Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3349711 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 31, 1967
Filing dateDec 7, 1964
Priority dateDec 7, 1964
Publication numberUS 3349711 A, US 3349711A, US-A-3349711, US3349711 A, US3349711A
InventorsDickey Rex E, Julius Darigo, Reed David S
Original AssigneeRemington Arms Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process of forming jacketed projectiles
US 3349711 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

M 31, E J DARlQQ ET'AL 3 349 311.



1 I JUHUS Darigo, Rex E. Dickey, DRY Devi 8. Reed. 603M \Tl fi A y ww. FORM BULLET I I I M Their ANomeys Oct. 31, 1967 DAmGo ET AL 3,349,711

PROCESS OF FORMING JACKETED PROJECTILES Filed Dec. 7, 1964 Sheets-Sheet 2 Inventors: Juiius Darigo, Rex E. Dickey, David 8. Reed;

G ya mm Theiv Afiorn eys United States Patent PROCESS OF FORMING JACKETED PROJECTILES Julius Darigo, Bridgeport, Rex E. Dickey, Huntington,

and David S. Reed, Shelton, Conn., assiguors t0 Remington Arms Company, Inc., Bridgeport, Conn.,

a corporation of Delaware Filed Dec. 7, 1964, Ser. No. 416,466 3 Claims. (Cl. 102-91) This invention relates to an improved small arms ammunition projectile and to the process of making the projectile. More specifically, the invention refers to a bullet made by electrodepositing a jacket onto a lead core, thereby eliminating jacket manufacture and tolerances inherent to jacket manufacturing and resulting in a low-cost accurate bullet.

It is an object of this invention to make an inexpensive small arms jacketed projectile whose performance characteristics equals or exceeds conventionally-made jacketed projectiles.

It is another object of this invention to provide an economical electrodepositing method of making a jacketed small arms projectile.

A further object is to make an economical, jacketed, small arms projectile with superior mushrooming characteristics on impact.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a very accurate jacketed bullet with excellent mushrooming qualities by a mass production method.

The need for and use of jacketed bullets is well known and need not be repeated here. Although electroplating of bullets has been considered in the past, these attempts were generally unsuccessful.

The patent to T. F. Werme, 2,336,143, issued on Dec. 7, 1943, concludes a discussion on electroplating bullets by stating that this method may be fairly regarded as unsatisfactory.

Werme discusses in the above cited patent the conventional method of making jacketed projectiles in the 1941- 1943 period and this method is still the conventional way of making jacketed bullets. Thus, a multiplicity of operations are necessary comprising first alternate drawings and annealings of a gilding metal jacket disc until it is formed in the shape of an elongated cup and then subsequently inserting a separately formed slug or core into the prepared jacket. In addition to the multi-operations and ex pensive equipment needed to make jacketed bullets under this process, the end product has certain undesirable deficiencies.

Thus, there is considerably more variation in the jacket thickness and concentricity with the conventional bullet than is experienced with electrodeposited jacketed bullets made by the present method.

Moreover, in the conventional jacketed bullets, there is no bonding between the metal cup jacket and the core so that upon impact, although the core may mushroom, the core and the jacket often become separated.

A plated bullet, made by the process explained below, and illustrated in FIGURE 1 has several important advantages over conventionally-made jacketed bullets. First, the lead core is entirely covered with a uniform thickness of copper, or other electrodepositable metal. There is no exposed soft lead nose to become damaged in handling or in use in automatic weapons.

By performing a limited amount of forming after the copper jacket is electrodeposited, a high degree of perfection in obtaining desired dimensions and shape can be achieved. In this respect, in most instances, it is important that the unplated bullet core should be approximately the same size and shape as the core in the finished plated bullet, otherwise shifting of the core inside the jacket during 3,349,711 Patented Get. 31, 1967 final forming may fracture the bond between the jacket and the lead core causing loose jackets. In some cases, the profile of the plated lead core can be changed substantially while retaining the bond between the jacket and the core.

A mechanical bond is achieved between the lead core and the copper jacket which is stronger than the lead core. This results in the copper jacket remaining attached to the lead core consistently upon impacting the target, thus providing more shock impact power. The barrel tumbling electrodepositing feature assists in this mechanical bonding and further results in a very uniform and tightly inherent layer of copper being deposited on the lead core, thus, insuring a more stabilized bullet.

