|Publication number||US3345673 A|
|Publication date||Oct 10, 1967|
|Filing date||Oct 19, 1965|
|Priority date||Oct 19, 1965|
|Publication number||US 3345673 A, US 3345673A, US-A-3345673, US3345673 A, US3345673A|
|Original Assignee||Gilbert Schwartzman|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (17), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
10, 1967 G. SCHWARTZMAN 3 5 BRUSH-TYIPE APPLICATOR I Filed Oct. 19, 1965 7" /7 r Ju awn, ATTO/PA/EV United States Patent Office 3,345,673 Patented Oct. 10, 1967 3,345,673 BRUSH-TYPE APPLICATOR Gilbert Schwartzman, 20 Wilmot Circle, Scarsdale, N.Y. 10583 Filed Oct. 19, 1965, Ser. No. 497,848 12 Claims. (Cl. 543) This invention relates to an applicator especially adapted for use in applying cosmetics, medications, shoe polish or other fluids on the person, clothing, shoes, and the like of the user, and more particularly, to an applicator having a brush head adapted to be used in applying fluids in an eflicacious manner.
In the past, applicators have been produced which are provided with applicator ends serving to actuate valves. Previously, however, it has not been possible to provide an applicator having a brush head with a valve which can be efiiciently controlled by the brush head and yet which will permit the brush head to revolve and to be movable and to be resiliently mounted in a manner so as to efficiently apply fluid while also metering the fluid flow in a suitably controlled manner.
It is therefore an important object of the invention to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art devices by providing an applicator which includes a retaining ring having a projecting portion adapted to fit into a container and which rotatably carries a brush head having bores therethrough, which brush head serves to actuate the valve assembly.
One of the important features of the invention resides in the resilient flange means which mounts the brush head for movement towards and away from the retaining ring to actuate the valve means.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide an applicator having a brush head in which resilient flange means normally urge the brush head away from the valve member so as to permit the valve to close.
It is an additional object of the present invention to provide an applicator designed for use with a squeeze bottle wherein the resilient flange means normally urge the brush head toward a valve seat to close a valve.
Still further objects and features of this invention reside in the use of an applicator which is simple in construction, capable of being manufactured out of readily available synthetic plastic materials, which is attractive in appearance and capable of being mass produced at relatively low cost.
These together with the various ancillary objects and features of the present invention which will become apparent as the following description proceeds are attained by this brush-type applicator, a preferred embodiment of which is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, by way of example only, wherein:
FIG. 1 is an exploded sectional view of an embodiment of applicator in accordance with the concepts of the present invention showing the valve in closed position;
FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view of the applicator shown in a valve open position with the brush head contacting the valve member;
FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view of another embodiment of the invention shown in a valve closed position; and
FIG. 4 is a vertical sectional view of the applicator shown in its valve open position after pressure has been applied on the squeeze bottle.
With continuing reference to the accompanying drawing, wherein like reference numerals designate similar parts throughout the various views, and with initial attention directed to the embodiment of the invention as shown in FIG. 1, reference numeral 10 is used to generally designate the applicator. The applicator 10 is adapted to be mounted within a container 12. The applicator 10 includes a body 14 which has a projecting portion 16 of generally cylindrical shape having a. tapered lower end 18 for convenience of fitting the projection 16 in the neck 20 of the container 12. Further, the body 14 includes a retainer ring 22 which is integrally molded with the projection portion 16 and which includes an outwardly projecting flange 24 provided with a resilient and upwardly extending flange extension 26 and an inwardly turned flange lip 28. The retaining ring 22 has a central arcuate tapered opening 30 therethrough. Cooperating with the arcuate tapered opening 30 which serves as a valve seat, is a valve member generally indicated at 32, which includes a valve head 34 having tapered conical surface 36 corresponding to the conical opening 30 and having button top 38. The valve member 32 includes a plurality of helical coil members 38, which are: integrally attached to the valve head 34 and to a ring 40 which is held in place by the swaged lower edge 42 of the retaining ring 16. The space between the flange portion 26 and the side wall 44 of the retaining ring 22 forms a ring-shaped reservoir 46 and a sponge or like member 48 may be inserted therein to retain fluid and minimize leakage.
