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Publication numberUS3363261 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 9, 1968
Filing dateJul 30, 1965
Priority dateJul 30, 1965
Also published asDE1262645B
Publication numberUS 3363261 A, US 3363261A, US-A-3363261, US3363261 A, US3363261A
InventorsKarl Maiershofer
Original AssigneeMotorola Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Printing device
US 3363261 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 9, 1968 K. MAIERSHOFER PRINTING DEVICE Filed July 30, 1965 2 SheetsSheet 1 FIG. 1

I 6 inveni or KARL MAIERSHOFER ATTYS.

FIG. :3

Jan. 9, 1968 K. MAIERSHOFER 3,

PRINTING DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 30, '1965 HI I ll lnventor KARL MAIERSHOFER 59, BY

fiwW R ATTYS.

United States Patent 3,363,261 PRINTING DEVICE Karl Maiershofer, Park Ridge, 11]., assignor to Motorola, Inc., Franklin Park, Ill., a corporation of Illinois filed July 30, 1965, Ser. No. 476,052 9 Claims. (Cl. 346-74) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A high speed printing system in which the scanning electrode structure prints characters in response to electrical signals. The electrode structure consists of printed circuit electrodes formed on a fiat resilient body and held in an opening in the belt. The belt is skewed with respect to the movement of the recording paper, and idler pulleys are provided to twist the belt to maintain the spacing between the belt and the recording paper substantially constant. Shields are provided at each end of the line being scanned to hold the electrode structure away from the recording paper.

Known electrical printers as they are described in the U.S. Patent No. 3,116,752 are capable of high speed printing. These teleprinters have the disadvantage that a voltage discharge or spark is produced at the marking electrode. Further, accurate alignment of the transverse moving stylus with reference to the surface for the paper is required. Because the stylus has to be in alignment at several points at the same time, this presents a problem. Prior high speed teleprinters have been so complicated that the presence of a skilled operator has been required.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved printing device that is small, compact and silent in operation.

Another object of the invention is to provide an automatic alignment of the printing heads in relation to the paper surface along the whole length of the printed line.

A further object of the invention is to provide printing heads which are attached to an endless driven belt avoiding a dynamic torque movement to the belt during printing.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a printer for use with current-sensitive paper which allows high speed for printing.

A feature of the invention is the provision of a printing device having a belt looped around driving means for the recording sheet and a plurality of conductive electrodes on a flat body supported by and extending through the belt for repeatedly moving across the recording sheet.

Another feature of the invention is the provision of a printer including a leading roller and a pressure roller or bar causing the recording sheet to be pulled in a direction transverse to the direction of movement of the belt such that the conductive electrodes scan across the pulled part of the recording sheet beneath the pressure roller.

Another feature of the invention is the provision of an electrode structure including a flat resilient body having an interior portion narrower than both the end portions, with the narrower portion held in an opening of the belt such that the body extends through the belt and is bent to a V-shape making electrical contact with the recording sheet and with stationary conductors positioned opposite to the leading roller with regard to the belt.

A further feature of the invention is the provision of a printer for operating with a recording sheet having a nonconductive backing, a top coating and an intermediate coating of electrically conductive material, which top coating is sensitive to current density and changes in color as a result ofhigh current density. The printer 3,363,261 Patented Jan. 9, 1968 Perates to apply electrical impulses between the electrodes and a Pressure roller and/ or a pressure plate such th at the scanning electrodes cause high current density within the top coating to mark the sheet, and the conductive pressure roller and pressure plate engage the sheet over a large area to cause low current density so that there is no significant marking. The plate also acts to prevent overrunning of the paper supply roll.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a teleprinter forming an embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the teleprinter taken along line 22 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the teleprintertaken along line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIGS. 4A and 4B show perspective views of different portions of belts with flat printing heads carrying scanning electrodes;

FIG. 5 shows diagrammatic the applying of electrical impulses; and

FIG. 6 shows an enlarged portion of the electrode structure and the action thereof during printing.

