US 336287 A
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(No Model.) l 4 Sheets-Sheet 1. .J. M. 8v M.S.BR()WNI1\TG.A
MAGAZINE FIRE ARM.
16.336.281 Patented Peb. 16, 1886,`
1,.,HWU... I Navig (No Model.) v
J. M. 8v M.. S. BROWNING.
MAGAZINE FIRE ARM. No. 336.287 Y Patented Feb. 16, 1886.
- @Mig 4 sheets-sheet 2.
(No Model.) v 4 Sheets--Sheet 3.
. J'. IVI. 8v M'. S. BROWNING.
MAGAZlNE FIRE ARM.
No. 335,287. Patented Peb. 16, 1886.
30511l STG. mab mafew S. zownin,
(No Model.) I I J. M. 81; S. BROWNING.
MAGAZINE PIRE ARM.
vNo. 336.287. Y Patented Feb. 1-6, 1886.
4 Sheets-Sheet 4j 2O Y the receiver, showing a side view ofthe breech- To aZZ Vwhom it mag/concern:
`einem JOHN M., BROWNING ANDv MATTHEW s. BRO'WNING, or CGDEN CITY, UTAH LTERRITORY, Assis-Noris To THE WINCHESTER HEPEATING miscon- PANr,.oF NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT.
'1 sPnCIrIda'rIoN forming part of Leners Patent No. 336,287, dated February 1e, ieee.
Application filed June 15, 1 885. Serial No. 168,738. (o model.)A
Be it known that we, JOHN M. BROWNING and MATTHEWS: BRCWNING, of Ogden City,
in the county of Weber'and Territory of Utah,`
haveinvented a new Improvement in Magazine Fire-Arms; and we do hereby declare the following, when taken inconnection with accompanyingfour sheets of drawings, and the letters of reference marked thereon, to be Ia full, clear, and exact description of the same, andfwhich said drawings constitute part of this speciiication, and represent, in
Figure 1,1a sectional side view showing the vIneehanismwin thenormal or closed condition Fig. 2, a top view of the same complete;l Fig'. 3, a
vertical section on line x x, looking rearward;-
Fig. 4, the same as Fig. 1, showingthe parts in the-extreme hpen position; Fig.5, a transl verse section on line y y of Fig. 4, looking forward; Fig. 6, a longitudinal' sectional view-of piece and carrier as in the opening movement;
Fig. 7 ,-a longitudinal section cutting through the .opening for charging the magazine, and showing atop view ofthe carrier; Fig. 8,a transverse section through the carrier and receiver on line ze of Fig. 7, looking rearward; Fig.
9, a sectional side view showing the parts as in.`
the position of the firstv part offthe opening movement,iunder=the action' of the slot b 'and f beforethe'turning upon the pivotcommences.
This invention-relates to an'improvement in i that class of arms'in which thebreech-piece is adapted to swing rearward 'anddownyvard in opening thebreech for the introduction of acartridge to vthe barrel, or-its Ten x oralf'therefroin,A
and-inwhich the loreeclbpiecel isl actuated by means of a .lever 'beneath the receiver,and
- which lever forms thetrigger-guard, and while 4the improvement is specially adapted to magazine 'tire-arms having a magaziearranged Ilongitudinally I beneath the barrel, op'ening into 'the receiver below the barrel, parts'offthe invention are applicable'to single breech-loaders; .andthe nvention .consists in the construe! tion,arra ngement, and combination of parts',
-I'nakingia 'complete organized arm,l as hereinaft-en described, Aand more partiuiapiy 'recited Y in tne anims., i
a tang, B, extending .from the upper surface at `the rear,and a sii'iiilar tang, G, below,for
the purposev of securing the receiver to the stok-a common construction in this class of armijj. At the forward end of the receiver the barrel D is secured in the usual manner, opening into the receiver at the rear, the receiver in rear of the barrel constructed with a verti# y cal opening through it, in which the operative mechanism of the arm is arranged.
E is the breech-piece, formed asa part of the trigger-guard lever F,.andfis hung upon a pivot, a, in the lower part o f the receiver, so
that under the'inovement of the lever the breechpiece is turned backward and downward, as from the position in Fig. l to thatin Fig. 4, At the, pivot a the breech-piece`is constructed with a slot, b, to form the bearing upon the pivot, and so that a certain extent of radial movement is imparted to the breechpiece, combined with its rotative movement. v
2The. back' of the breechpiece is segmentshaped, las seen in Fi'g. 6, and on this segmental. portion a shoulder, d, is formed, which, when the breech-,piece is in its closed position, rests against a'corresponding shoulder, e, in the receiver, (the shoulder seen in broken lines,
Fig,"1,) these shoulders forming the resistance to support the breech-piece in its closed position-against the recoil of. the charge.
the breech-piece is in its closed position, with the shoulder engaged, as seen in broken 1ines,`
Fig. 1the' lever below is drawn up to its place. di.
against the receiver, bringing the lower en d of the "slot b substantallyagainst the pivot,`the slot then extending diagonally upward and rearward from the pivot,as indicated in Fig. 1.
