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Publication numberUS3359567 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 26, 1967
Filing dateDec 13, 1965
Priority dateDec 13, 1965
Publication numberUS 3359567 A, US 3359567A, US-A-3359567, US3359567 A, US3359567A
InventorsDe Fazio Benjamin S, Weinstock Lionel I, Zemme Caesar J
Original AssigneeDe Fazio Benjamin S, Weinstock Lionel I, Zemme Caesar J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Protective suit
US 3359567 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 26, 1967 C. 1. ZEMME ETAL 3,359,567

PROTECTIVE SUIT 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Deo. 13, 1965 Dec. 26, 1967 C. J. ZEMME ETAL 3,359,567

PROTECTIVE SUIT Filed Dec. 13, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 BY a n United States Patent O PROTECTIVE SUIT Caesar J. Zemme, New York, Benjamin S. De Fazio, Westbury, and Lionel I. Wenstock, Rockaway Park, N.Y., assignors to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy Filed Dec. 13, 1965, Ser. No. 513,910 4 Claims. (Cl. 2 2) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A suit for protecting the wearer from the damaging effects of high-powered radio-frequency waves is provided, the suit in its entirety being made of a single layer of an open mesh fabric made from rnetallized nylon fiber. Metallizing is accomplished by afiixing metal particles to the nylon fiber. The hood is made of the same material las the remainder of the suit and may or may not include a visor, the open mesh providing unrestricted vision as well as substantially unrestricted ventilation for the wearer.

This invention relates to an environmental protection suit for use by radar personnel. More particularly, this invention relates to a suit for use in protecting personnel yagainst the damaging effects of high-powered radio-frequency waves.

`It is known that a field of high-powered radiofrequency waves may adversely affect the human body. All of the observed harmful biological effects indicate that the body of a person requires protection if he is to safely work in such an environment.

Suits of the type hereinafter described have been in use for the protection of personnel servicing and maintaining the radar equipment of the early warning system. However, it has been found that such suits are extremely bulky, clumsy, and heavy.

Garments of the above type are usually of a c-overall design with attached hood, gloves and boots. In the past, such suits have been fabricated of four layers of material including an outer waterproof neoprene-coated nylon fabric, two layers of silverized nylon interlining, and an inner cotton or rayon lining fabric. These suits are rubberized and waterproof, and very uncomfortable to wear, even in cold weather, and impose a high heat stress in warm environment. It is quite apparent that these suits were designed for short periods of use in cold weather as required at outlying early warning sites.

It has been found, however, that the above suits are not considered suitable for use on shipboard, due to the requirement that such suits must be worn for extended watch periods in all types of weather while performing shipboard duties. Also, such suits are not considered safe for tasks requiring climbing or movement at high altitudes or in tight, confined quarters because of their bulk, weight, and poor foot and hand dexterity. As a further disadvantage, such suits have been found to be quite costly.

-It is an object of this invention to provid-e an inexpensive, lightweight protection Isuit affording improved hand and foot dexterity for use by personnel who are exposed to an electromagnetic field of very high frequency.

Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a front view of a protective suit, showing a preferred embodiment of this invention;

FIG. 2 is a back view of the suit shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a detailed view of the hood of the suit shown in FIG. l;

FIG. 4 is a further embodiment of the suit of this invention;

FIG. 5 is a back view of the suit shown in FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a view of a waist adjustment structure;

FIG. 7 is a view of an arm opening construction;

FIG. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary View of the fabric of the suit.

Similar numerals refer to similar parts throughout the several views.

We have invented an inexpensive, lightweight protection suit made from silverized nylon marquisette fabric to shield against microwave radiation. The fabric is lightweight, yet strong, and extremely porous and flexible. It can be easily fabricated into garments with simple double or single needle type seams. A `single layer only is required and commercial-type cotton or nylon sewing threads can be used.

The suit, as shown in FIGS. l and 2, is a coverall type garment with a front opening 11 secured by a slide fastener 12. The gloves 13 and foot coverings 14 are also permanently attached to the garment. The sleeve 16 are of the wing type variety having dropped armholes.

The suit may be donned by the wearer by stepping into the trouser legs 15 and then inserting the arms in the sleeves 16. After the front zipper 12 is closed, the hood 17, which is permanently attached to the back half of the neckline 18, is placed over the head. The hood 17, as shown in FIG. 3, is then secured by first closing the side Velcro closures 19 and then closing the front neck portion of the Velcro closure 21 over the front collar portion.

The hood 17 is worn over a hard hat 22 or bump cap for shape retention and head protection. The hat keeps the hood fabric away from the face and allows full head mobility, while maintaining good visibility by virtue of the open mesh fabric used. The semi-detachable hood 17 can be taken off, when not required, by opening the front Velcro closures 19 and 21 and letting the whole hood 17 fall back over the shoulders.

Another embodiment of the protective suit is shown in FIGS. 4 and 5. As shown, ingress is accomplished through the opening 26 in the back half of the suit. This opening traverses the area between the upper portion 27 of the back of the head and the small of the back. The opening is provided with interlocking teeth 28 engaged by means of a zipper 29 which maintains full conductivity with each side panel of cloth. One advantage of this type suit is the visor which is fabricated from the same type `of material as the suit itself. This material, which is hereinafter described in detail, enables a full field of vision by virtue of the open mesh fabric when the hood is worn over the head. It also provides sufficient protection for the eyes against the damaging effects of the high frequency electromagnetic waves.

Silverized nylon, Velcro type tape fasteners 21 are located on each side of the hood in the suit shown in FIGS. 1 and 3 and are used to attach the front half of the hood to the front collar portion of the neckline of the suit. These metallized tape closures are fully conductive and maintain both attenuation and electrical continuity between adjacent cloth panels.

Non-conductive Velcro type closures 24, as shown in FIG. 6, are used at the waistline 25 as side body adjustments, as well as for wrist and ankle adjustment.

Conductive Velcro type fasteners 29 are also used to close the hand openings provided under each sleeve 16. The opening, as shown in FIG. 7, is provided to enable the hands to be freed from the garment whenever required without the necessity of removing the garment.

The base material 33 used throughoutV each of the garments is a nylon marquisette fabric, as shown in FIG. S, which is metallized with silver 34 to provide the necessary attenuation in the frequency ranges utilized. The suit is electrically conductive throughout. The warp yarns as shown are single-ply 2.60 denier, 17 filament nylon and the filling yarns are 2 ply, 260 denier, 17 lament nylon. The Weave `is a plain doupe leno type designed to give aplproximately l mm. square openings between the warp and filling yarn interlacings. By the use of a single layer of strong, lightweight, open mesh base material, `a very corn- `fortable, flexible garment has been designed. It is capable of being worn in -combination with a wide range of under and outer garments, depending on existing environmental Weather and work conditions. lt will afford and maintain complete `and effective shielding of the body against microwaves, regardless of what outer garments are used. When worn in hot, dry weather, only a lightweight shirt and trousers are required as outer clothing primarily to prevent arc-over. Wet weather raingear or cold weather clothing can be used when required. Rubber or plastic gloves and boots are also used to prevent arcover and to increase service-life.

All main side, sleeve and shoulder seams are of the double-needle type. All others, including hood, hand, and feet attachments, are single needle, turned-top stitched seams. All seams maintain electrical continuity between adjacent cloth sections and preserve the necessary shielding effectiveness.

Obviously, there are many modiications and variations which are possible in view of the above teaching. It is therefore to be understood that these modifications and variations are to be included within the scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

1. A lightweight protective suit completely encompassing the body to -provide protection against radio-frequency waves and adapted to be Worn under a variety of foul weather or other overgarments comprising:

a body portion made of a single layer of permeable conductive material;

said material having an open mesh adapted to permit substantially unrestricated ventilation therethrough; said material `formed of a non-metallic fiber metallized by aiXing metal particles to the surface thereof;

a hood portion made of said material and adapted for releasable attachment to said body portion; electrically conductive means separably connecting said hood portion -and said body portion; and

wearer ingress and egress means in said suit;

said ingress and egress means electrically conductive when closed;

the open mesh of said material lpermitting unrestricted vision therethrough of the wearer.

2. The suit as dened in claim 1 `wherein said ingress and egress means is a zipper disposed at the rear of the suit and extending from at least the neck of the body portion to a point substantially below the Waist thereof.

3. The suit as defined in claim 2 and further including electrically conductive visor means in said hood;

said visor means adapted to be readily opened and closed as desired by the wearer.

4. The suit as defined in claim 3 wherein said fiber is nylon and said metal particles are silver.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,344,811 3/1944 Gill 2-2 2,807,287 9/1957 Frey 139--419 3,164,840 1/1965 Reynolds 2-2 3,196,459 7/1965 Grazia 2--2 HENRY S. IAUDON, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2344811 *Jan 28, 1942Mar 21, 1944Gill Ferdinand AInsect-repelling fabric and garment
US2807287 *Dec 23, 1955Sep 24, 1957Massillon Cleveland Akron SignTow target construction
US3164840 *Feb 27, 1961Jan 12, 1965Filtron Company IncRadiation protective garment
US3196459 *May 1, 1962Jul 27, 1965De Grazia JosephClosure means for a protective garment
Referenced by
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US3505678 *Feb 8, 1968Apr 14, 1970Key Gladys BMultipurpose hair net
US3703268 *Dec 16, 1970Nov 21, 1972Etudes Et Fab AeronautiquesParachute container and the application of the container to a parachute
US3768100 *May 23, 1972Oct 30, 1973Us ArmyCold weather face mask
US4422483 *Jun 3, 1981Dec 27, 1983Angelica CorporationAntistatic fabric and garment made therefrom
US4677696 *Nov 17, 1986Jul 7, 1987Toyo Lint Free Co., Ltd.Dust-free garment for clean room
US4979236 *Jun 16, 1989Dec 25, 1990Merrill Janice LInsect protective garment
US4989995 *Sep 7, 1988Feb 5, 1991Fabritec International CorporationAnti-static garment bag for reducing static buildup in the drycleaning process
US5082466 *Jan 22, 1990Jan 21, 1992Fabritec International CorporationAnti-static garment bag for reducing static buildup in the drycleaning process
US5632043 *Apr 13, 1995May 27, 1997Mitsubishi Semiconductor America Inc.Hazardous material protection suit with carrying handles
US6687919 *Jan 14, 2002Feb 10, 2004Gocurda, LlcMedical garment with fluid barrier
US6715160Sep 26, 2002Apr 6, 2004Lineweight LlcChemical/biological suit
US8631516 *May 8, 2004Jan 21, 2014BLüCHER GMBHHood for protective garment
US20030131401 *Jan 14, 2002Jul 17, 2003Curtis DilworthMedical garment with fluid barrier
US20060117470 *May 8, 2004Jun 8, 2006Blucher GmbhHood for protective garment
US20130318694 *Feb 10, 2011Dec 5, 2013Shigematsu Works Co., Ltd.Chemical protective suit
US20150250234 *Mar 7, 2014Sep 10, 2015Honeywell International Inc.Protective ventilated suit with integral hood
DE3415658A1 *Apr 27, 1984Oct 31, 1985Dietrich SchaeferRescue suit
U.S. Classification2/457, 976/DIG.337
International ClassificationG21F3/025, G21F3/00
Cooperative ClassificationG21F3/025
European ClassificationG21F3/025