|Publication number||US3365293 A|
|Publication date||Jan 23, 1968|
|Filing date||Nov 29, 1965|
|Priority date||Jun 6, 1963|
|Also published as||DE1297986B|
|Publication number||US 3365293 A, US 3365293A, US-A-3365293, US3365293 A, US3365293A|
|Inventors||Theodor Haefeli, Max Keller|
|Original Assignee||Geigy Ag J R|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (18), Referenced by (10), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 3,365,293 PHQTOGRAPHEIC DIAZOTYPE FILMS COMPRISlNG FLUDRESCENT ULTRAVIOLET ABSORBER; Theodor Haefeli, Fribonrg, and Max Keller, Riehen, Switzerland, assignors to .l. R. Geigy A.G., Basel, Switzerland No Drawing. Continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 369,104, May 21, 1964. This application Nov. 29, 1965, Ser. No. 510,379 Claims priority, application Switzerland, June 6, 1963, 7,120/63 7 Claims. (Cl. 96-75) This application is a continuation-in-part of our pending patent application Ser. No. 369,104 filed on May 21, 1964, now abandoned.
This invention relates to a process for the production of diazotype films, that is, positive copy films for photographic purposes, as well as to the diazotype films produced by this process.
The use of light-sensitive layers containing diazo compounds on paper, cellulose films and cellulose acetate films for the production of photoprints is known. Such diazotype layers have been used up to the present mainly for the copying of outline drawings and documents, while, because of their high contrast, they are not normally suitable for the reproduction of photographic pictures or motion picture films having many half tones.
In order to reduce the excessively high contrast of such diazotype layers it has been suggested to expose these layers only to such rays of the visible spectrum for which I the diazo compounds in the layer have a lesser than their maximal absorptivity, while excluding from the light used for exposure that region of the spectrum for which the respective diazo compounds possess maximal absorption; however, this has been achieved only by providing special means for filtering the light used for exposure.
Another problem which occurs particularly in the production of motion picture films for projection, is the production of durable films which do not tear.
As the diazo salts suitable for diazotype processes are water-soluble and have good affinity to cellulose, diazotype films were initially produced on substrata of unesterified cellulose. Such films, however, have insufiicient tensile strength and tear easily. Attempts have, therefore, been made to incorporate the diazo salt into a gelatin layer and to apply the latter to cellulose acetate substrata which, although they are of sufiicient tensile strength and do not tear, do not themselves absorb the diazo salts, in a similar manner as is employed in the production of motion picture films on the basis of the silver bromide process.
However, such composite gelatine/ cellulose acetate films cannot be stored without elaborate humidity control, for the gelatin layer, i.e. the layer containing the picture, has a tendency to peel off and to re-adhere to the cellulose acetate layer in a displaced, i.e. distorted way, in the course of time and due to varying humidity of the atmosphere, thereby becoming unusable.
For these reasons, it is conventional to hydrolyze a top layer at the surface of cellulose acetate substrata and to apply light-sensitive diazo salts to the cellulose hydrate top layers of these films. According to this process, the gradation of the diazotype layer is improved by prolonged ageing, e.g. during 2 to 3 months. As cellulose acetate material, preferably cellulose-2V2 acetate is used as it is more easily and much more rapidly hydrolyzed than cellulose triacetate.
The incorporation of certain organic compounds such as optical bleaching agents, which are used in developers in an after-treatment to improve the appearance of exposed diazotype prints was not considered feasible, in
contrast to their inclusion in photographic emulsions, since such incorporation would lead to impairment of the light sensitivity of the diazotype layers and to intertering reactions between the optical bleaching agents and the diazotype compounds.
Processes incorporating diazo compounds in a gelatin layer applied to a cellulose base paper and treating the exposed diazotype material using developers containing optical bleaching agents are, for instance, described in British Patent 700,798, to Van der Grinten et al.
The above processes as well as other known processes such as that described in British Patent 910,038 to General Aniline & Film Corporation, of New York, N.Y., wherein fluorescent or phosphorescent dyestuffs incorporated in the surface of a paper, film or cloth base, are coated with a light-sensitive diazotype oneor two-component material with or without intermediate application of a layer of light colored pigment, to inhibit quenching, serve the purpose of increasing the contrast of the resulting prints and also of increasing the printing speed. Increased contrast means, however, a steeper photographic gamma, and, consequently, such photographic diazotype material is rendered unsuitable for the reproduction of motion picture films.
