|Publication number||US3355755 A|
|Publication date||Dec 5, 1967|
|Filing date||Jun 4, 1965|
|Priority date||Jun 4, 1965|
|Publication number||US 3355755 A, US 3355755A, US-A-3355755, US3355755 A, US3355755A|
|Inventors||Brooks Jerry R|
|Original Assignee||Brooks Jerry R|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (13), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 5, 19 67 R. BROOKS 3,355,755
ELECTROSTATIC BRU'SH Filed June 4, 1965 2 23' 2/ 2 /9 2/ /7 2i 2 25 m v 20 Fig. 3
- INVENTOR Jerry R. Brooks ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,355,755 ELECTROSTATIC BRUSH Jerry R. Brooks, 1716 Merrywood Way, Gainesville, Tex. 76240 Filed June 4, 1965, Ser. No. 461,301 4 Claims. (Cl. -1.5)
ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The invention comprises -a piezoelectric electrostatic brush whose embodiment consists of an elongated handle having a brush head with a plurality of bristles surrounding a central dust passage, or receptacle, opposite which is a piezo-electric ceramic crystal which extends partially into the handle in which is arranged a plunger element which, when reciprocated longitudinally of the handle, applies intermittent pressure to the piezo-electric crystal to produce an electric current to generate an electrostatic charge in a conductor arranged in relatively close proximity to the bristles and surrounds the dust cavity within the arrangement of bristles.
An electrostatic charge is gene-rated by a hand lever pivotally connected to the handle in such manner as to enia ble its manipulation by holding the handle, and by the operation of the lever, the plunger is reciprocated to energize the piezoelectric crystal to produce the desired electric current.
It is well known that when certain crystals, such as quartz, are squeezed an electric current is generated. A more recent development is the piezo-electric ceramic crystal, of which the lead zirconate-titanate type, which is now available commercially, is an example.
This invention relates to a piezo-electric electrostatic brush, and it has particular reference to an electrostatically charged hand brush for the removal of lint, dust, dandruff, and other foreign particles from clothes, furniture, and other articles having incorporated therein a piezo-electric ceramic crystal and manually operable means for applying pressure to said crystal to thereby generate an electric current.
The electrostatic brush of the invention is particularly useful for removing particles of lint, dust, and the like, from modern phonograph records, for example, which are fragile and hard to clean.
The invention is also useful in negatives, as in film processing. Such negatives tend, through friction, to develop and retain static electrical charges which attract dust and make handling difiicult.
A prime object of the invention is that of providing a simple, economical, and completely portable device for removing both the electrical charges and the dust particles from various articles such as those above described.
A further object of the invention resides in the provision of an electrostatically charged hand brush having incorporated therein a piezo-electric ceramic crystal and manually operable means for applying pressure to said crystal to thereby generate an electric current.
Description of the drawing While the foregoing objects are paramount, other and lesser objects will become apparent as the description proceeds, when considered in connection with the appended drawings wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a longitudinal sectional view, taken on the line 1-1 of FIGURE 2, of an electrostatic brush embodying the invention.
FIGURE 2 is a longitudinal view showing the under side of the brush as illustrated in FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 3 is an end view of the brush, and
cleaning photographic FIGURE 4 is a perspective view showing the annular electrical conductor above-mentioned as it appears from the top thereof, showing the integral lug whereby it is connected electrically to the piezo-electric ceramic crystal.
Detailed description The invention in its preferred form comprises a hand brush having an elongated handle, designated generally by the numeral 10, and having an annular brush portion, indicated generally by the numeral 11, connected to one end of the handle 10. The brush portion 11 includes a set of circumferentially spaced bristles 12 which define between them a central dust passage 13. An annular electrical conductor 14 overlies the brush portion 11 and communicates with the central dust passage 13.
The handle 10, which advantageously may be formed of molded plastic or other material, such as wood, having suitable dielectric characteristics, is hollow for a major portion of its length, beginning at one of its ends, and is open on its under side, as at 15, as shown best in FIG URE 1.
The handle 10 has -a circular recess 16 in its under side, adjacent to the end thereof opposite its hollow end portion 15, in which the brush portion 11 and the annular electrical conductor 14 are received, and has a longitudinal bore 17 communicating with said hollow end portion 15. The handle 10 has an end opening 18 in the end thereof opposite said hollow end portion 15 which is aligned axially with said bore 17 and communicates with said circular recess 16, for use as hereinafter described.
A piezo-e'lectric ceramic crystal, indicated generally by the numeral 19, which advantageously maybe of the lead zirconate-titanate type, is received in the longitudinal bore 17 of the handle 10, immediately above the brush portion 11. The bore 17 is tapered in the vicinity of the pieZo electric ceramic crystal 19, which is enclosed in a soft rubber sheath 20 and has soft metal pressure pads 21 at its ends.
An adjusting screw 22, which extends through an opening therefor in the body of the handle 10 between the bore 17 and the end opening 18, and has a nut 23 thereon, is passed through an opening therefor in an integral lug on the annular electrical conductor 14 whereby the conductor 14 is connected electrically to the piezoelectric ceramic crystal 19.
A hand lever 24, which is disposed partly within the hollow end portion 15 of the handle 10 and extends partly below the handle 10, as shown best in FIGURE 1, is pivotally connected intermediate its ends, as at 25, to one end of a link 26 which is disposed within the hollow end portion 15 of the handle 10 and is pivotally connected thereto at its opposite end, near the extreme end of the handle 10.
The hand lever 24 is pivotally connected at one of its ends, as at 27, to a plunger 28 which is movable longitudinally in the bore 17 Within predetermined limits. The arrangement is such that pressure is applied to the piezoelectric ceramic crystal 19, in a longitudinal direction relative to the handle 10, whereby an electric current is generated and an electrostatic charge is applied to the annular electrical conductor 14, in response to a toggle action which is accomplished upon squeezing the hand lever 24 whereby its free end is advanced relative to the handle 10.
The adjusting screw 22, which abuts a soft metal pressure pad 21 adjacent one end of the piezo-electric ceramic crystal 19, provides means for adjusting the toggle action as above described.
In use, particles of lint, dust, and the like, which are freed by the action of the bristles 12 will be strongly attracted to the annular electrical conductor 14 having the electrostatic charge thereon, whereby such particles tend to be drawn into the central dust passage 13 and to collect in the passage 13 in the vicinity of the conductor 14, and Will be retained therein as long as pressure is applied to the piezo-electric ceramic crystal 19, as by squeezing the hand lever 24 as above described.
The invention may be modified within certain limitations by persons skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and intent thereof or the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. An electrostatically charged hand brush for the removal of lint, dust, dandruff, and other foreign particles from clothes, furniture, and other articles having incorporated therein a piezo-electric ceramic crystal and manually operable means for applying pressure to said crystal to thereby generate an electric current.
2. An electrostatically charged hand brush having an elongated handle and having an annular brush portion connected to one end of the handle, said brush portion including a set of circumferentially spaced bristles defining a central dust passage, an annular electrical conductor coinciding with said brush portion and positioned immediately adjacent said central dust passage for engagement by dust particles entering said passage, and means in said handle for applying an electrostatic charge to said conductor.
3. The structure of claim 2, said last mentioned means comprising a piezoelectric ceramic crystal received in a longitudinal bore formed in said handle, and manually operable means in said handle for applying pressure to said crystal to thereby generate an electric current.
4. The structure of claim 3, said manually operable means consisting of a toggle arrangement including a hand lever and connecting linkage operable, upon squeezing said handle, to apply pressure to said crystal in a longitudinal direction relative to said handle.
References Cited FOREIGN PATENTS 366,816 3/1963 Switzerland.
CHARLES A. WILLMUTH, Primary Examiner.
L. G. MACHLIN, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|CH366816A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3499437 *||Sep 11, 1967||Mar 10, 1970||Ultrasonic Systems||Method and apparatus for treatment of organic structures and systems thereof with ultrasonic energy|
|US3822434 *||Apr 3, 1972||Jul 9, 1974||E Mahoney||Shaving brush having heating means for lather|
|US3912953 *||Mar 20, 1974||Oct 14, 1975||Pilutti Edoardo||Device for sources of piezoelectric ignition|
|US3997817 *||May 21, 1975||Dec 14, 1976||Philip Edward Secker||Device for neutralizing the charge on statically-charged surfaces|
|US4083073 *||Dec 6, 1976||Apr 11, 1978||Leandro Bernardini||Devices for neutralizing electrostatic charges and removing dust and particles from recording discs and the like|
|US4255776 *||Mar 20, 1979||Mar 10, 1981||Fiat Srl||Apparatus for neutralizing electrostatic charges and for removing dust from various objects|
|US5140717 *||Aug 12, 1991||Aug 25, 1992||Uneedit, Inc.||Cleaning device|
|US5612849 *||Dec 30, 1994||Mar 18, 1997||Conair Corporation||Static eliminator for hair dryers|
|US6199244 *||Oct 5, 1999||Mar 13, 2001||Vorwerk & Co. Interholding Gmbh||Vacuum cleaner with electrostatically charged components|
|US7299518||Nov 20, 2003||Nov 27, 2007||Paulson Jerome I||Vacuum cleaner with magnetic flux field|
|US9227231||Sep 11, 2014||Jan 5, 2016||1317442 Alberta Ltd.||Method of use of portable dusting tool|
|US20080087297 *||Jun 2, 2006||Apr 17, 2008||Fariborz Rahbar-Dehghan||Portble Dusting Tool|
|US20100186771 *||Apr 8, 2010||Jul 29, 2010||Fariborz Rahbar-Dehghan||Portable dusting tool|
|U.S. Classification||15/1.51, 361/260, 310/328, 15/104.1, 15/105, 134/1, 310/345|
|International Classification||A47L13/10, A47L13/40|