US 3348240 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
K. KOHN 3,348,240
HEAT PROTECTING HEAD SHIELD FOR HAIR DRIER Oct. 24, 1967 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Feb. 7, 1966 A7TURNE 5 Oct. 24, 1967 K. KOHN HEAT PROTECTING HEAD SHIELD FOR HAIR DRIER 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. 7, 1966 INVENTOR Karin Kohl? ATTURNE ,5
Oct. 24, 1967 K. KOHN 3,348,240
HEAT PROTECTING HEAD SHIELD FOR HAIR DRIER Filed Feb. 7, 1966 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 ATTURNEYE INVENTOR Oct. 24, 1967 K. KOHN I 3,348,240
HEAT PROTECTING HEAD SHIELD FOR HAIR DRIER Filed Feb. 7, 1966 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.
INVENT OR Kari/7 Nah/4 United States Fatent O 3,348,240 HEAT PROTECTING HEAD SHIELD FOR HAIR DRIER Karin K0111], 301 E. 69th St., New York, N.Y. 10021 Filed Feb. 7, 1966, Ser. No. 525,417 2 Claims. (Cl. 2-174) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A heat deflector device for use in conjunction with a hair drier consisting of a visor, headband and hair net. The hair net fits snugly over the hair of the user supporting the visor and also holding the hair in place. The visor and headband are adjustable to fit various sized heads. An auxiliary face shield is provided for directing a stream of cool air up around the users face while the hair drier is in operation.
This invention concerns a heat deflector for use in conjunction with a hair drier.
Conventional hair driers of the professional type such as used in beauty salons often cause considerable discomfort to patrons whose hair is being dried after some hair styling or treatment. The hot air currents cause excessive perspiration, heat fatigue, dehydration or deterioration of skin tissues of the face and neck, aging of the skin, and other objectionable effects. Often women avoid needed hair treatment and styling because of the extreme discomfort experienced during the hair drying process. This omission of needed hair care and treatment leads to unattractive personal appearance and poor grooming. Furthermore this avoidance of professional hair care by many women causes severe loss of patronage to beauty salons with substantial financial losses and hardship re sulting.
The present invention is directed at overcoming this troublesome situation by providing a heat deflector device which is worn on the head by a person sitting under a professional type of hot air hair drier. The device serves as a shield which deflects hot air streams away from the face and neck of the person receiving hair treatment. The device includes a visor, headband, and hair net. The hair net fits snugly over the hair supporting the visor and also holding the hair in place. The visor and headband can be constructed so that they are adjustable in size to fit a user most comfortably and effectively. The device can be provided with an auxiliary face shield for directing a stream of cool air up around a persons face while the associated hair drier is in operation.
The device is light in weight and quite inexpensive so that it can be discarded after use. It is easily put on and taken off. It does not interfere in any way with operation of the air drier or with drying of the hair. It can be made up in various colors, and can be color keyed to the color of hair being treated. It is attractive in appearance and fulfills a long felt need in the beauty treatment field.
It is therefore a principal object of the invention to provide a device which serves to deflect heated air streams away from the face of a person sitting under a conventional professional type of hair drier.
Another object is to provide a device of the character described, including an arcuate crescent shaped visor, headband hair net.
Still another object is to provide a device of the character described which is adjustable in size and which includes means for holding the device securely in place on the persons head.
A further object is to provide a heat deflector for use in conjunction with a hair drier, the device including a plastic visor for deflecting heated air streams away from a persons face, a headband and hair net for supporting the visor and for holding the persons hair in place while being dried, and a face shield for guiding cool air upwardly along the persons face while the hair drier is in operation.
For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference Will be had to the following description and accompanying drawings and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.
In the accompanying drawings forming a material part of this disclosure:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a device embodying the invention.
FIG. 2 is a front view of the device shown in use.
FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 33 of FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of another device embodying the invention.
FIG. 5 is a reduced sectional view taken on line 55 of FIG. 4.
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a further device embodying the invention, parts being omitted.
FIG. 7 is a sectional view similar to FIG. 5, illustrating a modification of the invention.
FIG. 8. is a perspective view of another device embodying the invention.
FIG. 9 is a reduced front elevational view of the device of FIG. 8, and
FIG. 10 is a vertical sectional view taken on line 10-10 of FIG. 9.