In contrast thereto, it is an object of the present invention to provide novel diazotype films for photographic purposes which films are tear-proof, durable, and possess a greatly improved gradation which permits the reproduction of photographic pictures or motion picture films having many half tones.
The term improved gradation as used in this specification and in the appended claims means that the gradations of density obtained with films according to the invention approach the ideal photographic gamma of 1, i.e. corresponding to an angle of the curve of 45, more closely than hitherto known diazotype films, and thus approach and/ or attain that of a silver-gelatin film.
It is another object of the invention to provide diazotype films for the above-stated purposes which are ready for use immediately, without requiring any ageing.
It is a further object of the invention to provide diazotype films for the above-stated purposes, which films permit the copying of half tones from photographic pictures or motion picture films without requiring means for filtering the light used for exposure.
It is finally an object of the invention to provide a process for producing diazotype films suitable for fulfilling the above purposes and possessing the above-stated advantageous features.
The above-stated objects as well as others which will become apparent in the following description of our invention, have been realized in the diazotype photographic films according to the invention which comprise, as illustrated in the accompanying drawing,
(a) A film base consisting essentially of cellulose ester, such as cellulose acetate, namely cellulose diacetate, cellulose tri-acetate or, preferably, cellulose 2 /2-acetate; cellulose nitrate, or mixed esters of cellulose such as cellulose acetate-propionate, cellulose acetate-butyrate and the like cellulose lower alkanoates,
(b) A top layer on and substantially integral with said film base which top layer consists at least in its major portion or entirely of cellulose hydrate and has a thickness of about 5 microns to, preferably, not more than 10 microns, and
(c) A mixture of (i) A light-sensitive aryl-diazonium compound of the type conventionally incorporated in diazotype material, and
(ii) As a light-filtering agent, an anionic, non-coloring organic compound substantive to cellulose hydrate possessing green-blue, blue or violet fluorescence, of the type conventionally used as bleaching agents, which mixture is present in said top layer in a state of fine dispersion, preferably in a state of solid emulsion or solid solution, and in amounts of from about 0.2 to 3 grams, preferably 0.8 to 1.2 g., per square meter of film surface of said top layer of said light filtering agent and 0.02 g. to 0.2 g. per square meter of top layer surface of said diazoniurn compound, the weight ratio of the diazo compound to the light filtering agent in the top layer being preferably about 1:10 to 1:15.
These novel photographic diazotype films are produced according to the invention by a first process which comprises:
'(a) Hydrolyzing a top layer of a cellulose alkanoate base of the type described above, to a depth of at least about microns, and preferably not more than microns, by subjecting either one or both sides of the said base material to the attack of a hydrolyzing bath which contains per liter preferably about 2 to g. of alkali metal hydroxide or alkaline earth metal hydroxide, particularly sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, and preferably 0.5 to 5 g. of the above-described pure, concentrated fluorescent light-filtering compound which is substantive to cellulose hydrate as defined and, optionally, a wetting and dispersing agent which is stable to alkali, e.g. a fatty alcohol sulfate. Depending on its hydrolyzability, the cellulose acetate substrate is continuously treated in this solution for from about 2 to 20 minutes at about 40 to 95 C., excess bath liquid is removed, and the film rinsed in cold water and dried.
(In lieu of applying the fluorescent light-filtering agent simultaneously with the hydrolyzing agent in the hydrolysis bath, the former can also be applied in a separate bath following the formation of the hydrolyzed top layer.)
(b) Applying the cationic, light-sensitive aryl diazonium compound to the top layer of the cellulose ester substrate already containing the light-filtering agent, in the dark or in a yellow light, using conventional methods, and in sufiicient concentration to incorporate the above-defined efiective amount in the said top layer, namely of about 20 to not more than 100 g. and preferably about 40 to 60 g. of diazo compound per liter.