In brief, the invention may be utilized advantageously for a teleprinter with scanning electrodes which print complete lines of a message on a recording sheet as they scan across the sheet. The recording sheet is provided in the form of a paper roll and is moved past the scanning electrodes by a leading roller and an electrically conductive pressure roller which engage the recording sheet causing it to be pulled around the leading roller. A flexible, electrically conducting pressure plate is provided beneath the paper roll to prevent overrunning of the paper roll at high speed paging. The recording sheet consists of a nonconductive backing, a top coating and an intermediate coating of electrically conductive material sandwiched between the backing and the top coating. The top coating is sensitive to current density and changes its color as a result of high current density. The scanning electrodes are attached to a fiat resilient printing head and insulated from one another. Several of these providing heads extend through ditferent openings in an endless sprocket-driven belt which encircles drive and idler pulleys. These drive and idler pulleys are arranged on both sides of the driving roller so that the belt moves around the driving roller and the printing heads move across the sheet in a direction transverse to the direction of movement of the recording sheet. One printing head is always approaching on the left of the sheet as one leaves the right. The driving roller is supported on both ends and driven by a motor through worm gears mounted on the axle journals. Two spring loaded one-armed levers are positioned in the front of the driving roller such that the pressure roller, which is pivoted at the free ends of the one-armed levers, bears against the driving roller and pulls the recording sheet in an upward direction. Beneath the pressure roller a stationary energizing bar 18 mounted with multiple electrode elements in the form of parallel linear conductors such that the energiz ng bar is disposed at a slight angle with respect to the direct on of the pulled recording sheet. Also the level in which the drive and idler pulleys are positioned is skewed upward in order to move the belt in the same slight angle and to produce a horizontal line as the paper continually moves upward during printing sweep. In consequence of this inclined position, the energizing bar and the belt has to be twisted to follow the outside contour of the driving roller. The resilient flat printing heads which extend through the belt are bent to V-shape, laying respectively into contact against the recording sheet and the energizing bar positioned which are spaced by a distance shorter than the elongation of the flat printing head, as the heads move across the sheet. Because the two one-armed levers are spring loaded against the driving roller and because of the twist of the belt, the flat printing head aligns automatically even when the electrodes wear during a long time of operation. During operation the non-conductive backing of the recording sheet lays against the driving roller, whereas the electrodes of the printing head scan over the top coating of the current sensitive material. The electrical impulses applied to the scanning electrodes produce a high current in the localized areas of the point contact of the electrodes such that the color changes. This high current conducts through the intermediate coating of the electrically conductive material and back through the top coating to the pressure roller and the pressure plate, which are electrically connected to impulse circuitry. Since the pressure roller and also the pressure plate beneath the paper roll conduct over the whole width of the recording sheet, and further the pressure roller deforms the surface of the driving roller, the area of electrical contact is many times the area of the point contacts so that a change in color is not produced.

Referring now particularly to the drawings, in FIGS. 1 to 3 there is shown a teleprinter according to the invention. The unit has a chassis on which a frame 11 is mounted. The frame 11 consists of a back section with vertical slots 12 in which a paper supply roll 14 is rotatably mounted and of a front section with the scanning and transport mechanism. This mechanism includes a driving roller 15 covered preferably with a rubber layer 16 which roller is supported in frame 11. The axle journals 17 of the driving roller 15 project through the frame and carry overrunning clutches 19 and worm gears 18 (FIG. 3). The worm gear 18 on the right side in FIGS. 1 and 3 is driven through a one [revolution clutch 20, and the worm gear on the left side is driven by shaft 21. The clutch 20 and the shaft 21 are coupled to a motor with a drive mechanism for a slow and fast speed, or to two motors which provide the slow and fast speeds. The slow speed is used for both printing and slow paging, whereas the fast speed is only used for paging. The printing speed is transmitted through clutch 20 and the paging speeds through shaft 21. The motor which is not shown, can be mounted beneath the chassis 10. For controlling the teleprinter, there are pushbuttons 29, 22 and 24 mounted in the front of the chassis 10.