Referring first to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, there is shown heat deflector device 20 comprising a visor 22 which is a crescent shaped piece of flexible plastic sheet material curved around a vertical axis. The visor extends circumferentially about 300 degrees and terminates in narrow striplike ends 23. At its center 24 the visor is widest and the visor tapers down to the narrow ends 23. The visor has a lower inwardly and upwardly turned edge 25. Secured to this edge 25 of the visor by a suitable cement, stitching, fusing or otherwise, is a narrow elastic fabric headband 26. The rear elastic section 26 of the band 26 is free from ends 23 of the visor as shown in FIG. 1, so that the band 26 can stretch to fit snugly around the head H at the nape of the neck N as clearly shown in FIG. 3. This disposes the visor in an outwardly and upwardly inclined position across the wearers forehead F and along both sides of the head below the hair line L. Secured between the band 26 and the lower inside edge 25 is the lower edge of a hair net 28 which is large enough to cover the hair HR all around the head H. The rear lower edge of the net is secured to band section 26'. The flexibility of the visor and the elasticity of the band 26 and net 28 enable the device to fit comfortably on the head of the wearer and to accommodate itself to various head sizes. The forward section of the visor can be adjusted up Or down on the forehead F as indicated by arrow 27 in FIG. 3.
The wearer uses the device while sitting under hood 30 of a hair drier 32. Heated air is driven around the wearers head H inserted in the chamber 33 defined between the head and the inside of the hood as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. The hair HR covered by the hair net is exposed on all sides to the heated air.
A generally U-shaped channel 34 is defined between the visor 22 and the head of the wearer of the device. This channel is open at the top to the chamber 33. Heated air leaving the treated hair HR impinges on the inner upper side 22' of the visor as indicated by dotted line S in FIG. 3, and then the heated air is deflected upwardly in a sheetlike circumferential stream indicated by arrows S. It will be apparent that the heated air containing moisture and volatilized components of hair lotions are deflected off the face, forehead and neck of the wearer. The device thus accomplishes the purpose intended of protecting the exposed slrin tissues of the wearer from the heated air and its moisturized, chemical vapor contents. As a result the wearer can comfortably tolerate the hair drying process as long as it may require. After completion of hair treatment, the device 20 having served its purpose can be discarded for sanitary reasons.
If desired, the device can be left in place on the wearers head for a time after the wearer leaves the hair drier. The hair net 28 will hold the hair in place until it is time to remove it along with hair rollers R. Headband 26 holds the hair net in place. This is an unexpected advantage and benefit realized by use of the present invention in addition to the primary purpose of protecting the wearer from the hot airstream in the hair dryer.
FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 show another device A which is generally similar to device 20 and corresponding parts are identically numbered. In this device, headband 26:: joined to visor 22a has free elastic ends 35 which can be tied together around the back of the wearers head. This construction has the advantage that tension around the wearers head exerted by band 26a can be adjusted for utmost comfort. The visor 22a has lower edge a turned down instead of upwardly and inwardly as in device 29. This construction may be desired where stitching 37 is applied to join the lower edges of the visor and hair net 28a to the band 26a. Operation and use of the device 20A in conjunction with the hair drier 32 of FIGS. 1-3 is the same as for device 20.
Device 20B shown in FIG. 6 employs a pleated visor 22b joined at its lower edge to elastic headband 26b and to hair net 28b. The band terminates in elastic free ends 35b which can be tied together as described for device 200. If desired, band 26b can be a continuous endless band like band 26 in device 20.
Device 208 has the desirable feature of greater adjustability circumferentially of the wearers head to accommodate to irregularities. In addition the oblique grooves 36 defined by the pleats 38 serve to conduct and guide the heated air in streams S" from the wearers hair more directly upwardly and outwardly of the hair drier 32, and with less turbulence than may occur with a smooth visor. Pleats 38 and grooves 36 extend between upper and lower edges of the visor.
Device 206 shown in FIG. 7 is generally similar to device 20A except that band 260 and hair net 23c are joined to a narrow inelastic flexible arcuate cloth band 49. In band 40 is set a plurality of horizontal rows of spaced snap fastener elements 42. Rows of mating snap fastener elements 44 are set in the lower edge 25:; of visor 220. By this arrangement, the visor can be raised or lowered in position on the wearers head by detaching the visor and replacing it in a higher or lower position on band 46. The removability of the visor is a desirable feature where a plurality of visors of different colors are provided. The beauty operator can select the particular colored visor which corresponds to the patrons hair color. A further advantage is that the visor can be removed after hair drying is completed and the patron can wear the hair net alone to hold the hair in place until removal of the hair net is desired. The hair net itself will be held in place by headband 260.