The contrast of the diazotype layers according to the invention is surprisingly satisfactorily but not excessively decreased i.e. their gradation is decisively improved by the treatment according to the invention, without requiring any previous ageing of the light-sensitive film.
As has been mentioned hereinbefore, fluorescent compounds have been used in the past in order to brighten the substrate after the diazo compound had been incorporated therein and in developing the diazotype material. For this purpose, amounts of 0.1 to maximally 0.2% by weight calculated on the amount of entire film material were incorporated into the top layer, in the case of cellulose acetate films, or into the entire body of the substrate in the case of paper.
In the instant invention, the above-defined fluorescent compounds are used for an entirely different purpose, namely for effecting a filtration of ultraviolet light, thus avoiding the known use of separate filters. Moreover, these filtering substances surprisingly increase the affinity of the cellulose hydrate of the top layers for the diazo compounds which must be incorporated thereinto, according to the process according to the invention, subsequent to the treatment of the substrate, whereby the top layer of the latter is hydrolyzed and the fluorescent compounds are incorporated into the hydrolyzed top layer.
This permits in turn keeping the top layer thinner, namely at about 5 to 10 microns, and thus further improving the gradation of the film while leaving the tensile strength of the film unaffected. A thinner film is a prerequisite for a better gradation. To decrease light sensitivity does not mean as a matter of course an improvement in gradation. If that were so, a less sensitive diazo compound should afford better gradation. That is not the case. Such less sensitive diazo compound would only require longer exposure without any improvement in gradation.
As a further advantage resulting from the above surprising effect, the tensile strength of the whole substrate is hardly affected. Ln addition, just because of the increased absorption power of the cellulose hydrate layer for diazo salts, suflicient amounts of light-sensitive diazo salts can be applied to this cellulose hydrate layer with a relatively diluted aqueous diazo solution of the concentration given above, which causes a further reduction of the contrast, i.e. an improved gradation.
Particularly suitable as light-filtering compounds usable according to the invention which are substantive to cellulose hydrate are soluble salts of a compound having acid, salt-forming groups, which compound, in its free acid form, is of the formula in which formulas Q represents a radical of the formula a radical of the formula B1 A T I l -N N wherein A represents hydrogen or lower alkyl,
B represents an arylamino radical wherein aryl is an unsubstituted mononuclear or dinuclear carbocyclic aryl radical or such radical substituted with non-color-imparting, non-water-decomposable substituents;
Which substituents are, in particular, sulfo, carboxy, lower alkyl, lower alkoxy, chloro, bromo, fluoro, sulfamyl, carbamyl, sulfamyl which is Nsubstituted by lower alkyl, hydroxy-lower alkyl, lower alkoxy-lower alkyl, hydroxy-lower alkoxy-lower alkyl, sulfophenyl or carboxy-phenyl, or lower alkyl-sulfonyl-sulfamyl, carbamyl which is N-substituted by lower alkyl, hydroxylower alkyl, lower alkoxy-lower alkyl, hydroxy-lower alkoxy-lower alkyl, sulfophenyl or carboxyphenyl, lower alkyl-sulfonyl, hydroxy-lower alkyl-sulfonyl, lower alkanoylamino, N-lower alkanoyl-N-lower alkyl-amino, lower alkoxy-carbonyl-amino, or benzothiazolyl-(2')- in p-position to the NH moiety of the arylamino radical;
B represents hydrogen, lower alkyl, lower alkoxy, hydroxy-lower alkoxy, lower alkoxy-lower alkoxy, amino, lower alkyl-amino, hydroxy-lower alkylamino, lower alkoxy-lower alkylamino, carboxy-lower alkylamino, sulfo-lower alkylamino, pyrrolidino, piperidino, morpholino or sulfophenylamino;
Z represents the above-described groupings represented by Q as well as hydrogen, chlorine, bromine, fluorine or lower alkyl; and
One of X X Y and Y represents an SO H group, And each of the other Xs and Ys represents hydrogen, a lower alkyl, a lower alkoxy or the --SO H group.
