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Publication numberUS3354599 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 28, 1967
Filing dateAug 23, 1965
Priority dateAug 28, 1964
Publication numberUS 3354599 A, US 3354599A, US-A-3354599, US3354599 A, US3354599A
InventorsJohn Martin Derek
Original AssigneeWickman & Company Ltd D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of erecting a mast
US 3354599 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

8, 1967 D. J. MARTIN 3,354,599

METHOD OF ERECTING A MAST Filed Aug. 23, 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOK Tami/a J0 mmerw 8) k 1am v zmw,

Arron/v5) Nov. 28, 1967 D. J. MARTIN 3,354,599

METHOD OF ERECTING A MAST Filed Aug. 23, 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOK "DEAEH JOHN Amer/ A J/YKA p l I L ,4 TORNE United States Patent METHOD OF ERECTENG A MAST Derek John Martin, Much Hadham, England, assignor to D. Wickman & Company Limited, Ware, England Filed Aug. 23, 1965, Ser. No. 481,551 Claims priority, application Great Britain, Aug. 28, 1964, 35,375/64 6 Claims. (01.52-741) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A method of erecting a hoist on a mast is disclosed in which a cathead and a pair of cages are advanced up the mast by successive expansion and contraction of rams. The cathead and cages are arranged to slide up the mast, the cathead being disposed above the cages, and the rams are connected between the cages and the cathead. Advance up the mast is accomplished by expanding the rams while the cages are secured to the mast and the cathead is released from it, thus raising the cathead, and contracting the rams while the cathead is secured to the mast and the cages are released from it, thus raising the cages. After each alteration in height of the hoist, the position of a counterweight is adjusted.

This invention relates to masts and particularly, though not exclusively, to masts used in the construction of tall buildings and other permanent structures, More specificall), the invention relates to a method of erecting a hoist for passengers and/ or goods on a mast, to a method of increasing the height at which a hoist for passengers and/ or goods on a mast will operate and to methods of adding a mast section to the top of a mast.

It is an object of the invention to provide such methods which are particularly rapid, convenient, and economical of manpower and equipment.

Summary of the invention In general the objects of the invention are achieved by providing a cathead and cages slidingly mounted on a mast with the cathead disposed vertically above the cages. Rams which are connected between the cages and the cathead are expanded to move the cathead up the mast while the cage is secured to the mast and then the rams are contracted while the cathead is secured to the mast and the cages released to move relatively thereto. The cages are additionally supported by means of cables and conventional counterweights for vertical movement independent of the cathead once the desired elevation has been reached.

There is provided according to the present invention a method of erecting a hoist for passengers and/or goods on a mast, the hoist comprising a movable platform on which is mounted a rotary idler, a cage, and a winch connected to the cage by a flexible tensile-force-transmitting member passing from the said winch over the rotary idler and down to the cage wherein the platform and cage are raised to positions near the top of the mast by connecting the lower end of a contractible and extendible jacking device to the cage, the upper end of the jacking device being secured to the platform, and alternately extending the jacking device while the cage is secured to the mast and the platform is released from it and contracting the jacking device while the platform is secured to the mast and the cage is released from it.

3,354,599 Patented Nov. 28, 1957 The present invention also provides a method of increasing the height at which a hoist for passengers and/ or goods on a mast will operate, the hoist comprising a movable platform on which is mounted a rotary idler, a cage, and a winch connected to the cage by a flexible tensileforce-transmitting member passing from the said winch over the rotary idler and down to the cage wherein the platform and cage are raised to positions near the top of the mast by connecting the lower end of a contractible and extendible jacking device to the cage, the upper end of the jacking device being secured to the platform, and alternately extending the jacking device while the cage is secured to the mast and the platform is released from it and contracting the jacking device while the platform is secured to the mast and the cage is released from it.

The present invention also provides a method of adding a mast section to the top of a mast fitted with a hoist comprising a platform releasably secured to the mast near the top thereof and having a rotary idler mounted upon it, a cage which is releasably securable to the mast, and a winch operatively connected to the cage by a flexible tensile-force-transmitting member passing from the Winch over the rotary idler and down to the cage, wherein the mast section is raised to the top of the mast and secured thereto and the platform and cage are raised to positions near the top of the mast section by connecting the lower end of a contractible and extendible jacking device to the cage, the upper end of the said jacking device being releasably secured to the platform and alternately extending the jacking device while the cage is secured 'to the mast and the platform is released from it and contracting the jacking device while the platform is secured to the mast and the cage is released from it.