In the iirst movement,preparatory to opening the breech-piece, the llever is turned downward, as indicated inFig. 9,the slot permitting such movement without material move- -ment of the breechpiece, and until the upper end of the slot comes to a bearing upon the'l pivot, as seen in that iigure.- This first preliminary movement of the lever takes the 'shoulder d down and away from the shoulder e in the receiver, and so as to release the breechg piece from its supporting engagement; then,
1' continuing the movement of the lever, the
breech-piece may be turned rearward to its full open position, as indicated in Fig. 4, the
lever turning upon thge pivot Ainsuch movement. In the rear portion ofthe breech-piece a vertical recess is' made. in which the hammer G is set, the hammer hung upon the same pivot, a, as the lever and breech-piece, and so that in the opening movementof the lever and breech-piece the hammer will turn upon the same pivot as the breech piece. /The nose of the hammer is adapted to abut against the forward end of the recess or striking-face in the breech-piece Aand bear toward the forward face of the breech-piece. In the breech-piece .the main spring H is arranged, which is of substantially usual form, and adapted to bear the nose of the hammer with force toward its' striking-point on the breech-piece. The trig ger I is hung upon a pivot, J, near the top of the receiver and' in rear ofthe hammer. The back of the hammer is ofjsegment shape, of which its pivot is the center. Upon the front face of the trigger is notch, f, and upon the back of the hammer is` a shoulder, h, and so that *as the hammer is turned backward the shoulder h on the hammer will engage the notch f in the trigger and bethere caught under the inliuence of the trigger-spring K,'
as indicated in broken lines, Fig. l. The hammer may be brought to this position while the breech-piece is closed, and discharged by the pull of the trigger in the usual manner. the breech-piece, forward of the striking-face of the hammer, the firing-pin L is arranged longitudinally through that portion of the breech-piece, and so that the face of the hammer ay strike the rear end of the iiring-pin and orce .it forward to deliver the blow of the hammer, in the usual manner of communieating the blow of the hammer through the breechpiece to vthe cartridge -in the barrel. As the breechlpiece is thrown wide open for the introduction of the cartridge to the barrel, the hammer moves with it beyond the point of engagement with the. trigger, as seen in' Fig. 4, and after the cartridge has been introduced to the barrel the breechpiece is returned to its closed position, and in such return the shoulder h on the hammer will engage the notch f of the trigger before the breech-piece has fully closed, and will be retained by the trigger in that cocked position unless the operator prefers the hammer to follow the breechpiece. In that case he pulls the trigger out of the pat-h of the hammer, and so that thehammer may continue its ciosing movement with the breech-piece. On the frent face ofthe hammer is a notch, m, immediatelyiselow thepoint where the face of the hammer strikes the rear end of the firing-pin.V In the first part of the opening movement of the breech-piece, as
before the actual rear movement of the parts commences, and this non-contact of the hammer and firing-pin is maintained to its extreme v rear position, as indicated in Fig. 4. From this it follows that in the closing movement 0f the.v breech-piece the hammer and firingpinwill `retain the same relative position until commences. 'The filial locking movement of the breech-piece, so as to bring the rear end of the firing-pin into striking contact with the face of the hammer, as seen in Fig. 1.
Upon the. under side of the breech-piece ,proper the extractor is arranged. l This cony sists of a lever, n, hung by a longitudinal slot, o, to a'xed pivot, r, in the breech-piece, (See Fig. 1.) The lever projects beyond the frontface of the breech-piece and terminates in the usual hook shape. In rear of the eX- tractor-lever, and in a line below the pivot, a spring-spindle, s, is provided to bear forward against the rear end of the lever a, to hold it in its extreme forward position, and so that when the breech-piece isin its closed position, as indicated in Fig. 1, the hooked portion of the extractor is forward of the front face of the fiange of the cartridge. The spring-spindle s permits `the extractor to turn upon its pivot, so that as a cartridge or shell is being r Withdrawn from the barrel the'extract'or still .maintains its engagement with the shell, the liook portion following in the straight or lon H 'gitudinal line of the outwardly-moving shell,
lows the segmental path. The extractorisarranged at one side of the center, as indicated the breech-piece is closed, as seen in Fig. 9,- and. the locking movement of the breech-piece`4 the. breech-piece raises the striking-face of.