Preferably, both X and Y are SO H.
peridirio, lower alkoxy, chloro, bromo, benzyloXy, N- phenyl-carbomyl, carboxy, lower alkoxy-carbonyl, sulfo, lower alkyl-sulfonyl, sulfamyl, N-lower alkyl-sulfamyl, N,N-di-lower alkyl-sulfonyl, N-phenyl-sulfamyl, N-
Other anionic, non-coloring, green-blue, blue to violet 5 phenyl-N-lower alkyl-sulfamyl, phenylamino, chlorophenfluorescent compounds which are substantive to cellulose ylamino, bromophenylamino and carboxyphenylamino, hydrate and usable in the photographic diazotype malower alkoxy-carbonyl-phenylamino, sulfo-phenylamino, terials according to the invention are benzidine and lower alkyl-sulfonyl-phenylamino, lower alkoxy-sulfonyldibenzyl derivatives falling under the formulas phenylamino, sulfamyl-phenylamino, N-lower alkyl-sul- 10 famyl-phenylamino, N,N-di-lower alkyl-sulfonyl-phenyl- Q Q amino, N-phenyl-sulfamyl-phenylamino, N-phenyl-N-lower alkyl-sulfamyl-phenylamino,
SOsH H033 And the polycondensation product of formaldehyde and and phenylamino-benzene diazonium chloride with about 2 to 2O repetitive units, Q (CH2-CH2)=,-1- -NH And double salts of the above with zinc chloride and I- I cadmium chloride. SO3H H038 The following non-limitative examples illustrate the SOSH HOBS (3:0 invention. The temperatures are given therein in degrees Centigrade. Percentages are given by Weight unless expressly stated otherwise; g stands for gram and ml (I for milliliter. wherein Q and Q have the meanings given hereinbefore for Q and are identical, and n is an interger ranging from Example 1 l to 2; F or they are dihydro-p-toluidine derivatives falling under The f of a ceuumse'm/PacHate havmg a the formulas 52% acetic acid content 1s sapomfied for 4 mmutes at 65 with a solution which, per litre of Water, contains 50 ml. of sodium hydroxide solution of 40 B, 3 g. of sodium C 30 salt of oleyl polyglycol ether sulphate (with 3 to 4 CH3 CH CH O-- groups) and 1.5 g. of the compound of (503mm (v) the formula S'O3H SIO H r -Q N/ \CHN/. GH=CHNHC/ N \C=N/ T N=C SO3H SOsH I (HOCH2CH2)2N 2CH2OH)l d The film is then passed through a second tank of flow- (soamm N ing cold Water, then squeezed out and dried by warm air at 60-70. DIEGO In a darkened room with a yellow light, the film is CH3 then passed through a coating device which, by a rubber I roller rotating in the diazo solution, applies a solution of CO Y g. of the diazo salt of p-aminodiphenylamine which is I a I) free of nitrogen oxides, 25 g. of thiourea, 5 g. of stearyl 50 polyglycol ether (with 20 CH CH O groups) and 5 NH g. of acetic acid per litre, to one side of the film.
l The film is immediately dried With 30-warm air and (SOHHMH S packed while excluding light. wherein. This film is Well suited for copying positive motion in is an interger ranging from 1 to 2, and Q has the meaning given hereinbefore.
In the above light-filtering agents of Formulas I to VI inclusive which possess a triazinyl-(2)-amino group as Q or Z, that radical must be substituted in one of its positions 4 and 6 by a phenylamino radical as defined hereinbefore in order to be usable in the diazotype photographic materials according to the invention.
Water-soluble salts, in particular sodium, potassium or ammonium salts of the above-defined stilbene derivatives in which the terminal groupings Q and Z are identical are particularly readily available and are, therefore, preferred.
Suitable water-soluble cationic, light sensitive aryldiazonium compounds for use in the process according to the invention are those wherein aryl represents from one to two six-membered carbocyclic aromatic rings, i.e. benzene, napthalene or diphenyl nuclei, bearing substituents selected from the group consisting of Hydrogen, N-lower alkyl-amino, N,N-di-lower alkylamino, N-(hydroxy-lower alkyl)-amino, morpholino, pi-
picture films in a conventional copying machine With a mercury vapor or xenon lamp.