At the same level in which the driving roller 15 is mounted, there are U-shaped brackets 25, 26 attached at both sides of the front section of frame 11. The worm gears 18 are positioned inside the U-shaped brackets, which also support the drive pulley 27 and the idler pulleys 28, 3t), 31. The pulley 27 is driven by the driven portion of the one revolution clutch 20 through a gear 32 connected by a shaft to the pulley 27 (FIG. 1). A belt 34 loops around the driving roller 15 and is supported by the drive and idler pulleys Z7, 28, 30, 31, which belt consists preferably of a 16 millimeter film. The arrangement of the belt looping around the paper and the driving roller gives the advantage that if required the belt can be replaced rapidly without removing the recording sheet. In this case shaft 23 of the idler pulley 28 has to be pulled out. Thus the belt gets free of tension and can be changed. This transport mechanism is skewed upward to the right so that the belt moves at a slight angle with respect to the driving roller 15. Because the belt 34 has to be twisted to follow the outside contour of the driving roller 15, an idler wheel 39 is mounted at the lower part of the U- shaped bracket 25, and another idler wheel 35 is mounted at the upper part of the U-shaped bracket 26. The axis of these idler wheels is positioned in front of the surface of the driving roller 15 and engages the lower margin of the belt 34 at the left side and the upper part of the belt 34 at the right side such that the required twist is obtained.

In the frame 11, there is further pivoted a shaft 36 beneath and in front of the driving roller 15. On this shaft two one-armed levers 37, 38 are mounted. On the free ends of the levers 37, 38 an electrically conductive pressure roller 43 is pivotally connected and spring-loaded against the driving roller 15 by springs 41 supported on the shaft 36. This lever can be locked open for paper loading and the change of the belt. The two one-armed levers 37, 38 further carry an energizing bar 42 with a U-shaped cross-section in which a further flat plate 43 with printed parallel linear conductors 58 is provided. The energizing bar 42 consists preferably of a flexible material such as rigid vinyl for the U-shaped portion and standard Fiberglas for the printed circuit plate. The energizing bar 42 is supported in a lower position on the left side lever 38 than on the right side lever 37, and is on the right side also twisted against the driving roller 15 whereas it is twisted off the driving roller 15 on the left side. The difference of level corresponds to the inclination of the upward skewed transport mechanism for the belt.

As especially illustrated in FIGS. 4A and 4B the belt 34 is provided with openings 44 through which a printing head 45 is extended. The printing head 45 consists of a fiat, resilient body 46 of insulated material such as Mylar with a plurality of printed electrically conductive electrodes 47 on one side thereof insulated from one another. The figures show five but any number of electrodes can be used. The electrodes 47 consist preferably of thin tungsten layers applied by one of the well known methods for printed circuits. The resilient body is shaped to form a V and has an interior portion with a notch on each side. One end portion has the same width as the inside recess 57 of the U-shaped energizing bar 42 as will be described in connection with FIG. 5, and the other end corresponds to the height of the used characters.

As shown in FIG. 4A the opening 44 in the belt 34 has a rhombic shape with two different diameters so that the printing head can be put through this opening with its narrow end portion in parallel to the longer diameter; by twisting it about it will be snapped in a fixed position. Another kind of attachment is shown in FIG. 43 wherein the opening 44a has a semicircular shape with a straight edge of the same length as the narrower interior portion of the printing head.

As the belt 34 is driven round the driving roller 15 the preformed printing head 45 is bent furthermore to a V-shape as illustrated in FIG. 3, and the electrodes 47 make contact with the recording sheet 48 and the energizing bar 42 respectively, because the distance between the recording sheet and the energizing bar is shorter than the elongation of the flat printing head 45.

The recording sheet 48 is supplied from the paper supply roll 14 and directed along a flexible pressure plate 50 (FIG. 2) and through a paper feed strip 63 to the driving roller 15 which moves the sheet past the scanning electrodes 47 of the printing head. The pressure plate 50 preferably consists of a stainless steel spring which extends over the width of the paper roll 14 and prevents an ovenrunning of the paper roll at high speed printing. Further, head shields 65 are connected beneath the paper feed strip at both sides of the driving roller 15 (FIGS. 2 and 6). These head shields 65 extend along the driving roller up to the upper portion of the belt 34 so that the printing heads during their time of rest do not touch the paper. Thus the paper can be loaded and paged without difficulty. The sheet is caused to be pulled around the leading roller as a result of the engagement of the pressure roller 40 and the driving roller 15. Because the pressure plate 50 is very thin (approximately 0.008" thick) it fits very well to the paper roll providing a further electrical conduction for the return current. The interaction of the pressure plate 50, the paper feed strip 63 and the head shields 65 provides the advantage of automatic paper loading, since the paper is guided along the pressure plate between the driving roller and the paper feed strip and also along the head shields beyond the printing heads and the open pressure roller by merely rotating the paper roll.

