US 3361166 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan.2,1968 WRFARMER 3,361,166`
CHAIN sAw STARTING'MEANS Filed Feb. 10, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 WILLIAM RgBERT FARMER Jan. 2, 1968 w. R. FARMER 3,361,166
CHAIN SAW STARTING MEANS Filed Feb. lO, 1965A 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTO R WILLIAM INOBERT F ARMER United States Patent() ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Means connecting the crank shaft of a chain saw motor to the saw chain sprocket and permitting the motor to be cranked by moving the saw chain counter to the direction of cut.
Background of the invention This invention relates to improvements in motor starting mechanisms and more particularly to means for cranking the gas powered engine and a chain saw.
Most saw chains presently in use are equipped with a recoil starting mechanism which is operated by means of a pull cord. Very often it will be found that such a mechanisrn fails to spin the motor sufciently to cause it to fire, this being particularly the case in cold weather. A considerable effort must be expended to turn over a cold motor using the conventional hand operated starter and this was found to be such a disadvantage that some manufacturers are turning to electric starters and the like. However, the increased cost and additional weight of power operated starters largely oflsets their advantages over manually operated starters.
Summary f the invention The present invention contemplates the use of an auxiliary drive train which is interp osed between a part rotatable with a chain saw motor and a part rotatable with the saw chain. Such a drive train allows the motor to be cranked simply by reverse rotation of the saw chain, the simplified drive train providing an increased gear ratio which will spin the motor at a speed most likely to result in starting. The starting means is disconnected automatically once the motor lires and attains normal operating speed so that there is no likelihood of damage occurring to any of the chain saw parts through an oversight on the part of the saw operator who also has full manual control over the device.
Brief description of the drawings FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of a chain saw equipped with the present starting means,
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged vertical section taken on the line 2-2 of FIGURE 1,
FIGURE 3 is a section taken on line 3-3 of FIGURE 2 and showing the pawl and ratchet drive,
FIGURE 4 is a section taken on the line 4 4 of FIG- URE 2 and showing the control lever, and
FIGURE 5 is a section taken on the line 5-5 of FIG URE 4.
Description lof the preferred embodiment Referring particularly `to FIGURE 1 of the drawings, the numeral indicates a chain saw having a motor housing 11, a cutter bar 12, a saw chain 14, and a motor driven sprocket 15. When the chain saw motor is operating in the normal manner, the chain 14 is driven around the cutter bar 12 in a direction of cut indicated by arrow 16. i
Referring now particularly to FIGURE 2 of the drawings, the chain saw motor will be seen to have a crank shaft 18 which rotates in the direction of arrow 19 to drive chain 14 in the direction of cut. In order to opera- 3,361,166 Patented Jan. 2, 1968 tively connect shaft 18 and sprocket 15, the chain saw motor is provided with a suitable clutch 21. As shown in FIGURE 2, the preferred clutch 21 includes a drive member 22 and a driven member 23. Member 22 is secured to shaft 18 by a key 24 and member 231, which is in the form of an open-ended drum having a peripheral wall 25, is journalled on said crank shaft by means of a bearing 26. The member 22 is fitted with pivotally mounted clutch shoe 428 which are adapted to be swung by centrifugal force into driving engagement with the inner surface of the wall 25. Thus, the clutch 21 is applied automatically at a predetermined motor speed to transmit drive from shaft 18 to sprocket 15, the sprocket being integrally formed with the member 23. Since this type of clutch is well known and is used on many chain saws, further detailed description of the construction and operation of the clutch is not considered necessary, Other clutches will also serve to couple the saw chain drive sprocket to the crankshaft, for example, a manually operated clutch can be used. It is essential only that the motor clutch be disengageable when the starting means is in operation and that the clutch driven member have a part substantially similar to the peripheral wall 25.