As can be seen in FIGURE 4, there is some fingering penetration of the copper in the lead due to the surface discontinuities on the lead core into which the copper has plated. This fingering penetration of the copper in the lead core results in a mechanical bond between the lead core and the copper jacket which is stronger than the lead core. It should be appreciated that the constant tumbling of the bullets in the plating bath will result in the electrodeposited copper being impacted into the surface discontinuities of the lead core thus assisting in producing the strong bond between the core and the jacket.

The electrodeposited copper jackets are generally harder than the gilding metal jackets now in common use. Although there is an optimum desired thickness of copper plating, this thickness varies with the bullet use, the caliber of the bullet and its velocity. A thicker layer is required for mushrooming bullets, for bullets fired at high speeds and for larger caliber bullets. If the electrodeposited jacket is less than the optimum thickness for the particular mushrooming bullet caliber and velocity, the jacket will strip away from the core upon impact of the bullet. Of course, a too-heavy jacket will result in poor mushrooming qualities as well as raise the cost of making the bullet.

Additional advantages of the present barrel electrodepositing method over the conventional method mentioned above are the elimination of the following: (1) scrap loss, (2) scrap handling, (3) blank and cup, (4) washes and annealing, (5) all draws and trims, (6) bullet assembly, (7) all bullet jacket forming tools, and (8) the raw materials used to make bullet jackets. In addition, the present electroplating method reduces inventory and storage of bullet jackets.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a cross-sectional view of a jacketed bullet incorporating the present invention.

FIGURE 2 is a view taken on line 2-2 in FIGURE 1 and shows the front end of a jacketed bullet.

FIGURE 3 is a flow diagram illustrating the various steps in the present process.

FIGURE 4 shows a magnified cross-sectional view illustrating the finger penetration of the copper jacket in the lead core which provides a strong mechanical bond.

FIGURE 5 shows a magnified cross-sectional view of a jacketed bullet which had its lead core cannelured prior to electrodepositing the copper jacket.

FIGURE 6 shows a cross-sectional view taken on line 5-5 of FIGURE 5.

FIGURE 7 shows a side view of a projectile core which is knurled and slitted prior to electrodeposition of the jacket.

FIGURES 8, 8A, 8B, 8C, 8D and 8E show alternate forms of grooves which can be used in place of knurling.

FIGURES 9, 9A and 9B show a modified sequence of forming a circumferential reinforcing bead on an electrodeposited projectile core.

Bullet jackets can be formed from any material that can be electroplated and any type bullet core can be used providing it can be electroplated.

The initial steps to produce an electrodeposited jacketed bullet is to cut a lead wire into slugs and then swage the slugs, thus, forming profiled lead bullet cores. Obviously, other methods of forming bullet cores can also be used. As mentioned above, the profiled lead cores are the same weight and approximately the same size as the core of the ultimate jacketed bullet. The profiled lead cores are then tumbled and deburred, cleaned, rinsed, pickled, rinsed and then given a copper strike by tumbling the lead cores in a plating bath for a predetermined time until the lead cores are covered by a thin coating of copper over the entire surface of the core. This copper strike is necessary to prevent the main plating bath from becoming contaminated with lead. It has been found that when the main plating bath is contaminated with lead, the electrodeposited copper jackets tend to be brittle. The profiled lead cores entirely covered with a thin coating of copper are then continuously tumbled in the main plating bath until the required thickness of copper or other material is deposited thereon. This type of barrel plating is old and well known and it is not believed to be necessary to illustrate this step. It is, however, an important step in the process since it permits the small bullets to be continuously tumbled and plated, thus, providing a uniform layer around the entire periphery of the bullet.

After the necessary thickness of copper is deposited on the bullets, the bullets are rinsed, pickled, rinsed, a corrosion inhibitor added, and the bullets dried. The plated bullets are then fed to final forming dies Where they are formed to the desired configuration and dimensions and depending on the characteristics required, a front cavity and equally spaced nose cuts provided to assist mushrooming qualities of the bullets. The latter cavity and nose cuts are formed by a knockout pin which knocks the formed bullet out of the final forming dies. A proper cannelure can be formed on the plated and formed projectile as desired.

