|Publication number||US3354590 A|
|Publication date||Nov 28, 1967|
|Filing date||May 3, 1965|
|Priority date||May 3, 1965|
|Publication number||US 3354590 A, US 3354590A, US-A-3354590, US3354590 A, US3354590A|
|Inventors||Gilroy Norman T|
|Original Assignee||Gilroy Norman T|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (11), Classifications (18)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 28, 1967 N. T. GILROY 3,354,590
BUILD I NG FRAME STRUCTURE Filed May 5, 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. NORMAN T GILROY Nov. 28, 1967 N. T. GlLROY BUILDING FRAME STRUCTURE 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 5, 1965 ZZINVENTOR.
NORMAN T G/LROY dim 41 Nov. 28, 1967 N. T. GILROY 3,354,590
BUILDING FRAME STRUCTURE Filed May 5, 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR. A oRMA/v T GI ROY Nov. 28, 1967 N. T. GILROY 3,354,590
BUILDING FRAME STRUCTURE Filed May 3, 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR. NORMAN 7. G/LROY 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR lVORMAN T G/LRoY Nov. 28, 1967 N. T. GILROY BUILDING FRAME STRUCTURE Filed May 5, 1965 United States Patent 3,354,590 BUILDING FRAME STRUCTURE Norman T. Gilroy, 5 Taylor Laue, Larkspur, Calif. 94939 Filed May 3, 1965, Ser. No. 452,716 13 Claims. (Cl. 52-73) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The disclosure pertains to a building structure particularly adapted for erection on hillside sites and includes the combined foundation and frame system for the building. The frame and foundation members are triangularly arranged to absorb all stresses on the building, and no loads are absorbed by the diaphragm or skin of the building. The foundation members diverge upwardly from ground footings to the main floor and superstructure members converge from the main floor upwardly to a roof ridge.
This invention relates to building structures especially adapted for installation on hillside sites, and more particularly to a combined foundation and frame system for supporting such structures.
The effective utilization of sloped building sites for houses, cabins or other dwellings has long been a challenging problem to architects and builders. Generally, the problem prior to the present invention was that of providing a structure with sufficient strength and support to withstand severe wind and earthquake loads as well as static loads and yet one which is esthetically appropriate, as well as fully compatible with and complementary to the natural beauty of the site. The general object of the present invention is the solution of this problem.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a versatile building structure for hillside sites that can be easily situated in any one of a wide array of alternate positions on the site without entailing a large amount of grading or excavation of the hillside. The natural terrain of a typical hillside lot may slope at various degrees in several different directions and yet for purposes of captur ing the optimum view as well as for other reasons, it is essential to orient the building in a certain position on the lot. Heretofore, this often required that extensive excavations be made to accommodate the building foundation. Such procedures are not only costly in time and labor, but usually result in a thorough disruption of the hillside and destruction of its natural beauty.
Long prior to the present invention, attempts were made to avoid extensive excavations by utilizing vertical piers supported by footings and placed at the corners of the building. However, such piers or stilts, like common piling, tend to detract rather than enhance the appearance of any hillside dwelling, and they generally require extensive cross bracing to provide adequate stability and strength. A further disadvantage is that such stilt-like supports do not readily facilitate the orientation of a house on a site having irregularly sloped portions. On such sites, for example, each vertical support member must be supported by a separate foundation member, and its length may vary considerably depending on the lot contour.
The present invention avoids the necessity for making costly excavations or the need for the heavy stilt-type supporting structure for hillside structures. In contrast, it provides a unique supporting framework that allows the Patented Nov. 28, 1967 building to be oriented to almost any position on the slope despite the direction of the steepest grade. Moreover, the under portion of the frame is supported on single footings located centrally with respect to the main floor of the structure. No vertical piers are required at the corners of the main floor and thus the slope beneath it can be left substantially unmolested, thereby greatly enhancing the appearance of the structure on its site.
Another object of my invention is to provide a frame structure for hillside houses that is unusually strong, durable and capable of resisting severe earthquake and wind loads, and yet a structure that is unusually light and made up of slender members.