The present invention also provides a method of adding a mast sectionto the top of a mast fitted with a hoist comprising a platform releasably secured to the mast on which is mounted a rotary idler, a cage, and a winch connected to the cage by a flexible tensile-force-transmitting member passing from the said winch over the rotary idler and down to the cage wherein the platform and cage are raised to positions near the top of the mast by connecting the lower end of a contractible and extendible jacking device to the cage, the upper end of the jacking device being secured ot the platform, and alternately extending the jacking device while the cage is secured to the mast and the platform is released from it and contracting the jacking device while the platform is secured to the mast and the cage is released from it, the mast section is raised to the top of the mast and secured thereto, and the platform and cage are raised to positions near the top of the mast section by further alternate extension and contraction of the jacking device.

The invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGURES l to 4 are diagrammatic representations, in side elevation, of a mast and a hoist in successive stages of erection, some parts being removed, and

FIGURE 5 is a diagrammatic perspective view of the mast and hoist, with some parts removed.

Referring to the drawings, there is shown a mast 11 made up of a plurality of mast sections 12 arranged on top of one another and secured together, the mast being fitted with a hoist for passengers and/ or goods as described below. A movable platform comprised by a cathead 13 is releasably secured to the mast 12. by means of sprags 14 mounted on the cathead 13 so that they can slide horizontally relative to it. The cathead 13 has a top surface forming a working platform on which workmen may stand. In the drawings the sprags 14 are shown slid inwardly to their fullest extent when, as can be seen, they engage crossmernbers of one of the mast sections 12 and thus secure the cathead 13 to the mast 11. When the sprags 14 are slid outwardly, however, they no longer engage a mast section 12 and the cathead 13 is consequently released from the mast 11. The cathead 13 has four rotary idlers constituted by pulleys 16, 17, 18 and 19 mounted upon it. A mechanical lifting device constituted by a swiveling jibcrane 21 is secured to the cathead 13, while two contractible jacking devices constituted by double-acting hydraulic rams 22 and 23 are pivotally secured to the cathead 13 and hang downwards from it. Two winches 24 and 25 are positioned near mast 11 at ground level, as shown. Two cages 26 and 27 are arranged one on either side of the mast 11. The winches 24 and 25 are arranged for lifting and lowering the cages 26 and 27 respectively in the conventional manner, flexible tensile-force-transmitting members constituted by a cable 28 connecting the winch 24 to the cage 26 and a cable 29 connecting the winch 25 to the cage 27 being provided for this purpose. For clarity, the greater parts of the cables 28 and 29 have been removed from FIGURES 1-4; the disposition of the cables is best appreciated from FIGURE 5. One end of each of the cables 28 and 29 is secured to the cages 26 and 27 respectively; this is done by wrapping one end of the cable 28 around a drum 31 mounted above the cage 26 and wrapping one end of the cable 29 around a drum 32 mounted above the cage 27. The drums 31 and 32 are so mounted that they can be rotated; in normal use, however, they are locked against rotation so that the cables 28 and 29 are firmly secured to the cages 26 and 27 respectively.

From the drums 31 and 32 the cables 28 and 29 pass upwards over the pulleys 16 and 17 respectively and thence down to the winches 24 and 25. From the winches 24 and 25 the cables 28 and 29 pass upwards again and over the pulleys 18 and 19 respectively and thence down to respective counterweights 33 and 34.

The cages 26 and 27 have sprags 36 and 37 respectively mounted on their sides, as shown. The sprags 36 and 37, shown diagrammatically in the drawings, comprise arms pivoted on the cages which are weight-loaded into operative positions in which, as shown in FIGURES 2 and 3, they extend horizontally outwardly from their pivots on thecages but are prevented by stops from swinging upwardly above their operative positions. Then can, however, be swung downward against the weight-loading into inoperative positions in which, as shown, in FIGURES 1 and 4, they extend vertically downward. They can be locked in their inoperative positions. The cages 26 and 27 carry means 38 and 39 respectively, shown diagrammatically whereby they can be releasably secured to the lower ends of the hydraulic rams 22 and 23 respectively. The mast sections 12 are each fitted with vertically extending guides, shown diagrammatically at 41, which guide the movement of the cathead 13, cages 26 and 27 and counterweights 33 and 34 up and down the mast 11 and restrain them from horizontal displacement away from the mast 11. The cathead 13 is fitted with rollers 42 and the cages 2 6 and 27 with rollers 43 and 44 respectively which engage the guides 41.