A variation in the process mentioned above may be desirable in order to satisfy certain requirements for specific bullets, etc. In other words, it may be desirable to give a certain bullet, e.g., a 6 mm. bullet, a particular mushrooming effect at a specific distance, e.g., at 100 yards. There are various procedures that can be used in this method to vary the mushrooming qualities of a bullet.

One method which is believed to be novel is to cannelure the lead core prior to electrodepositing the copper jacket onto the profiled lead core. This method provides the forming of a controllable groove on the core into which copper deposits, thus, providing a positive locking means by which the copper jacket is held onto the lead core thus aiding in preventing relative movement of the jacket and the core.

Another procedure which can be used to vary the mushrooming qualities of a bullet is to make longitudinally extending grooves on the impact end of a projectile core prior to plating the projectile. Thus, transverse cannelures as well as longitudinal grooves can be formed in the lead projectile core prior to plating of the projectile core. The copper is deposited over the entire surface of the core including the grooves in the cores.

After the copper is deposited over the core, a cannelure can be provided to the plated core over the cannelure previously formed in the core with the result that the deposited copper in the lead cannelure is forced inwardly to provide a deeper shoulder and a more effective locking action.

The plated projectile core with the longitudinal grooves formed in the core can also be provided with unoriented slits (i.e., with the core slits) to assist in opening up the front end of the projectile upon impact.

FIGURE 1 shows a jacketed bullet 10 made according to the present invention. The bullet core 12 is formed of lead or other deformable metal and the plated jacket 14 made of a second electroplatable metal, preferably copper. A conical indent or cavity 16 and equally spaced nose cuts 18 are formed at the bullet nose to aid in mushrooming. A cannelure 20 is shown although this refinement may not be absolutely necessary to satisfactory performance.

It can be seen that the lead core 12 is entirely covered with the copper jacket 14 so that no lead is exposed. Upon impact, the cavity 16 and the nose cuts 18 assist in opening up the front end of the jacketed bullet 10 and exposing the lead core. The front end of the soft lead core 12 will then deform and peel back to form a mushroom type head having a much greater impact area than the original projectile. Since the mechanical bond between the lead core and the copper jacket (see FIGURE 3) is stronger than the lead core, the jacket does not become dislodged from the lead core, thus, keeping the bullet together as a unit.

The mechanical bond between the copper jacket and lead core is best seen in FIGURE 4. This figure shows a lead core 12 and an electrodeposited copper jacket 14. The interface 22 between the lead core and the copper jacket 14 includes a plurality of recesses 24 or surface discontinuities on the outer peripheral surface of the lead core. These recesses 24 become filled with electrodeposited copper and form fingers of copper 26 penetrating into lead, thus, forming a strong bond between the two materials.

FIGURE 5 shows a cross-sectional view of a jacketed projectile made under this invention where the lead core 12 was knurled prior to having the profiled lead core plated. The figure shows an exaggerated groove 28 formed by knurling in which copper Was deposited to form an abutment 30 which acts as a lock to hold the copper jacket 14 to the lead core 12.

FIGURE 6 shows a magnified cross-sectional view of the lead core 12 and the copper jacket 14 in the area where the lead core was knurled prior to plating and copper was deposited in the grooves 28 to form abutments 30. These abutments which are integrally formed with the copper jacket aid in preventing longitudinal as well as rotational movement of the jacket relative to the lead core.

FIGURE 7 shows a side view of a projectile core 32 made of lead or other suitable metal which is provided with a transverse knurl 34 and longitudinal grooves 36 prior to electrodeposition of a copper or other suitable metal jacket. After plating, a layer of copper is electrodeposited on the core and increased thicknesses are deposited in the grooves (knurling, grooves, etc.) formed in the lead core.

FIGURES 8, 8A, 8B, 8C, 8D, and 8E show various possible grooves 34a, 34b, 34c, 34d, Me, and 34 which can be used on projectiles, either on the core or on the finished projectile.

The grooves are important, of course, to hold the electrodeposited jacket of copper onto the lead core, as well as to provide a sto for the metal jacket as it mushrooms back upon impact.

It has been found that the grooves 36 or nose cuts cause cleavage of copper plate at these lines when the jacket is deposited onto the core. These cleavages weaken the jacket at these points and tend to rupture upon impact of the projectile. If the mushrooming characteristics of the projectile are not satisfied by the weakened jacket, additional slits or nose cuts can be made to the outside of the plated projectile. These outer slits need not be oriented with the grooves in the core in order to be eifective.

