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Publication numberUS3348245 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 24, 1967
Filing dateOct 1, 1965
Priority dateOct 1, 1965
Publication numberUS 3348245 A, US 3348245A, US-A-3348245, US3348245 A, US3348245A
InventorsShindler Harry A
Original AssigneeShindler Harry A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Carriers, particularly for victims of high energy radiation
US 3348245 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 24, 1967 H. A. SHINDLER 3,348,245

PARTICULARLY FOR VICTIMS OF HIGH ENERGY RADTATTON CARRIERS,

3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 1, 1965 FIG. 2

INVENTOR R BY 1604/? Y A Jhmmza ATTORNEY m a by. @b O DRU 0 W IIJ O HUIHH HH HHIT I1 0009 00000 040\@o 0 ooQo W W 8 Oct. 24, 1967 H. A. SHINDLER 3,348,245

CARRIERS, PARTICULARLY FOR VICTIMS OF HIGH ENERGY RADIATION 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Oct. 1, 1965 IN VEN TOR MAR/i Y A d/fi/WLf/Q Oct. 24, 1967 H. A. SHINDLER 3,348,245

PARTICULARLY FOR VICTIMS OF HIGH ENERGY RADIATION I5 Sheets-Sheet 5 CARRIERS Filed Oct. 1, 1965 FIG.5

INVENTOE HARRY A JH/NDL 15 United States Patent O 3,348,245 CARRIERS, PARTICULARLY FGR VICTIMS OF HIGH ENERGY RADIATION Harry A. Shindler, 109 Allyn St., West Hartford, Conn. 06103 Filed Oct. 1, 1965, Ser. No. 492,052 10 Claims. (Cl. -82) The present invention relates to improvements in carriers for injured or disabled persons and more particularly those who are victims of an over exposure to harmful high energy radiation, such as beta and gamma rays.

In spite of the high safety standards which are followed in all aspects of the various and ever increasing utilization of nuclear ene gy, nonetheless, occasional accidents occur wherein an accident victim is exposed to hazardous amounts of radiation and a resultant contamination of the accident victim. Such exposure, alone or coupled with physical injury, can and frequently does incapacitate the victim so that he is unable to decontaminate himself. In fact, a victim may Well receive so much radiation that other persons are unable to readily and/ or competently assist him due to the radiation hazard created by the victim himself. Also, in many, if not most instances, it is necessary or desirable to remove the victim from the accident scene so that effective treatment can be given, and in so doing to protect him from physical injury. Further it is essential to protect others from radiation exposure in moving the victim and also when he has finally been taken to a place of treatment.

The object of the present invention is to provide an improved carrier particularly suited for the needs, exemplified above, of victims of an over exposure to high energy radiation.

A further object of the invention is to provide an improved carrier of light weight construction which satisfies the above ends in a simple and inexpensive manner.

In its broader aspects, the invention is characterized by a carrier comprising a litter in the form of an elongated shallow shell on which an accident victim who has been exposed to high energy radiation may be placed. The litter is preferably formed of resilient, plastic material and provided with means for lashing the victim thereto. A containment area device in the form of a transparent, flexible sheet material envelope is provided with a sealable opening so that the litter may be introduced therein and then maintained in an isolated atmosphere. The basic combination of elements in the present carrier further includes a basket also in the form of an elongated shell but having a depth somewhat greater than that of the litter. The litter is nested within the basket and releasably held therein preferably by detent means formed on the basket and litter.

Further preferable features include the provision of inwardly extending sleeves, sealable means for the introduction and discharge of air, or the like, and means for introduction of washing liquid in the containment area device. A filter is employed in the air discharge means to prevent spread of contamination from the isolated atmosphere of the containment area device. The containment area device is further provided with drain means which are registered with openings in the basket to enable washing liquid to be discharged from the containment area device and collected in sealed receptacles. The bottom wall of the litter is perforate so that the washing liquid employed in decontaminating the victim may freely fiow to the drain means of the containment area device. Gloves are attached to the sleeves of the containment area device to facilitate treatment of the victim without any radiation hazard to those who are assisting him.

The above and other related objects and features of the invention will be apparent from a reading of the following description of the disclosure found in the accompanying drawings and the novelty thereof pointed out in the appended claims.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a plan view of a victim carrier embodying the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged plan view of the carrier seen in FIG. 1, with portions thereof broken away and others in section and also illustrating the use of a rack support for the carrier;

FIG. 3 is a section taken generally on line IIIIII in F IG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary section, on an enlarged scale, taken on line IVIV in FIG. 2; and

FIG. 5 is a section, on an enlarged scale, taken on line VV in FIG. 2.