The aforesaid objectives are accomplished in the present invention by a unique frame system which provides both the necessary underfloor support for a hillside house or cabin, as well as the support for its superstructure. The structural elements making up the frame system are straight, slender members which are strong in tension and compression. After the proper footings have been installed on the hillside building site, these frame elements which have been precut to the proper length are then pin or bolt connected at their ends on the site to form the predetermined frame structure. When connected, the frame structure is triangulated in all directions so that a load due to wind or earthquake shock applied to any location on the frame above or below the main floor level will be transmitted to and carried by all of the remaining members of the frame in either tension or compression.
It is, therefore, another object of my invention to provide building structure having an entire frame and undersupport structure comprised of structural steel members which can be cut to a predetermined length at a factory and assembled on the building site.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a house or cabin structure particularly adapted for installation on sloped building sites whose frame and undersupport structure is comprised of precut structural frame members which can all be pin connected when the house is assembled on the building site.
Still another object of my invention is to provide a house or cabin for a sloped building site having an unusually attractive A-frame configuration.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a building structure for sloping lots having generally an A-frame shape wherein the diaphragm covering the frame to form the roof or walls and the floor does not take any load except the weight load distributed over it, the frame members themselves taking all major loads on the structure such as earthquake or Wind loads. This is an important feature of my building because it makes it possible to utilize many additional exterior and interior architectural design features. For example, any portion of the sloped roof area can be cut out completely or glazed in a desired pattern for windows or skylights. Vertical side walls can be utilized to increase the effective living space within the building.
Other objects, advantages and features of my invention will become readily apparent from the following detailed description presented in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 112.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a view in perspective of a building embodying the principles of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view in perspective showing the arrangement of the frame members for the building shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view in front elevation of the building frame structure shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic plan view showing the floor frame structure of the building in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view in side elevation showing the frame structure of the building in FIG. 2;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view in elevation taken along the line 66 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view in elevation taken along the line 7-7 of FIG. 5;
FIGS. 8-25 are fragmentary views showing structural details of the building of FIG. 1 and taken at the locations shown in FIGS. 4-7, as indicated:
FIG. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary view taken along the line 88 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged view in section taken along the line 9-9 of FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged fragmentary View taken along the line 1010 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 11 is an enlarged view taken along the line 11-11 of FIG. 6;
FIG. 12 is an enlarged view taken along the line 1212 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 13 is a view in section taken along the line 13-13 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 14 is a view in section taken along line 1414 of FIG. 4; I
FIG. 15 is a view in section taken along the line 15--15 of FIG. 12;
FIG. 16 is a view in section taken along the line 1616 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 17 is a view in section taken along the line 17-17 of FIG. 16;
FIG. 18 is a view in section taken along the line 18-18 of FIG. 16;
FIG. 19 is a detailed view of a footing for the building frame taken along the line 1919 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 20 is a view in section taken along the line 2020 of FIG. 19;
FIG. 21 is a detailed view in section of another footing for the building frame taken along the line 2121 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 22 is a detailed view in section showing another footing installation for my building frame taken along the line 2222 in FIG. 5;
FIG. 23 is a view in section taken along the line 2323 of FIG. 22;
FIG. 24 is a detailed view of an intermediate downhill footing taken along the line 2424 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 25 is a view in section taken along the line 2525 of FIG. 24.
In the drawings, FIG. 1 shows a building embodying the principles of the present invention as it appears when erected on a typical hillside site for which it is most ideally suited. Broadly speaking, it comprises a horizontally oriented main floor 32 having one end located closely to a horizontal ground line along the slope and extending outwardly therefrom. A foundation system 34 embedded in the ground at predetermined locations beneath the main floor 32 is connected to the floor by a supporting lower frame structure 36. The latter is interconnected and cooperates in a unique manner with an upper frame structure 38 extending above the main floor and supporting the superstructure of the house. As will be seen from the following description, the upper and lower frames combine as an integrated system to provide many distinctive features and advantages.