FIGURES 9, 9A, and 9B show a sequence of the initial- 1y formed lead core 38, the plated lead core 40 and the finished bullet 42. It can be seen from this sequence that the profile of the plated lead core is changed to a greater degree than the other modifications in the forming of the plated core into the finished bullet. In this instance, the forming changed the profile of the front cylindrical portion 44 into a tapered ogival portion 46 with a reinforcing bead 48. This reinforcing head or fold provides an excellent lock between the core and the jacket and also functions to limit the mushrooming of the projectile to the forward portion of the projectile.

The reinforcing bead 48 is stronger than the groove which would be formed by either grooving the core prior to plating or forming the groove on a tapered plated core.

The uniformity of the jacket and the mechanical bond which prevents any relative movement between the lead core and the jacket are factors which result in very substantial improvements in accuracy of the jacketed bullet.

What is claimed is:

1. A jacketed projectile comprising a profiled, deformable, metal core, groove means in desired locations on the peripheral surface of said projectile core, an electrodeposited layer of a second deformable metal which covers the entire periphery of the core including increased metal thickness at said groove means, said increased metal thickness formed at said recess means providing a positive lock between the deformable projectile core and the electrodeposited jacket, said electrodeposited layer being attached to the core by a mechanical bond which has a higher tensile strength than said core.

2. A jacketed projectile as defined in claim 1 wherein said groove means extend in a longitudinal direction at the impact end of the projectile core, said increased thickness of electrodeposited metal formed at said groove means defining weakened portions of said electrodeposited jacket which aids in initiating mushrooming of the projectile upon impact.

3. A jacketed small arms projectile comprising an inner core of lead profiled to its approximate finished dirnensions and having an ogive at its front end, a uniform jacket of a deformable metal electrodeposited on the entire periphery of said inner lead core and attached thereto by a mechanical bond which has a higher tensile strength than said inner core, slit means in the electrodeposited jacket adjacent to the tip of the ogive adapted, upon impact of the projectile, to open up the front end of the projectile and facilitate further impact expansion of the projectile, said slit means being formed in said jacket after the inner core and jacket have been formed to its accurate and desired final dimensions.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 270,101 1/ 1883 Nordenfelt 102-92.5 1,099,298 6/1914 Hoagland 102-91 1,633,168 6/1927 Dickerman 102-91 1,892,759 1/1933 Woodford 102-92.5 X 1,916,465 7/1933 Dawson 102-92.5 X 2,045,964 6/ 1936 Rinkel 102-91 3,143,966 8/1964 Burns et al. 102-91 FOREIGN PATENTS 105,415 4/1917 Great Britain. 278,448 10/ 1927 Great Britain.