As shown in FIG. 5, the recording sheet consists of a non-conductive backing 51, a top coating 54 and an intermediate coating 52 of electrically conductive material sandwiched between the backing and the top coating. The top coating 54 of this recording sheet is sensitive to current density so that a high current density causes a color change, whereas a low current density does not change the color of the top coating 54.

Also illustrated in more detail in FIG. 5 is the energizing bar 42, which consists of a body portion 57 and two integral side portions 55 and 56. The side portions have flat front surfaces 53 for guiding the belt 34 and a further flat portion 59 near the inside part of the body 57 for guiding the printing head 45. On the inside part of the body 57 of the energizing bar there is provided a further fiat bar 43 with multiple electrodes in the form of parallel linear conductors 58, which are connected to scanning circuitry 60. That scanning circuitry has an input 61 for the printing signal and is further connected to the conductive pressure roller 40.

In operation, the motor, which is not shown, drives the driving roller 15 through the one revolution clutch 20, the shaft 21, the overrunning clutches 19 and the worm gears 18. Also the pulley 27 is driven by the driver portion of the clutch 20 through the gear 32 connected by a shaft to the pulley 27. This one revolution clutch 20 permits the printing of one line at a time and brings the printing heads always in stand position after the printing is executed. The sprockets of the pulley 27 mesh into the perforation of the belt 34 and drive it in constant speed in a counter clockwise direction over the idler pulleys 28, 30, 31 around the driving roller 15. When the recording sheet 48 is fed between the pressure and the driving roller, it is pulled around the driving roller avoiding paper wrinkles in the scanning area. The printing heads 45 are spaced equidistantly along the length of the belt 34, and the looping belt moves these heads across the width of the sheet 48 in sequence. Thus, when one of the scanning heads is leaving the right side of the paper, the next following head is positioned at the left side ready to print the next line of the message. One end of each electrode 47 contacts the paper, and the other end of the electrode contacts the corresponding one of the parallel linear conductors 58. The printing heads are resilient and, therefore, apply pressure to the paper to obtain proper electrical contact. The portion of the head connecting the energizing bar 42 is bent and rides in the U-shaped groove of the bar. Thus, when the printing signal is applied to the input 61, the signal is coded and timed with respect to the scanning movement of the movable electrodes to selectively apply electrical current impulses to the electrodes. This impulse produces an array of marks arranged in columns on the top coating by means of the current conducted in the localized area of the point contact of the electrodes through the top coating and the electrically conductive intermediate coating to the pressure roller and the pressure plate. Thus, complete characters are formed one after the other as the electrodes scan across the recording sheet. Because the pressure roller and the pressure plate lie above and below the printing area close to the sheet over the whole width of the recording sheet, the area of electrical contact is a large multiple of the area of the point contact of the electrodes 47 so that no color change is caused by the impulse current flowing back to the circuitry 60.

After the printing has been finished, or if a paging without print is wanted, it is possible using two different driving speeds and by means of the overrunning clutches to transport the paper slow or fast out of the teleprinter, whereby it is provided to cut the paper manually or automatically at random or at fixed page length.