A sequence of operations employed when adding an additional mast section 12 to the top of the mast 11 will now be described, the initial conditions being as shown in FIGURE 1, that is to say the cages 26 and 27 being at the bottom of the mast 11 with the sprags 36 and 37 locked in their inoperative positions and the cathead 13 and counterweights 33 and 34 being at the top of the mast. While the mast 11 is still fairly low and the cathead 13 is therefore sufiiciently near to the ground, the jib-crane 21 can be used to raise the additional mast section 12 off the ground and deposit it on the I lb? m st 1 where it is fixed in position. The cages 26 and 27 are then raised up the mast in the normal manner by means of the winches 24 and 25 until they reach positions just below the cathead 13. When they reach these positions, their respective counterweights 33 and 34 ground. The lower ends of the hydraulic rams 22 and 23 are connected to the cages 26 and 27 respectively, after being adjusted to appropriate lengths to reach between the cathead 13 and the tops of the cages 26 and 27. The weight-loaded sprags 36 and 37 on the cages 26 and 27 are unlocked from their inoperative positions, and are consequently urged by the weight loading towards their horizontally-extending operative positions. The rams 22 and 23 are then caused to contract,

thus raising the cages 26 and 27 up the mast 11 and causing the cables 28 and 29 to slacken. As the weight-loaded sprags 36 and 37, during the upward movement of the cages 26 and 27, contact horizontal cross-members of the mast 11, they are urged downwardly out of their operative positions against the weight-loading. After they pass such cross-members, however, they are again urged into their operative positions by the weightdoading, and, on account of the stops which prevent them from swinging upward above their operative positions, they engage the upper surfaces of the cross-members and secure the cages 26 and 27 to the mast 11, i.e., prevent them from descending the mast 11. The sprags 36 and 37 having thus been engaged, the cable storage drums 31 and 32 are unlocked, so that they are free to rotate. Next the rams 23 and 23 are extended slightly to take the weight of the cathead 13 off its sprags 14 which are then slid outwardly, thus releasing the cathead 13 from the mast 11. The rams 22 and 23 are then caused to extend further, thus raising the cathead 13 up the additional mast section 12. After the extending of the rams 22 and 23 the sprags 14 on the cathead 13 are slid inwardly to engage cross-members of the additional mast section 12 and secure the cathead 13 to the mast 11, i.e., prevent it from descending the mast 11. The position is then as shown in full lines in FIGURE 2. The rams are then caused to contact, thus raising the cages 26 and 27 up the mast 11 to the position shown in chain-dotted lines in FIGURE 2. As previously described, the sprags 36 and 37 on the cages 26 and 27 are automatically returned to their operative positions by the weightloading after each cross-member of the mast 11 is passed, and the cages 26 and 27 are thus automatically secured to the mast 11 after being raised by the rams 22 and 23. The process of alternately extending the rams 22 and 23 while the cages 26 and 27 are secured to the mast 11 and the cathead 13 is released from it and contracting the rams 22 and 23 while the cathead 13 is secured to the mast 11 and the cages 26 and 27 are released from it is continued until the cathead 13 is at the top of the addtiional mast section 12 and the cages 26 and 27 are just beneath it. In the case illustrated, only one further extension and contraction of the rams 22 and 23 is necessary. The stage when the rams 22 and 23 have been extended a second time and the cathead 13 has been secured by means of the sprags 14 is shown in full lines in FIGURE 3 and the stage when the rams have been contracted a second time is shown in chain-dotted lines in the same figure. When the final position, as shown in chain-dotted lines in FIGURE 3, is reached, the cat head 13 being secured to the mast 11 by its sprags 14, the cables 28 and 29 are adjusted to appropriate lengths for the new overall height of the mast 11, additional lengths having been unreeled from the storage drums 31 and 32, and the drums 31 and 32 are then locked against rotation. The cages 26 and 27 are now raised a short additional distance by the rams 22 and 23 in order to facilitate disengagement of the sprags 36 and 37 from the mast 11 and the sprags 36 and 37 are disengaged and locked in their inoperative positions. The rams 22 and 23 are then extended until the cages 26 and 27 are supported on the cables 28 and 29 after which the rams 22 and 23 are disconnected from the cages 26 and 27. Normal operation of the cages, that is to say raising and lowering them by means of the winches 24 and 25, can then be begun. FIG- URE 4 shows the arrangement during normal operation, with the sprags 36 and 37 disengaged and the cage 27 in the process of being lowered to the ground.