BENJAMIN A. BORCHELT, Primary Examiner. ROBERT F. STAHL, Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US270101 *Jan 2, 1883 Tiioksten nokdenfelt
US1099298 *Feb 24, 1914Jun 9, 1914Union Metallic Cartridge CompanyMushroom-bullet.
US1633168 *Feb 4, 1922Jun 21, 1927Remington Arms Co IncMushrooming bullet
US1892759 *Mar 19, 1930Jan 3, 1933Remington Arms Co IncAmmunition
US1916465 *Apr 8, 1929Jul 4, 1933Western Cartridge CoProcess and apparatus for electroplating projectiles
US2045964 *Feb 25, 1935Jun 30, 1936Berlin Karlsruher Ind Werke AgCasing projectile
US3143966 *Oct 2, 1959Aug 11, 1964Olin MathiesonExpanding bullet
GB105415A * Title not available
GB278448A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3837057 *Mar 6, 1972Sep 24, 1974Oerlikon Buehrle AgMethod for securing a projectile in a sabot
US4193348 *Feb 15, 1978Mar 18, 1980Olin CorporationProjectile for centerfire pistol and revolver cartridges
US4336756 *Aug 16, 1978Jun 29, 1982Hornady Manufacturing CompanyJacketed bullet and method of manufacture
US4352225 *Jun 27, 1980Oct 5, 1982Hornady Manufacturing CompanyJacketed bullet and method of manufacture
US4387492 *Oct 2, 1980Jun 14, 1983Omark Industries, Inc.Plated jacket soft point bullet
US4398467 *Dec 5, 1980Aug 16, 1983The Secretary Of State For Defence In Her Britannic Majesty's Government Of The United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Northern IrelandExplosive fragmentation devices with coiled wire progressively varied
US4485742 *Jun 5, 1981Dec 4, 1984Mamo Anthony CFirearm bullet
US4610061 *Jun 10, 1985Sep 9, 1986Olin CorporationLow velocity expanding projectile
US4655140 *Apr 18, 1985Apr 7, 1987Schirnecker Hans LudwigProjectile, for example for hunting purposes, and process for its manufacture
US4734179 *Nov 21, 1986Mar 29, 1988Trammel Gary LBullet plating carousel
US4829906 *Sep 8, 1987May 16, 1989Kaswer Stanley WCutting bullet
US4856160 *Feb 16, 1988Aug 15, 1989Olin CorporationBullet with reverse taper interlock jacket and method of manufacturing the bullet
US5079814 *Nov 13, 1990Jan 14, 1992Blount, Inc.Method of manufacturing a hollow point bullet
US5101732 *Apr 2, 1991Apr 7, 1992Olin CorporationFull metal jacket hollow point bullet and method of making a full metal jacket hollow point bullet
US5208424 *Apr 2, 1992May 4, 1993Olin CorporationFull metal jacket hollow point bullet
US5385100 *Nov 19, 1993Jan 31, 1995Olin CorporationUpset jacketed bullet
US5385101 *Nov 1, 1993Jan 31, 1995Olin CorporationHunting bullet with reinforced core
US5528988 *Oct 6, 1993Jun 25, 1996Boliden Mineral AbShot pellets for wild game hunting and a method for its manufacture
US5528990 *May 26, 1995Jun 25, 1996Olin CorporationOxide coated jacketed bullet
US5544398 *May 2, 1994Aug 13, 1996Olin CorporationMethod of making a coated bullet
US5597975 *Oct 4, 1995Jan 28, 1997Mcgean-Rohco, Inc.Mechanical plating of small arms projectiles
US5852255 *Jun 30, 1997Dec 22, 1998Federal Hoffman, Inc.Non-toxic frangible bullet core
US5894645 *Aug 1, 1997Apr 20, 1999Federal Cartridge CompanyMethod of forming a non-toxic frangible bullet core
US5917143 *Aug 8, 1997Jun 29, 1999Remington Arms Company, Inc.Frangible powdered iron projectiles
US6244187Jul 1, 1999Jun 12, 2001Federal Cartridge CompanyIncreased velocity-performance-range bullet
US6317946Mar 8, 1999Nov 20, 2001Harold F. BealMethod for the manufacture of a multi-part projectile for gun ammunition and product produced thereby
US6551376Apr 21, 2000Apr 22, 2003Doris Nebel Beal Inter Vivos Patent TrustMethod for developing and sustaining uniform distribution of a plurality of metal powders of different densities in a mixture of such metal powders
US6607692Dec 31, 2001Aug 19, 2003Doris Nebel Beal Intervivos Patent TrustMethod of manufacture of a powder-based firearm ammunition projectile employing electrostatic charge
US6626114Apr 19, 2002Sep 30, 2003Doris Nebel Beal Intervivos Patent TrustProjectile having a disc and multiple cores
