US 3360075 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 26, 1967 GUTNER 3,360,075
BED LADDER Filed June so, 1966 KENNETH H'GUTNER f zww w w ww United States Patent 3,360,075 BED LADDER HOOK Kenneth H. Gutner, 591 Roger Williams, Highland Park, II]. 60035 Filed June 30, 1966, Ser. No. 562,959 1 Claim. (Cl. 182106) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A bed ladder hook useful in mounting a ladder on a bunkie-type bed which has a right angle configuration equipped with transverse creases developed during the forming of the hook.
Bed ladders have a tendency to slide or tip and for that purpose hooks are installed which releasably anchor the ladder to the bed. The inventive hook is quite versatile, being adapted to anchor a ladder to a variety of beds such as the angle-iron rail bed, the link-spring bed and the bunkie-type bed. In each of these instances, the anchorage is secure against movement and the provision of such a hook constitutes an object of this invention. This is particularly advantageous in ladders that are rounded since these tend to pivot undesirably. Other objects and advantages of the invention may be seen in the details of construction and operation as set down in this specification.
The invention is explained in conjunction with an illustrative embodiment in the accompanying drawing, in which- FIG. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of a ladder and bed wherein the inventive hook is used to couple a ladder to an angle-iron rail of a bed;
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary perspective View of a bed ladder and bed combination wherein the inventive hook is employed to couple the ladder to a bunkie-type bed;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of a bed ladder and bed combination wherein the inventive hooks are employed to couple the ladder to a bed having a link-spring type construction;
FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the inventive hook and its associated screw means; and
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional View taken along the sight line 5-5 applied to FIG. 4.
In the illustration given and with particular reference to FIG. 1, the numeral designates generally a ladder equipped with the usual longitudinally-extending rails 11 and 12, and rungs as at 13. The upper end of the ladder 10 is equipped with a guard as at 14. The ladder 10 is seen to be temporarily installed or mounted on an angle-iron rail 15 of a bed (not shown). For this purpose, the ladder 10 is equipped with hooks generally designated 16.
The showings in FIGS. 2 and 3 are essentially similar to that just described with respect to FIG. 1. In each case, a ladder 10 is detachably mounted to a bed (not shown). In FIG. 2, the bed in question is a so-called bunkie bed having a substantial side including a wood portion as at 115 and which is seen to be equipped with generally U-shaped clips 117 for engagement by the hooks 16.
In FIG. 3, the bed in question is equipped with a linkspring frame as at 215. The showing in FIG. 3 differs from that in FIGS. 1 and 2 additionally in the orientation of the hooks which are designated 16'.
Irrespective of the orientation of the bed ladder hooks, the configuration is that as seen in FIGS. 4 and 5 and the hook is seen to include a bight portion 18 adapted to abut the inner side of a given longitudinally-extending rail. At its upper end, as shown in FIG. 4, the hook 16 is equipped with an integral, horizontally-extending arm portion designated 19 and which is seen to be generally L-shaped in side elevation, to provide a terminal part as at 20, which extends in the direction of the lower arm portion 21. The lower arm portion 21 also extends horizontally and is also L-shaped, having a terminal part as at 22 projecting toward the upper arm portion. As with the arm portion 19, the arm portion 21 is integral with the bight portion 18. The bight portion 18 is seen to be apertured and counter-sunk as at 22 for the receipt of wood screws 23 to secure the hook to its associated ladder rail.
The upper arm portion (as shown in FIGS. 1, 2, 4 and 5), is equipped with creases in the metal of construction, i.e., steel, as at 24 and 25, the creases 24 and 25 extending essentially transverse of the length of the relatively elongated hook 16. In this fashion, I form a shape with essentially right-angled corners in the area of the creases, which develops an advantageous stabilizing action. Heretofore, the ladders in bed installations had a tendency to pivot or tip about the hooks or rails so as to lack essential stability. I also eliminate the curvature in the other arm portion as at 26 and 27 relative to arm portion 21. Thus, the inventive arrangement applies to all the installations shown. Even further, the invention finds advantageous use in a bracket with only one arm portion.
vertically when the ladder is disposed generally vertically, said member including an upper arm portion extending generally horizontally from the upper end of said bight portion and integral therewith, said arm portion being generally L-shaped to provide a terminal part extending toward the other end of said main portion said arm portion being formed with a pair of transverse creases confronting the other end of said main portion to develop a right-angle configuration in said arm portion, said creases being located at the juncture of said main portion and said arm portion and the juncture of said terminal part with the remainder of said arm portion, the horizontal dimension between said bight portion and the terminal part of said arm portion being at least about A" whereby said member is mountable on said bed ladder with said arm portion uppermost to en: gage a clip provided on the side rail of the bunkie bed and maintain said bed ladder in its generally vertical orientation.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,570,365 10/1951 Michael et al. 248-304 X 2,675,982 4/1954 Budy 248-211 2,764,383 9/1956 Wood 248301 X 2,993,672 7/1967 Bower et al. 24821l 3,008,534 ll/1961 Von Canon l82---1O6 3,159,369 12/1964 Wiczer 248-301 X 3,312,115 4/ 1967 Braselmann 248410 CASMIR A. NUNBERG, Primary Examiner.