The configuration and arrangement of structural elements in the entire frame system is such that relatively light and slender frame members such as conventional structural steel members can readily be used in forming it. These members may be precut at a factory to predetermined lengths and then assembled later at the building site.
As shown schematically in FIGS. 2 through 7, t e
lower frame structure 36 supporting the main floor 32 comprises a slope beam 40 which is located just above the ground and is connected at one end to a footing 42 at the uphill end of the foundation system 34. The footing 42 is centrally located between and aligned with two other similar footings 44 and 46 that together support a cross beam 48 forming one end of the main floor structure. If desired, the footings 42, 44 and 46 could be combined as a single foundation member such as a continuous wall. From the footing 42 the slope beam 49 extends down the slope of the site and is connected at its lower end to another foundation pier or footing 50. In the embodiment of the invention shown, an intermediate footing 52 is provided between the footings 42 and 50 on the slope grade, the beam 40 being conveniently formed in two aligned sections connected to the intermediate footing 52. The slope beam 40 lies directly below the longitudinal center line of the floor 32 and extending upward vertically from the footings 50 and 52 are vertical support members 54 and 56, respectively. In the same vertical plane as the support 54, which is transverse to the slope beam 40, and extending outwardy and upwardly from it are a pair of side support members 58 and 60 of equal length. A similar pair of shorter side support members 62 and 64 extend upwardly and outwardly at equal angles from the foundation pier or footing 52 and from opposite sides of the vertical support member 56.
The upper ends of the members 54, 58 and 60 are connected to a transverse floor frame member 66, and the members 56, 62 and 64 are connected to a similar floor frame member 68. These floor frame members 66 and 68 are parallel to each other and also to the cross beam 48. Connected at right angles between the floor members 48, 66 and 68 at their opposite ends are longitudinally extending floor frame members 70 and 72. Extending diagonally between the floor members 66 and 68 are a pair of diagonal bracing members 74, and a similar pair of bracing members 76 extend diagonally between the floor members 68 and 48.
The superstructure or upper frame portion of the house 30 is comprised of a series of rafter beam members 78 that slope upwards from opposite sides of the main floor 32. Pairs of adjacent rafter beams are secured closely together at the ends of the transverse floor frame members 48, 66 and 68 and they diverge as they extend upwardly at an angle. At their upper ends the rafter beams 78 of adjacent pairs come together and are connected by a composite central ridge beam 80. As shown in FIG. 2, the sloping rafter beams 78 extending upward from both sides of the main floor essentially form a pair of triangulated trusses which lean together and are connected at their upper ends to the common ridge beam 80.
At the front of the frame structure 36 forming the main floor 32 which is well above the foundation footing 50, I provide a pair of horizontal deck frame members 82 and 84 which are each connected near one end to the transverse beam 66. These latter members extend outwardly to converge, connect together and form a support for an extended deck portion 86 of the main floor (see FIG. 1). At the point where the members 82 and 84 converge and are connected together, another supporting beam 88 is provided which lies in the same vertical plane as the upright members 54 and 56 and extends downwardly at an angle to the deck and is fastened to the front foundation pier 50.
It will be noted from the foregoing description taken with FIG. 2 that the entire frame structure is a series of frame members connected to form a multi-triangular frame system wherein loads applied to any part of the superstructure are transmitted to and distributed throughout the entire frame to the foundation. The location of the foundation comprised of the footings 42, 44 and 46 along a first line beneath one end of the building and the footings 50 52 along a line perpendicular to the first line and directly below the center line of the building, is another factor that contributes to the even load distribution throughout the frame. This feature of load or stress distribution, which can be established by conventional engineering stress analysis procedures, contributes greatly to the strength and eificiency of my building structure. It eliminates the need for a diaphragm covering the frame to carry any load except the weight bearing on it. It also enables the frame members to be assembled and connected on the building site by simple bolt or pin connections or by welding, if desired. Moreover, it makes possible the use of relatively light frame members which can be relatively inexpensive and easy to handle.
When the house or cabin 30 is assembled on the building site, the foundation system 34 is first installed and the precut frame members forming the load bearing members frame system described above are then connected together. The following portions of the specification set forth in greater detail the various components of a pre ferred foundation system 34, as well as a description of typical connecting joints for the members of the frame system.
