US 3361295 A
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SELECTIVE CARD DISPENSER HAVING SUCTION MEANS Filed Aug. 24, 1966 J. MARCHANT Jan. 2, 1968 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 A INVENTOR 0/1 155 lined/mi BY f ATTORNEY Jan. 2, 1968 J. MARCHANT 3,361,295
SELECTIVE CARD DISPENSER HAVING SUCTION MEANS INVENTOR btwes 1%265/4/0/7 ATTORNEY Jan. 2, 1968 J. MARCHANT 3,361,295
SELECTIVE CARD DISPENSER HAVING SUCTION MEANS Filed Aug. 24, 1966 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 Jl;ll
9s V H INVENTOR \d muss/ f/iecmewr ATTORNEY 1968 J. MARCHANT 3,361,295
SELECTIVE CARD DISPENSER HAVING SUCTIONMEANS Filed Aug. 24, 1966 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Fly] Fig.8
INVENTOR 49641155 @194;-
ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,361,295 SELECTIVE CARD DISPENSER HAVING SUCTION MEANS Jacques Marchant, Levallois-Perret, France, assignor to Patterson International Corporation, Cincinnati, Ohio, a
corporation of Ohio Filed Aug. 24, 1966, Ser. No. 574,609 Claims priority, application France, July 26, 1966, 70,906 2 Claims. (Cl. 221-122) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A distributor for phonograph records and postcards with an endless chain for positioning the cards or phonograph records and suction cup device for gripping the cards or phonograph records in response to the tripping of a lever occasioned by the insertion of coins.
My invention relates to an automatic distributor for phonograph records or post cards.
The principal object of my invention is to provide a device for distributing flat objects such as phonograph records or post cards from within a cabinet having a continuous drive along witha selecting device.
Another object of my invention is the provision of a mechanism for bringing one of a series of racks to a predetermined position and then unlocking the device so that the particular selected record or other object may be dispensed from the machine.
Another object of my invention is to provide for a suction cup which is operable in response to the withdrawal of air with a pump to remove a selected object from a rack to a depository.
Another object of my invention is the provision of a suction cup which is constructed and operated to remove only one object from a selected rack.
This invention resides in certain constructions and combinations and arrangements of parts, and further objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art to which it relates from the following description of the preferred embodiment described with reference to the accompanying drawings forming a part of the specification, and in which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of my machine;
FIGURE 2 is a side view of my invention, showing the gripping mechanism at rest;
FIGURE 3 is a side view showing the gripping mechanism in a position ready to grip a record or post card;
FIGURE 4 is a detailed side view of the mechanism for distributing post cards at the start of withdrawal of a post card;
FIGURE 5 is a detailed plan view of the mechanism shown in FIGURE 4;
FIGURE 6 is a detailed, right side view of the record distributor device at the start of rotation of the suction p;
FIGURE 7 is a detailed view of the mechanism illustrated in FIGURE 6 in its gripping position; and
FIGURE 8 is a detailed view showing the gripping mechanism removing a record.
In the drawings, the same reference numerals refer to the same parts throughout the several views.
In general, my invention comprises a distribution de vice which has as its primary object the sale of post cards and phonograph records from a vending machine. This device consists of an endless chain or belt which have brackets or frames or racks secured in spaced relation thereto and which are rotatable to a selection position by manipulation of a lever mounted at the side of the device.
The lever is rendered operable when a coin is inserted 3,361,295 Patented Jan. 2, 1968 into the machine. After the selection is made by the operator, the gripping of the selected item is made in response to the manipulation of another lever which subsequently deposits the item in a receptacle when it is received by the purchaser.
In the drawings, I show a cabinet 1 which has a front portion 2 provided with a glass window 3 behind which a series of selected racks 4 are visible. The racks 4 are mounted on a continuous chain 400 (FIGURE 2) and are adapted to carry stocks of a particular kind of post card or phonograph record.
