|Publication number||US3354795 A|
|Publication date||Nov 28, 1967|
|Filing date||Feb 18, 1963|
|Priority date||Feb 18, 1963|
|Publication number||US 3354795 A, US 3354795A, US-A-3354795, US3354795 A, US3354795A|
|Inventors||Emanuel M Kugler|
|Original Assignee||Emanuel M Kugler|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (9), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 28, 1967 E. M. KUGLER METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING BAGS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Feb. 18, 1963 INVENTOR. f/WAA/UEL M Kl/GLEB ATTOR N575 Nov. 28, 1967 E. M. KUGLER METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING BAGS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. 18, 1963 O a A United States Patent 3,354,795 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING BAGS Emanuel M. Kugler, 124 Richmond Place, Lawrence, N.Y. 11559 Filed Feb. 18, 1963, Ser. No. 259,313 6 Claims. (Cl. 93-8) The invention here presented is broadly in the field of the flexible packaging art; more particularly it presents a process and method for the manufacture of a bag for the, storage and display of articles of merchandise; and in detail, it is concerned with a continuous method of manufacture of a bag with a reinforcing strip contained within the header end thereof.
Bags or flexible packages manufactured from a plastic material such as polyethylene or the like, are well known. conventionally, such bags may have a reinforcing strip as of cardboard, or the like, within one end of the bag. The reinforcing strip will supply shape and strength to the finished bag and allow the same to be displayed on a rack or the like.
The fabrication of a flexible bag of this type presents several obvious diificulties. The conventional process of fabricating such a bag is to simultaneously advance a fiat film of the material to be utilized to form the bag, together with a continuous strip of the reinforcing material. The film may then be folded about the reinforcing strip, sealed, and severed in order to form the finished bag.
This is, of necessity, an expensive and inefiicient technique. For example, it is difficult to space the reinforcing strip at the fold of the film. If the reinforcing strip is not properly located, the finished bag will be defective.
Additionally, in that the film must be folded about the reinforcing strip, it will be necessary to commence production from a flat film of bag material rather than a flattened tube thereof, or a preformed doubled over strip. These latter configurations are often more readily available and sometimes more economical to obtain. Additionally, it is, at times, impossible to commerce production from a web of flat sheet material as when such a flat sheet is wider than the available rollers for the machine or for the necessary printing press.
Still further, the known processes and methods of manufacture of the described type of package, require necessarily expensive and complicated special equipment such as for severing and sealing. For example, after the reinforcing strip is inserted within the folds of the film of material, it will be necessary to sever the reinforcing strip into individual lengths; one of each lengths for each finished bag. This severing of the reinforcing strip must be accomplished by a separate die which must be able to cut through not only the reinforcing strip, but the film of doubled over bag material. Such a separate die for cutting plastic film together with the reinforcing strip, is diflicult to design and utilize, Additionally, the use of a die to. cut through the web of plastic material and the cardboard reinforcing-strip does not permit the sealing of the front and back walls of the bag togetherin the area of the reinforcing strip. This is in that the reinforcing strip of necessity, must support the front and back walls in this area. This non-sealing of an area of the bag leads to many undesirable results. For example, dirt or other contamination may collect in the reinforcing strip portion of the bag. In addition to being unsightly, this will prohibit the use of certain types of reinforcing strips and 'ice will make necessary the provision of a seal line below the reinforcing strip to prevent the dirt from entering the main portion of the bag.
Furthermore, it will sometimes be desired to insert special reinforcing strips within the folded over bag material. For example, a premium item such as a pencil or a ruler, may function as a reinforcing strip within the bag, while being packaged in the header end thereof. It will not be possible to utilize such an item as a reinforcing member if the bag is fabricated according to the above-described present techniques.
It is a cardinal object of this invention, therefore, to provide an improved production technique for the fabrication of a flexible package with a reinforcing strip inserted at the header or upper end thereof.
It is another primary object hereof to describe a more versatile method of fabricating flexible packages and inserting reinforcing strips, or the like, therein.