In supporting a structure on a sloped building site, it is essential that the foundation be extremely stable and well anchored. The actual strength requirements for footings comprising a foundation may vary considerably according to a lot topography, soil conditions, and also the safety factor desired over extreme loads such as wind gusts and earthquake shocks which the building may be subjected to. In the foundation system shown in FIGS. 5 through 7, each footing or pier may be supported by one or more subterranean pilings 90 which extend into the ground to the necessary depth (e.g., 5 to feet). Such pilings may be oriented vertically or at a predetermined angle to the lot grade in order to provide suitable strength and shock resistance characteristics in different directions. These pilings, as shown typically in FIGS. 19 and 20, may be conveniently formed by first drilling a proper sized hole and then filling it with concrete which is preferably reinforced by internal steel rods 92 and the like. When more than one piling is used such as for the footing 44, their upper ends are joined together by a block or slab 94. On the rear footings 42, 44 and 46, a pair of subterranean reinforced concrete pilings 90 are preferably used to provide extra strength and stability to resist any overturning forces that would be transmitted by the frame to the foundation because of a severe loading applied to the forward end of the building. Here, one of the pilings is installed vertically and the other extends into the ground at an angle substantially perpendicular to the lot fall line.
For other footings, one or more of the concrete pilings 90 may be oriented in the ground at angles in different directions. For example, as shown in FIG. 7, the pilings for the central footing 42 are angled in opposite directions from the longitudinal center line of the house 36*. The block or slab 94 at the upper ends of the concrete pilings is secured to them by means of the internal reinforcing members such as the steel rods 92 which extend between the pilings and the slab. Extending above the upper level of the block or slab on each footing are embedded bolt members 96 to which is preferably secured a steel mounting plate 98 for receiving the frame members supported by the footing. In this respect, all of the footings are formed in a similar manner.
While the foundation means shown are fully adequate to support the building 30, other foundation means such as bell-based concrete footings or steel piling could also be utilized within the scope of the invention.
Turning now to the details of the frame member connections, and with reference to FIGS. 19, 20 and 21, the cross beam 48 is supported on the plates 98 fixed to each of the footings 42, 44 and 46 by the bolt members 96. The ends of the cross beam are beveled at an angle equal to that to be formed by the upwardly extending rafter beam members 78. An adapter plate 1% attached to each end of the cros beam serves as a means for mounting the end of a sloped rafter beam 78 to it.
Above the central footing 42 a vertical support flange 102 is attached as by welding between the flanges of the cross I beam 48 and provides a means for securing the upper end of the slope beam 40 to the cross beam (see FIG. 21). Thus, the slope beam 40 is preferably formed from two right angle beam members which are bolted to opposite sides of the flange 102. At their lower ends the slope beam members 40 are bolted to an upright flange 104 mounted on the base plate 98 of the intermediate footing 52, as shown in FIGS. 24 and 25. Also bolted to the support plate are a pair of right angle structural beam members forming the upright vertical support member 56. Extending transversely through a slot in the support plate 104 is another support member 106 which rests on the base plate 98 of the intermediate footing 52. To this latter support plate 106 are attached pairs of angular beam members 62 and 64 which comprise the angular supports that extend upward to opposite sides of the main floor.
In FIG. 22 are shown the details of the lowermost footing 50 and the various frame members attached to and supported by it. Here an upright support plate 108 rests on the edge of the base plate 98 of the footing 50 and to it are bolted the lower ends of the lower grade beam section 40. Running transversely through a slot in the support plate 108 and at a right angle to it is another support plate 110 to which are bolted the lower ends of the upwardly extending angular support beam members 58 and 60. The latter are also preferably comprised of angle shaped structural beam members.