The present carrier preferably comprises three basic components (FIGS. 1 and 3), namely a litter 10 to which the accident victim may be lashed, a containment area device 12 in which the litter 10 is placed and a basket 14 which receives the litter 10 in nested relation and preferably includes means for holding the containment area device 12 away from the victim.

The litter 10 (FIGS. 2, 3and 5) is preferably an elongated, shallow shell having an outwardly projecting flange 15 along its upper periphery which is attached to a reenforcing tube 16. Straps 17 are secured at spaced points along the litter flange and may be joined by buckles 19 to lash a victim to the litter 10. The litter shell is preferably formed of plastic, such as polybuterate, to provide a cushioning effect from its resilient property while obtaining necessary strength from a light weight construction. Fabrication of this shell can be made by economical molding techniques well known to those skilled in such arts. The litter 10 and more particularly the bottom wall thereof is further characterized by a longituidnal rib 18 extending from the foot end thereof to provide separate compartments for the legs of the victim, as is best indicated in FIG. 1.

g It will be noted that the depth of the litter 10 (FIG. 3) increases progressively from the head end to the foot end thereof so that the victim will be more comfortably positioned when the litter is nested in the basket 14. It will also be seen that the bottom wall of the litter 10 is perforated by holes 20 (FIG. 2) for drainage purposes which are more fully described hereinafter.

The containment area device 12 (FIG. 1) is basically in accordance with the teachings of my U.S. Patent No. 3,148,699 and comprises a thin, flexible, transparent sheet material envelope 22 which functions as a radiation shield. The envelope 22 has a lengthwise opening therein that may be closed by separable fastener means indicated at 24. The separable fastener means 24 may take the form of endless extrusions and can be overlaid by a sealing tape (not shown) to further insure complete sealing of the envelope 22 to maintain an isolated atmosphere therein. The containment area device 12 further comprises a plurality of inwardly extending sleeves 26 and an outlet opening having a filter 28 through which air or the like is discharged as will later be more fully explained.

The basket 14 is similar to the litter 10 in being formed as an elongated shell and likewise has an outwardly projecting flange 29 along its upper periphery, which is attached to a reenforcing tube 30. Again the shell of the basket 14 may be advantageously formed of a resilient plastic, such as polybuterate, by known molding techniques to economically provide the preferred light weight configuration shown in the drawings. As was indicated above, the litter 10 is placed in the basket 14 in use and more specifically is nested therein (FIGS. 3 and 5) to give greater protection to the victim as well as to facilitate his transportation and treatment. It is thus desirable to provide means for releasably maintaining the litter in this nested relation. These means are preferably of the detent type and comprise the peripheral flange (15, 16) of the litter, a series of ledges 32 integrally formed on the side walls of the basket 14 and protrusions or latch portions 34 integrally formed at opposite ends of the basket to firmly hold the litter flange against the ledges 32.

The bottom wall of the basket 14 is provided with upwardly extending, longitudinal ribs 36 and downwardly extending, longitudinal ribs 38 which serve to increase the strength of the basket while minimizing its weight. These ribs also serve other and equally important functions. Having in mind the resilient character of both the basket and litter, discussed above, the ribs 36 cooperate with the bottom wall of the litter 10 (FIG. 3) to give a relatively firm support to the legs of the victim by being contiguous therewith from the inner end of the dividing rib 18 to the foot end thereof. From the inner end of the rib 18 to the head end of the litter, the resilient bottom wall of the litter gives a cushioned support to the torso of the victim. The downwardly extending ribs 38, adjacent the side walls of the basket, provide means for locating the carrier on cross bars 39 of a rack type of support 4% (FIGS. 2 and 3) by being spaced apart to form laterally aligned notches 42.

While the peripheral flange of the basket 14 may be employed as a gripping means for moving the carrier, greater flexibility and maneuverability is had by the preferred provision of straps 44, secured by fasteners 46 along opposite lengthwise portions of the peripheral flange of the basket.

The unique advantages of the present carrier will be more readily apparent from the following description of a typical sequence of events when its use is necessitated, with reference at this time being made to further structural features which contribute to the effectiveness of the overall combination herein disclosed.