With these objects in view, the invention consists of the novel features of construction and arrangement of parts which will appear in the following specification and recited in the appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which the same reference numerals indicate the same parts throughout the various figures and in which:
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a machine to carry out the method disclosed herein with the component parts illustrated primarily diagrammatically.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged side elevational view primarily of the reinforcing strip feeding mechanism taken substantially along line 2-2 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3, is a sectional elevational view taken substantially along line 3-3 of FIG. 2 and illustrating the reinforcing strip feeding mechanism in particular.
FIG. 4 is a view in perspective of a folded over web of bag material with reinforcing strips therewithin illustrating the first steps of the method of manufacture of the product of this invention.
FIG. 5 is a View corresponding to FIG. 4 but illustrating a further step in the manufacture of a finished bag.
FIG. '6 is a front elevational view of a typical bag manufactured according to this invention.
FIG. 7 is an elevational sectional view of a finished bag constructed according to this invention taken substantially along line 77 of FIG. 6.
' FIG. 8 is an enlarged side fractional view of the bag illustrated in FIGS. 6 and 7 as it would appear with a bulky item stored therewithin. I
-Referring now to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 of the drawings, there is illustrated a machine having embodied therein the principal features of the invention, and which is particularlyadapted to fabricate a flexible package with a reinforcing strip at the header end thereof, as illustrated in FIGS. 6, 7 and 8.
The machine of FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 may be supported on any suitable fname (not illustrated).
The web of material 11 for forming the bag 52 may be supplied in the form of a continuous doubled over strip with a fold 14 from a supply roll 15.
Although the material is not described in detail, it will be preferable to utilize a heat scalable material, such as polyethylene, or the like.
It will be noted that although the process herein described commences with a doubled over sheet of material, it could equally well commence with a flattened tube of material or even a single sheet thereof.
If la flattened tube is utilized, it will merely be necessary to open one end thereof by means of any cutting apparatus. If a single sheet is utilized, it will only be necessary to fold the same over any of the conventionally available forming boards to produce a doubled over strip.
No matter how supplied, however, the doubled over web of material 11 may be advanced to a plurality of feed rollers 16, 17 and 18, which may be tilted somewhat from the horizontal as seen in FIG. 2. Thus, the advancing folded web of material 11 will be advanced so that the fold 14 thereof will be substantially lower than the opposite open end 12 thereof. As will be described in detail hereinafter, this will facilitate the insertion of the reinforcing strip 22 into position.
Of'course, this tilting of the web of material 11 from the horizontal is optional as are many other features of this invention.
fThere will be seen in FIGS. 2 and 3 one exemplary embodiment of a device for feeding the reinforcing strip 22 to the interior of the folded web 11 of bag forming material.
There is illustrated in FIG. 3 two cooperating endless conveyor belts 24 and 25' with a relatively small gap 26 therebetween. The said endless belts 24 .and 25 will constitute feed and guide means for successive reinforcing strips 22. Each of the conveyor belts 24 and 25 will be mounted over pairs of rollers A and B, and A and B, one of which is a driven roller.
As will be seen, the entire conveyor belt system abovedescribed will be relatively thin so that the opposite and confronting sides of the folded web 11 may pass above and below the same. The rollers may be connected by any suitable rigid connecting members 19 and 20 to insure proper positioning within the advancing folded web As with other features of the invention, the conveyor belt system previously described and the reinforcing strip mechanism to be described immediately hereinafter, are optional as other well known equivalents can be substituted therefor. For example, air suction transport means of any of several well known types could be substituted for the conveyor belt system.
Provided in an operative position adjacent the conveyor belt system will be a standard 70 supporting a roll 71 of the reinforcing material 72 in a continuous form. Although the roll 71 herein shown is to one side and below the conveyor belt, it could equally well be positioned above or to any side thereof. In the exemplary embodiment depicted, the continuous strip is fed over a pair of drive rollers 75 and 76 to be urged over a cutting support 78. Above the conveyor belt end of the cutting support 78 will be a periodically descending knife 80 adapted for controlled vertical movement. In the exemplary embodiment depicted therefore, when a predetermined length of the reinforcing strip 22 is extended past the knife 80, the said knife 80 will be caused to descend against the cutting support 78 causing a predetermined width of the reinforcing strip 22 to be severed and to fall on the lower conveyor belt 25. The said reinforcing strip 22 will then be urged between the conveyor belt system downward toward the discharge end thereof.
