US 3351737 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 7,1967 l L. KA'TzMA'N ETAL 3,351,737
Hoon FOR STEAM FACIAL Y `3,351,737 HOOD FOR STEAM FACIAL v Lawrence Katzman, New York, Edward Briggin,V Brooklyn, Anthony N. DElia, Riverdale, and Edward M.
Stolarz, New York, N.Y., assignors to Kaz Manufac.
turing Co., Inc., New York, VN.Y., a corporation of New York Y Filed Apr. 25, 1966, Ser. No. 544,956 4 Claims. (Cl. 219-271) ABSTRACT oF TnE'DIscLosURE` This invention relates y.to a cosmetic appliance and more particularly to a steam facial hood for use in combination with an electric vaporizer.
It has been found to be therapeutically and cosmetically eifective to subject human skin to a facial treatment including exposure to livesteam so that the skin, including the pores may be cleansed and invigorated.
nection with the cleansing and refreshing of the human body, and especially the face thereof. Itis the concept of the present invention to provide a hood for use in conjunction with an electric vaporizer to provide a combination for therapeutic and cosmestic facial treatment, while insuring optimum safety and comfort to the user.
The construction of the invention features a hood which is adapted to rest upon the upper wall ofthe fluid container of an electric vaporizer. The container is provided with a primary aperture therein for receiving the heating unit of a vaporizer head, which seats on the` upper wall. A hood is disposed on the upper wall and has a lower wall which embraces the vaporizer head. The hood has an angularly disposed beaded upper end and is provided with cooling air openings therein for partially cooling the steam and preventing overheating while also preventing the formation of any vacuum. Integrally formed with the lower wall of the hood is a bafile. There is the provision of suitable means cooperating with the electric cord set of the vaporizer head to lock the hood and hence the baffle in the desired location relative to the steam outlet or spout of the steam vaporizer head.
One of the important features of the invention is that the lower wall of the hood is suitably sloped to direct con'- densation fluid back into the vaporizer container.
Still further objects and features of this invention reside in the provision of a steam vaporizer hood which is simple in construction, capable of being rmolded in a onestep operation out of readilyy available synthetic plastic materials, such as polyethylene, polyurethane, nylon, poly- 3,351,737 Patented Nav. 7, 1967 ice vention with parts of the hood and parts of the vaporizer being broken away showing other parts in section for clarity;
, FIG-2 `is a view similar to FIG. 1, b ut showing the invention in an'assembled position;
FIG. 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken along the v planes of line 3-3 in FIG. 2; and
FIG. `4 is a sectional detail view taken along the plane v of line 4 4 in FIG. 3. f
v Steam is known tohave great penetrating powers in ,con`
With continuing reference to the accompanying'drawing, wherein like reference numerals designate similar partsr throughout the various views, reference numeral 10 is used to generally designate the hood which, when utilized in conjunction with avaporizer, generally indicated at 12, comprises the combination of the present invention. The vaporizer 12 includes two main parts, a container 14 and a vaporizer head 16. The vaporizer container 14 is of any suitable shape and is provided with an upper wall 18 having -a depressed portion 20 surrounding the'periphery of a primary central aperture 22. The vaporizer head 16 includes a heating element assembly 24 which extends into the container 14 for heating the Water in the container through use of electrodes, not shown, within the heating element assembly 24 so that steam is directed outwardly of the spout or outlet 26 of the vaporizer head 16. An electric cord set 28 is utilized for connecting the vaporizer head to a suitable source of electrical power. The vaporizer head 16 is adapted to be rotated relative to the container 14 to any convenient location and it is to be noted that the container 14 is adapted to be iilled with water to which ay suitable electrolyte in small quantities, such as a pinchof salt, may be added. The depressed portion 20 of the Vupper wall 18 maybe tapered ever so slightly downwardly and inwardly so that any liquid vinyl chloride, polystyrene, or the like, and which is informed from condensation of steam which gathers thereon will be directed back through the primary aperture 22 and into the container 14. l
The hood 10 includes peripheral side walls 30` which terminate in an angularly inclined preferably arcuate beaded edge 32 defining an open end 34. At the lower end of the peripheral walls 30, there is a lower wall 36 having an opening 38 therein defined by the peripheral edge 40 which closely embraces the surface 42 of the head 16.
- The bottom walls may be slightly tapered downwardly and inwardly so that liquid condensation material will be fed through the opening 38 into the depressed portion 20 and thencethrough the primary aperture 22 and into the container 14. v
The side wall 30 is upwardly and outwardly flared, and the peripheral beaded edge 32 is contoured and shaped so as to allow the user to position the users face above the beaded edge 32. In order to diifuse'and direct the steam throughout the area encompassed by thebeaded edge 32, a baffle 44 is integrally formed with the lower wall and eX- tends to a position whereby it overlies the opening 26 so that steam passing in the direction of arrow A through the opening 26 is deflected upwardly as indicated at arrow B and dispersed. In order to insure that the baille y44 is at all times correctly positioned in front of the spout or outlet 26, locking means are provided for preventing relative rotation of the hood 10 with respect to the vaporizer head 16. This is accomplished by cooperation of the electric cord set 28 with the notched portion 46 formed in the lower wall 36 and in the side wall 32, which notched portion permits the electric cord set to pass outwardly through the hood, yet limits relative rotation of the hood 10 with respect to the vaporizer head 16.
periphery of walls 30 and are disposed below the upper edge 50 of the baffle 44. These openings serve as cooling air inlets so that cold air may pass in the direction indicated by arrows C, thereby preventing any vacuum being formed and also partially cooling the steam so as to minimize adverse heating of the face of the user while adding to the comfort and further diffusing and dispensing the steam over the entire area of the face to be treated.
A latitude of modilication, substitution and change is intended in the foregoing disclosure, and in some instances, some features of the present invention will be employed without a corresponding use of other features. Accordingly, it is appropriate that the appended claims be construed broadly and in a manner consistent with the spirit and scope of the invention herein.
1. A device for affording facial treatment comprising a fluid container having an upper wall provided with a primary aperture therein, a vaporizer head for dispensing steam disposed on said upper wall and extending into said aperture, and a hood disposed on said upper wall and having a lower wall embracing said vaporizer head, said hood having an open upper end, and baffle means integral with and rising from said lower wall for diiusing steam emanating from said vaporizer head and directing the steam toward said open upper end, said upper wall having a depressed portion therein surrounding said aperture, said lower wall extending inwardly of said depressed portion so that condensation uid will be directed from said hood onto said depressed portion and thence back through said aperture into said container.
2. A device according to claim 1, including locking means for preventing relative rotation of said hood with respect to said vaporizer head, said vaporizer head including an electric cord, said locking means including a slot in said hood for receiving said electric cord therethrough.
3. A device according to claim 1 including means on said hood and on said vaporizer head for limiting relative rotation therebetween so that said bate is maintained in a predetermined location relative to the steam being dispensed by said vaporizer head.
4. A device according to claim 1 wherein said hood is provided with cooling air inlet means disposed below the uppermost edge of said baffle.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 461,520 10/1891 Burgoyne 4--165 1,587,844 6/1926 Landberg 4-165 X 2,005,229 6/1935 Loos et al 12S-192 2,138,428 11/1938 Pulgar 12S-258 2,561,443 7/1951 March 219-271 3,152,240 10/1964 Scott 219--271 FOREIGN PATENTS 818,397 10/ 1951 Germany.
555,616 1/1957 Italy.
RICHARD M. WOOD, Primary Examiner.
C. L. ALBRITTON, Assistant Examiner'.