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Publication numberUS3352533 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 14, 1967
Filing dateNov 13, 1964
Priority dateSep 8, 1958
Also published asDE1138520B, US3281904
Publication numberUS 3352533 A, US 3352533A, US-A-3352533, US3352533 A, US3352533A
InventorsCrawford B Murton
Original AssigneeVesuvius Crucible Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Stopper for a ladle or similar receptacle
US 3352533 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 14, 1967 c. B. MURTON 3,352,533

STOPPER FOR A LADLE OH SIMILAR RECEPTACLE Original Filed Sept. a, 1958 a Sheets-Sheet 1 Y INVENTOR. Crawford B. Murton A ATTORNEYS Nov. 14, 1967 c. B. MURTON STOPPER FOR A LADLE OR SIMILAR RECEPTACLE Original Filed Sept. 8, 1958 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

Crawford B. Murton' 4Q ATTORNEYS Nov. 14, 1967 c. B. MURTON 3,352,533

STOPPER FOR A LADLE OR SIMILAR RECEPTACLE Original Filed Sepi. s, 1958 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR. Crawford B.Munon k ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,352,533 STOPPER FOR A LADLE 0R SIMILAR RECEPTACLE Crawford B. Murton, Monchen-Gladbach, Germany, as-

signor to Vesuvius Crucible Company, Swissvale, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Original application Sept. 8, 1958, Ser. No. 759,670, now Patent No. 3,281,904, dated Nov. 1, 1966. Divided and this application Nov. 13, 1964, Ser. No. 410,863

2 Claims. (Cl. 251-356) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A stopper for a ladle such as a bottom pour hot metal ladle comprising a refractory head having a Well extending downwardly thereinto receiving the flanged lower end of a stopper rod with insert means separate from the rod and head inserted downwardly into the well above the rod flange into position to overlie the rod flange and seat thereon and thereby block withdrawal of the rod from the well and connected with the head whereby to attach the rod to the head together with protective sleeve means surrounding the rod above the head vertically supported by the insert means. The insert means are preferably the sole means overlying the rod flange.

This application is a divisional application based upon my copending application Ser. No. 759,670, filed Sept. 8, 1958 (now Patent No. 3,281,904), the specification and drawings of this application being identical with the specification and drawings of said copending application.

This invention relates to a stopper for a ladle or similar receptacle and has to do particularly with the manner of attachment of the stopper rod to the stopper head. Many different proposals have been made for fastening stopper rods to stopper heads but each has had disadvantages. It is undesirable to apply the stopper rod through the bottom of the stopper head as then the opening in the bottom of the stopper head must be plugged and the plug is liable to fall out. Various provisions for applying the stopper rod to the top of the stopper head have been suggested but these have for the most part involved intricate or impractical structures. They have generally involved so-called one piece or permanently assembled stopper rod and head combinations requiring breaking the stopper head to disconnect the rod from the head for replacement of one or the other.

I provide a stopper for a ladle or similar receptacle which obviates the disadvantages of the expedients heretofore employed by those skilled in the art for attaching ladle stopper rods to the stopper heads. I provide a stopper for a ladle or similar receptacle comprising a refractory head having a well extending downwardly thereinto, a rod having a lateral projection at its bottom insertable downwardly into the well and means applicable to the head and rod into position to overlie at least a portion of the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod and thereby block withdrawal of the rod from the Well whereby to attach the rod to the head, said means being the sole means overlying the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod. Such means are preferably also insertable downwardly into the well above the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod into position to overlie at least a portion of the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod and thereby block withdrawal of the rod from the well and connected with the head whereby to attach the rod to the head.

I further provide a stopper for a ladle or similar receptacle comprising a refractory head having a well extending downwardly thereinto, a rod having a lateral projection at its bottom insertable downwardly into the well and means at least largely surrounding the rod above the lateral projection thereon appliable to the head into position to overlie at least a portion of the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod and thereby block withdrawal of the rod from the well whereby to attach the rod to the head. I preferably employ preformed refractory means which are appliable to the head and rod into position to overlie at least a portion of the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod and underlie a portion of the head.

The well of my refractory stopper head preferably has a portion of its wall relatively remote from its bottom of smaller transverse dimension than a portion of its wall less remote from its bottom, forming a shoulder facing toward the bottom of the well, and I preferably provide means interposed between said shoulder and the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod blocking withdrawal of the rod from the Well whereby to attach the rod to the head. Such means are preferably preformed refractory means. I desirably employ cooperating preformed elements fitting together to at least largely surround the rod above the lateral projection thereon appliable to the head into postion to overlie at least a portion of the latteral projection at the bottom of the rod and thereby block withdrawal of the rod from the well whereby to attach the rod to the head. The well may be internally threaded and preformed externally threaded preferably refractory means may be provided which are adapted to be threaded into the Well into position to overlie at least a portion of the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod; or the well may have at a portion of its periphery'a shoulder facing toward the bottom of the well and means may be employed which are insertable downwardly into the well into a position to overlie at least a portion of the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod and turnable to a position in which a part thereof underlies the shoulder to block withdrawal of the rod from the well and thereby attach the rod to the head. Desirably, means are provided holding the last mentioned means against turning out of the position in which a part thereof underlies the shoulder to block withdrawal of the rod from the well.

