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Publication numberUS3347594 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 17, 1967
Filing dateSep 8, 1966
Priority dateOct 1, 1965
Also published asDE1554111A1
Publication numberUS 3347594 A, US 3347594A, US-A-3347594, US3347594 A, US3347594A
InventorsWerner Herbert E
Original AssigneeWerner Herbert E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hydraulic mechanism
US 3347594 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 17, 1967 H. E. WERNER 3,347,594

HYDRAULIC MECHANISM I Filed Sept. 8, 1966 Fig.7

United States Patent M 3,347,594 HYDRAULIC MECHANISM I Herbert E. Werner, 21 Jean Paulsweg, Hamburg 39, Germany Filed Sept. 8, 1966, Ser. No. 578,012 Claims priority, application Germany, Oct. 1, 1965, Sch 37,804 3 Claims. (Cl. 297-347) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A hydraulic or pneumatic service chair operated by action of a pivoted lever connected to a pump installation, including a movable element providing a stop for the region of movement of the lever which causes upward pumping of the chair when a downward force is applied to the lever through the movable element and no longer provides a stop when a downward force is applied directly to said lever so that the lever activates downward movement of the chair.

The invention relates to a service chair, for example for hairdressing, with hydraulic or pneumatic operation of the seat by the use of pivoted lever connected to a pump installation.

In known service chairs of this form, a pivoted lever is connected with the pump installation for the seat through which the seat is moved upwards in steps by movement of the lever, and thereby operation of the pump installation. For releasing the seat a special lever is provided through the operation of which the seat is returned in a continuous movement to the rest (lowered) position.

It has been proposed to provide that the upward movement of the seat and the release movement of the seat into the lower rest position are efiFected by a single control, and for this purpose a spring element is provided with the pump lever, which is built into the hydraulic or pneumatic mechanism of the pump installation. When the seat is pumped upwards, the movement of the pump or pivoting lever is limited by the spring element. In order to return the seat to the lower rest position, it is then necessary to exercise a higher pressure on the pump lever, so that the resistance of the spring element is overcome by the operator, thereby to open the release valve for the movement of the seat into the lower rest position.

The foregoing method is disadvantageous for several reasons. If the point of pressure generated by the spring element between the pump and release regions of the movement of the lever is too weak, there is the danger that this point of pressure will not be noticed by the operator, especially if the seat is comparatively heavily loaded and a proportionately greater force is needed for the operation of the pump lever. Thus it frequently happens that the pump lever may be pressed to overcome the spring action, thus going beyond the limit of movement provided for pumping and thereby opening the release valve for a short time. This results in the disadvantage that the seat drops a little, this is uncomfortable for the occupier of the seat since the slipping back takes place jerkily on account of the load, and a hard impart may result.

In order to avoid this disadvantage, the operator can avoid use of the full stroke of the pump lever for raising the seat, i.e. he can stop at a point short of the end posi tion of the pumping range of the lever. However, a further disadvantage then results in that the number of pumping strokes is increased. In addition, it is disadvantageous in that when the operator in fact wishes to move the lever into its end position the point of pressure on the pump lever is so strong that greater additional forces 3,347,594 Patented Oct. 17, 1967 must be applied by the operator to overcome this strong resistance in order to press the pump lever sufiiciently far that the release valve is opened.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a service chair with hydraulic or pneumatic operation for the seat which does not display the aforementioned disadvantages, in which the known advantage of uniting pump lever 1 release mechanism in a single unit is retained, in which the operator can use up the vfull stroke of the pump lever, in order to raise the service chair, but in which the possibility is given to him in a simple manner and without exertion of moving the pump lever beyond the pumping region, thereby to obtain a lowering of the seat of the service chair.

According to the present invention there is provided a service chair adapted for hydraulic or pneumatic operation under the action of a pivoted lever connected to a pump installation, wherein there is provided on the pivoted lever a movable element which in one position constitutes a stop for the region of movement of the pivoted lever during which such movement causes the upward pumping of the chair seat, and is releasable from such stop position to permit movement of the lever to permit or cause downward movement of the chair seat.

According to a preferred form of the invention, the movable element constitutes the release means for additional movement of the pump lever in order to be able to move the chair seat to the lower position.

According to a particular form of the invention, the movable element is located transverse to the long axis of the pump lever and is dis-placeable substantially perpendicularly to the long aXis of the pump lever. This movable element can be provided with an upper attachment, e.g. in the .form of a disc, on which the foot of the operator bears during the pumping-up motion. Moreover, the movable element may be provided with a lower attachment in the form of a disc. Further, friction increasing means may be provided on one or both of said attachments.

A particular [form of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. I shows a side view of a complete service chair.

FIG. II shows a partial view of the foot of the service chair, and

FIG. III shows a top view of the pump lever, seen in the direction of arrow A of FIG. I.