A brush head 50 is provided which may be of substantially disc shape or in the shape of a truncated cone as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and has a peripheral groove 52 extending thereabout. The flange lip 28 snap fits in the groove 52. The brush also has an imperforate central portion 54 and a plurality of spaced bores 56 therethrough for communicating the interior of the applicator with a plurality of bristles 60.
A cap 62 of any suitable configuration is adapted to be threadedly secured about the neck 19. In use, the helical spring members 38 will normally urge the valve member 34 to a valve closed position with the button head 38 being in spaced relation to the brush head 50. However, upon application of the brush head to the surface upon which fluid is to be applied, the brush head will be depressed against the valve button 38, causing the valve head to be depressed and causing the springs 38 to be depressed as shown in FIG. 2. This permits fluid flow past the valve member and through the bores 56. Removal of the brush head from the application surface will allow the resilient spring flange means 26 to move the brush heads 50 away from the valve button 38 and allow the helical spring members 38 to close the valve.
Referring now to the embodiment of the invention as is shown in FIG. 3, reference numeral 70 generally desig nates a conventional squeeze bottle such as made from any of the readily available synthetic plastic materials. The squeeze bottle 70 is provided with a neck 72 of convenient size into which the applicator 74 is adapted to be inserted. The applicator includes a body 76 provided with a projecting portion 78 which seats within the neck 72 and is provided with a retaining ring 80 which has a central opening 82 therethrough. Further, the retaining ring 80 is provided with a peripheral flange 84 extending thereabout. Surrounding the periphery of the opening 82 is a circular rib 86 of triangular cross section which forms a Valve seat.
A brush head 90 of generally disc shape, having a central imperforate portion 92 is provided. The brush head has a flange member 94 formed of resilient synthetic plastic material, including an arcuate portion 96, a downwardly extending portion 98 and an inwardly turned lip 100. The lip is adapted to be snap fitted in the groove 84 and the resilient construction of the flange 94 is that it has an initial tendency to pull the imperforate portion 92 directly downwardly into sealing engagement with the rib 86 to prevent fluid flow through the opening 82. However, when pressure is applied, as shown by the arrows at 100, on the squeeze bottle 70, fluid will be forced in the direction of the arrow 102 and thence onto the imperforate portion, forcing the brush head 90 away from the rib 86 and thereby permitting fluid flow through the plurality of bores 102 formed in the brush head. A plurality of bristles 104 are fitted in the brush head 90.
A latitude of modification, change and substitution is intended in the foregoing disclosure, and in some instances some features of the invention will be employed without a corresponding use of other features. Accordingly, it is appropriate that the appended claims be construed broadly and in a manner consistent with the spirit and scope of the invention herein.
1. An applicator comprising a body including a retainer ring having a projecting portion; said ring having an opening therein forming a valve seat, a brush head having a plurality of spaced bores therethrough, means cooperating with said valve seat to close said opening, and resilient flange means connecting said brush head to said retainer ring for movement towards and away from said retainer ring and for rotation relative to said retainer ring.
2. An applicator according to claim 1, wherein said flange means is integral with said brush head.
3. An applicator according to claim 2, wherein said body has a peripheral groove therein, said flange means being rotatably snap fitted in said groove.
4. An applicator according to claim 3, wherein said valve seat is defined by a peripheral rib of triangular cross section surrounding said opening, said brush head having an imperforate portion engageable with said rib to control flow of fluid through said opening.
5. An applicator according to claim 4, wherein said brush head is provided with a plurality of bristles.
6. An applicator according to claim 1, wherein said flange means is integral with said body.
7. An applicator according to claim 6, wherein said brush head has a peripheral groove therein, said flange means being rotatably snap fitted in said groove.
8. An applicator according to claim 7, wherein said first named means includes a valve member disposed within said body, said valve member being movable with respect to said valve seat to control fluid flow through said opening.