US6640724Aug 4, 1999Nov 4, 2003Olin CorporationSlug for industrial ballistic tool
US6691623 *Jan 7, 1999Feb 17, 2004Ra Brands, LlcFrangible powdered iron projectiles
US6892647Oct 6, 2000May 17, 2005Ra Brands, L.L.C.Lead free powdered metal projectiles
US6935243 *Mar 3, 2003Aug 30, 2005Olin CorporationBullet
US7127996 *Jul 6, 2004Oct 31, 2006Karl MuthDimpled projectile for use in firearms
US7162942Jul 21, 2005Jan 16, 2007Olin CorporationBullet
US7210411 *Mar 16, 2004May 1, 2007Bae Systems Plc4.6 mm small arms ammunition
US7322297 *Oct 24, 2006Jan 29, 2008International Cartridge CorporationCannelured frangible projectile and method of canneluring a frangible projectile
US7543535 *Jun 9, 2005Jun 9, 2009Wilhelm Brenneke Gmbh & Co. KgRifle bullet for hunting purposes
US7934455 *Oct 12, 2006May 3, 2011Udo WinterSub-caliber projectile
US8789470 *Feb 6, 2012Jul 29, 2014Olin CorporationSegmenting slug
US9188414Feb 15, 2013Nov 17, 2015Ra Brands, L.L.C.Reduced friction expanding bullet with improved core retention feature and method of manufacturing the bullet
US9329009Mar 17, 2014May 3, 2016Vista Outdoor Operations LlcManufacturing process to produce programmed terminal performance projectiles
US9360284Mar 15, 2014Jun 7, 2016Vista Outdoor Operations LlcManufacturing process to produce metalurgically programmed terminal performance projectiles
US9366512Jan 5, 2015Jun 14, 2016Ra Brands, L.L.C.Multi-component bullet with core retention feature and method of manufacturing the bullet
US9383178Feb 5, 2015Jul 5, 2016Sig Sauer, Inc.Hollow point bullet and method of manufacturing same
US9395163 *Jan 9, 2015Jul 19, 2016Randy R. FritzHollow slug and casing
US9488453 *Aug 7, 2012Nov 8, 2016Ruag Ammotec GmbhStructuring of the ogive surface of a projectile
US9534876May 28, 2014Jan 3, 2017Ra Brands, L.L.C.Projectile and mold to cast projectile
US9562754 *Sep 29, 2015Feb 7, 2017Vista Outdoor Operations LlcMuzzleloader systems
US20030213396 *Mar 3, 2003Nov 20, 2003Dippold Jack D.Bullet
US20040244630 *Mar 16, 2004Dec 9, 2004Derek Booth4.6mm small arms ammunition
US20050000385 *Mar 16, 2004Jan 6, 2005Derek Booth5.56 Small arms ammunition
US20060005731 *Jul 6, 2004Jan 12, 2006Karl MuthDimpled projectile for use in firearms
US20060042456 *Aug 13, 2003Mar 2, 2006Bismuth Cartridge CompanyMethod of making a frangible non-toxic projectile
US20060090665 *Jul 21, 2005May 4, 2006Olin CorporationBullet
US20070006770 *Jun 9, 2005Jan 11, 2007Klaus HerrlingerRifle bullet for hunting purposes
US20070144395 *Oct 24, 2006Jun 28, 2007International Cartridge CorporationCannelured frangible projectile and method of canneluring a frangible projectile
US20090151593 *Oct 12, 2006Jun 18, 2009Udo WinterSub-Caliber Projectile
US20090308275 *Jun 5, 2009Dec 17, 2009Ake NilssonProjectile for fire arms
US20120199035 *Feb 6, 2012Aug 9, 2012Frank Ben NSegmenting slug
US20140318405 *Aug 7, 2012Oct 30, 2014Ruag Ammotec GmbhStructuring of the ogive surface of a projectile
US20150192394 *Jan 9, 2015Jul 9, 2015Randy R. FritzHollow Slug and Casing
US20160091289 *Sep 29, 2015Mar 31, 2016Vista Autdoor Operations LlcMuzzleloader systems
USD737874Nov 26, 2013Sep 1, 2015Sig Sauer, Inc.Skiving punch
DE2905797A1 *Feb 15, 1979Aug 30, 1979Olin CorpGeschoss fuer feuerwaffen und verfahren zu seiner herstellung
EP0010845A1 *Sep 10, 1979May 14, 1980Bangor Punta CorporationPlastics coated ammunition and method of manufacture
EP0908695A1Mar 5, 1993Apr 14, 1999Olin CorporationFull metal jacket hollow point bullet
WO1993020402A1 *Mar 5, 1993Oct 14, 1993Olin CorporationFull metal jacket hollow point bullet
WO1994025818A1 *Apr 11, 1994Nov 10, 1994Olin CorporationHunting bullet with reinforced core
WO1999008063A1 *Jul 31, 1998Feb 18, 1999Remington Arms Company, Inc.Frangible powdered iron projectiles
WO2000037878A1 *Dec 23, 1999Jun 29, 2000Beal Harold FSmall bore frangible ammunition projectile
U.S. Classification102/509, 86/55, 102/514
International ClassificationF42B12/00, F42B12/80
Cooperative ClassificationF42B12/80
European ClassificationF42B12/80