The above-described apparatus has been illustrated, however, merely in an exemplary manner. It is contemplated that other individual reinforcing strip feeding mechanisms may be utilized. For example, a stack of pre-cut reinforcing strips may be fed to the web 11 by the conveyor belt system. This system will be especially advantageous in conjunction with the use of special premium items as a header such as a pencil, ruler, phonograph record, die cut cardboard, or any one of a myriad of other like items.
It is onlyimportant that the reinforcing strip 22, no matter what be its shape or form, whether pre-cut or not, be laterally fed within a folded over sheet of continuously advancing web material 11. It is this feature which is the gist of the invention and which accounts for the many advantages flowing therefrom. It is further contemplated that special reinforcing strips may be provided, such as ;a folded piece of cardboard enclosing a fragile item, such as a phonograph record.
As previously described, the discharge end of the conveyor belt system, will be positioned in juxtaposition with the interior of the fold 14 of the continuously advancing Web 11. As the reinforcing strips 22 are discharged from the lower end of the conveyor belt system, they will be deposited within the interior of the folded Web 11 at the fold 14.
Successive reinforcing strips 22 now deposited within the folded web 11 will continue their advance along with the said web.
As will be seen primarily in FIG. 3, the optional do wn ward tilt below the horizontal of the fold 14 will insure that the successive reinforcing strips 22 are impinged directly against the said fold.
In certain embodiments of the product to be formed, it may be desirable to staple the reinforcing strip 22 in position within the folded over web of material 11. For this purpose, an automatic stapler 81 may be provided adjacent the fold 14 in the area of the conveyor belt system. Thus, as each reinforcing strip 22 is fed into position within the web 11, it may be secured in position as by either a lateral or longitudinal staple 80.
After leaving the conveyor belt system station, the folded web 11 together with the reinforcing strips 22 therebetween, will be advanced between a plurality of rollers 34, 35 and 36 as seen in FIG. 2, to be returned to a substantially horizontal position.
The order of the steps to be described hereinafter are merely preferred and not limiting. It is realized that the order of certain of these steps may be altered for specific purposes.
The continuously advancing folded web 11 with the reinforcing strips 22 therewithin may be fed to a vertically reciprocating perforating member 38 having a plurality of projections at its lowermost edge. The vertically reciprocating member will periodically be caused to descend on the advancing folded web 11 therebelow causing a line of perforations 39 to be formed therein. 7
The perforating member 38 may be rotary instead of reciprocating as may other members to be described hereinafter.
As will be again mentioned, this line of perforations 39 may permit the reinforcing strip area of the finished bag to be removed when not desired.
For certain purposes, as when forming a side gusseted bag as disclosed particularly in FIGS. 6, 7 and 8 of the drawings, an area of the folded web 11 adjacent the fold 7 line 14 and longitudinally between the reinforcing strips 22 may be severed and removed. For this purpose, a vertically reciprocating die 40 with an electrically heated seal wire 41 therewithin will be positioned to periodically intersect the advancing folded web 11. As will be seen in FIG. 4, the advancing web 11 with the reinforcing strips 22 therewithin will now have cutouts 42 adjacent the fold 14, with the area of the cutouts 42 heat sealed together thus retaining a closed upper end of the bag. This result is an important feature of the invention as it could not be obtained utilizing the prior art processes and machinery.
For display purposes or the like, the finished bag may be hung on a display rack or the like. For this purpose, a central opening 44 may be punched through the folded web 11 and the reinforcing strip 22 by a vertically recipe rocating punch die 45.
After leaving the punch die 45 the folded Web 11 and the reinforcing strip 22 will appear as illustrated to the left of FIG. 4. There now remains to only seal and sever the web 11 along portions to form the finished bag.
The web 11, being of a heat scalable material, may be simultaneously heat sealed and severed by a hot wire knife conventionally known in the art. Such a hot wire severing and sealing device is shown at 50 in FIG. 1. The vertically reciprocating severing and sealing device 50 will periodically descend on the advancing web 11 therebelow along a line 53 perpendicular to the direction of movement thereof, causing the lengths of the web 11 to be severed and the opposite ends of the severed portions to be sealed. This severing and sealing may be accomplished separately however, especially when using certain materials which do not permit these functions to be accomplished simultaneously.