On the right side of the cabinet 1, I provide two coaxial handles such as 8 and 1-8 which protrude from the cabinet and permit control of the internal mechanism subsequently to be described. The internal mechanisms which I am about to describe comprise one for selection and one for gripping.
The selection mechanism is controlled by the handle 8 fastened to coaxial shaft 19a which in turn is fastened to sprocket wheel 19 meshing with chain 400; and has as its purpose a means for exhibiting the racks 4 behind. the window 3 until one rack such as 401 is chosen and is positioned adjacent to an arrow 6. The gripping mech anism is engaged by a lever 18 which is operable only after coins have been inserted in a slot such as 7. After the coins have been inserted and accepted being trip type coin mechanisms of standard design (not shown), the gripping mechanism is operable to withdraw a card or record from the rack 401 and deposit it in a receptacle 10, where it may be withdrawn by the purchaser.
The gripping mechanism comprises a wheel 15 which has a pair of notches 16 and 17 (FIGURE 2) on its outer perimeter and is rotated by manipulating hand lever 18. The wheel 15 in its normal position is blocked by a latchlever 14 having an arm 14b which engages itself in a notch such as 16 and which comprises the bent end of a lever 14 which pivots about an axle 14a. The wheel 15 is freed for rotation when the coin mechanism actuates lever 14 to disengage the bent arm 14b out of notch 16. When the wheel 15 is free due to the removal of the bent end of lever 14 about its pivot 14a from the notch 16, the hand lever 18 may be moved in a counterclockwise direction through degrees against the tension of a return spring 20. A detent catch 59 with a compression spring 59a slides out of notch 17 and operates around the periphery of wheel 15 until it reaches the notch 16 and acts to stop further rotation of the wheel 15 in a counterclockwise direction. When the handle 18 is released the wheel 15 is returned to its initial position and the detent catch 59 returns from notch 16 to notch 17. The purpose of this detent catch 59 is to limit rotational movement of wheel 15. On the return rotation of wheel 15 under the influence of return spring 20 the shock of latch end 14b reengaging in notch 16 is minimized through the action of hydraulic dash-pot 58 which has its piston rod anchored at pivot 58a.
I provide in my invention a connecting rod 36 which moves at one of its ends 36a (FIGURE 2) near the outer edge of the wheel 15. The other end is provided with an elongated slot 40 in which a stud 39 secured to crank 37 may slide in slot 40 against a spring 41. Secured to the shaft 38 are two cranks 43 and 43 (FIGURE 4). The frame 44 holds two suction cups 91 and 92. Rocker arms 46 and 46 are each provided with a stud such as 48 and 48 which is slidable within the respective openings 49 and 49 and is also provided with second studs such as 51 and 51 which are slidable in the opening 52 and 52 Each of the studs 51 and 51 is controlled by a V-shaped spring such as 53.
I provide a cam member 55 (FIGURES 2 and 4) which has a bent edge 55a and which cooperates with a bracket 56 and has a stem 55b. The inner surface of the suction cups 91 and 92 (FIGURE are connected to a pump 94 through a hose 93. The pump 94 pivots about a pin 94a (FIGURE 4) and has an aperture 9412 (FIGURE 3). The pump 94 is provided with a leather piston 95 secured to a piston rod 96 which is secured at its lower end to a crank 97 connected to shaft 38 (FIGURE 4). The frame 44 is provided midway between the suction cups 91 and 92 with a rod 98 actuated by a spring 99 bearing against a plate 100 to break any cohesion between the outermost object and the one immediately adjacent to it in the stack.