After exposure, the film is continuously developed for one second at 90 in a solution which contains 38 g. of monosodium phosphate, g. of disodium phosphate, 20 g. of sodium formate, 10 g. of sodium tartrate, 10 g. of phloroglucine, 4.5 g. of resorcinol and 4 g. of napththol in 1250 ml. of Water, and then rinsed cold and dried.
Positive copies with well graded half tones and a maximal black density of 2.3 are obtained. If the same film is exposed under a continuous tone stepwedge, then the individual grey shades are obtained in better gradation than when there is no blue fluorescent compound.
Positive copies having similarly good properties are obtained when, with otherwise the same procedure, the substantive fluorescent light-filtering compound of the formula given in the above example is replaced by one of the compounds defined hereinafter in the following Tables I and 11 and/or when the diazonium compound used in the above example is replaced by an equimolar amount of one of the diazonium compounds listed in Table III.
If the compounds given in the above examples are not included in the saponification bath and otherwise the same procedure as given in Example 1 is followed, then only a maximal black density of at most 1.5 and much higher contrast are obtained.
If after saponifying without the addition of the fluorescent compounds given in the examples, the concentration of the diazo salt is increased to 100 g. per litre, then the maximal black density of the positive copies is only improved to an inconsiderable extent.
If the fluorescent compounds given in the above examples are not added to the saponification bath but the cellulose acetate substate is treated for 1-5 minutes at 65 therein instead of for 4 minutes and afterwards the substrate is coated with 100 g. of diazo salt per litre in the same way, then after exposure and development, similar black densities as mentioned in Example 1 are obtained. However, the cellulose acetate layer becomes thinner by the longer saponi fication time which becomes undesirably apparent in the reduction of its tensile strength:
Per. 35 mm. film width Tensile Breaking strength, tension, kg. Percent Saponification for 4 minutes 34 4O Saponification for 15 minutes 26. 5 21 TABLE III (a) The compounds as defined in German Auslegeschrift 1,163,675, published Feb. 20, 1964, of the formula RIO-- wherein:
R represents lower alkyl or benzyl,
R represents'lower alkyl,
Each of R and R represent alkyl of from 1 to 5 carbon atoms,
X represents an acid radical, and
R and R together with a nitrogen atom to which they are linked also represent a S-membered or 6-membered heterocyclic ring.
(b) The compounds of the formula wherein R R and X have the aforesaid meanings, especially pdiazo-N-ethyl-N-benzyl-aniline nitrate and the other diazos described in British Patent No. 700,798.
(c) The compounds listed on page 5 of Bristish Patent No. 871,216.
According to another aspect of the present invention, it has been found that the fluorescent compounds, which enable the excessively high contrast of the diazotype material to be reduced and so bring out the desirable half tones, can also be replaced by non-fluorescent UV-absorbers for polymeric plastics.
These substances not only have the desirable effect of reducing the excessively high contrast but also counteract the yellowing of the diazotype copies obtained. Because of this additional effect, they can also be used together with the fluorescent compounds employed under the first aspect of the invention described hereinbefore; films treated with blue fluorescent and nonfluorescent UV- absorhers produce diazotype copies the background of which is favourably affected by the fluorescent light and the stability in use of which is favourably affected by the UV-absorber.
Similar compounds used conventionally in the plastics industry from the classes of Z-hydroxyphenyl benzotriazoles, 2-hydroxyphenyl aryl ketones, Z-hydroxyphenyl triazines and Z-hydroxy xanthones can be used as stable UV-absorbers. Due to their hydroxyl function, these compounds are soluble in the aqueous-caustic alkali saponification liquor and they draw onto the cellulose hydrate layer from aqueous-alkaline or from organic-aqueous or purely organic solution; in this connection the Z-hydroxyphenyl benzotriazoles are distinguished by good stability and sufiicient substantivity.
All the other steps in the process correspond to those under the first aspect of the invention; in particular, in the second aspect, the blue to violet fluorescent compounds more closely defined under the first invention aspect can also be optionally used.
The diazotype films for positive copies according to this second aspect of the invention are characterized by an acceptable reproduction of the half tones of the subject and by good wear in use, particularly by improved stability to yellowing of the copies.