Device 29D shown in FIGS. 8 to 10 serves the same basic purpose as the other devices 20 and 2llA2llC above described. Device 201) has crescent shaped visor 22d formed with an inner section 22 and an outer section 22" spaced apart and held by spacer rivets 56. The visor may be made from a single piece of molded plastic sheet material folded along the inner edge of the visor at edge 52. It will be noted that the outer section 22" has a lower turned up portion 54 which joins lower turned up portion 56 of inner section 22' at edge 52. The lower visor portion 54 has a bottom portion 54' which extends radially of the device and which is formed with a plurality of rows of holes 53. The adjacent bottom portion 56' of visor inner visor section 22 is imperforate. Thus a narrow channel 60 is defined between visor sections 22' and 22". This channel is open at the bottom through holes 58 and is fully open at the top. A face shield 62 made of transparent sheet plastic material is secured at its upper edge 63 to the lower inclined portion of visor section 22" just forwardly of holes 58. A centrally located notch 64 can be provided extending upwardly from the bottom edge 65 of the shield. This notch will be located adjacent the nose and mouth of the wearer of the device as shown in FIG. 10.
Hair net 28d is secured along with band 26:! to the abutted visor portions 54, 56 by stitching 66. The free ends 35a of band 26d are free for tying together to hold the device in place on the wearers head.
In operation of the device, 20D, heated air from the drier 32 passing off of the wearers hair under hood 30 will be deflected up in streams S in the same manner as described in connection with device 20. The heated air streams S will tend to heat up the inner visor section 22. As a result the air in visor channel 69 will be heated and will tend to rise in a further circumferential sheet like stream SS. To replace this departing heated air in channel 60, cool air will be drawn up around the wearers face FF inside of the shield 62. The shield will guide the cool air upwardly as indicated by arrows 65. The notch 64 insures that fresh air for breathing is continuously supplied to wearer of the device. In addition air exhaled by the wearer passes upwardly and outwardly of the device through holes 58 and channel 60.
The device 20D when in operation as described insures that a circumferentially extending stream of fresh cool air is applied to the wearers face and exposed parts of the forehead while the heated air applied to the hair is deflected upwardly and outwardly. If desired the shield 62 can be detachably secured by fastener means to the visor so that free access to the wearers face can be had. Snap fastener members 70 inserted in upper edge 63 of shield 62 engage mating fastener members 72 in the adjacent abutted lower edge portion of visor section 22".
All devices described accomplish the same basic purpose of protecting a wearer while under a hair drier from heated air streams containing moisture and volatile chemical constituents of hair lotions which would otherwise dry, age and deteriorate skin tissues of the face, forehead and throat.
All the devices are light in weight, adjustable to different sizes of heads, adjustable in position, easily put on and removed and expendable after use.
While various changes may be made in the detail construction, it shall be understood that such changes shall be within the spirit and scope of the present in vention as defined by the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A device for protecting a persons face from heated air streams impinging on the persons head while inserted in a hood of a hair drier, said device comprising a double-walled crescent-shaped flexible visor having inner and outer spaced walls, means holding said walls spaced apart defining a narrow channel, said walls having lower marginal portions turned inwardly and upwardly and secured together at their edges defining a generally U-shaped channel about the lower portion of the visor, the upturned portion of the outer wall having holes formed therein opening into said narrow channel for admitting cool air thereto, an elongated headband secured along a portion of its length to said visor at the securement of said lower marginal portions and having free ends, a head-enclosing hair net having a lower edge portion secured to said elongated headband, said free ends of the elongated headband forming adjustable means for securing said device about a persons head, said visor extending radially outwardly and upwardly when in use about a persons head to deflect heated air streams upwardly and outwardly leaving a persons hair inside the hood of a hair drier, and a transparent plastic face-protecting shield attached at its upper edge to the outer wall adjacent said holes for guiding cool air past the persons face through said holes to cool the same, while air in said narrow channel heated by the heated inner wall of the visor passes upwardly and outwardly of the narrow channel.
2. A device as recited in claim 1, further comprising first fastener means on the upper edge of said shield and other fastener means on the visor detachably engaged with the first fastener means so that the shield is removable from and replaceable on the visor. 10
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,750,937 3/1930 Morgan 4159 15 Caster-Udell 2174 LaRue 1329 Owen 2174 Livingston 2174 St. Clair 2174 Sherwood 2174 Torricelli 2174 Torricelli 2174 Summers 128142 Fahey et a1. 128-141 JORDAN FRANKLIN, Primary Examiner.
G. H. KRIZMANICH, Assistant Examiner.