To add further mast sections 12 to the mast 11, the above procedure can, of course, be repeated. As the mast 11 becomes higher, the jib-crane 21 may be too high to lift objects from ground level, in which case further mast sections 12 required to be added are loaded onto one or both of the cages 26 and 27 which are then raised to the top of the mast 11 by the winches in the normal manner. The further mast sections 12 are then added one by one to the mast 11 using the sequence of operations described above. After each mast section has been added, the cathead 13 and cages 26 and 27 are raised to the top of that mast section, after which another mast section is added in the same manner.

The invention is also applicable to the erection of a hoist for passengers and/or goods on an already erected mast. In such a case, of course, it would not be required to add an additional mast section to the mast. The sequence of operations described above, other than those operations involved in the addition of the further mast section 12, are used to erect the hoist. Starting if necessary from ground level, the above-described process of alternately extending the rams 22 and 23 while the cages 26 and 27 are secured to the mast 11 and the cathead 13 is released from it and contracting the rams 22 and 23 while the cathead 13 is secured to the mast 11 and the cages 26 and 27 are disconnected from it is continued until the desired height is reached.

A similar sequence of operations to that described in the preceding paragraph can be used when it is desired to increase the height at which a hoist fitted to a mast will operate. If a mast has been erected and a cathead is at an intermediate position up the mast, the cat-head and cages can be raised to any desired position higher up the mast by a similar technique of winching the cages up to just below the cathead, connecting the rams to the cages and performing alternate extension and contraction of the rams as described above.

For clarity, the hoist has been described above and shown in the drawings as having single cables 28 and 29 connecting respectively the winch 24 with the cage 26 and the counterweight 33 and the winch with the cage 27 and counterweight 34. It may often be preferable to use twin cables in place of the single cable and the single cable 28 and the single cable 29. In this case, the twin cables are secured to the respective cages 26 and 27 by being wound on twin drums mounted in similar manner to the drums 31 and 32 and releasably locked againts rotation. Twin pulleys would be provided in place of the single pulleys 16, 17, 18 and 19. The invention is, of course, equally applicable when the hoist employs twin, or greater numbers of, cables.

What is claimed is:

1. A method of erecting a hoist on a mast, comprising the steps of providing a hoist comprising a platform, a rotary idler mounted on said platform, a cage, a counterweight and a flexible tensile-force-transmitting member connecting the cage to the counterweight and passing over the idler to suspend the cage and counterweight therefrom,

securing the platform to the mast,

connecting opposite ends of a contractible and extendible jacking device respectively to the platform and the cage,

securing the cage to the mast below the platform,

releasing the platform from the mast,

extending the said device to raise the platform up the mast,

securing the platform to the mast,

releasing the cage from the mast,

contracting the said device to raise the cage up the mast, repeating the six last-mentioned steps until the platform and cages reach the desired position on the mast, and

increasing the length of the said member by an amount which corresponds to the displacement of the platform up the mast.

2. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the step of adjusting the length of the said member is performed by rotating a drum mounted on the cage and which drum has the said member wound upon it and locking the drum against rotation when the said member reaches the desired length.