The motor housing 11 has a portion 30 which encloses the clutch 21 and the parts associated therewith, this housing portion having a suitable opening 31, shown in dotted line only in FIGURE 2, through which the inner end of the saw chain 14 extends. Secured to the portion 30 by means of bolts 34, is a gear box generally indicated by the numeral 35. Gear box 35 comprises outer and inner plates 37 and 38 respectively, the two parallel and spaced apart plates being secured together by suitable spacers and bolts, not shown. Plates 37 and 38 have flanged central openings 39 and 40 and mounted in said openings are bearings 41 and 42. A gear 44, having a hub 45, is journalled in the bearings 41 and 42, the gear being disposed between the plates 37 and 38 in parallel relation thereto. Gear 44 is engaged by a suitable number of reversing pinions 47, the pinions having spindles 48 which are journalled in bearings 49 carried by the plates 37 and 38 bore may be'splined in the conventional manner to prevent relative rotation therebetween.
Drive shaft 52 and the crank shaft 18 are horizontally aligned and their adjacent ends are connected by a starting clutch generally indicated by the numeral 54. Clutch 54 consists of a drive member 55 secured to shaft 52 and a driven member 56 secured to shaft 18. The two clutch members interlock in `the manner of a conventional claw clutch so that `drive can be transmitted from shaft 52 to shaft 18 in the direction of arrow 19. When the shaft 18 overr-uns the shaft 52, the member 55 is forced away from the member 56 and the shaft 52 is caused to move endwise in the hub 45. A spring 57 is interposed between the gear box plate 38 and the clutch drive member 55 to urge said clutch member into engagement with the clutch member 56.
Fitted to the outwardly projecting end of the shaft 52, is a bearing `60 having an inner race 61 and an outer race 62, see particularly FIGURE 4. The outer race 62 has a radially extending pin 64 which is received between a pair of vertically .spaced lugs 65, the lugs projecting outwardly from the outer plate 370i the ygear box 35. Rotatably mounted on the free end of the pin 64, is ahand lever 67 having an outer end 68, a toe 69 and an inner end 70 .(FIGUIRE, 5). A spring 71 is connected to the lever 67 and the pin `64, the lever being .disposed in the solid line position of the drawings when the clutch 54 is engaged.- this time, the' spring 71 is under tension and isV holding the inner-end70 oftsaid lever Ain contact with' the outer face of the plate 37. When the clutch 54 is forcefully disengaged in response to overrunning of the shaft 18, the shaft 52 is moved outwardly, and the spring 71 swings the hand lever 67 to the dotted line position shown in -FIGURE 5. In this position, the outer end y68 and the toe 69 of the hand lever are held in Contact with the plate 37 -by pressure of the spring 57 and the clutch member 55 is supported out of engagement with the clutch member 56. i
Formed on the outer edge of the wall 25 of the driven member are ratchet teeth 75, see FIGURES Zand 3. The ratchet teeth 75 are adapted to be engaged by pawls 77 which' are carried byan annular disc 78, ythe disc being rotatably secured to the clutch member `55 and being movable therewith as the clutch 54 is engaged and disengaged.
The pinions 47 are engaged by a ring gear 80 and tted to this ring gear is an inwardly projecting flange 81 which extends over the outer end of the wall 25; A circular br'acketr82 `is secured to the peripheral wall 25 and the inner edge of the flange 82 is slidably supported in this bracket so that said ange, and the ring gear 80 supported thereby, can rotate relative to the ldriven member 23 of the clutch 21. The flange 81 has a number of circumferentially spaced openings `84, there being one such rec-- tangular opening for each pawl 77, the pawls projecting through the openings and being freely slidable therein.
When'the chain saw is being used to saw through a log L, for example, the motor clutch 21 obviously is engaged while the starting clutch 54 is 'disengaged by place`A ment of the ihand lever `67 in the dotted line position of FIGURE 5. The shaft 18,- clutch 21, and ysprocket rotate as a unit in the direction of arrow 19. The saw chain 14 would then be moved around cutter bar 12 in the direction of arrow 16 to cut through the log.
Assuming that the chain saw motor is stopped for some reason and requires restarting, this can readily be accomplished as follows: Hand lever 67 is swung to the solid line position of the drawings, whereupon the starting clutch members 5S and 56 are engaged by the action of the spring 57. Movement of the clutch member 55 to engage clutch member 56 moves the disc 78 inwardly whereupon the pawls 77 travel along their openings 84 and engage the ratchet teeth 75. This engagement of the pawlsV and ratchet teethcouples the clutchmember 23 to theV ange 8,1 so that the ring -gear y80 will be rotated with said member and the sprocket 15.