Other details, objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent as the following description of certain present preferred embodiments thereof proceeds.

In the accompanying drawings I have shown certain present preferred embodiments of the invention in which FIGURE 1 is an isometric view of a ladle stopper head with a portion cut away;

FIGURE 2 is an isometric view of a logged insert ring;

FIGURE 3 is an isometric view of a locking member;

FIGURE 4 is a horizontal cross-sectional view of an assembled stopper head and stopper rod utilizing the structures shown in FIGURES 1, 2 and 3, the cross-section being taken through the stopper rod just above the head and looking downwardly toward the head, the lugged insert ring being shown in full lines in the position in which it is initially inserted into the well in the stopper head and in dotted lines in its holding position turned through an angle of 90 from the initial position;

FIGURE is a vertical cross-sectional view through the assembled stopper head and stopper rod utilizing the structures shown in FIGURES 1, 2, 3 and 4 but with the lugged insert ring in its holding position; and

FIGURE 6 is a vertical cross-sectional view through a modified form of structure.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings and especially to FIGURES l5, there is shown a refractory head 2 of a stopper for a ladle or similar receptacle. The bottom portion 3 of the stopper head 2 is solid and imperforate. The stopper head has a well designated generally by reference numeral 4 extending downwardly thereinto from the top surface 5 thereof. The well 4 is of generally circular shape but having opposed outwardly projecting portions 6 each of which is connected adjacent the bottom 7 of the well 4 with a circumferentially extending cut out portion 8.

FIGURE 2 shows a lugged insert ring the body of which is designated generally by reference numeral 9 and which has projecting outwardly therefrom at the lower portion thereof opposed lugs 10. The lugged insert ring is adapted to surround the stopper rod as will presently be described and to pass downwardly within the well 4 with the lugs 10 moving within the outwardly projecting portions 6 of the well. When the lugged insert ring reaches the position in which the lugs 10 are in lateral alignment with the circumferentially extending cut out portions 8 of the head 2 the lugged insert ring is turned about its axis through an angle of 90 to position the respective lugs underneath portions 11 of the stopper head, which portions overlie the cut out portions 8. As will be understood from the above description, the well 4 has a portion of its wall defined by the inner surface of the portion 11 of the stopper head relatively remote from its bottom 7 of smaller transverse dimension than a portion 8 of its wall less remote from its bottom 7 forming a shoulder 12 facing toward the bottom of the well. Actually, there are two such shoulders at diametrically opposed portions of the stopper head. They coact with the upper surfaces 13 of the lugs 10 to hold the lugged insert ring against movement out of the well 4. When the lugged insert ringhas been turned to the position in which the lugs 10 are underneath the shoulders 12 a locking member 14 shown in FIGURE 3 is dropped into one of the outwardly projecting portions 6 of the well to prevent turning of the lugged insert ring back to its initial position since the locking member 14 lies in the path of one of the lugs 10. While one locking member 14 is all that is required two such locking members are preferably used for added locking safety.

FIGURE 5 shows a stopper rod 15 assembled with a head 2 and a lugged insert ring as shown in FIGURE 2. The stopper rod 15 extends through a bore 16 in the lugged insert ring as shown in FIGURE 5, and the stopper rod has a lateral projection 17 at its bottom. As shown the lateral projection 17 is circular and coaxial with the rod 15. Its diameter is less than the diameter of the well 4 intermediate the portions 6 so that the stopper rod may be insertable downwardly into the well.

Before the stopper rod 15 is inserted downwardly into the well of the stopper head the lugged insert ring is applied over the stopper rod so as to rest upon the upper surface of the lateral projection 17. The lower portion of stopper rod with the lugged insert ring thereabout and resting upon the lateral projection 17 is inserted downwardly into the well 4, the lugs 10 of the lugged insert ring moving downwardly through the portions 6 of the well. When the bottom of the rod seats upon the bottom of the well the upper surfaces 13 of the lugs 10 will be slightly below the level of the shoulders 12. Thereupon the lugged insert ring will be turned through an angle of more or less, and the locking members 14 inserted as above described to maintain the assembly. The lugged insert ring cannot be removed from the wellof the stopper head because the lugs 10 underlie the shoulders 12. The stopper rod is held in place by the lugged insert ring acting upon the upper surface of the lateral projection 17.