9. An applicator according to claim 8, wherein said opening is tapered, said valve member including a helical coil spring secured to said projecting portion and a conical valve head extending into said opening and adapted to be engaged by said brush head to depress said valve head.
10. An applicator according to claim 9, wherein said brush head is provided with a plurality of bristles.
11. An applicator according to claim 1, wherein said flange means is integral with said brush head, a squeeze bottle having a neck, said projecting portion being disposed in said neck, said valve seat being defined by a peripheral rib of triangular cross section surrounding said opening, said brush head having an imperforate portion engageable with said rib to control flow of fluid through said opening, said flange means resilient by urging said imperforate portion against said rib, said brush head being urged away from said rib upon application of squeeze pressure on said squeeze bottle to permit fluid flow through said opening.
12. An applicator according to claim 1, wherein said body has a peripheral groove therein, said flange means being rotatably snap fitted in said groove, said brush head being provided with a plurality of bristles.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,115,370 10/1914 Allen et al l5581 3,203,026 8/1965 Schwartzman 15581 X 3,281,887 11/1966 Raffe 15-569 CHARLES A. WILLMUTH, Primary Examiner.
E. L. ROBERTS, JR., Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1115370 *||Feb 10, 1914||Oct 27, 1914||Samuel R Allen||Fountain-brush.|
|US3203026 *||Apr 5, 1963||Aug 31, 1965||Glide O Matic Corp||Fluid applicator|
|US3281887 *||Jul 20, 1964||Nov 1, 1966||Reckitt And Colman Overseas Lt||Dispensing heads or applicators for bottles, tubes and like containers|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4603992 *||Jan 23, 1985||Aug 5, 1986||Kavoussi James P||Aerosol shaving brush|
|US5172996 *||Aug 29, 1991||Dec 22, 1992||Kabushiki Kaisha Sakurakurepasu||Implement and applying liquid with plural independent valves|
|US5567073 *||Nov 28, 1994||Oct 22, 1996||L'oreal||Applicator device for liquid|
|US6039491 *||Aug 7, 1998||Mar 21, 2000||Badillo; Connie M.||Liquid soap applicator, and method|
|US6123477 *||Jun 11, 1997||Sep 26, 2000||Hecker; Frithjof||Device and method for disinfecting the brush heads of toothbrushes|
|US6332730 *||Jul 30, 1999||Dec 25, 2001||Veresk Biosystems Limited||Container valve|
|US6334727||Apr 17, 2000||Jan 1, 2002||L'oreal||Applicator and applicator assembly equipped with such an applicator|
|US6604879||Nov 21, 2001||Aug 12, 2003||L'oreal||Applicator and applicator assembly equipped with such an applicator|
|US6942412||Nov 7, 2001||Sep 13, 2005||L'oréal||Product application device including a dip tube|
|US7066674||Oct 18, 2001||Jun 27, 2006||L'oreal, S.A.||Application device, system, and method|
|US20020094225 *||Nov 7, 2001||Jul 18, 2002||Gueret Jean-Louis H.||Product application device including a dip tube|
|EP0655208A1 *||Nov 17, 1994||May 31, 1995||L'oreal||Applicator device for liquids|
|EP0875168A2 *||Nov 17, 1994||Nov 4, 1998||L'oreal||Applicator device for liquids|
|EP1044625A1 *||Feb 23, 2000||Oct 18, 2000||L'oreal||Applying capsule and applicator assembly with such a capsule|
|WO1995015710A1 *||Dec 7, 1994||Jun 15, 1995||Colville Lomax & Co Ltd||Applicator|
|WO1999007614A1 *||Aug 3, 1998||Feb 18, 1999||Taghavi Khanghah Said||Container|
|WO2000007900A1 *||Jul 30, 1999||Feb 17, 2000||Taghavi Khanghah Said||Container valve|
|U.S. Classification||401/183, 401/273, 401/151|
|International Classification||A47L23/05, A61M35/00, A47L23/00, B65D47/00, B65D47/44|
|Cooperative Classification||A47L23/05, B65D47/44, A61M35/003|
|European Classification||A47L23/05, B65D47/44, A61M35/00B|