US 336424 A
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(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1'. G. E. NORRIS & W. E. HAGAN.
MATCH MAKING MACHINE No. 336,424. Patented Feb. 16, 1886.
N. PETERS, Phob-Ulhognpher. warm-1 w. n. c.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GEORGE E. NORRIS AND WILLIAM E. HAGAN, OF TROY, NEW' YORK, AS- SIGNORS TO THE CITIZENS MATCH COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 336,424, dated February 16, 1886.
Application filed June 12, 1885.
To aZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that we, GEORGE E. NoRRIs and WILLIAM E. HAGAN, both of the city of Troy, county of Rensselaer, State of New York,
have jointly invented a new and useful improvement in Match-Machines, of which the following is a specification,
Our invention relates to certain improvements in that class of matchsplint machines wherein the splints are made from a veneer of wood that is drawn between two rollers by the action of the latter, and in which machines the rollers that thus draw in the veneer cut and press the same into around form.
Our invention consists, as will he more fully detailed hereinafter in connection with its illustration, 'in the combination, with a feeding and guide platform, of two rollers that are connected by gears to move together, and each of 0 which rollers is constructed with circumferentially-arranged grooves having intermediately-arranged cutting-edges, with the grooves and cutting-edges in each roller made to be vertically coincident, and blade-edges constructed in each of the roller-faces at right angles to the said circumferential grooves and cutting-edges, and parallel to the axes of the rollers, said blades in each roller being arranged to come in cutting-contact as the rollo ers revolve at such distance apart as will sever the splints in proper lengths.
Accompanying this specification, to form a part of it, there are two plates of drawings, containing three figures illustrating our inven- 5 tion, with the same designation of parts by letterreference used in all of them.
Of these illustrations, Figure 1 shows a perspective of our match-splint machine, with the delivery end and one side turned toward the o sight, the deliveryend platform being removed. Eig. 2 shows a section taken longitudinally through the rollers just in advance of the meeting of two of the transversely'arranged blades. Fig. 3 is a vertical central 5 cross-section showing a strip of .veneer between the rollers.
The several parts of the mechanism are designated by letterreference, and the function of the parts is described as follows:
The letters R and It designate rollers, both Serial No. 168,472. (No model.)
of the same size, each of which is provided with a shaft, that of the upper roller being designated at S, and that of the lower roller indicated at S. Each of the shafts journal into the frame F at J, the journal-boxes b of the upper roller-shaft being made adjustable against the journal-boxes b of the lower. roller-shaft by means of an intermediate spring, D, and set-screw N.
The letter W designates a gear-wheel arranged on the lower roller shaft, S, and W" a gear-wheel on the upper roller-shaft, S, and these gear-wheels are of the same size, and are arranged to mesh into each other, so as to move with the same speed.
The letter P designates a pulley on the lower roller-shaft, S, for receiving and communicating power to thelatter and the rollers R and It".
The letters 9 designate annular grooves that are formed circu m ferentially in the cylindrical face of the rollers It and R and 0 cuttingedges arranged in the cylindrical face of the rollers intermediately to the said grooves and parallel thereto, these cutting edges and grooves in each roller being constructed to be vertically coincident with those in the other roller, so that as the two rollers are rotated the cuttingedges 0 will be constantly in cutting contact, aud the grooves g in each roller, where coming together, will press a rounded form into the strings of wood cut from the veneer V.
The letters d designate blades arranged in each roller at intervals, so as to come in cutting contact as the rollers are rotated. These blades are arranged at right angles to the grooves g and cutting-edges c, and these blades are parallel to the axis of each roller.
The letters 13 indicate brackets that sup port a feeding and guide table, T, and the letters 13 designate brackets that support a delivery-platform, T, from whence the splints may be deposited into a receptacle or be removed by other mechanism for dipping.
The operation of the parts thus illustrated 95 and described is as follows: A veneer of wood,
V, having a width equal to the length of the two rollers R and R", is entered between the latter with the grain of the wood running longitudinally to the strip and at right angles to too where they come together in cutting contact with the strings at intervals, sever the latter into the proper lengths for matches.
\Ve are well aware that a match-making machine has been made with two rollers separately actuated, each of which was constructed with planing and cutting spurs arranged circumferentially thereon that operated upon the opposite sides of a passing veneer (those of one roller being arranged to operate on the veneer in advance of the other) to slit said veneer and plane the slit portions into a rounded form, with the veneer moved while this was being done by two rollers in advance of and two rollers back of the cutting-rollers, which in sequence so slit and shaped the strings. This, it will be seen, differs from our invention in the fact that we use two rollers arranged to move together, and which rollers cut and press the veneer without planing it, and the rollers which do the'cutting and pressing also act to draw in the veneer and expel the splints. As the rollers R and It,
made with the grooves g with coincident cutting-edges 0, would perform the same office in connection with the feed-platform, whether the blades d were used or some other mech-- anism were employed to cut the strings up into match-lengths, hence we do not limit our invention of the rollers R and It, made with the circumferentially-arranged cutting-edges c and grooves 51, to their combination with the blades d.
We disclaim herein as an article of manufacture a match-splint produced by pressing from a square form of wood a rounded form of match-splint, the-product of this machine being made the subject of another application for a patent made by us and filed in the Patent Office June 1, 1885.
Having thus described our invention, what we claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
In a machine for making match-splints, the combination of the guide-platform T, of the rollers R and R, constructed to be rotated together and with the same speed, and each roller having the coincidently-opposite circumfercntially-arranged grooves g, with coincident cutting-edges c and cross-cutting blades d, substantially in the manner as and for the purposes set forth.
Signed at Troy, New York, this 30th day of May, 1885, and in the presence of the two witnesses whose names are hereto written.
' GEO. E. NORRIS.
\"VILLIAM E. HAGAN. \Vitnesses:
CHARLES S. BRINTNALL, STANLEY M. HOLDEN.