FIGURE 6 shows a modified construction including a refractory stopper head 2a the bottom portion 3a of which is solid and imperforate. The stopper head has a well designated generally by reference numeral 4:: extending downwardly thereinto from the top surface 5a thereof. The well 4a is of generally circular shape and internally threaded as shown at 6a. The bottom of the well is designated 7a and is of somewhat smaller diameter than the threaded portion thereof. The stopper rod is designated 15a and has at its bottom a lateral projection 17a. Surrounding the lower portion of the stopper rod 15a above the lateral projection 17a is a preformed refractory collar 9a which is externally threaded as shown at 10a so that the collar may be screwed down into the well 411 with the threads 10a of the collar meshing with the threads 6a of the well as shown in FIGURE 6. The collar 9a may be a solid completely circular collar or it may consist of cooperating preformed elements fitting together to at least largely surround the rod. For example, the collar 9a may be made in two halves which may be applied to the rod from opposite sides so that when applied the effect is the same as a solid collar and the sectional collar may be screwed down into the well of the stopper head just the same as a solid collar. Each of the threads 6a of the well 4a constitutes a portion of the wall of the well relatively remote from its bottom of smaller transverse dimension than the space underlying it which is less remote from the bottom of the well so that the lower portion of each thread forms a shoulder facing toward the bottom of the well. Those shoulders act to maintain the collar 9a in place and the collar in turn acts against the upper surface of the lateral projection 17a to block withdrawal of the rod 15a from the well and thereby attach the rod to the head. A rod protecting sleeve is shown at 18; the sleeve may be of conventional form.

The lugged insert ring 9 and the collar 9a are preformed of refractory material which may be the same as the refractory material of the stopper head so as to have the same coefficient of thermal expansion. In both the form of FIGURES l5 and the form of FIGURE 6 the performed refractory member or means is the sole means overlying the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod. My stopper is very easy to assemble and disassemble, is inexpensive and gives long service life.

While I have shown and described certain present preferred embodiments of the invention it is to be distinctly understood that the invention is not limited thereto but may be otherwise variously embodied within the scope of the following claims.

I claim:

1. A stopper for a ladle or similar receptacle comprising a refractory head having a well extending downwardly thereinto, a rod having a lateral projection at its bottom inserted downwardly into the well, insert means separate from the rod and head inserted downwardly into the well above the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod into position to overlie at least a portion of the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod and seat thereon and thereby withdrawal of the rod from the well and connected with the head whereby to attach the rod to the head and protective sleeve means surrounding the rod above the head vertically supported by said insert means.

2. A stopper for a ladle or similar receptacle comprising a refractory head having a well extending down- Wardly thereinto, a rod having a lateral projection at its bottom inserted downwardly into the well, insert means separate from the rod and head inserted downwardly into the well above the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod into position to overlie at least a portion of the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod and thereby block withdrawal of the rod from the well and connected with the head whereby to attach the rod to the head, said insert means being the sole means overlying the lateral projection at the bottom of the rod, and protective sleeve means surrounding the rod above the head vertically supported by said insert means.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Roberts 251--291 Coady 251291 Leinhos 251-291 Hoopes 251291 Howard 222-559 Murton 251-319 10 J. SPENCER OVERHOLSER,Prima1y Examiner.

R. D. BALDWIN, Assistant Examiner.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,352,533 November 14, 1967 Crawford B. Murton It is hereby certified that error appears in the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below.

Column 1, line 58, for "applicable" read appliable column 2, line 49, for "Desirably," read Desirably column 4, line 69, after "thereby" insert block column 5, line 6, after "rod" insert and seat thereon Signed and sealed this 3rd day of December 1968.

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD J. BRENNER Commissioner of Patents Edward M. Fletcher, Jr.

Attesting Officer

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1439522 *Jan 14, 1922Dec 19, 1922Howard Karl SPouring ladle for molten metal
US3027611 *Dec 1, 1959Apr 3, 1962Ross Tacony Crucible CompanyStopper rod assemblies
US3040400 *Oct 5, 1960Jun 26, 1962Joseph Dixon Crucible CoStopper rod assemblies
US3126593 *Jul 21, 1961Mar 31, 1964The Joseph Dixon Crucible Companyleinhos
US3195198 *Apr 22, 1963Jul 20, 1965Vesuvius Crucible CoStopper for a ladle or similar receptacle
US3281904 *Sep 8, 1958Nov 1, 1966Vesuvius Crucible CoStopper for a ladle or similar receptacle
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4337920 *Oct 16, 1980Jul 6, 1982Cameron Iron Works, Inc.Valve
US4575047 *Jan 24, 1984Mar 11, 1986Kennecott CorporationCeramic to metal junction and method of making same
US5201335 *Oct 15, 1991Apr 13, 1993Fisher Controls International, Inc.Method and apparatus for attaching ceramic to metal parts
DE3141037A1 *Oct 15, 1981Jun 3, 1982Cameron Iron Works IncVentileinrichtung
Classifications
U.S. Classification251/356, 222/597
International ClassificationF27D3/15, B22D41/16
Cooperative ClassificationB22D41/16, F27D3/1536
European ClassificationB22D41/16, F27D3/15A3