I claim:

1. Apparatus for recording information on a recording sheet, said apparatus including in combination, a driving roller and a pressure roller causing the recording sheet to be pulled in a predetermined direction, a belt looped around said driving roller, at least one movable electrode structure consisting of a fiat resilient body of dielectric material with a plurality of printed conductive electrodes on one side thereof insulated from one another, said electrodes having portions for engaging the recording sheet and movable in a direction transverse to the direction of movement of the recording sheet, a plurality of elongated stationary conductors insulated from one another and positioned opposite the recording sheet and extending substantially along the path followed by said electrodes in scanning across said sheet, said flat resilient body having an interior portion narrower than both the end portion said belt having an opening therein shaped to permit the insertion of an end portion therethrough and further to hold the narrower portion of said flat resilient body, said body extending through said belt and being bent to a V-shape, said stationary conductors being positioned at a distance from said recording sheet whereby one end of said electrodes makes contact with the recording sheet and the other end of said electrodes makes contact with said stationary conductors, and circuit means for selectively applying electrical impulses to said conductors, with said impulses being coded and timed with respect to the scanning movement of said movable electrode structure to produce an array of marks arranged in columns on the recording sheet such that complete symbols are formed one after the other as said movable electrode structure scans across the recording sheet.

2. Apparatus for recording information on an electrosensitive recording sheet including in combination, driving means and a conductive pressure roller causing the recording sheet to be pulled in a predetermined direction, a belt movable along said driving means, at least one movable electrode structure consisting of a flat body of dielectric material with a plurality of conductive electrodes fitted on one side of said body and insulated from one another, said electrodes having portions for engaging the recording sheet and movable in a direction transverse to the direction of movement of the recording sheet, a plurality of stationary conductors insulated from one another and positioned so that said belt is between said stationary conductors and said driving means, said flat body having an interior portion narrower than both end portions, said belt having an opening therein shaped to permit the insertion of an end portion therethrough and to hold the narrower portion of said flat body, said body extending through said belt for repeated movement across the recording sheet, said electrodes respectively making contact with said recording sheet and said stationary conductors as they move across the recording sheet, said recording sheet having a nonconductive backing, a top coating and an intermediate coating of electrically conductive material sandwiched between said backing and said too coating. said top coating being sensitive to the current density and changing in color as a result of high current density, and circuit means for selectively applying electrical impulses between said conductors and said pressure roller, with said impulses being coded and timed with respect to the scanning movement of said movable electrode structure to produce an array of marks arranged in columns on said top coating by means of said current in the localized area of the point contact of the electrodes such that complete symbols are formed one after the other as said movable electrode structure scans across the recording sheet.

3. Apparatus for recording information on an electrosensitive recording sheet, said apparatus including in combination, a frame, a driving roller and a pressure roller supported on said frame, the recording sheet being wrapped around a portion of the circumference of said driving roller to cause the recording sheet to be pulled in a predetermined direction, driving pulleys and first and second idler pulleys supported on said frame at both sides of the driving roller, a belt looped around said driving roller by said driving and idler pulleys, printing heads consisting of a flat resilient body of dielectric material with a plurality of printed conductive electrodes on one side thereof insulated from one another, one-armed levers having free ends positioned in front of the driving roller rotatable around an axis parallel to said driving roller and spring loaded thereagainst, said free ends of said levers being connected to said pressure roller, an energizing bar connected to said levers and including a plurality of elongated conductors insulated from one another and positioned opposite the recording sheet, said printing heads being attached to said belt with said electrodes engaging the recording sheet and said elongated conductors and further being movable in a direction transverse to the direction of movement of the recording sheet, said energizing bar and said belt being positioned skewly upward to produce a horizontal printed line as the recording sheet continuously moves upward during printing sweep, said first and second idler pulleys being positioned at opposite sides of said driving roller, said first idler pulley engaging one margin of one side of said belt and said second idler pulley engaging the other margin of said one side of said belt, said first and second idler pulleys acting to impart a twist to said belt to maintain the spacing between said belt and said driving roller substantially constant across said driving roller and circuit means for selectively applying electrical impulse to said conductors, with said inpulses being coded and timed with respect to the scanning movement of said movable printing heads to produce an array of marks arranged in columns on the recording sheet such that complete symbols are formed one after the other as said movable printing heads scan across the recording sheet.

