|Publication number||US3360693 A|
|Publication date||Dec 26, 1967|
|Filing date||Apr 20, 1965|
|Priority date||May 6, 1964|
|Also published as||DE1263946B|
|Publication number||US 3360693 A, US 3360693A, US-A-3360693, US3360693 A, US3360693A|
|Inventors||Fickweiler August E F|
|Original Assignee||Indoheem N V|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (8), Classifications (15)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 26, 1967 E. F. FICKWEILER 3,360,693
SWITCHING CIRCUIT FOR AN ELECTRICALLY HEATED BLANKET Filed April 20, 1965 INVENTOR. AUGUST E. F. FICKWEILER BY ATTORNEYS United States Patent lands Filed Apr. 20, 1965, Ser. No. 449,463 Claims priority, application Netherlands, May 6, 1964,
1 Claim. 01. 317-132 The invention relates to a switching circuit for an electrically heated blanket, comprising one or more resistors with negative temperature coeflicient which are arranged in the blanket and which serve as temperature sensors and control the switching circuit.
With such .a switching circuit, the heating circuit is switched on as soon as the temperature falls so far, that the resistance of the resistor(s) with negative temperature coefiicient rises above a predetermined value, whereas the heating circuit is disconnected as soon as the temperature has risen so far, that the resistance falls below a predetermined value.
Since the switching circuit is through a flexible cord connected with the blanket and the resistor(s) with negative temperature coefficient provided therein, the risk of a short-circuit or interruption of these resistors is not imaginary. A short-circuit is not hazardous, since in that case the heating circuit is switched otf. An interruption however, keeps the heating circuit switched on indefinitely, regardless of the blanket temperature, so that the blanket can be scorched or can even cause injuries to the user.
It is an object of the invention to provide a switching circuit of the kind referred to herein above, which the heating circuit is automatically disconnected at the occurrence of an interruption of the resistor(s) with negative temperatures coefiicient.
According to a featurre of the invention, the heating element is connected to the supply source through a normally open contact of a relay, the coil of which is connecte'd in the collector circuit of a control transistor, the base electrode of which is through a conventional resistor connected to the collector supply line and is through the resistor(s) with negative temperature coefiicient connected to the emitter supply line, whilst the switching circuit is further provided with a guard transistor, the base electrode of which is connected to the base electrode of the control transistor, whilst its emitter electrode is connected to the collector electrode of the control transistor and its collector electrode is connected to the collector supply line.
During normal operation the guard transistor has a negligible influence on the control circuit, but at the occurrence 01f an interruption of the resistors with negative temperature coeflicient, the voltage across the conven tional resistor in the base circuit of the control and guard transistors becomes so small, that the guard transistor short-circuits the relay coil and thereby disconnects the heating circuit, although the control transistor carries the maximum current.
The invention is further elucidated below with reference to the drawing, which shows a circuit diagram of an embodiment of a switching circuit according to the invention.
The heating element 1 is through the normally open contact of a relay 2 connected to the supply terminals 3. The coil of the relay 2 is connected in the collector circuit of a control transistor 4, the base electrode of which is through a conventional resistor 5 connected to the collector supply line 6 and is through the resistor(s) with negative temperature coefficient 7 connected to the emitter supply line 8. A guard transistor 9 is with its emitter electrode and collector electrode connected to the relay coil and is with its base electrode connected to the base electrode of the control transistor 4. The operation of the circuit has already been discussed herein above.
In order to increase the sensitivity and the stability, the control transistor 4 is via its emitter electrode and through a common emitter resistor 10 coupled with a further transistor 11, provided with base resistors 12 and 13 and a collector resistor 14. However, this is not of immediate importance in connection with the invention.
The temperature at which the beating circuit is switched on and switched off, can be adjusted by means of the resistor 5, which is adjustable for that purpose, but this adjustment can also be effected by making one of the base resistors 12 and 13 adjustable or by replacing these base resistors by an adjustable potentiometer.
Although pup-transistors have been shown in the circuit diagram, npn-transistors can be used too, provided that the polarity of the supply voltage is reversed.
Whilst a preferred embodiment of the invention has been shown and described above, it will, of course, be understood that various other modifications may be made. The appended claim is, therefore, intended to cover any such modifications within the true spirit and scope of the invention.
Switching circuit for an electrically heated blanket comprising one or more resistors with negative temperature coeflicient which are arranged in the blanket and which serve as temperature sensors and control the switching circuit, wherein the heating element is connected to the supply source through a normally open contact of a relay, the coil of which is connected in the collector circuit of a control transistor, the base electrode of which is through a conventional resistor connected to the collector supply line and through the resistor(s) with negative temperature coefficient is connected to the emitter supply line whilst the control circuit is provided with a guard transistor, the base electrode of Which is connected to the base electrode of the control transistor, whilst its emitter electrode is connected to the collector electrode of the control transistor and its collector electrode is connected to the collector supply line.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,105,175 9/1963 Siliani et a1. 317-1485 3,131,314 4/1964 Charlot 317-132 X 3,241,001 3/1966 Gutow et al 317-1485 3,270,184 8/1966 Negromanti 219-501 LEE T. HlX, Primary Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3105175 *||May 17, 1960||Sep 24, 1963||Luigi Siliani Pier||Self-adjusting condition responsive relay circuit|
|US3131314 *||Jan 3, 1961||Apr 28, 1964||Minnesota Mining & Mfg||Temperature control trigger employing emitter resistor having value of transistor's base-to-emitter resistance|
|US3241001 *||Sep 4, 1962||Mar 15, 1966||Bendix Corp||Condition responsive control network|
|US3270184 *||Dec 26, 1963||Aug 30, 1966||Antonio Negromanti||Temperature sensitive control wires provided with transistors for electrically heated pads, blankets and the like|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3446942 *||Jan 10, 1967||May 27, 1969||Us Navy||Window de-icing controller circuit|
|US3480839 *||Dec 8, 1966||Nov 25, 1969||Gylling & Co Ab||Device for discoupling relays|
|US3526968 *||Jan 12, 1968||Sep 8, 1970||Fedders Corp||Electronic control circuit for clothes dryers|
|US3564203 *||Jun 4, 1969||Feb 16, 1971||Hitachi Heating Appl||Automatic temperature control device for electric blanket|
|US3947656 *||Aug 26, 1974||Mar 30, 1976||Fast Heat Element Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Temperature controlled cartridge heater|
|US4320285 *||May 10, 1979||Mar 16, 1982||Koether Bernard G||Primary thermostat using cooking computer temperature probe with control transfer upon probe failure|
|US4506137 *||Feb 18, 1983||Mar 19, 1985||Meister Jack B||Temperature responsive control circuit for electric window de-fogger/deicer heater|
|US4814583 *||May 1, 1987||Mar 21, 1989||Safeway (Australasia) Limited||Temperature controller for a waterbed|
|U.S. Classification||361/165, 219/501, 361/205, 327/512, 219/212, 219/505|
|International Classification||G05D23/24, G05D23/20, G05D23/30|
|Cooperative Classification||G05D23/303, G05D23/2413, G05D23/24|
|European Classification||G05D23/24, G05D23/24C2C, G05D23/30C|