The lower or cutting run of the `saw chain 14 is then placed in contact with the top surface of the log as shown in FIGURE l `and the chain saw is pulled towards the user. This causes the chain 14 to rotate about the cutter bar 12 ina direction opposite to arrow 16. Movement -of the saw chain 14 in this direction causes the member 23 to rotate in the same direction andsincevthe ratchet teeth 75- are then in driving contact with the flange 81 through the pawls 77, said flange and the ring gear 80 attached thereto are `also rotated in this direction which is indicated by arrow 86 in FIGURES 2 and 3. The pinions 47 drive the starting clutch gear `44 in the opposite direction yand rotation of the shaft 52 is transmitted through the starting cluch 54 to the crank shaft 18, the crank shaf being rotated in the normal direction of rotation indicated by` arrow 19. It will be noted that the ring gearto l.reversing pinionto starting clutch gear drive, provides an increased gear ratio which results in the shaft 18 being rotated faster than the saw chain 14 is rotated around the cutter bar. Thus, a short pull of a foot or so of the chain 14 will spin the crank shaft 18 in a manner most likely to cause the chain saw motor to start. Once the motor starts, the starting clutch 54 automatically is thrown out of engagement and isheld disengaged by the hand lever 67 as previously described. At the same time, the disc 78 is moved outwardly so that the pawls 77 are removed from engagement with the ratchet teeth 75. The ring `gear -80 and-frange A81 then remain stationary -with the clutch member 23 continuing to rotate with the sprocket 15. From the foregoing, it is readily apparent that there has been provided a simple and effective means for starting a chain saw.
What is claimed:
1. Means for starting an internal combustion motor of a chain saw having a saw chain, a part rotatable with theV motor in the normal direction of rotation of said motor, and a part rotatable with the saw chain and being connected to said motor part by a motor clutch; said means comprisingan automatically disengaging Vcluch including a driven member connected to the motor -part and a drive member, drive means operatively connecting the saw 'chain part to the clutch drive member including means for reversing the direction of drive from said saw chain part to said clutch drive member, said drive means being adapted to rotate the motor part in the normal direction of rotation of said motor in response to a pull exerted on the saw chain in a direction opposite to the normal direction of cut of said saw chain.
2. Means for starting an internal combustion motor as claimed in claim 1, and including means for manually operating the automatically disengaging clutch.
3. Means for starting an internal combustion motor as claimed in claim 2, in which said drive means includes a one directional drive device adjacent the saw chain part.`
4. Means for starting an internal combustion motor as claimed in claim 3, and including means for operating the drive device as the automatically disengaging clutch is moved into and out of engagement.
5. Means for starting an internal combustion motor as claimed in claim 1, in which said drive means rotates the clutch drive member faster than the saw chain part is rotated. l
6. Means for starting an internal combustion motor of a chain saw having a saw chain, a crank shaft, a drive sprocket for the saw chain, and a motor clutch adapted to connect the crank shaft to the drive sprocket; said means comprising an endwise movable drive shaft rotatablyy mounted adjacent the crank shaft, an automatically disengaging clutch connecting the crank shaft to the drive shaft, a peripheral wall rotatable with the drive sprocket,y a ring gearrotatably mounted on the peripheral wall, a gear mounted for rotation with the drive shaft, a `reversing pinion meshing with the ring gear and the drive shaft gear, and drive means adapted to connect the peripheral wall to the ring gear. l -R 7. Means for starting an internal combustion motor as claimed in claim 6, and including spring means resisting disengagement of the automatically disengaging clutch.
8. Means for starting an internal combustion motor as claimed in claim 7, and including manually operable means for rendering the automatically disengaging clutch inoperative.
9. Means for starting an internal combustion motor as claimed in claim 6, in which said drive means includes a ratchet and pawl drive device which transmits drive between the peripheral wall` and the ring gear when said peripheral wall is rotated in a direction opposite to the normal direction of rotation of the crank shaft.
10. Means for starting an internal combustion motor as claimed in claim 9, and including means for simultaneously disengaging the drive device as the automatically disengaging clutch is moved to disengagement.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS