Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3348692 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 24, 1967
Filing dateDec 21, 1964
Priority dateDec 21, 1964
Publication numberUS 3348692 A, US 3348692A, US-A-3348692, US3348692 A, US3348692A
InventorsStephen Balogh
Original AssigneeParker Hannifin Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dryer with improved desiccant compressing spring
US 3348692 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

S. BALQGH Oct. 24, 1967 DRYER WITH-IMPROVED DESICGANT COMPRESSING SPRING Filed Dec, 21, 1964 INVENTOR SE /EN B41065 BY fiwsw ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,348,692 DRYER WITH IMPROVED DESICCANT COMPRESSING SPRING Stephen Balogh, Lyons, N.Y., assignor to Parker-Hannifin Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Filed Dec. 21, 1964, 419,971 The portion of the term of the patent subsequent to Mar. 30, 1982, has been disclaimed Claims. (Cl. 210-266) This invention relates to a spring holder for dryers.

A primary object of this invention is the provision of an improved unitary spring and holder eliminating the coil spring and separate holder heretofore used particularly in dryers of the type containing a bead supporting desiccant employed in refrigerating systems.

An additional object of the invention is the provision of a spring holder which will reduce the cost and simplify the manufacture of such dryers.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a device of this character wherein compression is applied to the desiccant to prevent movement of the beads causing attrition thereof, and wherein inherent in the structure of the device is a baflle disbursing the liquid stream of refrigerant striking the desiccant, thus eliminating attrition from such direct contact.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a device of this character which is sturdy and durable in construction, reliable and efficient in operation, and simple and inexpensive to manufacture, assemble and utilize.

Other objects will in part be obvious and in part be pointed out hereinafter as the description of the invention proceeds, and shown in the accompanying drawing wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a side view partially in elevation and partially in section disclosing a disc, coil spring, and spring holder, exemplifying the prior art as set forth in my abovementioned copending application.

FIGURE 2 is a similar view of my new spring holder, showing the same in position in the dryer, and,

FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of the spring holder per se.

Similar reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the several views of the drawing.

Having reference now to the drawing in detail, and more particularly to FIGURE 1 wherein there is shown the structure of the prior art, there is gene-rally indicated at a tubular member having a reduced inlet 11 and a similar reduced outlet 12. Contained within the dryer is a bead-type desiccant 13 comprised of relatively fine beadtype particles, which is held in position towards its outlet end by a cup-shaped filter member generally indicated at 14, and forming no part of the instant invention. In the prior art construction as exemplified in my above mentioned copending application, a bafile 14a is positioned adjacent the desiccant beads at the inlet end, and held in position by a cup-shaped spring retainer 15, having a central bore 16 therethrough, and a reverted rim 17 which defines a holder for one end of a coil spring 18, the other end of which bears against the bafiie 14a. While this construction presents many advantages, the spring holder of the instant invention, constructed as it is in one piece, provides marked and substantial advantages of simplicity thereover.

FIGURE 2 discloses the spring holder of the instant invention. In this figure, 10a generally indicates a dryer havice ing an inlet opening 11a and an outlet opening 12a identical to that of the previously described modification, and containing an identical bead desiccant 13a held in position at its outlet end by an end cap 14'. At its other end the desiccant is retained by a plate-like apertured bafile 14a, the latter being held in position by the spring holder of the instant invention generally indicated at 25. The spring holder 25 comprises an annular ring 26, of metal or the like, and of a diameter to fit frictionally within the tube 10a, to which it may be secured in any desired manner. A tongue or finger 27 extends integrally from one edge 28 of ring 26, and is provided with a bowed or convexed portion 29, which abuts against the baffle 14a. The arrangement is such that the material of which the tongue 27 is constructed being of naturally resilient nature, which is enhanced by the convexed portion 29 serves effectively to bear against the plate 14a and hold the desiccant against moving, such as might be occasioned by the force of the refrigerant stream striking thereagainst. In addition to the above point, the strip 27 extending as it does substantially across the entire diameter of the tube 10a, serves e-fiectively as a baffle to break the force of the refrigerant stream, and consequently to divert or disperse the liquid stream so that it does not impinge directly on the desiccant, and cannot cause attrition from such action.