Simultaneously, a vertically reciprocating sealing device 51 will descend along a line 63 substantially parallel to and directly below the line of perforations 39 sealing the confronting faces of the web 11. In place of the reciprocating device 51, a band, rotary, or even a sonic sealing device may be utilized.
It will be realized that this sealed line 63 may be eliminated for the purposes of this invention in that the reinforcing strip 22 will be entirely sealed within the bag. In the prior art, in that the reinforcing strips were contained within an open passage, this seal line 63 is necessary to isolate the reinforcing strip passage from the remainder of the bag.
The formed bags 52 will now be fed to a faster moving end conveyor belt 54, where they will be separated for stacking or use.
There will be seen then that there is described hereinabove a method for continuously forming bags 52 of almost any shape or size. It will be realized that the method is versatile and many variations of the product formed herein are possible.
For example, it is contemplated that adhesive may be applied to the reinforcing strips 22 prior to insertion into the interior of the folded web 11. This will insure that the reinforcing strips 22 remain in position thereafter. Alternately, the reinforcing strips 22 may be coated with a heat scalable material and may then be joined to the bag by any heating device so as to present a smooth laminated appearance.
It is further contemplated that should the adhesive mentioned immediately above be applied, it will be possible to eliminate the lateral heat seal directly below and parallel to the line of perforations 39.
Referring now particularly to FIGS. 6, 7 and 8 it will be seen that a bag 52 constructed according to the embodiment of the invention herein disclosed, will have advantages never heretofore attainable in mass-produced bags.
The cutouts or notches 42 on either side of the bag in the area of the reinforcing strip 22 will permit the bag 52, when filled with bulky merchandise, to expand out to provide substantial thickness so as to contain the article within the bag 52 in substantially smooth and wrinkle-free condition. In expanding out, the side edges of the bag will move inwardly with respect to the bag width, with parallel movements, and it will be found that a pleat will be formed at the top and shoulder portions of the bag.
Of course, still additional advantages may be obtained from a bag constructed according to the instant invention.
For example, the reinforcing strip can be in the form of a protective enclosure containing an item such as a phonograph record or the like. When fed to the interior of the advancing folded web, the reinforcing strip will not only serve to stiffen and shape the bag, but to enclose an item packaged therewithin.
Additionally, the bag may be provided with a central longitudinally extending heat seal zone, and the reinforcing strip can be supplied in multiple, so that the finished bag may be severed into individual portions for special merchandising techniques.
In any of the embodiments hereinbefore described, the reinforcing strips 22 may be removed from the remainder of the bag without damage to the remainder of the bag by severing the same along the line of perforations 39.
6 Additionally, a suitable grommet or tag may be inserted within the central opening 44 for display or other purposes.
While it is preferred to employ a reinforcing strip 22 of v a relatively stiff material, such as cardboard, or the like, it is within the scope of this invention to utilize other reinforcings, such as tapes, or cords, etc.
In the above-described exemplary embodiment of the invention, there was shown and described a device which may be either intermittent or rotary to fabricate one reinforced bag at a time. It will be realized, however, that it will be possible to fabricate two such bags at a time from a single doubled over sheet of material. This may be accomplished by a double mechanism as set forth heretofore.
While there are above disclosed but a limited number of embodiments of the structure and product of the invention herein presented, it is possible to produce still other embodiments without departing from the inventive concept herein disclosed, and it is desired, therefore, that only such limitations be imposed on the appended claims as are stated therein, or required by the prior art.
Having thus described my invention and illustrated its use, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In a machine for continuously forming a series of flexible bags of the type having a reinforcing strip at one end thereof, which machine is characterized by a mechanism for advancing a continuous folded web of material having superimposed walls and and an integral longitudinal fold, a reinforcing strip feeding mechanism for inserting individual and separated reinforcing strips within said superimposed walls of said folded web of material adjacent the fold thereof, means to seal the mating surfaces of said folded web walls together along local and separated areas commencing between successive reinforcing strips and corresponding to bag width intervals in a cross direction to the movement of said web, and means to segment said web at each of said local and separated areas to form individual bags.