4. Apparatus for recording information on an electrosensitive recording paper, said apparatus including in combination, a frame, a driving roller and a pressure roller supported on said frame for pulling the paper in a predetermined direction, driving and idler pulleys supported on said frame at both sides of the driving roller, a belt looped around said driving roller by said driving and idler pulleys, printing heads consisting of a flat resilient body of insulated material with a plurality of printed conductive electrodes on one side thereof insulated from one another, levers positioned in front of the driving roller rotatable around and aXis parallel to said driving roller and spring loaded thereagainst, said levers being connected to said pressure roller pressing said pressure roller against the driving roller, an energizing bar connected to said levers comprising a plurality of elongated printed conductors insulated from one an other and positioned on the opposite side of the recording paper, said printing heads being attached to said belt and engaging the recording paper and said printed conductive electrodes and movable in a direction transverse to the direction of movement of the recording paper whereby said printing heads scan across the recording sheet, said driving and idler pulleys and said energizing bar and said belt being positioned skewly upward to produce a horizontal printed line as the recording paper continuously moves upward during printing sweep, a paper supply roll and a flexible pressure plate supported on said frame, said flexible pressure plate touching said paper roll, a pair of head shields positioned beneath the driving roller and touching said driving roller, one of said head shields being positioned at each end of said driving roller opposite said energizing bar whereby said printing heads cross over said head shields at the beginning and end of each scan, said head shields being positioned between said printing heads and the recording paper whereby said printing heads are prevented from contacting the recording paper with said printing heads in a rest position, the recording paper being loaded automatically past the printing heads along said head shields when the paper is pushed between said paper feed strip and said driving roller, and circuit means for selectively applying electrical impulses to said conductors, with said impulses being coded and timed with respect to the scanning movement of said movable printing heads to produce an array of marks arranged in columns on the recording sheet such that complete symbols are formed one after the other as said movable printing heads scan across the recording sheet.

5. Apparatus for recording information on an electro sensitive recording sheet, said apparatus including in combination, a frame, a driving roller and a pressure roller supported on said frame, the recording sheet being wrapped around a portion of the circumference of said driving roller to cause the recording sheet to be pulled in a predetermined direction, driving pulleys and first and second idler pulleys supported on said frame at both sides of the driving roller, a belt looped around said driving roller by said driving and idler pulleys, printing heads consisting of a flat resilient body of dielectric material with a plurality of printed conductive electrodes on one side thereof insulated from one another, onearmed levers having free ends positioned in front of the driving roller rotatable around an axis parallel to said driving roller and spring loaded thereagainst, said free ends of said levers being connected to said pressure roller, an energizing bar connected to said levers including a plurality of elongated printed conductors insulated from one another and positioned opposite the recording sheet, said printing heads having an interior portion narrower than both end portions, said belt having openings therein shaped to permit insertion of an end portion therethrough and to hold the narrow interior portion of the printing head, said printing heads extending through said belt and being bent to a V-shape and making contact with the recording sheet and said printed conductors respectively, and being movable in a direction transverse to the direction of movement of the recording sheet, said energizing bar and said belt being skewed to produce a horizontal printed line as the recording sheet continuously moves upward during the printing sweep, said first and second idler pulleys being positioned at opposite sides of said driving roller, said first idler pulley engaging one margin of one side of said belt and said second idler pulley engaging the other margin of said one side of said belt, said first and second idler pulleys acting to impart a twist to said belt to maintain the spacing between said belt and the driving roller substantially constant across said driving roller, and circuit means for selectively applying electrical impulses to said conductors with said impulses being coded and timed with respect to the scanning movement of said movable printing heads to produce an array of marks arranged in columns on the recording sheet such that complete symbols are formed one after the other as said movable printing heads scan across the recording sheet.

6. Apparatus for recording information on a recording sheet, including in combination, paper driving means for moving the recording sheet in a predetermined direction, a flat belt formed in a loop and having at least one opening therein, belt driving means for positioning said belt opposite the recording sheet and transverse to said predetermined direction, an electrode structure comprising a flat resilient body of dielectric material having at least one printed circuit electrode thereon extending the length of said flat resilient body, said electrode structure having first and second end portions and an interior portion narrower than both said end portions, said belt opening being shapd to permit the insertion of one of said first and second end portions therethrough and further being shaped to hold said electrode structure at said interior portion, said belt driving means acting to move said belt whereby said electrode structure scans across the recording sheet, an energizing bar positioned opposite the recording sheet, said energizing bar having at least one conductor thereon extending substantially along the path followed by said electrodes in scanning across the recording sheet, said belt being positioned between said energizing bar and the recording sheet, said flat resilient body extending through said belt with one end of said electrode being in contact with the recording sheet and the other end of said electrode being in contact with said conductor, and circuit means for selectively applying electrical impulses to said conductor, with said impulses being timed with respect to said scanning movement of said electrode structure to produce desired markings on the recording sheet.

