is discharged through an axially extending restricted nozzle of sufiicient length to direct the swirling mass of sand and air as an atomized jet of sand that will retain its swirling nature when directed upon a surface to be sand blasted. The arrangement is such that the enlarged cavity into which the sand is introduced provides for a pressure drop that will result in a more uniform distribution of the sand within the air stream.

My present invention relates to the art of sand blasting and more particularly to an improved nozzle by which large and substantially flat surfaces may be sand 1 blasted in a uniform and effective manner.

The principal object of the invention is to provide a nozzle of novel construction for sand blasting equipment by which a blast of swirling sand may be applied to a surface to be cleaned in a uniform, effective and economical manner with a minimum of skill on the part of the operator.

Another object of the invention is to provide a sand blast nozzle which will provide a blast of sand with sweeping cyclonic effect as the blast of sand emanates from the end of the nozzle and strikes the surface being cleaned.

A further object of the invention is to provide a nozzle for sand blasting equipment which may be effectively employed for cleaning and sand blasting metallic surfaces and masonry of relatively large areas such as the exterior of buildings.

Other objects and advantages will be in part evident to those skilled in the art and in part pointed out hereinafter in the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing wherein there is shown by way of illustration and not of limitation preferred embodiments of the invention.

In the drawing:

FIGURE 1, sectional view taken centrally through a nozzle constructed in accordance with the invention,

FIGURE 2 is an end view of the nozzle at the intake end thereof, and

FIGURE 3 is a view similar to FIGURE 2 showing a modified inner detail.

In sand blasting various objects, such as metal sheets, castings, masonry and the like, it is the practice to project a blast of sand by air under pressure which impinges upon the work to be cleaned or treated. In this operation the blast of sand abrades and thus cleans the surface of the metal sheet, casting or masonry, as the case may be. It is now the general practice to use a nozzle from which a blast of air and sand is directed in a straight line toward the work and with such a nozzle it is necessary to keep the blast of sand and air in movement over the surface, otherwise a limited zone or area will be highly abraded and possibly pitted by the contacting sand. Therefore, in cleaning a surface with such a nozzle, the operator has to keep the nozzle in motion over the surface to be cleaned in order to accomplish a uniform effect upon the surface to be cleaned.

By my invention I have provided a nozzle in which the blast of sand and air is delivered with swirling cyclonic effect from a single source of air under pressure. This nozzle is considered an improvement over earlier sand blasting nozzles and while it is still necessary for the operator to exercise a considerable amount of skill in its use in order that the cleaning effect produced thereby will be substantially uniform over the surface being sand blasted, my nozzle does have the advantage that it is capable of covering a considerably larger surface in less time than is possible with a straight blast nozzle as practiced thereto.

It is, therefore, a further and primary object of my present invention to provide a nozzle of novel construction by which a blast of sand and air is directed therefrom with swirling and cyclonic force as it emanates for application to the surface under treatment. This will result in a more uniform distribution of the sand blast and thus avoid a pitting or overblasting such as might occur with a single nozzle when not skillfully operated.

For the purpose of illustrating my invention, I have in FIGURE 1 of the drawing, shown a nozzle 10 which, except for a definite modification, is somewhat similar to a conventional sand blast directing nozzle. As is here shown, the nozzle has a larger body forming portion 11 which is provided with an external screw thread 12 that is adapted to be threaded, as here indicated by dot and dash lines, into any conventional sand blast hose coupling 13. Extending centrally from the larger body portion 11 the nozzle has a cylindrical neck 14 with a central bore 15 through which the blast of sand is directed onto the surface to be cleaned. As here indicated, the body portion 11 of the nozzle has a substantially larger internal diameter and disposed within this portion 11, substantially as herein indicated, there is a swirl producing member 16 having a plurality of angularly disposed passageways 18 through which the blast of air and sand is directed from the supply hose coupling 13 in a tangential manner so that there is formed in a chamber 17, at the trailing side of the member 16, a swirling motion in the air and sand which will result in a spreading of the blast as it is discharged at the outer end of the bore 15. In this arrangement, the nozzle 10 may be constructed in its entirety of cast steel, but because of the abrasive action of the sand blast operating in the manner described I have shown my nozzle 10 as having a tungsten steel lining 19 that extends from the swirl producing member 16 through the chamber 17 to the outer end of the neck 14 of the nozzle. This tungsten steel lining 19 is of uniform thickness and at its inner end where it extends into the enlarged portion or chamber 17, it forms a funnel-like entrance to the bore 15. At this point, the air and sand will become a swirling mass that will be exhausted through the bore 15 of the nozzle. Because of this swirling motion, the jet of air and sand emanating at the end of the nozzle will flare outwardly and cover a substantially larger area of surface than is possible with a conventional sand blast nozzle. Therefore, when in use the operator will be able to obtain a substantially more uniform distribution of the blast of sand which will avoid any pitting or over-blasting in limited areas as is often the case where the blast of sand is operating as a powerful straight line jet of sand.