Non-coloring and non-fluorescent, light stable UV absorbers correspond, for example, to the formula VIII In this formula, the ring A can be substituted by chlorine, lower alkyl and alkoxy groups, aryloxy groups as well as, in the 2'- and/or 4-position, by hydroxyl groups; the ring B can be substituted by chlorine, lower alkyl groups, in the 4-position by alkoxy groups or the hydroxyl group and, in the 3- or S-position, by a benzoyl group.
A third class of light stable, non-coloring UV absorbers corresponds to the formula In this formula X represents an optionally substituted alkoxy, alkylamino or dialkylamino group and the henzene rings A and B can be substituted, e.g., by chlorine, lower alkyl and alkoxy groups.
13 A fourth class of non-coloring UV absorbers corresponds to the formula OH 9 H In this formula, chlorine and alkyl groups can be substituents in the 2- to 9-positions and alkoxy and hydroxyl groups can be substituents in the 3-, 7- and 9-positions.
Aonther class of light stable, non-coloring UV absorbers corresponds to the formula wherein the phenyl rings can be substituted by chlorine, alkyl and alkoxy groups.
Further details are given in the following non-limitative examples which illustrate the second aspect of the invention. Parts and percentages are given therein by Weight and the temperatures are in degrees Centigrade.
Example 32 /N (EH3 4 M l 1 The film is then rinsed with cold, softened water, treated for 2 minutes at 35 with a solution of ml./1itre of formic acid, again rinsed and dried in a stream of 60-70 warm air.
In a darkened room with a yellow light, the film is then passed through a coating device which, by a rubber roller rotating in the diazo solution, applies a solution of 50 g. of 4-diazo-2-ethoxydiphenylamine which is free of nitrogen oxides, g. of thiourea, 5 g. of stearyl polyglycol ether (with 20 ethyleneoxy groups) and 5 g. of acetic acid per litre of water.
The film is immediately dried with 30 warm air and packed while excluding light.
This film is well suited for copying positive cin films in a usual copying machine with a mercury vapour or xenon lamp.
After exposure, the film is continuously developed for 5 seconds at in a solution which contains, per litre of water,
20 g. of prim. potassium phosphate,
20 g. of sodium formate,
3 g. or" phloroglucinol,
1.2 g. of resorcinol 0.75 g. of ,B-naphthol, previously dissolved in 10 m1. of
5 g. of sodium hydroxide The film treated with the coupling component is then rinsed cold and dried.
Positive copies having well graded half tones and a maximal black density of 2.3 are obtained.
Similar results are obtained if, in this example with otherwise the same procedure, the same amount of the following compounds are used:
(b) 2- 2-hydroxy-3 ,5 '-dimethylphenyl) -benzotriazole,
(c) 2-(2'-hydroxy-3'-methyl-5-tert. butylphenyl-benzotriazole,
(d) 2-(2-hydroxy-3'-tert. butyl-S-methylphenyl-benzotriazole,
(f 2- 2-hydroxy-5 '-methylphenyl -5-methyl-benzotriazole,
(g) 2- 2hydroxy-3 ',5 -dirnethylphenyl) -5-methylbenzotriazole,
(h) 2-(2'-hydroxy-3'-methyl-5-tert. amylphenyl)-5- methyl-benzotriazole,
(i) 2-(2'-hydroxy-3-tert. amyl-5'-methylphenyl)-5- methyl-benzotriazole,
(j) 2- (2'-hydroxy-4',5 -dimethylphenyl) -5-methy1- benzotriazole,
(k) 2- 2'-hydroxy-5 -methylphenyl -5-chlorobenzotriazole,
(l) 2- (2'-hydroxy-5 '-methylphenyl -5-fiuorobenzotriazole,
(m 2- 2'-hydroxy-5'-methylphenyl) -5-trifluoromethylbenzotriazole,
(n) 2-(2-hydr0xy-5-methylphenyl)-5-sulphonic acid dimethylamide benzotriazole,
(o) 2- 2'-hydroxy-5 -rnethylphenyl) -5-methylsulphonyl benzotriazole,
(p) 2- 2'-hydroxy-5 '-methylphenyl) -5-benzoylaminobenzotriazole,
(q) 2- 2-hydroxy-5 -methoxyphenyl) -benzotriazole,
(r) 2- 2-hydroxy-5 '-ethoxyphenyl) -benzotriazole,
(s) 2- (2'-hydroxy-4'-,B-hydroxye thoxy-phenyl) -benzo triazole,
(t) 2- 2-hydroxy-5 '-chlorophenyl -benzotriazo1e,
(u) 2- 2-hydroxy-5 '-methylphenyl) -5-carboethoxybenzotriazole,
(v) 2-(2-hydroXy-5'-tert. butylphenyl)-5-methylsulphonyl-benzotriazole.