The roof beams 78 fixed to the ends of the cross beams 66 and 68 are attached thereto in essentially the same manner as those attached to the ends of the cross beam 48. As shown in FIGS. 12 and 16, end adapter plates 112 and 114 are first secured to the beveled opposite ends of the beam members 66 and 68, respectively. The rafter beams are then bolted to these plates in the manner shown in FIG. 17, the corners of the rafter beams being preferably cut away so that they can converge together neatly in a minimum of area on the plate 114. The plates 100, 112 and 114 also provide a means for interconnecting a series of structural beam sections that form the longitudinal floor frame members 76 and 72 extending along opposite sides of the main floor 32.
Fixed to the underside of the beam 66 near its opposite ends is a pair of support plates 116, and near the ends of the beam 68 is fixed a similar pair of plates 118. To the plates 116 are bolted the upper ends of the angular beams 58 and 60 and to the plates 118 are bolted the upper ends of the angular beams 62 and 64, as seen in FIGS. 12 and 16, respectively. A similar bracket plate 119 welded to and extending downwardly from the midpoint of the cross beam 66 provides a support to which the upright frame members 54 are bolted (FIG. 13).
In FIG. 15, the cross beam 66 is shown from a top view which also illustrates how the diagonal floor beams 74 are attached thereto. Here, I prefer to weld short triangular members 120 to the upper flange of the cross beam so that the flat diagonal frame members 74 can readily be bolted to it. A pair of similar triangular members 122 and 124 are welded to opposite sides of the cross beam 68 to provide for the attachment of the diagonal frame members 74 and 76 thereto (see FIG. 18). Near opposite ends of Web portion of the front cross beam 68, as also shown in FIG. 15, are provided a pair of angular mounting flanges 126 to which are bolted the web portions of the horizontal deck beams 82 and 84. At the outer end of the deck where the beams 82 and 84 converge, they are held together by a clip 128 (FIG. 14). A bracket 130 secured to the lower flanges of the beams 82 and 84 serves as a means for retaining the angular support beam 88 which extends upward from the foundation member 50.
The means for connecting rafter beams 78 to the ridge roof beam 80 is shown in FIGS. 8 and 9. Where the beams converge at one location on the ridge beam they are all bolted to a bracket 132 comprised of a pair of crossed plate members 134 and a third central plate member 136 extending from opposite sides of the vertical intersections of the crossed plate members. The angle between the crossed plate members on one side of the central plate is equal to the angle of convergence of the rafter beams which are attached thereto by bolts. Bolted to each central plate 136 is a section of the ridge beam 80 which is preferably formed by pairs of angle shaped frame members.
In the embodiment of the building 30 shown in the drawing, an upstairs or second floor is suspended above the main floor by means of structural frame members supported by the rafter beams 78. As shown in FIGS. and a pair of channel members 140 and 142 are fixed by some suitable means between pairs of upwardly diverging rafter beams 78 at one end of the frame structure. Bolted at their ends to these channel members are four downwardly extending support frame members 144, and welded to the ends of the latter are a pair of spaced apart horizontal beams 146. The support frame members and the horizontal beams are preferably 1 beams which are strong enough to support a substantial living area located above but not necessarily extending the full length of the main floor. The aforesaid upstairs arrangement illustrates the fact that, in my invention, the lower and upper frames 36 and 33 are integrated self-supporting systems that require no internal load-bearing members 011 the main floor for support. Thus, non-load-bearing partitions for subdividing the living area into rooms can be utilized within the house at any location to form the desired floor plan.
The main and upper floors and the deck portions may be made from suitable wood or metal materials that can be secured to the frame members by spaced apart fasteners such as lag screws or bolts. As shown in FIG. 16, the main fioor 32 is preferably made up of prefabricated stressed skin panels 148 comprising upper and lower sheets 150 and 152 of plywood separated by internal joists 154, the space between the sheets being preferably filled with insulation material 156. Other forms of stressed skin panels such as steel panels could also be used. These panels are secured to wood members 149 previously bolted to the cross frame members 66, 68 and 48. The surrounding deck 86 may be wood planking secured to wood stringers 87 extending between the cross frame members.