From the foregoing it will now be seen that there is herein provided an improved spring holder for a dryer which accomplishes all the objects of this invention, and others, including many advantages of great practical utility and commercial importance.

As many embodiments may be made of this inventive concept, and as many modifications may be made in the embodiment hereinbefore shown and described, it is to be understood that all matter herein is to be interpreted merely as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination with a tubular dryer containing a bead-type desiccant and means for retaining said desiccant in position at one end thereof, a perforated baflle at the other end of the desiccant, an annular ring fixed in secured engagement against the interior sidewall of the tubular dryer adjacent said bafile, and a spring finger carried by said ring engaging said baffle to retain the same in position at the other end of the desiccant.

2. The structure of claim 1 wherein said spring finger is integral with said ring.

3. The structure of claim 2 wherein said finger is convexed in a direction toward said bafile.

4. The structure of claim 3 wherein said convexed finger extends diametrically entirely across said ring.

5. The structure of claim 4 wherein said ring is placed between the desiccant and the inlet end of said dryer.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,368,193 1/1945 Boynton 267--1 2,604,316 7/ 1952 "Brien et al -2671 2,758,719 8/1956 Line Z10352 2,798,718 7/1957 Gross 55316 2,963,744 1 2/1960 Cooper 210-266 3,175,342 3/1965 Balogh 210266 SAMIH N. ZAHARNA, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2368193 *Dec 10, 1942Jan 30, 1945Pierce John B FoundationSnap spring
US2604316 *Dec 19, 1945Jul 22, 1952Pierce John B FoundationSnap disk spring
US2758719 *Jan 22, 1953Aug 14, 1956Ansul Chemical CoDehydrator
US2798718 *Oct 26, 1951Jul 9, 1957Gross William ECanister spring
US2963744 *Jun 13, 1956Dec 13, 1960Mcintire CompanyFilter element and machine for making same
US3175342 *Jan 16, 1963Mar 30, 1965Parker Hannifin CorpFilter dryer unit for cleaning sealed refrigerating systems after motor burn outs
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3411629 *Dec 20, 1966Nov 19, 1968All State Stamping CorpDesiccant dryer and spring holder therefor
US3841490 *Aug 8, 1973Oct 15, 1974Sparlan Valve CoRefrigerant filter-drier
US4543112 *Apr 30, 1984Sep 24, 1985Figgie International Inc.Sorbent type filter assembly for a respirator and method of making same
US4741697 *Dec 24, 1986May 3, 1988Herbison Richard JChairside filter/dryer for dental air syringe
US5006246 *Dec 19, 1989Apr 9, 1991Eastman Kodak CompanyBaffled particulate material housing
US5651810 *Oct 14, 1994Jul 29, 1997Monsanto CompanyApparatus and method for filtering and sampling airborne respiratory contaminants
US5766287 *Apr 9, 1997Jun 16, 1998Monsanto CompanyRespiratory filter and sampling device
US5776213 *Apr 9, 1997Jul 7, 1998Monsanto CompanyRespiratory filter and sampling device
US5797974 *Apr 8, 1997Aug 25, 1998Monsanto CompanyRespiratory filter and sampling device
US6321726Jun 16, 2000Nov 27, 2001Visteon Global Technologies, Inc.Carbon canister spring plate
US6413290Dec 1, 2000Jul 2, 2002Thomas J. GruberFilter cartridge with detection device
US7005001 *Feb 26, 2004Feb 28, 2006Dayco Products, LlcX-spring volume compensation for automotive carbon canister
US20050188850 *Feb 26, 2004Sep 1, 2005Allen Christopher D.X-spring volume compensation for automotive carbon canister
WO2005082490A1 *Feb 22, 2005Sep 9, 2005Christopher D AllenX-spring volume compensator for automotive carbon canister
U.S. Classification210/266, 210/282, 210/352, 210/446, 96/137
International ClassificationF25B43/00
Cooperative ClassificationF25B43/003
European ClassificationF25B43/00B