Example 33 the formula I SOaH SOQH 15 Afterwards, the film is finished in the same way as described in Example 32. A diazotype film having similar properties is obtained. Instead of the 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-benzotriazole compound mentioned above, one of the other compounds listed in Example 32 can be used.
Example 34 (a) A cellulose acetate film is continuously saponified at 70 in a solution of the composition described in Example 32 but which, instead of the benzotriazole compound, contains 2 g. of the following compound I OH On emergence of the film from the saponification bath it is squeezed out and, without rinsing, passed through a second tank containing a 50 Warm solution of 20 mL/Iitre of formic acid. Afterwards, the film is thoroughly rinsed with cold water, dried and, as described in Example 32 treated with a light-sensitive diazonium compound.
A diazotype film is obtained which, on exposure and coupling, satisfactorily reproduces the half tones of the subject.
(b) Similar results are obtained if, in this example, the 4-methoxy-Z-hydroxy-benzophenone is replaced by the corresponding amount of 2-hydroxybenzophenone or 4- ethoxy-2-hydroxybenzophenone.
1. A diazotype photographic positive copy film, comprising (a) a film base consisting essentially of cellulose alkanoate,
(b) a top layer on and substantially integral with said film base which top layer consists in its major portion of partially hydrolyzed cellulose acetate and has a thickness of from about 5 to microns and contains in fine dispersion therein (i) a cationic light-sensitive aryl diazonium compound suitable as diazotype developable component, and
(ii) an anionic,
non-color-imparting greenish-blue to violet fluorescing compound selected from the group consisting of the sulfonated stilbenes, sulfonated dehydrothiotoluidines, sulfonated diphenyls and sulfonated dibenzyls which are capable of decreasing the contarst of the said aryl diazonium compound sufficiently to adjust the photographic gamma of said film material closer to l, and have a maximum light-absorptivity in the ultraviolet range between about 300 and 390 millimicrons.
2. A diaz-otype photographic positive copy film as defined in claim 1, wherein, component (i) is present in amounts ranging from about 0.02 to 0.2 grams per square meter, and component (ii) is present in amounts rangcellulose hydrate-substantive,
16 ing from about 0.2 to 3 grams per square meter, of film surface.
3. A diazotype photographic film as defined in claim 1, wherein the film base consists essentially of cellulose 2 /2- acetate.
4. A diazotype photographic film as defined in claim 1, wherein the film base consists essentially of a member selected from the group consisting of cellulose di-acetate, cellulose tri-acetate, cellulose 2 /2-acetate, cellulose propionate, cellulose butyrate, cellulose nitrate and mixed cellulose lower alkanoates.
5. A diazotype photographic film as defined in claim 1, wherein the weight ratio of said diazonium compound to said light filtering agent is in the range of about 1:10 to 1:15.
6. A diazotype photographic positive copy film as defined in claim 1, wherein said fluorescing compound (ii) is a sulfonated stilbene possessing, per molecule, from one to not more than two stilbene nuclei and from one to not more than two s-triazinyl-(2)-amino radicals linked to the stilbene nucleus via said amino grouping, the 4- position of which s-triazinyl grouping is occupied by a mononuclear carbocyclic arylamino substituent and the 6-position of which s-triazinyl ring is free from arylcontaining substituents.