The rack 401 is provided with fasteners such as 4a, 4b and 40 to hold the records or cards in position. In my invention, after the lever 18 has been manipulated, wheel rotates 90 degrees in a counterclockwise direction, the connecting rod 36 is pulled by pivot pin 36a attached to wheel 15 causing cranks 3'7 and 43 to be rotated. Rotation of crank 43 causes arms 46, and 46 to lift until studs 48 and 48 are raised to the upper end of slots 49 and 49 In the first phase the rocker arms 46 and 46 move to bring the studs 48 and 48 to the upper ends of the slots 49 and 49 In the second phase studs 48 and 48 act as pivots for arms 46 and 46 and the suction cups are brought into contact with cards or records at position 401. Simultaneously therewith, through the cooperation of the cam 55 and member 56, the longitudinal axis of the suction cups take a horizontal position. When this motion has been completed, the suction cups 91 and 92 come into contact with the cards or records in the rack 401 and the pin 51 moves in the slot 52 on arm 43 against spring 53, depending upon the number of cards or records or the thickness of the stock of cards or records. At this time the piston 95 of the air pump 94 through crank 97 has reached its high point. As the wheel 15 moves clockwise to return to its original position after release of lever 18, the piston 95 of the pump 94 moves down causing air to be withdrawn from the suction cups 91 and 92 and under the combined action of the suction cups 91 and 92 and the rod 98, the card assumes a W shape (FIGURE 5) to remove it from the one immediately adjacent to it. The removal is assisted by the claw members 40. When the piston 95 of the pump 94 passes beyond the aperture 94b, the action of the suction cups cease and the card is released and falls into a receptacle 10.
In FIGURES 6, 7 and 8 of the drawings, I show a pivoted bracket 55 which pivots around a shaft 55a. A finger 81 pivots on shaft 81a which is supported on the tab end of bracket 55. Finger 81a has a notched end such as 81b to cooperate with the edge 56a of the member 56. The record is not lifted at its center, but at the lower part so that the finger 98 does not press against the center opening in the record. In practice the gripping has been begun as soon as the studs 48 and 48 have moved to the end of the slots 49 and 49 and at that time the suction cups move when the finger 81 catches the bent tip 56a. When notch 81b catches bent tip 56a it causes the suction cups assume a different angle with respect to the stack 401 for removing the cards or records on a slant to facilitate the removal of the records or cards from the clips.
From the foregoing, it is apparent that the objects heretofore enumerated have been accomplished by my invention.
While the preferred form of my invention has been described in considerable detail, it will be apparent that the invention is not limited to the construction shown and it is my intention to cover hereby all adaptations, modifications and changes therein which come within the practice of those skilled in the art to which the invention relates and the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. A card dispenser comprising an endless chain equipped with racks containing the cards, a mechanism for selecting and bringing to a predetermined position one of said racks, the combination of a frame having a pair of suction cups horizontally separated, one from the other, and a spring actuated member located between the suction cups mounted perpendicularly to the frame, for applying the suction cup against the first card on said rack, means to remove air from said suction cups, means for withdrawing said suction cups and retaining a record or cards with said suction cup after gripping, means for releasing said cards from said suction cups and means to return said suction cups to their normal position with release of the postcard or record.
2. The device described in claim 1 in which the means for applying the suction cups comprises a drive shaft, two levers mounted on said shaft, two connecting rods joined respectively to said levers and the frame holding said suction cups, an air pump provided with an aperture for release of suction at a predetermined position, a lever on the drive shaft for actuating the pump, said pump having a rod joined to said lever, a hose connecting the pump to the suction cups, a bracket and member mounted on said machine and cooperating with said bracket to provide for the positioning of the suction cups on the objects to be withdrawn.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 703,138 6/1902 Knowlton 22116' 919,927 4/1909 Neumann et a1 22121l 2,361,176 10/1944 Carvey 221-211 X 2,745,665 5/1956 Labombarde 271--26 2,840,270 6/1958 Gore 221-211 2,816,760 12/1957 Seragnoli 221211 X 3,152,700 10/1964 Poulin 22l-21l X 3,275,189 9/ 1966 Goldsborough et al. 221-36 FOREIGN PATENTS 150,788 4/1953 Australia.
1,294,940 4/ 1962 France.
WALTER SOBIN, Primary Examiner.