Since all of the stresses applied to the building are taken as either tension or compression loads by the loadbearing frame members, it is not necessary that any load be absorbed by the skin or diaphragm covering the rafter beams 78 of the house. Thus, as shown in FIG. 8, the upper frame diaphragm may also be formed by stressed skin panels 158, similar to the floor panels 148. These roof panels can be easily attached to wood members 159 previously secured to the rafter beam members 78 by bolts or screws.
As stated previously, an important overall feature of the present invention lies in the fact that my unique frame, by virtue of its triangulated arrangement of members, takes all of the loads on the building so that the diaphragm covering the roof beams 78 takes no stress and merely fulfills a fill-in function. Thus, no internal columns or braces for the roof beams are required within the building 30, and along the sloping sides of the house any arrangement of openings or glazing can be provided. This is contrary to the conventional A-frame structures heretofore devised wherein the roof diaphragm is a loadbearing component and must extend down to the floor level along both sides of the house. In the embodiment of my invention shown in FIG. 1, for example, a skylight 160 is provided along the roof ridge, and the roof diaphragm terminates near its lower side above the main floor level between pairs of rafter beam members '78 and thereby forms side openings 162. Upright wall members 164 on opposite sides of the house extending between the main floor and the roof above, may then be provided with windows or doors 166, which are aligned with the openings 162. The space beneath the roof and between the edge of the main floor and the adjacent wall then provides the deck or walkway 86 connecting with the front deck and providing access around the outside of the indoor living space.
Various other features of both an esthetic and functional character can be applied to the building 30. For example, a wood railing 168 of any suitable design is preferably provided around both the deck and the sides of the main floor. At the end of the house overlooking the deck, I prefer to provide a glazed facade 170 comprised of a large number of windows formed by a wooden frame pattern or an aluminum curtain wall.
To those skilled in the art to which this invention relates, many changes in construction and widely differing embodiments and applications of the invention will suggest themselves without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The disclosures and the description herein are purely illustrative and are not intended to be in any sense limiting.
1. An integrated frame structure for a building particularly adapted for erection in a sloped lot comprising:
a horizontal main floor having a first end edge substantially parallel to the ground surface and a second end edge extending outwardly above a downhill portion of the lot;
a first foundation means located along a line parallel to said first end edge;
a second foundation means located directly beneath a longitudinal center line of said main floor at its outwardly extending second end edge and along a line normal to said first foundation means;
upwardly divergent lower frame means connecting said foundation means to said main floor at points equidistant from its said longitudinal center line;
upper frame means connected to and sloping towards each other from near the opposite sides of said main floor;
and means connecting said upper frame means together, said latter means having a longitudinal center line in the same vertical plane as said center line of said main floor and said foundation means.
2. An integrated frame structure for a building particularly adapted for erection on a sloped lot comprising:
a horizontal main floor having one end near the surface of the lot and an opposite end extending above a downhill portion of the lot;
a first foundation means for supporting said first end and aligned along a line directly beneath said first end;
a second foundation means located directly beneath a longitudinal center line of said main floor;
slope beam means following substantially the ground slope beneath said main floor and interconnecting said first and second foundation means;
a lower frame means connecting said second foundation means to the sides of said main floor;
and upper frame means connecting the sides of said main floor and converging to connect together along a line in the same plane as said center line and said second foundation means.
3. An integrated frame structure for a building adapted for installation on a sloped lot comprising:
a first series of horizontal frame members forming the main floor frame of the building including first and second cross frame members interconnected by intermediate frame members, said first said cross frame member located at the end of the main floor nearest the ground level and supported on foundation means located beneath its opposite ends;
a second series of sub-floor frame members beneath said main floor members including a slope beam extending downwardly from said first cross frame member on a line that lies in a Vertical plane containing a main floor center line that is centrally disposed between said intermediate frame members, said slope beam terminating at and being connected to a second foundation means, a first pair of angular support beams extending upwardly and outwardly from the end of said slope beam and from said second foundation means, each being connected with a second cross frame member near its opposite ends;
a third series of rafter frame members extending above said main floor and forming the superstructure frame for the building, said rafter frame members being arranged in pairs, each said pair of rafter members being connected to one end of a said cross frame member and diverging upwardly while slanting at an angle towards a similar pair of diverging rafter members extending upwardly and at an angle from the opposite end of the same cross frame member;
and means for connecting together the rafter beams from opposite ends of said cross beams along a line that lies in the same vertical plane as said main floor center line and said slope beam.