7. A diazotype photographic positive copy film as defined in claim 1, wherein said fluorescing compound (ii) is a sulfonatecl stilbene possessing, per molecule, from one to not more than two stilbene nuclei and from one to not more than two s-triazinyl-(2)-amino radicals linked to the stilbene nucleus via said amino grouping, at least one of the positions 4 and 6 of which s-triazinyl grouping is occupied by a mononuclear carbocyclic arylamino substituent.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,027,688 1/1936 Hagedorn 96-87 X 2,333,809 11/1943 Nadeau et a1 9684 2,591,309 4/1952 Slifkin et al. 96-75 2,685,511 8/1954 Nadeau et a1 96-75 2,700,043 1/1955 Baum et a1. 96-82 X 2,713,055 7/1955 Baum et a1. 9682 X 2,792,303 5/1957 Sanders et al 96-75 X 2,893,866 7/1959 Haefeli 96--87 X 2,933,390 4/1960 McFall et al 96-84 2,976,259 3/1961 Hardy 96-84 X 3,008,995 3/1961 Hoeschele et al 9684 X 3,069,268 12/1962 Herrick 96-75 X 3,072,585 1/1963 Milionis et al. 9684 3,127,270 3/1964 Wilson 96-82 X 2,245,628 6/1941 Von Poser et al. 9647 FOREIGN PATENTS 12,084 7/1963 Japan. 492,795 9/ 1938 Great Britain. 910,038 11/1962 Great Britain.
NORMAN G. TORCHIN, Primary Examiner.
C. L. BOWERS, Assistant Examiner,
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|US2933390 *||Oct 12, 1955||Apr 19, 1960||Eastman Kodak Co||Supersensitization of photographic silver halide emulsions|
|US2976259 *||Sep 5, 1956||Mar 21, 1961||American Cyanamid Co||2, 2'-dihydroxy-4-alkoxybenzophenones as ultraviolet light absorbers for resins|
|US3008995 *||Dec 19, 1958||Nov 14, 1961||Du Pont||Benzophenone compounds|
|US3069268 *||Jul 10, 1958||Dec 18, 1962||Gen Aniline & Film Corp||Method for improving the tonal gradation of diazotype materials using stratified sensitizing components and u. v. filters|
|US3072585 *||Jan 13, 1960||Jan 8, 1963||American Cyanamid Co||Vinylbenzyloxy phenylbenzotriazoles|
|US3127270 *||Jun 30, 1960||Mar 31, 1964||New stilbene compounds|
|GB492795A *||Title not available|
|GB910038A *||Title not available|
|JPS3812084B1 *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3493374 *||Jun 24, 1966||Feb 3, 1970||Grinten Chem L V D||Heat-developable diazotype material|
|US3515554 *||Jul 25, 1966||Jun 2, 1970||Philips Corp||Diazo type paper and new high speed diazo reproduction process|
|US3619194 *||Nov 5, 1969||Nov 9, 1971||Co Eastman Kodak||Novel light-absorbing layers for photographic elements containing substituted 1-aminopyridinium dyes|
|US3632344 *||Jan 15, 1969||Jan 4, 1972||Keuffel & Esser Co||Diazo-type material using alpha-pyrone ultraviolet radiation absorbers|
|US4080208 *||Jun 28, 1976||Mar 21, 1978||Addressograph Multigraph Corporation||Photosensitive diazomicrofilm adapted to be readable but nonreproducible upon processing|
|US4297428 *||Mar 26, 1980||Oct 27, 1981||Kaneo Yamamoto||Process for making diazo photosensitive paper|
|US4306007 *||Feb 4, 1980||Dec 15, 1981||Am International, Inc.||Process of making and using fade-resistant diazo microfilm|
|US4307171 *||Jun 18, 1980||Dec 22, 1981||James River Graphics, Inc.||Negative-working diazo type photoreproduction having improved D-min and line acuity|
|US4540648 *||Feb 28, 1984||Sep 10, 1985||Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft||Two-component diazotype material with ultraviolet light-absorbing dye salt of a benzothiazole|
|EP0118086A2 *||Feb 24, 1984||Sep 12, 1984||Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft||Two-component diazo type material|
|U.S. Classification||430/157, 430/177, 430/176, 430/179, 430/148|
|International Classification||G03C1/61, G03C1/60|
|Cooperative Classification||G03C1/61, G03C1/60|
|European Classification||G03C1/61, G03C1/60|