After the occurrence of an accident in which an incapacitated victim has been subjected to any substantial amount of high energy radiation, as for example leakage of radioactive material during the repair of a nuclear power plant, it is of paramount importance that the victim be decontaminated at the earliest possible moment. Seldom is effective treatment possible at the accident scene. Thus the present carrier is generally first employed to transport the victim to a suitable place of treatment.

As soon as possible after an accident, the victim is placed on the litter 10 with his legs disposed in the compartments defined by the rib 18, as indicated in FIG. 1. The straps 17 are then jointed by the buckles 19 to securely lash the victim to the litter, so that the victim is then initially protected from any, or further, physical injury and can be immediately carried to an area of lesser radioactive contamination. Preferably after removal from an area of high contamination, the litter-bound victim is placed within the containment area device 12 and the separable fastener 24 thereof is closed so that the victim is within an isolated atmosphere preventing air-borne contamination being spread from the victim. Preferably at this time the victim is also placed in the basket 14 and assembly of the carrier, as shown in the drawings, is completed. i

The litter 10 is firmly held in nested relation in the basket 14 by the detent means comprising the protrusions 34 and ledges 32, as it is enveloped within the containment area device 12. After nesting of the litter 10 in the basket 14, it is next desirable and preferable to hold the containment area device in generally spaced relation from the victim. To this end removable canopy bars 48, of U-shape, are fitted into bushings 49 spaced along opposite sides of the peripheral flange of the basket 14 (FIG. 4). In usual practice, the canopy bars 48 would be removed when the litter is nested in the basket 14, to facilitate this step. After the bars 48 are in place, the containment area device 12 is secured thereto by releasable means which advantageously take the form of minute barbs or hooks mounted on strips 51, 52. The strips 51 are secured to the containment area device envelope 22 in registered relation with the three canopy bars 48 around which the strips 52 are respectively wound. Simply by pressing the strips 51, 52 together, the envelope 22 is releasably secured to the canopy bars 48. In this same connection, a plurality of flaps 53 are secured, as by heat scaling, to the containment area device and are attached to the peripheral flange of the basket 14 by separable snaps or fasteners 54 spaced along the length thereof (FIGS. 1 and 5). There is, thus, little or no chance of the containment area device envelope 22 draping against the victim or interfering with his treatment.

Up to the point of placing a radiation victim in the containment area device 12, those persons coming to his assistance would normally be required to wear protective clothing. After the described assembly of the carrier, the victim may be safely moved to clean areas for further and more intensive treatment by persons unhampered by such protective clothing. With the completed carrier assembly, the victim is also more fully protected from physical injury and may be carried up ladders and through narrow hatches, as would often be the case should the accident have occurred on board a ship. The exterior of the carrier would, of course, be monitored to make certain it carried no contamination into clean areas.

In any event, when the victim arrives at a hospital, or other place of treatment, he is already in an isolated treatment zone or chamber so that spread of contamination is prevented. When at the hospital, one of the sleeves 26 may be used as an inlet for the introduction of air, oxygen or other breathing gas. To this end a tube 1 (FIG. 1), connected to an appropriate source of pressurized gas is shown connected and sealed to an everted sleeve 26. Such gas is then exhausted through the filter 28 to prevent spread of contamination.

Another important aspect in the treatment of the victim is that he be thoroughly washed to rid him of contamination. To this end a second tube t is shown connected and sealed to another of the sleeves 26 which has also been everted. The tube 1 is connected to an appropriate source of washing liquid. The sleeves 26 may also be used to introduce or remove items from the containment area device lest some of these sleeves have gloves attached to their inner ends so that the victim may be safely handled in his treatment.

In washing the victim, the liquid employed must be flushed over the victim and carried away from the containment area device. To this end the bottom wall of the litter 10 is perforated by the holes 20 so that the washing liquid will not be trapped against his body. The washing liquid, nonetheless remains confined wtihin the containment area device 12, passing to the portion of the envelope 22 which is supported by the bottom wall of the basket 14. Disposal of the washing liquid is provided for by drain tubes 58 which are secured to the envelope 22 and extend through registered holes 50 in the bottom wall of the basket 14. Appropriate containers may be connected to the tubes 58 for the safe disposal of the contaminated washing liquid. The tubes 58 are preferably secured to the containment area device in locations which will assure complete drainage of contaminated liquid therefrom. Thus it will be seen that one tube 58 is provided at the head end of the carrier, one in the middle where the victims torso would be, and another adjacent the foot end thereof. Further, the central rib 36 is relieved so that the surrounding areas of the bottom wall of the basket 14 provide for complete drainage of liquid through the tubes 58.