4. The frame structure described in claim 3 including a pair of horizontal deck frame members in the same plane as said main floor members for forming a deck extension thereof, said deck members each being fixed at one end near an end of said second cross frame memher and connected together at their opposite ends at a junction aligned with the center line of the main floor; and an angular supporting frame member extending from the junction of said deck frame members to said second foundation means.
5. The frame structure described in claim 3 including an intermediate cross frame member spaced between and parallel to said first and second cross frame members; a second pair of angular support beams extending upwardly and outwardly from an intermediate foundation means and connected near the opposite ends of said intermediate cross frame member.
6. The frame structure described in claim 5 including diagonal frame members extending from near the ends of each said cross frame member to near the end of its adjacent cross frame member.
7. An integrated frame structure for a building adapted for installation on a sloped lot comprising:
a main floor frame of the building including a plurality of parallel, spaced apart cross frame members with a first said cross frame member being located at the end of the main floor nearest the ground level and a second cross frame member at its opposite end;
a first foundation means for supporting said first cross frame member and located at spaced apart intervals along a line beneath its opposite ends;
a second series of sub-floor frame members for supporting said main floor frame including a slope beam extending downwardly from said first cross frame member on a line that lies in a vertical plane containing a center line of the main floor;
a second foundation means located at and connected to the termination of said slope beam;
a pair of angular support beams extending upwardly and outwardly from the end of said grade beam and from said second foundation means, each being connected with said second cross frame member near its opposite ends, and a central support column extending vertically from said second foundation means and connected with said second cross member at its mid-point;
a third series of rafter frame members extending above said main floor and forming the superstructure frame for the building, said rafter frame members being arranged in pairs, each said pair of rafter members being connected to one end of a said cross frame and diverging upwardly while slanting at an angle towards 10 a similar pair of diverting rafter members extending upwardly and at an angle from the opposite end of the same said cross beam;
and means for connecting together the rafter members from the opposite ends of said cross beams along a line lying in the same vertical plane as said main floor center line and said slope beam.
8. A building adapted for installation on a sloped lot having an integrated frame structure and comprising:
a horizontal main floor frame including a plurality of spaced apart cross frame members interconnected by intermediate frame members, an inner cross frame member being located at the end of the main floor nearest the ground level; and an outer cross frame member being located at the other end of said floor frame above a downhill portion of the lot;
first foundation means located beneath and supporting said inner cross frame member at spaced apart in tervals between its ends;
a series of sub-floor frame members beneath said horizontal main floor including a slope beam extending downwardly from said inner cross frame member on a line that lies in a vertical plane containing a center line of said main floor frame;
second foundation means aligned with said center line and located directly beneath said outer cross frame member, said slope beam terminating at and being connected to said second foundation means;
a first pair of angular support beams extending upwardly and outwardly from the end of said slope beam and from said second foundation means, each being connected with said second cross frame member near its opposite ends;
a third series of rafter frame members extending above said main floor and forming the superstructure frame for the building, said rafter frame members being arranged in pairs, each said pair of rafter members being connected to one end of a said cross frame member and diverging upwardly while slanting at an angle towards a similar pair of diverging rafter frame members extending upwardly and at an angle from the opposite end of the same cross beam;
and means for connecting together said rafter frame members from opposite ends of said cross frame members along a line lying in the same vertical plane as said main floor center line and said slope beam.
9. The building as described in claim 8 including a series of stressed skin wooden panels attached to said rafter frame members and forming the covering of said building, said panels providing the fill-in cover forming the roof of said building but not required to absorb a dia phragm load thereon.
10. The building as described in claim 8 including horizontal beam members attached to said adjacent rafter frame members on opposite sides of said building and supporting an upstairs floor above the main floor thereof.
11. The building as described in claim 9 wherein said panels are comprised of spaced apart sheets of plywood attached to intermediate wood frame members.