7. The recording apparatus of claim 6 wherein, said belt opening is in the shape of a segment of a circle, said curved portion of said segment being longer than the Width of one of said end portions of said electrode structure, said chord portion of said segment being of a length to hold said electrode structure at said interior portion thereof.

8. The recording apparatus of claim 6 wherein, said belt opening is shaped to have a first axis and a second axis at an angle with said first axis, said first axis being longer than the width of one of said end portions of said electrode structure whereby said electrode structure is inserted through said opening, said second axis being of a length whereby with said electrode structure rotated through said angle said electrode structure is held in said belt at said interior portion.

9. Apparatus for recording information on a recording sheet, including in combination, a driving roller, the recording sheet being wrapped around a portion of the circumference of said driving roller, said driving roller acting to move the recording sheet in a predetermined direction, driving pulleys and first and second idler pulleys, a fiat belt formed in a loop around said driving pulleys and said first and second idler pulleys, said belt having an electrode structure connected thereto, an energizing bar positioned opposite the recording sheet and having conductors thereon extending across the recording sheet, said belt being positioned between said energizing bar and the recording sheet whereby the electrode structure contacts both said conductor and the recording sheet, said driving pulleys acting to move said belt whereby said electrode structure scans across the recording sheet, said belt being skewed with respect to a line transverse to said predetermined direction to produce a horizontal printed line as the recording sheet moves continuously in said predetermined direction as said electrode scans the recording sheet, said first and second idler pulleys being positioned at opposite sides of said driving roller, said first idler pulley engaging one margin of one side of said belt and said second idler pulley engaging the other margin of said One side of said belt, said first and second idler pulleys acting to impart a twist to said belt to maintain the spacing between said belt and said driving roller substantially constant across said driving roller.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,141,975 12/1938 Finch 346-139 2,723,897 11/1955 Zabriskie 346-139 3,166,752 1/1965 Waterman 346-439 3,263,604 8/1966 Dalton 101-149.2

STEPHEN J. TOMSKY, Primary Examiner.

RICHARD WILKINSON, Examiner.

L. M. LORCH, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
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US2141975 *Mar 31, 1938Dec 27, 1938Finch William G HMultiple stylus facsimile recorder
US2723897 *Jul 15, 1950Nov 15, 1955Western Union Telegraph CoStylus scanning devices for facsimile machines
US3166752 *Dec 4, 1959Jan 19, 1965Motorola IncPage printing device utilizing a scanning electrode structure
US3263604 *Jan 12, 1962Aug 2, 1966Timefax CorpElectro-responsive blanks
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3798657 *Jul 10, 1972Mar 19, 1974Alden Res FoundElectrical graphic moisture retaining recording cassette
US3810189 *Jul 3, 1972May 7, 1974Xerox CorpPrinting apparatus employing stepping motor control system
US3893128 *Nov 23, 1973Jul 1, 1975Bosch Gmbh RobertRecording apparatus for electrographic imaging
US3911210 *Jun 22, 1973Oct 7, 1975Oji TakashiRecording head shifting mechanism of cylinder-scanning type image recording device
US4100551 *Sep 9, 1975Jul 11, 1978Sci Systems, Inc.Rotary electrical printer and method
DE2749995A1 *Nov 8, 1977Jul 6, 1978Alden Res FoundElektrisches aufzeichnungsgeraet mit einem band und dazugehoerigen schreibstiften
Classifications
U.S. Classification347/164, 347/168, 346/139.00R, 346/139.00A
International ClassificationB41J2/425, H04N1/032, H04L21/00, B41J2/39
Cooperative ClassificationB41J2/39, B41J2/425, H04L21/00, H04N1/032
European ClassificationB41J2/425, H04N1/032, B41J2/39, H04L21/00