Reference is now made to FIGURE 2 of the drawing wherein the swirl producing member 16 is shown as having three radially disposed kerfs in the form of angularly milled slots 20 that extend axially at an angle therethrough. At this point it is important to note that the width of these angularly disposed slots 20 are of a width that approximates the thickness of the disc 16 and with the inclination as shown in FIGURE 1, these slots 20 will project the air and sand at an angle substantially tangent to the axis of the chamber 17. Then as the air and sand are projected there through into the trailing end of the chamber 17, the air and sand will become loosely mixed and given a swirling motion which will continue out through the central bore 15 of the nozzle.

In FIGURE 3 there is shown a modification of the swirl producing member, here designated by the numeral 20, in which there is provided four equally spaced cylindrical openings 21 through which the air under pressure and sand is directed into the trailing end of the chamber 17. As here shown, the openings 21 of the swirl producing member 20 are inclined slightly inward with their axes substantially tangent to the axis of the nozzle. As in the case of the tungsten steel lining 19, these swirl producing members 16 and 20 are also preferably formed of tungsten steel.

While I have, for the sake of clearness and in order to disclose the invention so that the same can be readily understood, described and illustrated specific devices and an arrangement, I desire to have it understood that this invention is not limited to the specific means disclosed, but may be embodied in other ways that will suggest themselves to persons skilled in the art. It is believed that this invention is new and all such changes as come within the scope of the appended claims are to be considered as part of this invention.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. The combination with a compressed air and sandblast conducting hose of, an elongated nozzle forming member having an enlarged cylindrical air and sand accommodating chamber open at one end for connection with said air and sand conducting hose and an axially extending nozzle forming portion of reduced diameter at the other end of said chamber, and a swirl producing member disposed within and intermediate the ends of said air and sand accommodating chamber having plurality of tangentially extending passageways through which the air and sand will be introduced into said chamber,

whereby the sand delivered by said hose will be atom- 5 ized and discharged through the axially extending nozzle portion of said member as a blast of sand with .a swirling cyclonic motion.

2. The combination with a compressed air and sand blast conducting hose of, an elongated nozzle forming member having an enlarged cylindrical air and sand accommodating chamber open at one end for connection with said air and sand conducting hose and a nozzle forming portion having an opening of reduced diameter extending axially from the other end of said enlarged chamber, and a disc-like member disposed within and intermediate the ends of said air and sand accommodating chamber having plurality of tangentially extending bore openings through which the air and sand introduced into said chamber from said hose will pass to the axially extending nozzle portion of said member, whereby the air and sand delivered by said hose to the air and sand accommodating chamber will be discharged through the nozzle portion of said member as a blast of sand with a swirling cyclonic blasting action.

3. The invention as set forth in claim 2 characterized by the fact that said disc-like member has a thickness equal to approximately one-fourth the diameter of said air and sand accommodating chamber and has a plurality of radially spaced tangential passageways therethrough that are inclined inwardly tangentially toward the axis of said cylindrical air and sand accommodating chamber.