During treatment of the victim, the carrier may be readily and safely spaced above the floor by employing the rack previously referred to. Thus the cross bars 39 of the rack 46 are received by the notches 42. Not only is the carrier positioned at a convenient height for treatment of the victim, but the containers for receiving contaminated washing liquid may be readily connected to and disconnected from the tubes 58.

The above described sequence for use of the present carrier is, of course, exemplary and other ways of employing the novel structure of the invention will occur to those faced with the problems of treating accident victims, particularly where radioactive contamination has been a factor. Likewise variations in the disclosed embodiment of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art, wherefore, the scope and limit of the present inventive concepts are to be derived solely from the following claims.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as novel and desired to be secured by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. A carrier for accident victims, particularly those who have been exposed to high energy radiation,

said carrier comprising a litter in the form of an elongated, relatively shallow shell on which the victim may be placed and then lashed thereto,

a basket in the form of an elongated shell having a depth somewhat greater than that of the litter and in which the litter is nested, and

means for releasably holding the litter in such nested relation.

2. A carrier for accident victims, particularly those who have been exposed to high energy radiation,

said carrier comprising a litter in the form of an elongated, relatively shallow shell on which the victim may be placed and then lashed thereto,

a containment area device in the form of a transparent,

flexible, plastic sheet material envelope having a sealable opening therein through which the litter may be introduced and the victim then enclosed within an isolated atmosphere, and

a basket in the form of an elongated shell having a depth somewhat greater than that of the litter and in which the litter is nested with the containment area device enveloped thereabout.

3. A carrier for accident victims, particularly those who have been exposed to high energy radiation,

said carrier comprising a litter fabricated of resilient plastic material in the form of a thin-walled, elongated, relatively shallow shell on which the victim may be placed and then lashed thereto,

a containment area device in the form of a transparent,

flexible, plastic sheet material envelope having a sealable opening therein through which the litter may be introduced and the victim then enclosed within an isolated atmosphere,

a basket in the form of an elongated shell having a depth somewhat greater than that of thelitter and in which the litter is nested with the containment area device enveloped thereabout, and

cooperative detent means, integral with said litter and basket, for releasably maintaining the litter in such nested relation.

4. A carrier for accident victims, particularly those who have been exposed to high energy radiation,

said carrier comprising a litter fabricated of resilient plastic material in the form of a thin-walled, elongated, relatively shallow shell on which the victim may be placed and then lashed thereto, said litter having an outwardly projecting flange extending along its upper periphery and having a depth progressively increasing from the end intended to receive the victims head to the end for receiving the victims feet,

a containment area device in the form, of atransparent,

6 flexible, plastic sheet material envelope having a sealable opening therein through which the litter may be introduced and the victim then enclosed within an isolated atmosphere,

a basket fabricated of resilient plastic material in the form of a thin-walled, relatively shallow shell having an essentially uniform depth somewhat greater than the maximum depth of said litter and in which the litter is nested with the containment area device enveloped thereabout,

the opposed side walls of said basket having integrally formed, inwardly extending ledges on which the flange of said litter rests to position the deepest part of the litter contiguous with the bottom wall of the basket with the bottom wall or" the litter inclined upwardly therefrom, the side wall portions of said basket also having integral, inwardly extending protrusions between which and the ledges, the litter flange is captured, the litter flange being forceably displaceable past said protrusions thus providing detent means maintaining the litter in such nested relation.

5. A carrier for accident victims, particularly those who have been exposed to high energy radiation,

said carrier comprising a litter in the form of an elongated, relatively shallow shell on which the victim may be placed and then lashed thereto,

a containment area device in the form of a transparent,

flexible, plastic sheet material envelope having a sealable opening therein through which the litter may be introduced and the victim then enclosed within an isolated atmosphere, said containment area device further having an opening for the introduction of a breating gas therein and a filtered outlet to prevent spread of air-borne contamination therefrom, and

a basket in the form of an elongated shell having a depth somewhat greater than that of the litter and in which the litter is nested with the containment area device enveloped thereabout as a breathing gas supply is provided to the victim 6. A carrier for accident victims, particularly those who have been exposed to high energy radiation,