3. A method of adjusting the operating height of a hoist on a mast, the hoist comprising a platform, a rotary idler mounted on the platform, a cage, a counterweight, and a flexible tensile-force-transmitting member connecting the cage to the counterweight and passing over the idler to suspend them therefrom, the said method comprising the steps of connecting opposite ends of a contractible and extendible jacking device respectively to the platform and the cage,

securing to the mast a first member of the group comprised by the platform and the cage being the member which is less far advanced than the second member of the said group in the desired direction of movement of the hoist on the mast,

releasing the said second member from the mast,

extending the said device to shift the said second member in the said direction on the mast,

securing the said second member of the group to the mast,

releasing the said first member from the mast,

contracting the said device to shift the said first member in the said direction on the mast,

securing the said first member to the mast,

repeating the six last-mentioned steps until the platform and cages reach the desired positions on the mast, and

adjusting the length of the said member by an amount which corerspondes to the displacement of the platform up the mast.

4. A method as claimed in claim 3, wherein the step of adjusting the length of the said member is performed by rotating a drum mounted on the cage and which drum has the said member wound upon it and locking the drum against rotation when the said member reaches the desired length.

5. A method of adding a mast section to the top of a mast fitted with a hoist comprising a platform secured to the mast, a rotary idler mounted on the platform, a cage, a counterweight, and a flexible tensile-force-transmitting member connecting the cage to the counterweight and passing over the idler to suspend the cage and counterweight therefrom, the said method comprising the steps of loading the mast section on the cage at a loading station,

connecting opposite ends of a contractible and extendible jacking device respectively to the platform and the cage,

securing the cage to the mast below the platform,

releasing the platform from the mast,

extending the said device to raise the platform up the mast,

securing the platform to the mast,

releasing the cage from the mast,

contracting the said device to raise the cage up the mast,

repeating the six last-mentioned steps until the platform and cage reach positions near the top of the mast, removing the mast section from the cage,

securing the mast section to the top of the mast,

repeating the said six steps until the platform and cages reach positions near the top of the mast section, and increasing the length of the said member by an amount which corresponds to the displacement of the plat- 7 8 form up the mast to permit the return of the cage to References Cited its; cgatclilienggnitsationwhile the platform remains at the UNITED STATES PATENTS 6. A method as claimed in claim 5 wherein a mechan- 1,667,440 4 1 f 52 123 -ica1 lifting device is mounted upon the platform and where- 5 3,05 3,398 9/1962 Llebherr et a1 21246 in the step of removing the mast section from the cage is 3,213,575 10/1965 Boczek 52-122 performed by i v operatively connecting the said lifting device to the mast FOREIGN PATENTS section, and 1,344,281 10/ 1963 France.

operating the said lifting device to raise the mast section 10 off the cage; FRANCIS K. ZUGEL, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1667440 *Dec 31, 1925Apr 24, 1928 Mast-erecting apparatus
US3053398 *Dec 22, 1959Sep 11, 1962Elmar ReichRotary tower crane
US3213575 *Sep 13, 1962Oct 26, 1965Walter BoczekCranes
FR1344281A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3464169 *Jun 26, 1967Sep 2, 1969Etablis F PotainLifting device for a telescopic mast
US3662504 *Mar 10, 1970May 16, 1972Gueguen Michel M FPylons
US4976086 *Jun 7, 1989Dec 11, 1990P.L.J. Bom Beheer B.V.Method and device for building a greenhouse
US6868646 *Dec 13, 2002Mar 22, 2005Valmont Industries, Inc.Method and means for erecting a wind energy tower
US6928774 *Aug 4, 2000Aug 16, 2005Blowup Media GmbhEnveloping body
US7124821Jul 18, 2005Oct 24, 2006Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Apparatus and method for expanding a tubular
US8117799 *Oct 20, 2009Feb 21, 2012Vestas Wind Systems A/SMethod of erecting a tower
US8584429 *Sep 26, 2012Nov 19, 2013Tindall CorporationTower erection system and method
US20130081337 *Sep 26, 2012Apr 4, 2013Tindall CorporationTower erection system and method
US20130239491 *May 20, 2013Sep 19, 2013Saied TadayonWind Power Equipment and Assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/745.17, 52/749.1, 52/123.1
International ClassificationB66B9/16, E04H12/34, E04H12/00, B66C23/00, B66C23/28, B66B9/187
Cooperative ClassificationB66C23/283, E04H12/34, B66B9/187
European ClassificationE04H12/34, B66B9/187, B66C23/28B