2. A machine for continuously forming a series of flexible bags as set forth in claim 1, wherein said means to segment are both comprise-d of a single hot knife.
3. In a machine for continuously forming a series of flexible bags of the type having a reinforcing strip at one end thereof, which machine is characterized by a mechanism for advancing a continuous folded web of material having superimposed walls and an integral longitudinal fold, a reinforcing strip feeding mechanism for inserting individual and separated reinforcing strips within said superimposed walls of said folded web of material adjacent the fold thereof, severing and sealing means to remove the portions of said Walls of said web between each of said separated reinforcing strips while sealing the remaining confronting edges of said walls of said web together about the periphery of said removed portion, and means to seal the remainder of the mating surfaces of said folded Web walls along separated lines commencing from each of said cutout portions in a cross direction to the movement of said web, and means to segment said web along each of said separated lines to form individual ags.
4. The method of continuously fabricating a flexible bag of the type having a reinforcing strip at one end thereof, characterized by the steps of, advancing a continuous folded web of material having superimposed walls and an integral longitudinal fold, feeding successive separate reinforcing strips laterally between said superimposed walls and depositing the same adjacent the longitudinal fold thereof, and sealing the mating walls of said folded web together along separated areas corresponding to bag width intervals in a cross direction to the movement of said web and separating said web at each of said areas to form individual bags.
bag of the type having a reinforcing strip at one end thereof, characterized by the steps of, advancing a continuous folded web of material having superimposed walls and an integral longitudinal fold feeding successive separate reinforcing strips laterally between said superimposed walls and depositing the same adjacent the longitudinal fold thereof, removing the portion of said folded web between siad successive reinforcing strips, and sealing the mating Walls of said folded web together along separated areas corresponding to bag width intervals in a cross di- 8 rection to the movement'of said web commencing from each of said removed portions of said web, and separating said web at each of said areas to form individual bags.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,714,416 8/ 1955 Fener. 2,796,913 6/ 1957 Fener et al. 2,971,874 2/1961 Canno. 10 3,105,417 10/1963 Hammer 93-35 BERNARD STICKNEY, Primary Examiner.
FRANK E. BAILEY, WHITMAN A. WILTZ,
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2714416 *||Jun 28, 1954||Aug 2, 1955||Nicholas Langer||Heat sealing machine and sealing member therefor|
|US2796913 *||Oct 4, 1954||Jun 25, 1957||Langer||Art of heat sealing and severing thermoplastic films|
|US2971874 *||Mar 14, 1960||Feb 14, 1961||Equitable Paper Bag Co||Method of making plastic bags|
|US3105417 *||Nov 18, 1960||Oct 1, 1963||Hammer Steffen||Method for production of reinforced bags, tobacco pouches, etc. of synthetic foil|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3513755 *||Oct 9, 1967||May 26, 1970||Donald B May||Nested plastic bag production process and apparatus|
|US3603217 *||Jan 16, 1969||Sep 7, 1971||Robinson E S & A Canada||Method of forming a bag|
|US3954049 *||Nov 9, 1973||May 4, 1976||Vision Wrap Industries, Inc.||Method of making flexible bag|
|US4126085 *||Feb 22, 1977||Nov 21, 1978||Mowli John C||Method of producing a reclosable bag|
|US4175994 *||Nov 17, 1977||Nov 27, 1979||Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.||Method of manufacturing a flexible collapsible container with a stiffening member|
|US4267768 *||Dec 27, 1977||May 19, 1981||David M. Cieslak||Process for fabricating a reclosable bag|
|US6260705 *||Nov 15, 1999||Jul 17, 2001||Cryovac, Inc.||Heat shrinkable pouch|
|US6499598 *||Jun 11, 2001||Dec 31, 2002||Cryovac, Inc.||Easy opening system for shrunk hermetic bags|
|US8021049||Sep 20, 2011||Cryovac, Inc.||Bag of a heat-shrinkable gas-barrier thermoplastic film|
|U.S. Classification||493/200, 383/9, 383/37|
|Cooperative Classification||B31B19/90, B31B2219/90|