said carrier comprising a litter in the form of an elongated, relatively shallow shell having a perforate bottom wall on which the victim may be placed and then lashed to the litter,

a containment area device in the form of a transparent,

flexible, plastic sheet material envelope having a sealable opening therein through which the litter may be introduced and the victim then enclosed within an isolated atmosphere, and

a basket in the form of an elongated shell having a depth somewhat greater than that of the litter and in which the litter is nested with the containment area device enveloped thereabout,

said containment area device further having an opening therein through which liquid for Washing the victim may be introduced and a drain in the lower portion thereof, whereby such liquid may flow from the victim through the perforate bottom wall of the litter to thereby facilitate disposal of the washing liquid while maintaining the victim in an isolated atmosphere.

7. A carrier for accident victims, particularly those who have been exposed to high energy radiation,

said carrier comprising a litter in the form of an elongated, relatively shallow shell having a perforate bottom wall on which the victim may be placed and then lashed to the litter,

a containment area device in the form of a transparent,

flexible, plastic sheet material envelope having a sealable opening therein through which the litter may be introduced and the victim then enclosed Within an isolated atmosphere,

a basket in the form of an elongated shell having a depth somewhat greater than that of the litter and in which the litter is nested with the containment area device enveloped thereabout,

means for releasably maintaining the litter in such nested relation, and

means for holding the containment area device in spaced relation from the victim in the litter once the litter is nested in the basket,

said containment area device further having an opening therein through which liquid for Washing the victim may be introduced and a drain in the lower portion thereof, whereby such liquid may flow from the victim through the perforate bottom wall of the litter to thereby facilitate disposal of the washing liquid while maintaining the victim in an isolated atmosphere.

8. A carrier for accident victims, particularly those who have been exposed to high energy radiation,

said carrier comprising a litter fabricated of resilient plastic material in the form of a thin-walled, elongated, relatively shallow shell having a perforate bottom wall on which the victim may be placed and then lashed to the litter,

a containment area device in the form of a transparent, flexible, plastic sheet material envelope having a sealable opening therein through which the litter may be introduced and the victim then enclosed within an isolated atmosphere,

a basket in the form of an elongated shell having a depth somewhat greater than that of the litter and in which the litter is nested with the containment area device enveloped thereabout, said basket having an opening in the bottom wall thereof,

cooperative detent means integral with said litter and basket for releasably maintaining the litter in such nested relation, and

means for holding the containment area device in spaced relation from the victim in the litter once the litter is nested in the basket,

said containment area device having an opening sealingly connectable to a tube for the introduction of liquid employed in washing the victim and a drain tube in the lower portion of the envelope which is registered with and extends through the opening in the bottom wall of the basket, said envelope further having inwardly extending gloved sleeves,

whereby the victim may be readily washed while maintained in an isolated atmosphere and the washing liquid can flow from the victim through the perforate bottom wall of the litter to the drain tube and collected in a container which may be secured thereto.

9. A carrier for accident victims, particularly those who have been exposed to high energy radiation,

said carrier comprising a litter fabricated of resiilent plastic material in the form of a thin-walled, elongated, relatively shallow shell having an outwardly projecting flange extending along its upper periphery and a perforate bottom wall on which the victim may be placed and then lashed to the litter, said bottom wall being inclined so that the depth of the litter increases progressively from the end intended to receive the victims head to the end for receiving the victims feet,

a containment area device in the form of a transparent, flexible, plastic sheet material envelope having a is nested with the containment area device enveloped thereabout, said basket further having an opening in the bottom wall thereof,

the opposed side walls of said baskets having integrally formed, inwardly extending ledges on which the flange of said litter rests to position the deepest part of the litter contiguous with the bottom wall of the basket with the bottom wall of the litter inclined upwardly therefrom, the side wall portions of said basket also having integral, inwardly extending protrusions between which and the ledges, the litter flange is captured, the litter flange being forceable displaceable past said protrusions thus providing detent means maintaining the litter in such nested relation,

means for holding the containment area device in spaced relation from the victim once the litter is nested in the basket, r

said containment area device having opening means sealingly connectable to first and second tubes which respectively provide for the introduction of a breathing gas and washing liquid into said containment area device, and further having a filtered outlet for the breathing gas to prevent spread of air-borne contamination and a drain tube in the lower portion of the envelope which is registered with and extends through the opening in the bottom wall of the basket, said envelope further having inwardly extending gloved sleeves,

whereby the victim can be maintained in an isolated atmosphere with a continuous supply of a breathing gas being provided as he is effectively washed with the washing liquid flowing from the victim through the perforate bottom wall of the litter to the drain tube for collection in a container which may be secured thereto.