'as seen in Fig. 6, while the breech-piece fol in broken lines, Fig. 2, first, that it may not interfere with the movement of the firingpin, and, second, that in the closing movement of the breech: ieee the nosel of the extractor may be out of line of the primer of a cartridge, so that by no possibility can the primer be struck by the extractor. k
We have thus .fair described the .invention without reference to the magazine appliances, and to this extent `the mechanism of .the arm is-adapted to a single breechloader. Beneath lthe barrel the magazine M is 'arranged in the usual longitudinal position, opening into the receiver directly below the rear open end of the barrel. In the receiver, and below the breech-piece, the carrier N is arranged. It ex- Its rear `end is bfurcated, so as to permit the swinging part of the lever and breech-piece to work through it, as seen in Fig. 31 Near the forward end of the carrier wings I" R are arranged-one upony one side and the other cartridge from the magazine between them. The two wings are curved upon the inner side. The one wing, R, is laterally movable toward and from the other, as indicatedk in broken lines, Fig. 8. That it may be so moved, that side ofthe carrier is formed in a separate tends rearward and is hung upon a pivot, t.
upon the opposite side-adapted to receive a.
' to oer a slight resistance to the opening movement of the breech-piece.
While we prefer to employ the lever T U in the bottom of the carrier as a means to elevate the rear/end of the cartridge, this is not essen'- tial to the successful working of the arm, and may be omitted.l The wing R may also be made as a rigid part ot" the carrier, the same as the' wing P, the two arms from the wings'or parts of the carrier extending rearward and both hung alike upo'n pivots; but we prefer the locking movement as a protection against -the accidental displacement of the cartridge.
We are aware that an arm has been constructed'. with a breech-piece hung to turn np-A on a pivot swinging backward anddownward in opening, with a lever attached t-hereto for such movement, and that the breech-piece has l been locked by constructing the breech-piece Irel open at its 4rear end, a breech-piece hung in the receiver in rear of said barrel, upon an axis at right angles to the' barrel, and so as to swing downward land backward in opening, and a lever extending from said breechpiece below the receiver as a handle 'by which the breech-piece may be opened and closed', thel breechpiece constructed'with a slot inclined upward and backward from its pivot when the breech-piece is in its closed condition, the breech-piece also constructed with a shoulder, d, and the receiver with a corresponding shoulder, e, against which said shoulder d will abut, when the breech-piece is in its closed position, to resist recoil, substantially as described.
2. The combination of the barrel open at its rear end, a breech-piece hungy upon a pivot .in the receiver in rear of the barrel and so as to swing backward and downward in opening, the said breech-piece constructed with a lever extending beneath the receiver, and by which the breech-piece 'may be turned upon its pivot, the breech-piece also constructed with a slot at the pivot, inclined upward and rearward when the breech-piece is in its closed position, and also constructed with a shoulder, d, and the receiver with a corresponding l shoulder, e, against which said shoulder d will i abut, when the breech-piece--is in its closed position, to resist recoil, a hammer hungwithin the breech-piece and upon the same pivot as the breech-piece, a mainspring also arranged within the said breech.- piece and adapted to bear said hammer upon the strikis in the cocked position, substantially as described. v-
3. The combination of the barrel open at its rear end, a breech-piece hung in rear of thebarreladapted to swing backward and downward in opening, constructed with a lever extending beneath the receiver,by which the breech-piece may be turned upon its pivot, a hammer hung within the breech-piece upon the same pivot as thebreech-piece, a mainspring adapted to bear the said `hammer against the striking-face of the breechpiece,
a trigger arranged to engage the hammer in its cocked position, a tiring-pin extending 1ongitudinally through the breech-piece from the striking-face forward,and the extractor-levern, hung in the breech-piece and adapted tol swing in a vertical plane, with a spring arranged to bear the nose of theextractor upward and toward the barrel, substantially as described.
4. The combination of a barrel open' at its rear end, a breech-piece hung upon the pivot in,.rear ot' the barrel and arranged to swing backward and downward in opening, constructed with a-lever extending therefrom beneath the receiver, and by which it 'may be turned upon its pivot, said breech-piece also constructed with a slot at the pivot, inclined upward and rearward `therefrom when the breech-piece is in its closed position, the breech-piece also constructed with a shoulder adapted to engage a corresponding shoulder in the receiver when the breechpiece is in its closed position, a hammer hung within the breech-piece and upon the same pivot as the breech-piece, the mainspring adapted to`.force 4said hammer against the striking-face of the breech-piece, a firing-pin extending longitudi-h nally through' the breech-piece, extending from its striking-face forward, the hammer constructed with a notch below its striking- 'point upon the firing-pin, and a trigger arlbackward and downward inv opening, said breech-piece constructed withan arm extending below the receiver, and by which it may be turned uponits pivot, a hammer arranged in said breech-pieceand hungupon the same pivot as the breech-piece, a mainspring adapted to force said hammer against the striking-face of the breech-piece, a liringpin extending longitudinally through the breech-piece from itsstriking-face forward, a trigger arranged to engage the hammer in its cocked position, and a carrier hung in the receiver to move upward and downward to deliver a cartridge fromthe magazine to a position forward of 'the front face of the open breech-piece, substantially as described.