The service chair is provided with a pump lever 11, movable in a vertical plane, which is pivotally fixed to the base of the chair at the pivot X, and which works together with a suitable hydraulic or pneumatic pump apparatus (not shown) for the chair seat. The free end of the movable pump lever 11 is turned through an angle and provided with an extension which takes the form of a profiled tube 12, which can be made from rubber or plastic, or may be covered with rubber or plastic. The pump lever 11 has an aperture, in which is located a displaceable striking pin 13, which is terminated at its end by discs 14 and 15. A pedestal 19 carries a base 18, to which the pump lever 11 together with the abovementioned pasts is movably fixed, and in base 18 there is arranged a hydraulic or pneumaitc apparatus, which operates a pump piston 17, which controls the seat frame or seat attached thereto.

In order to raise the seat 16, 17, the pump lever is moved over a region designated by a in FIGURE I. The lowering of the seat frame 16, 17 is controlled by the same pump lever 11, by means of a release valve (not shown), and in order to attain this, the pump lever 11 must be pushed beyond region a so that it rests on the foot of the pedestal 19, as shown in FIG. II. Thereby, a release valve is opened, and the seat frame 16, 17

mediately be opened and the seat frame would sink..

During the pumping process, in order to move the seat frame 16, 17 upwards, the operator holds hisfoot on the disc 14 fixed to the pin 13, so that the movement of the,

pump lever 11 is limited by the grounding (On pedestal 19) of disc 15 fixed to pin 13. Thus, the whole stroke of the pump lever 11 can be used up, without the danger existing that the pump lever can be moved downwards from over the fixed region a,

The lower disc 15 is provided on itsunderside with a buffer of rubber or a plastic, so that the movement of pump lever 11 by pin 13 down is arrested elastically and softly. To secure the downward movement of the seat frame 16, 17, the operator need only put his foot on a part of the profiled tube 12 (not covering the disc 14). When the pump lever 11 has reached the lower boundary of the movement region a, the operator presses the pump lever 11, with practically no resistance, right to the bottom, whereby the pump lever moves relatively to the stationary and resting pin 13. Thereby the release valve for lowering the seat frame 16, 17 is opened. The movement is continued until the pump lever seats itself on to the upper side of the lower disc 15, where its movement is arrested against the foot of thepedestal 19. There occurs no hindrance to the movement of pump lever 11 beyond the end of region a, because the pump lever 11 can simply slide downwards on the pin 13 (cf. FIG. II). As soon as the pump lever moves itself upwards again, the pin slips, on account of its own weight, back into the starting position of FIG. I.

Thus, the invention provides a simple and reliable construction by which, without the application of any counterpressure or spring elements, first a sure, movement of the pump lever to the bottom of the pump region is secured, and further, through a simple foot movement and setting of the foot on the end 12 of the pump lever a downward movement of the seat frame is realised.

I claim as my invention:

1. In a fluid mechanical service .chair having a pump installation operated by a lever pivoted at one end, the

improvement comprising, a pin passing loosely through and substantially perpendicular to the free end of said lever, and a .disc connected to the upper end of said pin preventing said pin from (falling through said lever, said pin providing a stop for the region of movement of said lever which causes upward pumping of the chair when a downward force is applied to said lever through said disc said lever having an extension on which pressure may be applied with the foot without applying pressure to the said disc.

2. A service chair as defined in claim 1 wherein said disc is provided with a friction-increasing outer surface.

3. A service chair as defined in claim 1 wherein a bufier plate is connected to the lower end of said pin pushing said pin upward in said lever when a downward force is applied directly to said lever.

References Cited UNITED STATESPATENTS 598,877 2/1898 Rollert 1.. 297347 957,611 5/1910 K-ral l08--66 1,072,694 9/1913 Brock 74--526 1,153,759 9/1915 Brunker et al. 251--295 1,589,333 6/1926 Dornenburg -52 1,696,683 12/1928 Kieffer et al 108-93 2,183,032 12/1939 Roycroft 251295 2,577,539 12/1951 Page 1. 60-52 2,803,971 8/1957 Turner 74-560 3,146,592 9/1964 Johnson 60-52 FRANCIS K. ZUGEL, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
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US957611 *Sep 20, 1909May 10, 1910Karoly KralExtension-table.
US1072694 *Aug 3, 1912Sep 9, 1913United Shoe machinery CompanyLasting-machine speed-controlling mechanism
US1153759 *Dec 31, 1914Sep 14, 1915Joseph BrunkerFluid-pressure-controlling valve.
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6726279 *Sep 13, 2000Apr 27, 2004Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hydraulic controls for ambulatory care chair
Classifications
U.S. Classification297/344.19, 251/295
International ClassificationA47C1/00, A47C3/30, A47C3/20, A47C1/04
Cooperative ClassificationA47C1/04, A47C3/30
European ClassificationA47C1/04, A47C3/30