10. A carrier as in claim 9 wherein,

the litter flange is reinforced by a metal tube compositely forming a part thereof and straps are attached to this flange for lashing the victim to the litter,

the litter has a central rib in its bottom wall extending inwardly from the foot end thereof and defining separate compartments for the feet of the victim,

the basket has an outwardly projecting flange extending along its upper periphery which is also reenforced with a metal tube forming a composite part thereof and further has straps respectively secured to opposite side portions of the flange to facilitate manipulation of the carrier,

the bottom wall of the basket has an upwardly projecting longitudinal rib engageable with the deepest portion of the litter to give firmer support to the foot end of the litter and further has laterally spaced notches for positioning the carrier on a rack type support, and

the means for holding the containment area device in spaced relation from the victim comprises a plurality of canopy bars removably mounted on the basket and overlying the litter and means for detachably securing the containment area device envelope thereto and further include means for detachably securing said envelope to spaced points around the periphery of said basket.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS lengthwise opening through which the litter may be u 2,512,931 6/1950 Glover 5-82 introduced and means for sealing said length i e 2,973,889 3/1961 Phillips 5-82 opening to enclose the victim within an isolated at- 3,121,881 2/1964 Schnell 5-82 mosphere, 3,135,972 6/1964 Jakes et al. 5-82 a basket fabricated of resllient plastic material in the 3,148,699 9/ 1964 Shindler 137-312 form of a thin-walled, elongated shell having an essentially uniform depth somewhat greater than the maximum depth of said litter and in which the litter BOBBY R. GAY, Primary Examiner.

R. D. KRAUS, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2512931 *Aug 6, 1947Jun 27, 1950William GloverCombined basket and field stretcher
US2973889 *Jan 25, 1960Mar 7, 1961Roy S PhillipsBaby holder
US3121881 *May 15, 1961Feb 25, 1964Schnell William JStretcher with canopy
US3135972 *Apr 30, 1963Jun 9, 1964Rescue Res & Dev CoSegmented litter
US3148699 *Oct 17, 1962Sep 15, 1964Shindler Harry AContainment area device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4006500 *Mar 13, 1975Feb 8, 1977Andre BonifayStretcher holder device for ambulances
US4023219 *Sep 24, 1973May 17, 1977Infranor S.A.Nuclear accident carrier
US4347635 *Jan 30, 1980Sep 7, 1982The Eisenhauer Manufacturing CompanyStretcher and litter combination
US4473912 *Nov 23, 1981Oct 2, 1984Scheidel Edward JPatient supporting and transporting backboard and accessories therefor
US5829078 *Sep 2, 1997Nov 3, 1998Rivers; Gregory W.Rescue shuttle
US6001057 *Mar 26, 1998Dec 14, 1999Northrop Grumman CorporationSelf-contained isolation and enviromental protection system
US7818840Nov 9, 2007Oct 26, 2010Integrated Medical Systems, Inc.Foldable, portable trauma treatment and monitoring patient platform
US8033281Nov 9, 2007Oct 11, 2011Todd Douglas KnealeModular transportable life support device
US8667629 *Jan 24, 2011Mar 11, 2014Marion MohrStretcher pad with child restraint system
US20110179572 *Jan 24, 2011Jul 28, 2011Marion MohrStretcher pad with child restraint system
EP0417051A1 *Aug 28, 1990Mar 13, 1991Ente per le nuove tecnologie, l'energia e l'ambiente (ENEA)Protective device, individual portable, with total insulation and controlled atmosphere
EP1084320A2 *Dec 13, 1999Mar 21, 2001Iit Research InstituteCollapsible isolation apparatus
WO1999048426A1 *Mar 18, 1999Sep 30, 1999Northrop Grumman CorpSelf-contained isolation and environmental protection system
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/629, 5/628, 976/DIG.336
International ClassificationG21F3/02, A61G1/00, G21F3/00, A61G10/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61G10/005, G21F3/02, A61G1/00
European ClassificationA61G1/00, G21F3/02, A61G10/00B