6. In a fire-arm, the combination of the bar- IZO y inthe receiver to move upward and down` rel open at the rear, a magazine beneath the barrel, open-also to the rear, a breech-piece hung in the receiver at the rear of the barrel and below the magazine, adapted to swing backward and ldownward in opening, said breech=piece constructed with an arm extending below the receiver, and by which it may bc turned uponfits pivot, the breech-piece also constructed `witha slot inclined from the pivot upward and rearward, and also constructed with a. locking-shoulder arranged to engage a corresponding shoulder on the receiver when lthe breech-piece is in its closed position, a]4
hammery arranged in fsaid breech-piece and hung upon thesame pivot as the breech-piece', a mainspring adapted-to forcesa'id hammer against the striking-'tace of the breech-piece,l a `tiring-pin extending longitudinally through the breech-piece from its strikingface forward, a trigger arranged to engage the hammer iir its cocked position, and a carrier hung ward t deliver a cartridge from the magazine toa p osition forward ofthe front face of the openV breech-piece, substantially as described.
7. The combination of the barrel D, maga# zine N, breech'piecc E, hung below the barrel upon a pivot, a, the breechpiece constructed with a lever, F, extendingdownward beneath the receiver, hammer G, hung within the breech-piece `and upon the same pivot as the breechpiece, a niainspring adapted to bear the hammer against the striking-face fof 'the breech-piece, a tiring-pin 'extending longitudinally through the breech-piece, a trigger arranged to engage the hammer when in its cocked `position, thespring-extractor lever n, hung upon the under side of the breech-piece,
.the carrier hung at the rear, its two sides at the forward end turned upwa'rd to forrnywings l) R, and the lever T U, hung in the bottom of the carrier at itsforward end, the forward arm, T, of the lever constructed with atransverse projection, 2, and a fixed stud, 3, in the .ward iin opening, the breech-piece constructed with a lever, F, extending below the receiver, a hammer, G, hung within the breech-piece' receiver, against which the forward arm of said leverwill strike as the carrier completes' its fprward movement, and so as to turn saidh lever onfits pivot to elevate the rear end of the cartridge, substantially as and for the pur pose described.
8. The combination of the ybarrel D, magazine N, breech piece E, hung'upon apivot, a., and adapted to swing backward and downand upon the same pivot as the `breech-piece,
t a mainspring arranged to force said .hammer against the striking-face of the breech-piece,
by the inward-rocking movement of the wing*- v l 4is imparted as the breech-piece approaches" its extreme open position, substantially as de# scribed, l
9. The combination of a barrel open at the rear, a breech piece-hung in the receiver be-v ward andv downward'in opening, and. constructed with alever extending beneath the l receiver, by which the breech-piece may be turned` upon its pivot, theV said breech-piece also constructedwith a slot at the pivot inclined upward and backward when the breechpiece is inits closed position, a locking shout' der, d, on said breech-piece, corresponding low the barrel and arranged to swingbackshoulder, c, on the receiver, a hammer hungin the breech-piece and upon the same pivot as the breech-piece, a V-,shaped mainspring arranged in said breech-piece, one arm sup-` ported upon the pivot yof` the hammer, the
other arm bearing directly upon the hammer,
and a stud, 17, in the breech-piece adapted to=bear against the heel of the mainspring when the breech-piece is in its closed position, with a trigger arranged to engage the ham- .mer when in its cocked position, substantially as described. v .l p
10. In a magazine tire-arm, the combination of the -breechpiece and trigger-guard lever, throughwhich movement is imparted to said breech-piece, a carrier arranged to receive a cartridge from the magazine and present it. to the barrel above, the hub `of said. lever constructed with a cam-surface, 5, and the under' side of the carrier constructed with a corresponding bearing-surface, 6, substantially as described, and whereby in the first part of the opening movement of the lever said cani-surface raises the carrier to forin a stop 'at the mouth of the magazine.
-JOHN M.' nnowninc.
iinrrnnw s. Bnownrne.
XVitiiesses: G. W. FnLsnMigz. v
. Gno. B. DoUcLAss.