12. The building as described in claim 9 wherein said panels cover only a predetermined area bordered by said rafter frame members and are arranged to form openings between adjacent rafter frame members along the sides of said building; and vertical wall sections spaced inwardly from the lower ends of said rafter frame members having doors aligned with said openings.
13. The frame structure described in claim 9 including a pair of horizontal deck frame members in the same plane as said main floor members, for forming a deck extension thereof, each said deck frame member being fixed at one end near an end of said outer cross frame member and connected to the other deck member at its opposite end at a junction aligned with the center line of the main floor; and an angular supporting frame member extending from the junction of said deck frame members to said second foundation means.
3,193,973 7/1965 Lee et a1. 5290 X 3,195,189 7/1965 Villandry 52-73 X 3,283,693 11/1966 Howell 5290 X References Cited UNITED FOREIGN PATENTS SSTATES PATENTS 52 643 5 851,280 10/1939 France. Tiiill ag'jjjjjjjjjEH99 X OTHER REFERENCES Anderson 52-90 X Architectural Record, Nal. A66, October 1943, p. 31. Baroni 52-73 X slayter 52 73 10 FRANK L. ABBOTT, Primary Examiner.
Jacob 52-90 A. C. PERHAM, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2257769 *||Sep 16, 1940||Oct 7, 1941||American Diagrid Corp||Roof structure|
|US2584066 *||Mar 15, 1949||Jan 29, 1952||Torkelson Frank C||Bleacher frame construction|
|US3058549 *||Jun 6, 1958||Oct 16, 1962||Anderson George D||Building construction and method|
|US3090162 *||Feb 25, 1953||May 21, 1963||Giorgio Baroni||Building construction|
|US3156018 *||Dec 21, 1961||Nov 10, 1964||John H Slayter||Plant-manufactured building structure|
|US3177618 *||Jun 4, 1962||Apr 13, 1965||Bart M Jacob||A-frame construction|
|US3193973 *||Feb 24, 1961||Jul 13, 1965||Granite City Steel Company||Method of building erection|
|US3195189 *||Sep 18, 1957||Jul 20, 1965||Joseph D Augusta||Strut foundation for building|
|US3283693 *||Jul 19, 1963||Nov 8, 1966||Reynolds Metals Co||Building construction|
|FR851280A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3488968 *||Jul 14, 1967||Jan 13, 1970||Barkeling Sven Erik Julius||Boat landing stages and the like|
|US3524287 *||May 28, 1968||Aug 18, 1970||Toselli Mario||Building structure|
|US3762111 *||May 12, 1971||Oct 2, 1973||Harada M||Fabricated construction of a house|
|US3815300 *||Nov 22, 1971||Jun 11, 1974||Levingston Armadillo Inc||Prefabricated flight deck structure for offshore drilling platforms|
|US3872632 *||Jun 12, 1973||Mar 25, 1975||Snibbe Richard W||Suspended structure|
|US3913285 *||Oct 7, 1974||Oct 21, 1975||Helfrich Robert H||Building frame structure for hillsides|
|US3942290 *||Jan 3, 1975||Mar 9, 1976||Sheeran John H O||Integrated building construction|
|US4075801 *||Nov 15, 1976||Feb 28, 1978||Philip D. Mogler||Storage tanks|
|US7921610||Dec 12, 2006||Apr 12, 2011||Garry Boatwright||System, method, and apparatus for frame assembly and building|
|EP0298863A1 *||Jul 5, 1988||Jan 11, 1989||Fouad Daouk||Self-carrying plane reticular structure|
|EP0308313A1 *||Sep 12, 1988||Mar 22, 1989||Vladimir Ouroussoff||Housing structure, such as a cabin|
|U.S. Classification||52/73, 52/299, D25/61, D25/29, 52/92.1|
|International Classification||E04B1/34, E04B1/24, E04B1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||E04B1/3408, E04B2001/2484, E04B2001/2481, E04B2001/2415, E04B2001/2448, E04B2001/0069, E04B2001/2463, E04B1/24|
|European Classification||E04B1/34C, E04B1/24|