4. The invention as set forth in claim 2, characterized by the fact that the nozzle forming member has a funnel-like lining of tungsten steel which encompasses the large cylindrical air and sand accommodating chamber beyond the disc-like member and to the blast discharge end of the nozzle.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 485,257 11/1892 Collins 239--497 X 992,144 5/1911 Babcock 51ll X 1,703,029 2/ 1929 Fairchild 511l 1,727,027 9/1929 Dreisbach 51-8 1,757,023 5/1930 Smith 239497 X 2,017,467 10/1935 Loomis 239488 X 2,127,883 8/1938 Norton 239497 2,33 3,264 11/ 1943 McDermott 5111 LESTER M. SWINGLE, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
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US485257 *Jun 22, 1892Nov 1, 1892The United Gas Improvement CompanyCharles russell collins
US992144 *Oct 21, 1910May 16, 1911Fred A BabcockBlast-nozzle.
US1703029 *Nov 10, 1926Feb 19, 1929Connecticut Specialties CorpSand-blast nozzle
US1727027 *Apr 6, 1927Sep 3, 1929Dreisbach Charles ASand-blast device
US1757023 *Oct 20, 1926May 6, 1930Ira E SmithOil burner
US2017467 *Nov 23, 1934Oct 15, 1935Leavitt R LoomisSpray nozzle
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4090334 *Dec 1, 1975May 23, 1978Paasche Airbrush Co.Air eraser
US4218855 *Dec 8, 1978Aug 26, 1980Otto WemmerParticulate spray nozzle with diffuser
US4359192 *Feb 12, 1981Nov 16, 1982Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaTriboelectric powder spraying gun
US4474331 *Sep 27, 1982Oct 2, 1984Wm. Steinen Mfg. Co.Recessed center vane for full cone nozzle
US4617064 *Jul 31, 1984Oct 14, 1986Cryoblast, Inc.Cleaning method and apparatus
US4716690 *Dec 29, 1986Jan 5, 1988Szuecs JohanApparatus and method for cleaning stone and metal surfaces
US5536200 *Nov 8, 1993Jul 16, 1996Kiess; Karl H.Nozzle of a sand blaster for dust-free blasting of planar surfaces
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US5785582 *Dec 22, 1995Jul 28, 1998Flow International CorporationSplit abrasive fluid jet mixing tube and system
US7311271 *Jul 23, 2004Dec 25, 2007Illinois Tool Works Inc.Spray gun having mechanism for internally swirling and breaking up a fluid
US7762476Aug 19, 2002Jul 27, 2010Illinois Tool Works Inc.Spray gun with improved atomization
US7883026May 31, 2006Feb 8, 2011Illinois Tool Works Inc.Fluid atomizing system and method
US7926733Jun 30, 2004Apr 19, 2011Illinois Tool Works Inc.Fluid atomizing system and method
US7992808Sep 16, 2009Aug 9, 2011Illinois Tool Works Inc.Fluid atomizing system and method
US8640976Oct 29, 2007Feb 4, 2014Paul R. MicheliSpray gun having mechanism for internally swirling and breaking up a fluid
US9056328Jul 13, 2011Jun 16, 2015Ibix S.R.L.Air gun
US9132529 *Dec 6, 2013Sep 15, 2015United Technologies CorporationMedia blast nozzle with non-metallic threads
US20040046040 *Aug 19, 2002Mar 11, 2004Micheli Paul R.Spray gun with improved atomization
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US20060000928 *Jun 30, 2004Jan 5, 2006Micheli Paul RFluid atomizing system and method
US20060214027 *May 31, 2006Sep 28, 2006Micheli Paul RFluid atomizing system and method
US20080048055 *Oct 29, 2007Feb 28, 2008Illinois Tool Works Inc.Spray gun having mechanism for internally swirling and breaking up a fluid
US20140162537 *Dec 6, 2013Jun 12, 2014United Technologies CorporationMedia blast nozzle with non-metallic threads
DE3834896A1 *Oct 13, 1988Apr 19, 1990Kiess Karl HeinzBlast nozzle for sandblasting equipment for the dust-free blasting of planar surfaces
EP0069874A2 *Jun 18, 1982Jan 19, 1983Ernst Peiniger GmbH Unternehmen für BautenschutzAbrasive blasting method using air under pressure
EP0069874A3 *Jun 18, 1982Apr 13, 1983Ernst Peiniger Gmbh Unternehmen Fur BautenschutzAbrasive blasting method using air under pressure
EP0069875A2 *Jun 18, 1982Jan 19, 1983Ernst Peiniger GmbH Unternehmen für BautenschutzAbrasive blasting method using air under pressure, and device therefor
EP0069875A3 *Jun 18, 1982Apr 6, 1983Ernst Peiniger Gmbh Unternehmen Fur BautenschutzAbrasive blasting method using air under pressure, and device therefor
EP0171448A1 *Aug 14, 1984Feb 19, 1986Johann SzücsDevice and method for cleaning of stone and metal surfaces
EP1499789A2 *Apr 9, 2003Jan 26, 2005Buckman Jet Drilling, Inc.Nozzle for jet drilling and associated method
EP1499789A4 *Apr 9, 2003Jul 21, 2010Buckman Jet Drilling IncNozzle for jet drilling and associated method
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Classifications
U.S. Classification451/102, 451/91, 451/90, 239/497, 239/488
International ClassificationB24C5/00, B24C5/04
Cooperative ClassificationB24C5/04
European ClassificationB24C5/04